University of Erfurt

University of Erfurt
University type: nationally
rector: Dr. having IL Wolfgang mountain village
(president of the University of Erfurt)
year of the foundation: 1392 (reestablishment 1994)
place: Erfurt (Thuringia)
courses of studies: 30
faculties: 4
specialist areas:
registered students: 4.000 (WG 2005/2006)
flächenbez. Study places: ()
Care relationship
professor to studying:
Graduate per year:
Woman ratio: over 70%
coworker: 538
of it professors:
of it scientific
Address: North houses road 63
99089 Erfurt

the University of Erfurt is one of the oldest universities of Germany.

Table of contents



already 1371 had itself the city Erfurt with Pope Clemens VIII. receive an appropriate permission in Avignon for the establishment of an own university in Erfurt applied and. The initiative for the application decreases/goes back thereby in particular to the high commitment of the Erfurter citizenry. There the national gentleman, archbishop Adolf of Mainz, however the fronts changed himself and for the Roman Pope Urban VI. , became impossible the opening turned.

After however in the year 1389 the advice had reached the establishment of a university in its city to Cologne, also the Erfurter of city fathers became again active and strove a second time for permission for the establishment of a university. This permission gave them the Roman Pope Urban Vl. still in the same year.

1392 were created the University of Erfurt as the third university within the borders of today's Germany. In the same year the first rector choice took place. Thus the university was open and took up to the summer semester its training enterprise.

first bloom time

first rector of the University of Erfurt was the Arnstädter Ludwig Muhner. Among it and its successors the University of Erfurt took a rapid and enormous ascent. Fast the young university developed to a full university with all four faculties (philosophy, medicine, lay and church right, theology). The Artistenfakultät, at which filters the free arts (artes liberal) were taught, enjoyed an extremely high reputation.

The same applies also insbesodere to the theological faculty, whose graduate was active in completely Germany, and for the legal faculty, at which itself at the beginning 15. Century apart from the church right also the civil law interspersed. The Erfurter university was even the most famous place of jurisprudential studies north the alps and as “Bologna of the north " was temporarily praised. To the high reputation of these two faculties above all also their representatives contributed, who in the Konzilien of Konstanz (1414 - 1418) and Basel (1431 - 1449) participated and in many church points of issue as important consultants functioned. In addition they made themselves as councellors of the princes a name.

Thus it came that the University of Erfurt during 15. Century to the usually-visited university of Germany became and the largest studentses counted, the Scholaren flowed out of all parts of Europe after Erfurt. In addition it served as model for many establishments of university 15. Century, e.g. for Rostock (1419), Basel (1460), Trier (1473) and Mainz (1477).

From this time also a large library, the famous Bibliotheca Amploniana, donated from Amplonius de Bercka, originates who studied medicine in Erfurt, was attained a doctorate and from 5. May 1394 up to the 1. February 1395 second rector in the history of the University of Erfurt was. it wrote its own, systematic catalog to 1412 for its library. In certain way the library represents the universe of the latemedieval knowledge. Amploniana until today very well and today still belong to the research library, which part of the library network of the university is Erfurt, are received width of parts of it. It is considered as one of the most important handwriting collections of Germany and as the world-wide largest handwriting collection of a medieval scholar at all, who is still closed received.

second bloom time

a further mental upswing experienced the University of Erfurt around the turn of 15. to 16. Century. It took place at the same time after two directions: On the one hand there was a late bloom of the Scholastik, on the other hand remained Erfurt “via moderna “faithfully. This strengthened far the inflow of students, so that alone between 1392 and the year 1521 far over 35.700 students were registered, which meant one for conditions at that time an extremely enormous number at students.

One the probably most well-known Erfurter student from this time is the Reformator Martin Luther, who was registered load ago at the artistic faculty of the University of Erfurt 1501 as “Martinus ex Mansfeldt”, there 1502 its Bakkalaureus - exam put down and 1505 to the Magister Artium became. It received important bases and numerous suggestions for its later development. Its whole life long had Luther a close relationship with Erfurt and its university, where his way led it also later still several times. Like a confession it sounds, if it formulated 1513: “The Erfurter university is my nut/mother, to who I owe everything “. After his famous thunderstorm experience Luther occurred to 17.07.1505 the Augustinerkloster. 1507 it received in the Kilianikapelle of the Erfurter Marienstifts (cathedral) (today a lecture area of the catholic-theological faculty) the Priesterweihe and began thereafter theology at the general study of the Augustiner Eremiten in Erfurt, which was inkorporiert the university, to study 1509 became it then in the Coelicum (the today's auditory of the catholic-theological faculty) attained a doctorate.

Also in the secular renewal movements of human and reformation the university played a very important role. Thus developed in the so-called “Erfurter Humanistenkreis” around Helius Eobanus Hessus the famous “dark man letters “(1515/17), which as the most important and most appropriate satires on the late Scholastik and the pseudoscholarly Mönchtum of the time at that time to be considered.

