Uniformly (German Federal Armed Forces)

field suit of old kind of the German Federal Armed Forces (army)

the soldiers of the German Federal Armed Forces are recognizable from their uniform. Uniform ones belong to the outward characteristics prescribed after the international law of war, by which Kombattanten from not Kombattanten differ. In addition uniforms serve to dress according to soldier their different tasks as appropriately as possible. Therefore there are different uniforms, so-called suit.

Table of contents


the most well-known, because most everyday, uniform of the German Federal Armed Forces is the field suit, that, so far not due to special circumstances such as training or unfavorable weather conditions necessarily, in the basic form one carries. In addition belonged first of all a head coverage, with recruits nearly always the field cap printed on with mark camouflage (camouflage pressure, generally). Soldiers of the army, the basic training and vow already behind itself have, usually give to the toque preference. The color of the toque depends on the branch of service: Infantry (for example hunters, in addition, the army soldiers or formerly the infantry associated troops (of armored infantry) have a green toque, (paratrooper), air land and special forces, as well as army aviators a Bordeaux-red, armored combat troops a black, combatsupporting troops (e.g. Artillery) and combat supporters of pioneers, (field hunters) and remote alarm units a korallenrotes and a medic a blue toque. The allocation free of doubts is however possible over the toque badge, which sits over the left Schläfe.

Over olives the Unterhemd the field blouse is carried. On the shoulders the rank insignias are attached in the form of postponing loops; among them is a colored small band: the braid. Its color refers, like the toque badge, to the branch of service. On the field blouse three bags are sewn on, nearly all bags of a field suit are filled after a certain bag luggage plan, to which primarily during the training importance is attached. Into the bag on the upper arm protection of the ears plugs for the shooting training, into the left breast pocket write things and documents therefore belong.

In the two leg bags of the field trousers the Taschenmesser (right), gloves (left) are, in closed areas the head coverage (right), two first-aid packets for connecting burns and wounds and the triangle cloth (left), which are used for several purposes. On the field trousers that is carried field ouple, an olive textile belt. The field trousers are carried as so-called one “assault trousers”, i.e. the Hosenbeine are inward turned over over the boots and fixed by rubbers. In the boots olive of Kniestrümpfe are carried.

“Additions of the basic form” additional carrying of the field jacket, the sweater (olive, “the sweater may not be carried with exercises and in the employment as the highest piece of clothing”) permits, to the wetness protection jacket, the Feldponchos, the camouflage protection, the submitting jacket, the Halstuchs (camouflage pressure), the lap belt, suspender, finger gloves, over gloves, wetness protection lower jaws as well as privately procured in form and color of the officially supplied equipment appropriate laundry and pieces of equipment to be carried.

“Modifications to the basic form” permits certain changes at the basic form. So can be carried instead of the field cap also the steel helmet/engagements helmet, the field cap (winter, camouflage pressure), the toque or the mountain cap. Instead of the combat shoes also mountain shoes or mountain ski shoes can be carried.

Dienstanzug Gebirgsjäger
Service uniform mountain hunter

mountain hunter

the uniform of the mountain hunters and/or. the members of certain units, those formerly the 1. Mountain division been subordinate, differs in the service course (colloquially as dress uniform designates). The ski blouse, depending upon cause with wedge trousers and mountain boots supplemental, replaces here the service jacket.

In place of the toque by the mountain hunters the mountain cap (unofficially also grey cap called) is carried. Left laterally at the mountain cap then a metal-coined/shaped edelweiss is fastened.

Air Force

Flugdienstanzug der Luftwaffe
flight suit of the Air Force

does not give also here it, except for the soldiers to the Air Force safeguard troop, which carry a dark-blue toque, a toque, but normally the boat or to the field suit the field cap. There are not the color braids likewise, here is a rocker. Differently than at the army, in which the soldiers do not carry postponing loops and no braids during the basic training, the Air Force recruits have already bright rank insignias with the rockers on the shoulders. The different fields (service subranges) are to be recognized at the Air Force only by the activity badges.

Joint service regulation 37/10 exp. 215 “additions of the basic form” (S. “Army”) permits Air Force soldiers in addition a carrying of the sweater (blue, not however olive) - also to the field suit.

Joint service regulation 37/10 exp. 216 “modifications of the basic form” (S. “Army”) continues to permit Air Force soldiers to carry instead of the field cap a toque (blue, only for Mrs.) or also the boat (blue).

Beside the field suit, also a blue uniform, so-called “blue things”, is carried consisting of a light blue shirt (short or long-poor-lie), for dark-blue trousers, black socks, as well as black Halbschuhe. To blue things a blue boat is carried.


the uniforms of the navy differ substantially from those of the army and the Air Force.

kinds of suit

the service uniform traditionally unofficially also laundry consists in front mentioned of a double-row dark-blue jacket also equivalent trousers and white service shirt for the officers and NCOs . In addition black shoes and socks and a garrison cap with white purchase are carried. Supplemented in the winter will the uniform by a dark-blue double-row coat, in the summer can in place of the jacket a kurzärmliges white service shirt be carried. There is no distinction between large and small service uniform.

