The UEFA champion

League [uˈeːfaˈtʃæmpiənz liːg ], until 1991 European Cup of the national masters and after a “transitional phase” (1991/92) finally under this designation delivered UEFA champion League, is a competition for European football - association crews of the men under the roof of the European football federation (UEFA). It forms the more important two competitions in the context of the annually delivered Soccer European Cup before the UEFA cup.

Vor dem Gruppenspiel der Champions League am 18. Oktober 2005: FC Bayern - Juventus Turin
Before the group play of the champions League to 18. October 2005: Fiber plastic Bavaria - Juventus Turin

table of contents

history

the idea of a European association competition and/or a European „superleague “camefor the first time at the beginning of the 1950er years up and leaned against the idea of the Mitropapokals , which was delivered from 1927 to the outbreak of the Second World War and a popular competition between Austrian, Hungarian, Yugoslav, Czechoslovakian and later also Italian association crews represented. One made similarly good experiencessince end of the 1940er years with the Coupe Latine, which covered a still smaller participant circle (national master from Italy, France, Spain and Portugal). The new European Cup, so the idea, should cover and thus clarify more nations clearly, which countries the play-strongest association crews to place. Causenot least the British press was, the clubs of the island after international successes already times gladly to the world champion „explained “. Whether in such a competition a erlesene selection of European point clubs or all European national masters should participate, was however at that time still another point of issue.

Gabriel Hanot,former French national player and 1954 journalist of the French sport newspaper L'Équipe took up the question again and developed a draft for one „European championship of the clubs “. The sport newspaper published it to 16. December 1954 and loaded thereupon 18 European associations, which were not national masters throughout,to Paris . The majority of the participants faced the idea unlocked and also UEFA and FIFA agreed. In the following months Hanot submitted suggestions for the set of rules, among other things that the winner optimalproves in and replays determined, the mating drawn lots and up toFinal game the K. - o. - System to be accomplished should.

In the same year the first competition already began. The English football blocked the participation of the fiber plastic Chelsea, why Gwardia Warsaw advanced. To the first 16 participants at that time already belonged clubs, which belong also this very day to the European elite. Material Madrid, which AC Milan and the sports club applied rapidly Vienna, in whose homeland the professional football held already long introduction, opposite the half professionals of the other nations than clear favorite. Nevertheless the 1 could. Fiber plastic Saarbruecken as participants for at that time still independent Saarland in Milan a sensational 4:3 - victory celebrate, before they separated in the replay by a 1:4.

To the summit between Milan and Madrid it already came in the semi-final, in which the Spaniards interspersed themselves with 4:2 and 1:2. Material Madrid won finally also the final (4: 3 against Stadede Reims) and secured itself thus to 13. June 1956 the first European Cup of the national masters. Until 1960 should dominate the royal ones the new competition and win him five times in consequence, which succeeded today no more to crew until. Also after it southEuropean associations from Italy dominated(Inter Milan, AC Milan) and Portugal (Benfica Lisbon) the European Cup competition, before 1966 and 1967 interspersed themselves with Celtic Glasgow and Manchester United the first British representatives.

Starting from years there was the 1970er again and again one on the other remarkable yearly blocks, in thosefollowing a representative of the same country the European Cup of the national masters won. From 1970 - 1973 dominated for four years the dutchmen with Feyenoord Rotterdam (1970) and Ajax Amsterdam (1971-73), from 1974 - 1976 triumphed three times in consequence of the fiber plastics Bavaria Munich from Germany. Iteight years, in those the English dominance of the fiber plastic Liverpool, followed Nottingham Forest and Aston mansion only in the year 1983 by the victory Hamburg sports association (1: 0 against Juventus Turin one interrupted). The success history of the English football would perhaps still longer have continued, ifthe 29. May 1985 with the Heysel disaster as the blackest day of Soccer European Cup history been received and English soccer clubs for five (Liverpool for seven) years would not be closed.

1991 (officially 1992) were renamed the competition in „UEFA champion League “and around a Vorrunde with group playsextended. Still it was however only the national masters of the individual European federations reserved and provided thus for a strongly distorted picture over the play-strongest crews of Europe. The UEFA considered this unfair. And in such a way the point procedure of the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung provides for remedy since 1997. Measuredat successes of the previous years are granted to play-strong football federations more starting points, than rather weak federations. The three bestplatzierten football federations can with up to four clubs be represented, while with the weakest even the master must into a qualification.

play mode

of the winners of theCompetition became until 1991 in the K.o. - System determines, whereby since center of the 1960er years in the first round began 32 crews. Afterwards there were different delivering models with qualification rounds as well as or two group phases. The current play mode with three qualification rounds and a group phase with 32 crews becomessince the season 2003/04 applied.