In the years 1520/1521 the outstanding human Crotus Rubeanus dressed the office for rector. It prepared an honour receipt, which witnesses from the inspired admission of the reformatorischen thought for Martin Luther on its passage to Reichstag after Worms 1521.

provisional locking

by the plague, which itself several times, in particular in 17. Century, also in Erfurt spread, left many important scientists the city. After the transition of the city Erfurt at Prussia the University of Erfurt was provisionally closed in the year 1816. Only in the year 1754 of Erfurter the “academy of non-profit sciences to Erfurt”, created, remained university professors existing.

Of the tradition of the old Erfurter university among other things also today still many buildings in the historical university University of, so-called “latin quarter” remind. There also in the Second World War destroyed and since 1998 main building of the historical University of, the Collegium Maius in the reconstruction is (1512 establish - 1515).


in December 1993 decided the federal state parliament of the Free State Thuringia to again-establish the university. It is thereby the youngest national university of Germany and at the same time one the oldest, which have tradition going back in the Middle Ages.

Connected with the decision for reestablishment the task only 1985 of the open university location Suhl was. The legal reestablishment of the university in Erfurt took place to the 1. January 1994. The training enterprise was taken up to the winter semester 1999/ 2000. Establishment president Peter Glotz, SPD briefly before left - politicians and communication scientist, the university. Its successor became Wolfgang mountain village. The friend of the Prime Minister at that time Bernhard Vogel had briefly before lost his position with the logging-off of Helmut Kohl as Ministerialdirektor in the Office of the Federal Chancellor.

2001 were integrated the educational university Erfurt into the university: This university was 1969 by pool of the 1953 opened educational institutes Erfurt and Mühlhausen based and trained since 1990 basic school teachers and rule school teachers. To the 1. January 2003 was integrated with the catholic-theological faculty the mechanism of the seminar for priests Erfurt (original “ philosophical-theological study Erfurt”), carried before by the catholic church, as the fourth faculty into the university.

newer developments

ways of chronic Unterfinanzierung it came 2003 to extensive dismissals and non--occupations of free places, which released as in completely Thuringia student protests. Under adjustment some of the original reform goals could be stabilized the situation by administrative measures of the university line and - committees.

2005 cut the course of studies communication sciences and some courses of studies off of the state-scientific faculty of the university in the top group of the Hochschulrankings of the Centrum for university development (CHE) and the magazine “star” . Numerous courses of studies were accredited by the accreditation agency ACQUIN.

In the same year the University of Erfurt was distinguished by the “audit family-fair university” of the non-profit heart IE donation as particularly family-fair university.

special mechanisms

special mechanisms are public the max weber Kolleg for culture and sociological studies as well as the Erfurt School OF carried by third means Policy (ESPP). The university library Erfurt was combined in the year 1999 with the research and federal state library Gotha. As university and research library Erfurt/Gotha predominantly orders it over an existence of approximately 750,000 volumes in Erfurt as well as about 550,000 volumes from that 16. to 19. Century in Gotha. To the library existence belong also approx. 10,000 handwriting as well as the famous scholar library Amploniana, which represents remnants of the medieval library of the old University of Erfurt.

faculties and specialist areas

  • philosophical faculty
    • specialist area for science of history
    • specialist area for communication science
    • specialist area for literature science
    • specialist area for philosophy
    • specialist area for religion science
    • specialist area for linguistics

  • educate-scientific faculty
    • field of activity general educating science and empirical education research
    • field of activity Berufspädagogik and operational further training adult education
    • field of activity Grunschulpädagogik and childhood research
    • field of activity art
    • field of activity music
    • field of activity psychology
    • field of activity Schulpädagogik
    • field of activity separating and Sozialpädagogik
    • field of activity sport and movement sciences
    • field of activity technical sciences and operational development
    • field of activity Evangelist theology

  • catholic-theological faculty

  • max weber Kolleg

  • study fundamental one and vocational field

  • Graduiertenkolleg “Mediale Historiographien”

concept of the University of


the again-created University of Erfurt one conceived as reform university. Important characteristics of the university are interdiscipline airty, internationality and a outstanding care relationship, by which a particularly intensive care system (Mentoren system) could be created. All again created courses of studies close with the Baccalaureus Artium (B.A.) and/or. the Magister Artium (M.A.) off. The university carries out thereby as one of the first universities of Germany the Bologna process completely after. Since the winter semester 2003/2004 also the teacher training takes place only in the framework the Bachelor /Masterstudiengänge.

The state-scientific faculty offers Germany far singular integrated training in economics, social and jurisprudence in the context of Bachelor and master courses of studies and orients themselves thereby at the holistic requirement and interdisciplinary Charackter to state-scientific training. In September 2005 the training offers of the state-scientific faculty were accredited by the accreditation agency ACQUIN.

study fundamental one

in the study fundamental one the studying from the first term on become with university teachers from different disciplines in meetings united, in those the traditional borders of the scientific Fan to be exceeded.

With these interdisciplinary meetings isthe extreme specialization, which marks in the meantime the university studies, against to be worked. Thus the study carries out A fundamental important contribution for the preparation of the studying on the ever more complex tasks in a constantly changing work and environment.

