Practice Iwerks

practice Iwerks (actually Ubbe ore Iwwerks; * 24. March 1901 in Kansas town center, Missouri; † 7. July 1971 in Burbank) was an US-American trick film draughtsman and - technicians. Its name explains itself from its ostfriesischen roots: Iwerks father Eert Ubbe Iwwerks from Uttum (today municipality bent horn in the district Aurich) emigrated 1869 into the USA.

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Iwerks worked 1919 as a draughtsman in Kansas town center, where it the of the same age roll Disney met and itself with it made friends. When Disney a Zeichentrickstudio opened, Iwerks was its first employee. The early Disney Zeichentrickfilme were drawn mainly by him. It had to be the call, the fastest trick film draughtsman at all. The first (produced) Micky mouse - tarpaulin Crazy , he is to have drawn Trickfilm, in only two weeks alone, which approx. 700 designs on the day would mean.

One generally speculated that Iwerks was driving Kraft behind the success of the Disney Studios. Iwerks and Disney had had occasional differences, and as Pat Powers, which of Disney films out drove, Iwerks offered, to open with its money an own Studio assured Iwerks and left Disney. The Iwerks Studio was opened to 1930 and produced the black-and-white trick film series Flip the Frog (Flip the frog) and Willie Whooper as well as the color row ComiColor, in which well-known fairy tales were repeated. Fiddlesticks, to 16. August 1930 published first film of the Flip the Frog - row, knows also colored scenes up; thus the first publication of the Iwerks Studios was also the first colored Zeichentrickfilm with clay/tone at all. Because the series did not find a success, Powers and other Finanziers 1936 terminated the support of the Iwerks Studios, which had to close. Practice Iwerks worked starting from 1938 for Columbia Pictures, until it finally returned 1940 to Disney.

After its return to Disney Iwerks in of Disney worked research department mainly on the development of new visual effects and procedures. Thus e.g. becomes it. the development of the multi-plan camera attributed, which background three-dimensional in Zeichentrickfilmen made possible, likewise the development of the Xenografie. Also outside of that of Disney Studios he so e.g. worked as an advisor for special effects. 1963 for Alfred Hitchcocks film the birds.

1999 came the documentary film The hand Behind the Mouse: The practice Iwerks story out.


  • Academy Award (OSCAR) 1960 for technical achievements
  • „Academy Award OF Merit “ 1965 (together with Petro Vlahos and Wadsworth E. Pohl)
  • nominating for the Academy Award for best special effects 1964 for the birds



  • Leslie Iwerks, John Kenworthy: The hand Behind the Mouse: At Intimate Biography OF practice Iwerks, the one roll Disney Called “The Greatest Animator into the World”. Disney edition, New York 2001, ISBN 0-7868-5320-4

film documentations

  • The hand Behind the Mouse: The practice Iwerks story (1999)

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