In the UEFA champions League participate altogether 32 European association crews. The title defender, thus the winner of the competition in the Vorsaison, is not set thereby, cannot be taken up however when desired the appropriate regional organization additionally to the competition (if necessary. upCost another representative of this federation). Participants are the masters from the federations 1 to 10 and the vice-masters of the federations 1 to 6 in accordance with the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung. Further 16 crews are determined in a qualification round (see below).

qualification round

  • 1. Round (20 participants)
  • 2. Round (28 participants)
    • 10 winners of the 1. Round
    • of 12 masters of the federations of place 17 to 28 the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung
    • of 6 vice-masters of the federations of place 10 to15 the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung
  • 3. Round (32 participants)
    • of 14 winners of the 2. Round
    • 3 fourth of the federations of place 1 to 3 the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung
    • 6 third of the federations of place 1 to 6 the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung
    • 3 vice-master of the federations of place 7 to 9 the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung
    • 6 masters of the federations of place 11 to 16 the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung
  • group phase
    • of 16 winners of the 3. Qualification round
    • of 6 vice-masters of the federations of place 1 to 6 the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung
    • of 10 masters of the federations of place 1 to 10 the UEFA Fünfjahreswertung

exception: Is the champions League winner (title defender)also over the national championship qualifies directly, then this order shifts. Example of it: In the season 2003/04 the fiber plastic postage was both master and championsleague winner. The master 10. Country in the five-yearly valuation (Fenerbahce Istanbul /T ürkei) transferred the place of postage in that1. Round (group phase) of the champions League. Also place 16 (Grazer AC/Österreich) could from it profit and was allowed in the qualification round three begin. The masters of the countries 26 and 27 of the five-yearly valuation (direct current generator Bucharest/Romania and Ferencvaros/Hungary) were directly qualified for the second round.

Work on []

One plays group plays and

final round [work on

]

of group plays in eight groups with ever four crews in and a replay. First and second of the groups remain in the competition, while the Drittplatzierten descends into the UEFA cup „“(entrance in the 3. Round) and thoseViertplatzierten from the European Cup separate.

Are after completion of all group plays two or more crews, decides:

  1. The direct comparison.
  2. The higher number of Auswärtstore within the direct comparison.
  3. The better gate difference altogether.
  4. The higher number of obtained gates altogether.

after

final round thatThe final round follows group plays (in the K.O. - System) with the eighth, quarter and half final plays, which determine the winner of a play mating in and a replay. The meetings are drawn lots, whereby in the round of the last sixteen the group winners meet group second and enjoy latter first home right. Do not meet one on the othercan in the round of the last sixteen crews, which are one on the other met already in the Vorrunde or which resemble football federation belong. Starting from the quarter final these restrictions do not apply any longer.

The winners are determined in the final round by adding the gates from and replay. It comes by it to the resembling and,wins the crew, which obtained in this mating of more Auswärtstreffer. Thereafter still even if resembling and prevails, the play is extended by two half times to 15 minutes. In last instance the penalty shootout decides.

final game

the final game takes place at a neutral place,that the UEFA before beginning of competition specifies. In the final there is no replay; it becomes if necessary. likewise by extension and penalty shootout terminates.

background

the Trophäe

since the year 1966 is presented to the respective winner a moving cup sketched by Hans's barn man.Who the 62 cm large Trophäe altogether five times or however three times in consequence (like the 1. Fiber plastic Bavaria Munich in the years 1974, '75 and '76) wins, may keep it. Since the fiber plastic Liverpool 2005 achieved the fifth total victory, that becomes meanwhile sixth starting from 2006Copy hand over.

the punishments

after three yellow maps a player is for the next portion closed, automatically afterwards after each further second (the fifth, the sieved etc.). A place reference entails a barrier of at least one play, the control and Disziplinarausschussan aggravation of the punishment can decide. These rules apply competition-spreading, thus also with the change of champions League to UEFA Cup.

finances

the premiums were not changed in relation to the previous year: For reaching the Vorrunde each of the 32 associations received 3.576.050 euro. Additionallythere are the following premiums in each group play: 325.095, 44 euro for a victory and 162,477, 25 for an undecided. For the introduction in the round of the last sixteen the teams receive additionally 1.625.477, 25 euro each, the eight quarterly finalists take further in each case 1.950.572, 62 and the four half finalists 2.600.763, 50 each. The been subject finalist3.901.145, 25 euro, the title winner receive 6.501.909 euro.