The study fundamental one is at the same time a substantial Sozialisationselement for the training of the own scientific new generation in the sense of the tranzdisziplinären research concept of the University of Erfurt. The study fundamental one consists of the study fields „methodical-theoretical switching and basic knowledge “, „aesthetic perceptivity “and „social authority “.

methodical-theoretical switching and basic knowledge

within the range „methodical-theoretical switching and basic knowledge “ work on in transdisziplinär training meetings put on two Scientist of different disciplines of problems and questions with their respective specializedspecific methods and knowledge existence together with the studying. In the seminars the ability becomes too interlaced thinking, the faculty of judgement and organization, reflection and criticism ability, the argumentation readiness and - ability, critical method consciousness, by pour and medium-critical knowledge processing, by the reflection of different disziplinärer approaches as well as normative implications trained in the process of knowing. The seminars address themselves to studying all courses of studies and are problem oriented put on. The active participation of the studying by Referate and conceptional contributions beyond that presentation ability and self organization promotes.

aesthetic perceptivity

by the active participation in artistic practice arescientific and artistic entrance ways to the reality to be compared with one another and their differences reflected. Type of meeting is the artistic exercise, which is to also cover also theoretical and above all artistic practice reflecting elements beside the which is the center of attention practical part. The sinnliche Perceptivity as well as the aesthetic judgement are promoted, in addition, creativity, innovation strength, expression abilities and courage to the risk become lively. These meetings become from the artists the field of activity offered, supplements art or music (university University of, university choir) of the university by meeting offers of artists, writers, musicians, who suggest fundamental projects to the study. In each term the changing offer is committed to an open, art term up-to-date, it can painting, sculpture, drawing, as also video, photography, „Creative Writing “, modern dance, performance, computer art, sound art, conceptional and processful functions to be covered.

social authority

the third study field study fundamental one aims at the acquisition more socially Authority by experience and action-oriented learning in trainings and exercises. Methods become the complexity accomplishment and Mediation examined and evaluated and in exercises own able and talents tests and experiences. In contrast to the discourse ability, in Seminars or other meeting forms this-italically put on is promoted, mediates particularly trained coaches the studying aimed kommunikative and social abilities, which are in the later occupation asked qualifications.

vocational field

the study range vocational field is offered the possibility to the studying in closer sense for certain vocational fields prepare. In courses, practical courses or practice-oriented projects can experiences in certain vocational fields be gained. Within this study range “softly Skills as mentioned “is acquired, as Rhetorik, EDP knowledge, Sprachkenntnisse, presentation ability, time management or self organization. Besides become Meetings, the view of e.g. economical or jurisprudential connections give, or projects, those in professional fields like e.g. Publishing house, training, museum and stage natures, press, radio and television introduce, offered. Many of these meetings by lecturers, who from practice come, are led.

courses of studies

of diploma courses of studies

  • catholic theology
  • educating science (since WG 1999/2000 no more new inscriptions)

Baccalaureus & Magister courses of studies

groups at

the University of

Erfurt numerous student


so political and konfessionelle university's groups, a Amnesty international - university's group, the debating club “Wortfechter Erfurt registered association” and above all the “ international exist to rule school [work on] of projects [work on] and publicly Affairs student Association” (IPASA).

national Model United nation

in the summer semester 2003 formed for the first time a MUN - for project group at the university. Since that time the goal of the student initiative is the participation in the renowned “national Model United nation” in New York, also world-wide over three thousand studying one the largest UN - Simulationen.

child university Erfurt

The University of Erfurt takes part since 2005 in the “child university Erfurt” taking place all year round. Children at the age of 8 - 14 years can thereby particularly for it conceived meetings participate on. There universityteaching näherbringen above all medical, social scientific topics to the children in Workshops and lectures understandably and answer their questions. The University of Erfurt co-operates thereby with the professional school Erfurt and of Helios the clinical centers GmbH.

Erfurter autumn vintage

the Erfurter autumn vintage is a literary project, which by the establishment rector of the University of Erfurt, Professor. Dr. Peter Glotz was considerably along-coined/shaped, and of the University of Erfurt together with partners like the “Thüringer general one” is organized. Annually of at the end of October to at the beginning of of Decembers takes place this read row, at that partially. the most well-known authors of Germany (e.g. Martin Walser or the actor and author Armin Mueller steel) in addition, new generation authors their works present. Meanwhile this far read row well-known beyond Thuringia became efolgreichsten and largest Thuringia, 2005 took place completely it for the ninth time.

famous students

for professors (selection)


  • Kleineidam, Erich: Universitas studii Erfordensis: Overview of the history of the University of Erfurt in the Middle Ages 1392-1521. Part 1: 1392-1460. 1964, 2. erw. Edition Leipzig 1985. Part 2: Spätscholastik, human and reformation: 1461 - 1521. 1969, 2. erw. Edition Leipzig 1992. ISBN 3-7462-0603-0. Part 3: The time of the reformation and Gegenreformation, 1521 - 1632. Leipzig 1980. Part 4: The University of Erfurt and their theological faculty from 1633 to the fall 1816. Leipzig 1981.

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