|Coat of arms||map|
|federation subject:||Republic of Baschkortostan|
|kind of municipality:||Republic Republic of|
|surface:||753.7 km ²|
|inhabitants:||1.036.026 (1. January 2005)|
|Population density:||1,375 inhabitants for each km ²|
|height:||??? Meter and. NN|
|Postal zip codes:|
|Telephone preselection:||+7 (34 72)|
of the city administration:
|List of the cities in Russia|
Ufa (Russian Уфа, baschkirisch Өфө/Öfö, tatarisch Öfä/Ufa) is the capital of the Republic of Baschkortostan, Russia. It is because of the delta of the rivers Ufa and Djoma into the Belaja (Agidel) west the Urals and 1.036.000 inhabitants (conditions have about 100 km: 2005); of it 54.2% are Russian, 27% act arene, 11.3% Baschkiren, 2.6% Ukrainer, 1.1% Tschuwa, 1% Mari and the remainder member of manyfurther small minorities. The city pulls itself in a length of approx. 50 km von after Südwest and takes a surface of 753,7 km northeast ². The geographical coordinates are: 54,78° north, 56,04° east. The time belt Ufas is GMT+0500 orCET+0400 (Central European time +4h) with regular conversion between summer and winter time.
Table of contents
the city Ufa divided into 7 administrative quarters (inhabitants 2005):
- Djoma, Дёмский (52.913)
- Kalinin, Калининский (195.722)
- Kirow, Кировский (135.083)
- Lenin, Ленинский (72.822)
- Octobers, Октябрьский (230.827)
- Ordschonikidse,Орджоникидзевский (177.544)
- Soviet, Советский (171.115)
Ufa is in the zone of the moderate northern forest steppes. The climate is continental and humid with warm summers and moderately cold winters. The middle temperature in January amounts to -14,6°C, thoseminimum -40°C; in July the middle temperature 19,3°C amounts to, the maximum temperature 40°C. The annual average of the precipitation amounts to 419mm.
prevailing religions are the Islam and the Christianity in form of the Russian-orthodox church. In Ufa is thatSeat of the center of the high religiousness Muslims of the European part of Russia, in addition Sibiriens and Kazakhstan.
history and economicalDevelopment
1574 was created Ufa as fortress. Thus the southeast border of Russia should become secured after the connection of the Baschkiri areas. From historical documents it follows that after subjecting the Kasaner Khanates Ambassador in the name Iwans IV.into this areawere sent, in order to suggest to them the entry to the Russian authority. In the period of 1554-1557 the freiwillige entry of all baschkirischen trunks took place into the confederation of states of Russia. There they however further of would attack martial Nomaden were troubled and it in the entire areano cities or military plants gave, 1574 at the delta of the river to Ufa to the Belaja the close old Kasaner trade route a small attachment from oakwood by a division of the Russian contactor corps was established - the fortress Ufa. To thisTime did not give it only one city in today's Russia, which would have lain more east of it - up to the Pacific Ocean. A 440m long oakwood barrier surrounded the small fortress, by therefore comes also its pointed name at that time, „the oak city “. InYear 1586 was lent Ufa the municipal law.
In the year 1635 the city was besieged by troops of the Siberian princes Tjawka and Ablai, which could be struck however into the escape. To 23. May 1759 became in the city by thunderbolta fire released, which destroyed the wood fortress and far parts of the city. The city changed itself at the same time in 17. and 18. Century gradually of a military fortress into the political and economical center of the region. Politically hear the city 1708 to the Kasaner Gouvernement. Starting from 1728 Ufa was capital of the Ufaer province, which was subject to the senate directly. From 1744 belonged to the Gouvernement of Orenburg. Since 1772 the city hall accommodated the town councillor for the autonomy of the city. Eleven years later,in December 1781 Ufa became capital of the new Ufaer province, before it came 1796 again to the Orenburger Gouvernement. Since 1802 was Ufa Gouvernementsstadt with temporary residence of the governor and its administrative mechanisms. In the year 1865 Ufa became by decree of the ZarenAlexander II. to the capital of the Gouvernements Baschkirien raised.
In 19. Century began the industrialization Ufas began in 19. Century. Center 19. Century existed already about a dozen of Gerberbetriebe and some landing places at the river. Importantly for the further developmentthe introduction of the regular navigation was on the Belaja 1870 and the opening of the Kazan' Zlatouster railway 1888-1892. In the city steam mills, sawmills, railway and ship repair workshops developed. End 19. Century counted Ufa approx. 30 factories - food, leather, silicate andwoodworking enterprises. Besides Ufa became an important place in the meat and paste trade.
Capital was Ufa also for the Baschkiri autonomous one socialist Soviet republic BASSR (since 1922). In the following years an engine factory and a those became in the course of the first Fünfjahresplansfirst TEZ (Fernelektrititätswerk) built, and 1939 is opened the first oil-processing enterprise Ufas. In the Zwanzigern and three-winners 20. Century developed itself further the city. The industrielle production rose in this period to the 16fache. The Ufaer industrial collective combine, existingfrom, one built a match and for a bulb factory, a sawmill and a large tannery. In addition further enterprises came in the range of the food and of the light industry. During 2. World war became about a dozen of industrieller large-scale enterprises, many authorities and a rowfrom scientific institutes to Ufa, so also on arrangement Stalins evacuates the communist international one (Komintern).