If a crew should win all plays, thus altogether 10.205.345 euro flow at premiums on the association account.

Additionally each association receives a certain portion of the television funds, those of the transmitter, that for each home and away game the coverage rightin the country of the home club acquired paid. The height of these television funds varies strongly depending upon nationality of the home club.

the label

the marketing of the label name champion League and, in particular television ones and solicitor-genuine, takes place via the company „T.E.A.M. Television Event and MediaMarketing AG “with seat in Luzern. The premiums passed on from the incomes of the marketing are an important source of income of the Top Fussballclubs in Europe. Meanwhile nearly all Tuesday plays of the champions League in the European Pay TV are radiated, while the portions of Wednesday in the Free TV are to be seen. SF2 and ORF will transfer plays starting from 2005 as only German-language Free TVs also on Tuesday. Starting from 2006 the Topspiele of the champions will have exclusive to be seen League in Germany with the paying transmitter PREMIERE. In the Free TV DSF is transferred instead of so far SAT.1 a play per play day live.

the hymn

the well-known TV hymn of the UEFA champion League (UEFA champion League music) is of Tony Britten freely after George Friedrich of trade Zadok The praised arranged from the Coronation Anthems. Britten got 1992 of the UEFA the order, thoseMusic in the Händel style to arrange and took the beginning of trade Zadok As collecting main praised. The piece was played by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and the Academy OF Saint Martin into the Fields Chorus in the three official UEFA languages English, French and German sung. The hymn played before beginning of play in the stadium as well as at the beginning and at the end of the television transmissions, however in each case only the Refrain. The complete dreiminütige hymn contains still two short Strophen beside the well-known Refrain. The hymn was so far nowhere commercially published, circulatedhowever in Internet exchange stock exchanges.

The text reads:

Ce sont les meilleures équipes, it are very best crews, The Main event, which sont master , who event best one, Les of grandes équipes,

The champion Une grande réunion, a large sporty meeting, The Main , ILS les meilleures, you is the best ones, thesis of acres the champions, the masters, the best ones, Les of grandes équipes, The champion

