Trix metal component system

Trix Metallbaukasten (1940)
Trix metal component system (1940)

the Trix metal component system justified the success of the company Trix in the initial years. Over 66 years it was world-wide well-known beside the model railways the second support leg for the enterprise and in the end. Already 1931, therefore some years before it the Trix Modelleisenbahn gave, went the Trix Metallbaukasten in series into the sales. Metal component systems, how they at that time manufactured also the companies Meccano and Märklin, were considered at that time as teaching materials and less than toy. Thus this metal component system received first „people component system to the officially registered names ". After a longer phase of the stagnation the final end of production took place to the turn of the year 1997/98.

Table of contents

the early years (1927 to 1948)

The technical development of the Trix Metallbaukastens began already 1927 still under leadership of the Nürnberger at that time play goods manufacturer Andreas Förtner & Jürgen Haffner GmbH. Stephan Bing took the opportunity in October 1928 to buy up together with some proven coworkers the company Förtner and Haffner. Among other things personalities stood for it to the side such as Siegfried punt, which had carried much out as technical managers of the Bing works AG for the Nürnberger play goods industry. Substantial element of this Baukastemsystems was a new, particularly developed three-hole system, which made cross-setting-free in a simple manner the attachment transferred by screws, in three rows for each for flat band possible. Probably the three-hole arrangement was also the name giver for the later world enterprise Trix - however this circumstances are disputed. The outstanding educational value of the metal component system is undisputed, in 20. Century numerous generations to technical and scientific occupations advanced.

 Anleitungsbücher für den Trix Metallbaukasten aus verschieden Epochen
Guidance books for the Trix metal component system from differently epochs

by the extremely favorable selling prices found the Trix component systems in Germany fast far spreading. Like that the small initial packings before that were 2. World war already starting from 50 realm Pfennigs available. This price corresponded in for instance the pocket money of young people at that time. With something exercise and Fantasie one was able to design from the initial packings several small models independently. If one had need according to more, one went into the next play goods business and acquired themselves further „miracle bags “, how the construction units in the vernacular, hit into paper, were also called.

With Trix one was very proud to have altogether only 48 different basic elements as construction units in the program. With other manufacturers against it was a difficult-to-understand number of most different construction units, of which some were intended for special building projects only and could not not universally also for the building of other models be used. Trix always indicated in all its building guidances, which were necessary and like many basic boxes for the building of a certain model. If one wanted to copy for example onegantry crane “, then was exactly indicated in the guidance, which boxes and which additional individual parts are for this necessary.

Spurred by the large demand Trix constantly increased the offer and sketched further auxiliary packings. Thus numerous variants of component systems in the course of the time, which depending upon contents and extent its growing up buyer shank corresponded, developed to the most different requirements. Versatile mobile drive components of the clockwork over electrical coils up to the battery-operated electric motor extended the product range and would fulfill also elevated technical requirements. Starting from 1934 Trix organized country-wide model construction competitions, which promoted both the sales figures and the invention spirit of the usually juvenile participants - with security was involved with the model drafts of also so some adults in the background. Often numerous new constructions in this time, which were to be found in no guidance book, developed. From this idea wealth again the manufacturer profited, by transferring and to the Produktpallette transferring the best ideas.

All in all the Trix building block principle was far superior to the Märklin system regarding the variability of the construction possibilities. Nevertheless also the Trix component systems had their weaknesses. , Almost rough execution of the elements the simple in particular as well as the enclosed insufficient tool gave cause for criticism again and again. Finally the simple equipment made however the low selling prices and the associated high editions in the time before that for 2 possible. World war.

Trix metal component system element Trix (1951) after

Trix Metallbaukasten Element Trix (1951)
the currency reform in the year 1948 Trix ignored

advancement and end (1948 to 1998) in addition, the individual reason and auxiliary boxes like 1 (8941), 1A (8942), 1B (8943), 1K (8944), to unite 1D (8945) and the electrical box (450/11) in different combinations to larger Verkaufseinheiten. Thus the component systems liked at that time appeared „junior Trix “, „element Trix “, „Moto Trix “and „present Trix “in short distances. Into the 1960er then the large component systems followed „master Trix “, „engineer Trix “and „Trix assistant “. Parallel for this there were further the small basic boxes from the Vorkriegsepoche as well as important individual parts like e.g. Rubber tire (450) in different sizes, the electric motors (2050 for direct current, 2060 for alternating current) as well as the wind up clockwork (2170) with pre and reversed execution as alternative propulsion variant. Thus the universal offer of the Trix Metallbaukastensystems for almost all age groups was perfected. Even adults found favours at the interesting and technically various construction possibilities.

The official selling prices were adapted to at that time still narrow purse of the population. With exception of „present Trix “and „Moto Trix “, for 19,95 DM and/or. for 10,95 DM over the counter, were affordable most articles from this series went. With the reason and auxiliary boxes the prices were 1,25 and 1,50 DM between and for the box „element Trix “around 4, - DM. Accessory articles were somewhat more expensive like the Trix electric motors (3.50 DM) as well as the Trix clockwork (5.75 DM). The new formulary with numerous updated building guidances gave it already starting from the year 1950 for 60 Pfennig. For the particularly industrious amateur handicraftsman offered one empties, on high polish polished wood cartridges with an available space for approx. 60 basic boxes for 9,50 DM on. All prices mentioned refer to the first years of the postwar epoch. In the later years there were substantial price increases depending upon article, in particular with the large component systems.

Into the late 1970er years decreased the general interest in metal component systems clearly. The company Walther, who was present already since 1904 with their „stable component system “on the market, stopped entire production. Even the market leader Märklin reduced its production in this time. Also Trix did not remain spared by this downtrend, yet the enterprise started in the model care again strongly through. Among other things one developed further, supplementing elements like e.g. a particularly long flat band with altogether 28 bored openings as well as a larger groove wheel than rim for the new large rubber tires. Also the guidance booklets which are attached in the boxes were editorialally revised and freshly presented with numerous new photos and charts.

Großbaukasten Trix Assistent mit Elektromotor
Large component system Trix assistant with electric motor

defiance of all efforts - which classical metal component system had itself survived. The interests the juvenile buyer shank were strongly in the change understood into the 1980er years. After a longer phase followed the stagnation directly with the distribution of the last component system model (Bugatti - racing car type 57, number of copies: 333 pieces) to the turn of the year 1997/98 the final end. Thus disappeared an outstanding product of the German play goods industry, which had nevertheless during one period of 66 years existence.

Today the Trix component systems of the different epochs radiate that nostalgic charm, from which many cannot extract themselves. This is probably also a reason for the interest in the old boxes, risen lately. Well received guidance booklets and descriptions play an important role with the buyer crowd likewise.

literature (selection)

  • Franzke, J. (Hrsg.) (2000): TRIX - Combined play goods factories. SCHUCO, BING & cost. (Bd. 4), S. 10-16.
  • Black, H., Henze, A. & Faber, M. (1995): Eisenzeit. The history of the metal component system. In: Writings of the toy museum Nuremberg, Band I. Nuremberg.

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