In the post-war period the exploitation and processing of the oil deposits Baschkiriens played the largest role in for the Ufaer economics. The “new Ufaer oil processing” became into thatOpens to fifties. The third oil-processing enterprise followed soon thereafter. Besides also the chemical and the Maschinenbauindustrie in the city gained a foothold. On resolution Soviet of the BASSR became the city Ufa to 24. July 1956 the city Tschernikowsk inThe north Ufas as quarter Ordschonikidse integrated.
Since 1991 Ufa is capital of the Republic of Baschkortostan developed at that time. Sad admittingness attained the city, as 2002 with the collision of a Tupolev-154 of the Bashikirian airlines and Boeing over the Bodensee with Überlingenat the 1. July particularly from Ufa coming passengers, under it 52 school children, died.
objects of interest
- the monument Salawat Julajews over the Belaja, 1968 build, renew 2004
- the purchase passage „for Gostiny Dvor “ in the city centre
- the newly built mosque „Ljalja Tjulpan “ in the north of the city
- „the Monument Druschby “ (Monument of the friendship between Baschkiren and Russians), builds
- the Baschkiri national theatre
- the culture palace
- the Lenin place for 1965 at „the fermenting Soviet “ (town councillor) with adjacent park and entertainment center
- the Jakutow park
- the Aksakow park
Ufa is a junction of important routes of transportation: The original distance of the Trans-Siberian railway leads by Ufa; in addition great importance on the road (motorways) comes, on the rivers (cargo ship travel), air traffic (international airport in the south of the city) and pipelines forGas and oil. Motorways lead from here toward Kazan', SAM era, Cheljabinsk, Orenburg. From the southern and northern central bus station also regular bus connections drive into the regional centers Baschkiriens and the federation centers lain more near. The airport was already opened 1938and also output and destination of international lines are among other things beside the internal-Russian flights to Frankfurt (Main), Istanbul, Baku and crowd-suddenly.
city traffic runs mainly in north south direction from the city centre in the southwest to only in20. Century been added quarter Tschernikowka (quarter Ordschonikidse), which formed the independent city Tschernikowsk before. For discharge in the eighties a motorway was built for the October folder (folder Oktjabrja) parallel to the traffic axle Ufas. For the sixties that becomesBuild for an underground in Ufa discussed. The last conditions of the resolutions are that the intention is certain of establishing an underground, which is secured durable financing however not yet.
sons and daughters of the city
- Sergei Timofejewitsch Aksakow,Russian writer
- Sergei Donatowitsch Dowlatow, writer
- Swetlana Alexejewna Gladyschewa, former Russian ski Rennfahrerin
- Mikhail Wassiljewitsch Nesterow, Russian painter and member of the Peredwischniki
- Rudolf Chametowitsch Nurejew, Russian dancer
- Semfira Talgatowna Ramasanowa, Russian Pop singer
- Juri Julianowitsch Schewtschuk,Russian rock musician (founder of DDT)
in the city existing resuming educational facilities
- Baschkiri academy for government service and administration with the president of the Republic of Baschkirien
- Baschkiri national agrarian university
- Baschkiri national medicine university
- Baschkiri national University of
- Baschkiri national educational Institut
- Faculty of the allRussian remote institute for finances and economics
- faculty Ufa of the national academy for sport of the Urals area
- branch of the Muscovites national commercial university
- branch of the Orenburger national University of
- branch of the mainurban spirit-scientific institute
- branch Ufa Moscow State University for consumer co-operation
- legalInstitut of the ministry of the Interior of Russia Ufa
- Ostinstitut for economics, Geisteswissenschaften, marketing and management and right
- national one technical oil university Ufa
- national one technical aviation university Ufa (http://www.ugatu.ac.ru)
- national Kunstinstitut Ufa
- technological Serviceinstitut Ufa of the national academy for consumer and services
Ufa is represented by the crew Salawat Julajew in the highest Russian ice hockey league. The largest success of the team is those bronze medal in the championship in the year 1997. The Heimspiele are delivered in the “Dvorez Sporta” (“palace of the sport”). In the football was Ufa during the Soviet time by the association Gastello Ufa in the third Russian league (contrary to Germany and is considered also this was considered still as professional league) represent. In the 90's the professional football in Ufa in sinking disappeared. Since someHowever to the association Neftjanik Ufa the ascent succeeded to years into the third Russian league. In the Urals Powolzsje zone the crew belongs to the upper third. Play place is the Stroitel stadium with a capacity of 10000 places (all together seats).
partnerships between cities
For many years an active exchange exists social work between Ufa and the German city in the range youth and Upperlive.
Ufa is allegedly the discovery site of Daschkas stone.
Web on the left of
|Commons: Ufa (town center) - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- official web page of the city Ufa on Russian and English
- information over Ufa, Baschkortostanand the partnership between cities resound Ufa
coordinates: 54° 47 ' N, 56° 02 ' O