the masters, the best ones, Les of grandes équipes, The champion

all final games

season stadium winner opponent result
2006/07 olympia stadium Spyridon Louis, Athen
2005/06 Stade de France, Paris
2004/05 Atatürk Olympiastadion, Istanbul England fiber plastic Liverpool Italien AC Milan 3:3 n.V., 3:2 i.E.
2003/04 arena AufSchalke, gel churches Portugal fiber plastic postage Frankreich AS Monaco 3:0
2002/03 old meeting Ford, Manchester Italien AC Milan Italien Juventus Turin 0:0 n.V., 3:2 i.E.
2001/02 Hampden park, Glasgow Spanien material Madrid Deutschland Bavarian 04Leverkusen 2:1
2000/01 Giuseppe Meazza stadium, Milan Deutschland fiber plastic Bavaria Munich Spanien Valencia CF 1:1 n.V., 5:4 i.E.
1999/00 Stade de France, of Paris Spanien material Madrid Spanien Valencia CF 3:0
1998/99 Camp Nou, Barcelona England Manchester United Deutschland fiber plastic Bavaria Munich 2:1
1997/98 Amsterdam arena, Amsterdam Spanien material Madrid Italien Juventus Turin 1:0
1996/97 olympia stadium, Munich Deutschland Borussia Dortmund Italien Juventus Turin 3:1
1995/96 olympia stadium, Rome Italien Juventus Turin Niederlande Ajax Amsterdam 1:1 n.V., 4:2 i.E.
1994/95 seriousness Happel stadium, Vienna Niederlande Ajax Amsterdam Italien AC Milan 1:0
1993/94 olympia stadium, Athens Italien AC Milan Spanien fiber plastic Barcelona 4:0
1992/93 olympia stadium, Munich Frankreich Olympique Marseille Italien AC Milan 1:0
1991/92 Wembley stadium, London Spanien fiber plastic Barcelona Italien Sampdoria Genova 1:0 n.V.
1990/91 San Nicola stadium, Bari Serbien red star Belgrade Frankreich Olympique Marseille 0:0 n.V., 5:3 i.E.
1989/90 Praterstadion, Vienna Italien AC Milan Portugal Benfica Lisbon 1:0
1988/89 Camp Nou, Barcelona Italien AC Milan Rumänien Steaua Bucharest 4:0
1987/88 Neckarstadion, Stuttgart Niederlande PSV Eindhoven Portugal Benfica Lisbon 0:0 n.V., 6:5 i.E.
1986/87 Praterstadion, Vienna Portugal fiber plastic postage Deutschland fiber plastic Bavaria Munich 2:1
1985/86 Sánchez Pizjuán stadium, Sevilla Rumänien Steaua Bucharest Spanien fiber plastic Barcelona 0:0 n.V., 2:0 i.E.
1984/85 Heysel stadium, Brussels Italien Juventus Turin England fiber plastic Liverpool 1:0
1983/84 olympia stadium, Rome England fiber plastic Liverpool Italien AS Rome 1:1 n.V., 4:2 i.E.
1982/83 olympia stadium Spyridon Louis, Athen Deutschland Hamburg sports association Italien Juventus Turin 1:0
1981/82 De Kuip, Rotterdam England Aston mansion Deutschland fiber plastic Bavaria Munich 1:0
1980/81 prince park stadium, of Paris England fiber plastic Liverpool Spanien material Madrid 1:0
1979/80 Santiago Bernabéu stadium, Madrid England Nottingham Forest Deutschland Hamburg sports association 1:0
1978/79 olympia stadium, Munich England Nottingham Forest Schweden Malmö FF 1:0
1977/78 Wembley stadium, London England fiber plastic Liverpool Belgien fiber plastic Brügge 1:0
1976/77 olympia stadium, Rome England fiber plastic Liverpool Deutschland boron. M'gladbach 3:1
1975/76 Hampden park, Glasgow Deutschland fiber plastic Bavaria Munich Frankreich AS Saint Étienne 1:0
1974/75 prince park stadium, Of Paris Deutschland fiber plastic Bavaria Munich England Leeds United 2:0
1973/74 Heysel stadium, Brussels Deutschland fiber plastic Bavaria Munich Spanien Atlético Madrid 1:1 n.V., 4:0
1972/73 Crvena Zvezda stadium, Belgrade Niederlande Ajax Amsterdam Italien Juventus Turin 1:0
1971/72 De Kuip, Rotterdam Niederlande Ajax Amsterdam Italien inter Milan 2:0
1970/71 Wembley stadium, London Niederlande Ajax Amsterdam Griechenland Panathinaikos Athens 2:0
1969/70 Giuseppe Meazza stadium, Milan Niederlande Feyenoord Rotterdam Schottland Celtic Glasgow 2:1 n.V.
1968/69 Santiago Bernabéu stadium, Madrid Italien AC Milan Niederlande Ajax Amsterdam 4:1
1967/68 Wembley stadium, London England Manchester United Portugal Benfica Lisbon 4:1 n.V.
1966/67 national stadium, Lisbon Schottland Celtic Glasgow Italien inter Milan 2:1
1965/66 Heysel stadium, Brussels Italien Material Madrid Serbien fiber plastic Partizan Belgrade 2:1
1964/65 Giuseppe Meazza stadium, Milan Italien inter Milan Portugal Benfica Lisbon 1:0
1963/64 Praterstadion, Vienna Italien inter Milan Spanien material Madrid 3:1
1962/63 Wembley stadium, London Italien AC Milan Portugal Benfica Lisbon 2:1
1961/62 olympia stadium, Amsterdam Portugal Benfica Lisbon Spanien material Madrid 5:3
1960/61 Wankdorfstadion, Berne Portugal Benfica Lisbon Spanien fiber plastic Barcelona 3:2
1959/60 Hampden park, Glasgow Spanien material Madrid Deutschland unity Frankfurt 7:3
1958/59 Neckarstadion, Stuttgart Spanien material Madrid Frankreich Stade de Reims 2:0
1957/58 Heysel stadium, Brussels Spanien material Madrid Italien AC Milan 3:2 n.V.
1956/57 Santiago Bernabéu stadium, Madrid Spanien material Madrid Italien AC Florenz 2:0
1955/56 prince park stadium, of Paris Spanien material Madrid Frankreich Stade de Reims 4:3

n.V. = after extension; i.E. = in the penalty shootout

see also: List of the European Cup winners

the best goal scorers

name nation association of gates
1 Andrij Schewtschenko Ukraine direct current generator Kiew/AC Milan 52
2 Raul Spain material Madrid 51
3 Alfredo di Stefano Spain material Madrid 49
4 Ruud van Nistelrooy the Netherlands Manchester United/PSV Eindhoven 47
5 Eusebio Portugal Benfica Lisbon 46

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