Toulon is the capital of the French Départements Var and is because of the Mediterranean coast at the eastern end gulfs you of the Lion, approximately 70 km southeast from Marseille. The port has 161,600 inhabitants (1. January 2004) and is the most important naval baseFrance in the Mediterranean.
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Toulon was already in the antique Greece well-known as Telonien and at present the Roman realm as Telo Martius. Duringthe French revolution was the distribution Toulons in September 1793 by the Girondisten and Royalisten to the Englishmen trips of the September movement in Paris. To 19. December 1793 conquered the revolution army under guidance of Napoléon Bonaparte the city after sechswöchiger blockade and sold the Englishmen outthe place. Toulons neighboring place Sanary sur Mer was exile place numerous German writer in the time of the national socialism: Heinrich and Thomas's man, Arnold branch, Lion Feuchtwanger, Franz Hessel and Bertolt break. To 27. German troops occupied November 1942 in the context of the enterprise Lila Toulon.In order not to fall into German hands, sank itself thereupon the French fleet anchoring in Toulon. The 24. November 1943 brought the heaviest allied bomb attack to the city with approximately 500 dead ones. 1995 reached the front national with local elections in Toulon for the first time in a FrenchLarge city the majority and placed the mayor with Jean Marie Le Chevallier; this was replaced however 2001 from stroke ore Falco of the UMP. Since then the city is understood to constantly catch up their arrears on other French cities of comparable size.
development of the number of inhabitants:
objects of interest
among the most important objects of interest of the city rankamong other things:
- Place Puget with the Fontaine aux Dauphins (1780)
- Place Raimu with opera
- Place de la Liberté
- cathedral Sainte Marie de la Seds
- Mont Faron (542 m) with zoo-logical garden
- away Balaguier
- La Musée de la navy national
- Le Marché you Cours Lafayette
- Les Anciennes Fortifications de la Rade
most important industries are the shipbuilding as well as the trade, which are completed over the port. Also the military is an important employer.
beside the port, of from shipping connections among other things after Korsikaand for the Iles d'Hyéres to be offered, exists a remote station with connections to Marseille and Nice. Both cities can be attained also by means of the coastal motorway A57, which leads by Toulon. The airport Toulon Hyères lies approx. 20 km east of Toulon. From there out it givesFlights among other things after Paris Orly and London Stansted (conditions: February 2006). The next larger airport is Marseille Marignane.
sons and daughters of the city
- Hyacinthe Aube, Admiral and governor von Martinique
- Gilbert Bécaud, Chansonier
- Capucine, actress
- Mireille Darc, French actress
- Jacques Le Goff, French historian
- Anne Golon, French authoress
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coordinates: 43°07 ′ 33 ″ N 05°55 ′ 53 ″ O