Crews carry the so-called Kieler boy suit, also for laundry aft mentioned. It consists of a dark-blue blouse, deeply low-cut, without buttons, and equivalent sailor trousers, which are implemented as folding trousers. To the blouse a centralblue drilling collar and a black Halstuch belong. Since then it female crew ranks in the navy gives, belonged to the blouse a white T-Shirt with blue round collar. In the summer a blouse is carried, which consists of a thin white material. As footwear black Halbschuhe and socks are carried, to the awake suit sea-boot. In addition to this suit a plate cap with white purchase and a cap volume with the golden signature mark of the unit of the soldier belongs. In the winter, dark-blue covering skirt is carried more briefly, the Kolani. Crews in special utility positions and starting from that 30. Lebensjahr (during the today's career regulation nearly impossible combination of age and rank) can likewise the service uniform of the officers and NCOs carry.

The suit of the crews follows British traditions. Three white strips on the drilling collar remind of the three large sea-battles admiral Nelsons. The black Halstuch is carried similarly as a tie as knot. This knot regarded a blue strip from on the left of above to the right down, (if the naval soldier at the North Sea its service provides) from on the top right to the left down (Baltic Sea) from the front)). Into the lower part of this knot a small white loop is bound. The black knot symbolizes the mourning time after Nelsons death with Trafalgar, the white loop stands for the abolition the mourning time.

Binding this knot from a triangular silk cloth requires much fate and patience.

In the shipping service on-board engagements suit (BGA) is carried. It consists of a narrow-lying close, dark-blue zipper jacket, a centralblue shirt and dark-blue trousers with leg bags, to the better protection from inflammability is the material from a mixture of era-avoided and viscose rayon woven. The moreover one black on-board shoes belong and than head coverage boat or Schirmkappe to the suit. For the cold season there is a dark-blue parka and for the deck service to wetness and insulation for cold clothes. Also for submarine crews there is a special protective clothing.

The soldiers of the naval safeguard the MC and soldiers, which are used in the area service, carry the same field suit as the army. Only head coverage and rank insignias differ. The navy does not carry a toque with the exception of the soldiers of the naval safety device separates the field cap or the boat. The rank insignias of the crews and NCOs correspond to those of the army, are however in gold implemented.

For the service in tropical regions there is a sandfarbenen service uniform (Khaki) and a white going out suit, i.e. Trousers and blouse black-and-white, shoes and socks. Khaki the service uniform is at the crews the same as with the NCOs and officers.

Contrary to the army too much many more causes the service uniform is carried, so for example in the guard service. On board officers and NCOs with Portepee in the port wear service uniform, the crews and NCOs without Portepee carry BGA. In lake all soldiers carry BGA. The BGA may not be carried - contrary to the field suit at the army - out of service outside of military mechanisms.

rank and career badge

the rank insignias of the navy are carried with the service uniform at the sleeves. The officers lead golden strips around the lower part of the sleeve (piston rings). Over it a golden star is with the officers of the troop the MC and the military-technical the MC or a special character with the officers of the Sanitätsdiensts, the military music the MC and the geo info. the MC as career badge (S. Table).

Portepeeunteroffiziere carry angles at the lower sleeve, over it the badge of its use row (S. Table). NCOs without Portepee and crews carry lozenges and/or. Strip at the upper arm, likewise supplements around a use row badge.

At the service shirt and at the coat dark-blue shoulder straps are carried, which are dachförmig cut at the upper end. With the officers they are betresst with golden strips according to the sleeve strips, with the NCOs with badges, which correspond to those of the army. On the shoulder straps a career or a use row badge is always carried.

Career badge
of officers and officer candidate of the troop the MC and
the military-technical the MC
five-pointed star, a point/tooth above
military music service dreisaitige Lyra
military-geographical service representative globe with signature “GEO”
physician/lady doctor Äskulap staff, 2 turns of the queue </br> around the staff
dentist/Zahnärztin Äskulap staff, 1 turn of the queue </br> around the staff
pharmacist/- in Äskulap queue, under it a bowl

use row badge
maritime service (11er) anchor with anchor rope
naval guidance service (of 20's) anchors with representative lightning
naval weapon service (of 30's) anchors with representative garnet
naval technique service (of 40's) anchors with gear wheel
naval pilot service (of 50's) anchors with rockers
logistics. and staff duty (of 60's) anchors with keys
traffic and< /br> naval safeguard service (of 70's) anchors without additive
Sanitätsdienst (of 81) anchors with Äskulap queue
military music service (of 85) anchors with Lyra

honors and decoration

Bandschnalle u.a. mit Großem Bundesverdienstkreuz und Verdienstkreuz der Bundeswehr
volume buckle among other things with large Order of Merit and Distinguished Service Cross of the German Federal Armed Forces

carrying of different honors is permitted to the soldier. Beside the armed forces-typical badges like the parachutist badge or activity badge for certain Qualifikationenen here the German Federal Armed Forces regulation orients itself strictly at the law over titles, medals and decorations.


  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)