Ulcinj (serb. Улцињ/Ulcinj, alb. Ulqin/Ulqini, Italy. Dulcigno) is the southernmost city Montenegros and is because of the Adria the close border to Albania. In Ulcinj 30,000 by the majority Albanian speaking inhabitants live. They are partially Muslims, partially profess themselves them to the catholic or to the orthodox church.
Ulcinj has a very beautiful old part of town. Directly in the proximity is also the “small city beach” (alb. Plazi i bird /serb. Mala Plaža). The townscape shows the eastern past, numerous mosques distributes itself over the whole city, which are above all on Fridays well visited.
Ulcinj is a routistic well opened city with a multiplicity of hotels and pensions. Outside of the city the “large beach” begins (alb. Plazhi i madh /serb. Velika Plaža) up to the Albanian border with a length of 13 kilometers extends. Thus this is the longest sand beach at the whole Adriaküste former Yugoslavia. Here ideal conditions for trend sports prevail like the Kite and Windsurfen. In addition also the FKK belongs - to area on the island Ada at the delta of the river Bojana. Before the Yugoslavia war Ulcinj was a popular destination for Germans, Italians, Frenchmen and Englishmen.
first in particular admitted inhabitants of the area around Ulcinj were the Illyrer. In the antique one a settlement of Greek Kolonisten existed, - in such a way archaeological excavations resulted in - in 5. Century v. Chr. to the city Colchinion extends wourde. In the time of the brightism the place stood under the influence of the different short-lived illyrischen kingdoms and arrived to 163 v. Chr. as Olcinium (= city of the Olcinjaten, a illyrischer trunk) under Roman rule. Under this name Ulcinj is mentioned for the first time in writing with Plinius the older one in the Naturalis historiae. During Roman rule Ulcinj was a fastened settlement of Roman citizens. It had the status one oppidum civium Romanorum and became later municipium - thus its own city of Roman right.
After the division of the Roman realm Ulcinj with the province Praevalis fell to east Rome and the inhabitants accepted the Christianity. In late ancient times Ulcinj bishop seat was, that with interruptions up to the beginning of the Turk rule in 16. Century existed.
Ulcinj belonged in 9. and 10. Century and then again in 12. Century to the Serbian realms Duklja and Raszien, after the turn of the century Duklja and the Nemanjiden - state. It became important trade ‑ and navigation center of the Serbian state. After 1355 took over the Balšići the rule over the city. Ulcinj stood several times also under venezianischer rule, usually was however actually independent the city. Their inhabitants, the Dulcinoten (ital.) were feared Piraten in the Adria.
In the war with Turkey Montenegro conquered to 20. January 1878 Ulcinj. At the time of the conclusion of the Vorfriedens of San Stefano however again the high gate was entitled to Ulcinj of the Russians, while Montenegro got only a few villages at the Shkodrasee. The citizen of Berlin congress revised the agreements of San Stefano also regarding Ulcinj and awarded the city Montenegro. The Sultan refused vacating however the city. Only after intervention of the great powers, among other things by a common fleet demonstration before the Turkish coast the Osmanen gave way. To 30. November 1880 was back and forth finally attached Ulcinj after long diplomatic the Principality of Montenegro.