Unterleutnant

of the Unterleutnant is a soldier in the lowest officer rank. It belongs to the grade category of the second lieutenants and/or. Subalternoffiziere.

To sea there was a Unterleutnant until 1898 in the imperial navy, it corresponded to the Sekonde second lieutenant of the army. Rank had been inserted 1662/74 into France and by other armies was for the first time taken over.

Unterleutnant there is the term also today in numerous NATO - armies (sous lieutenant, onder luitenant, subleutenanto, subteniente, sottotenente, mladschi leitenant, podporucnik etc.), in the anglo-saxon he with Second lieutenant or Sub lieutenant is translated, which corresponds to the officer rank second lieutenant in the German Federal Armed Forces, since the German Federal Armed Forces know no more Unterleutnant just like the armed forces and the realm resistance.

In the national People's Army of the GDR a Unterleutnant was a struggle-lowest officer and corresponded thereby to the Soviet mladschi leitenant (literally: younger second lieutenant). In the armed service People's Navy was called this rank at first „Unterleutnant to sea “, in „Unterleutnant “was however later changed.

  • Unterleutnante of the NVA were usually no occupation officers, but so-called “officers on time” (OaZ), which after acquisition of the university-level graduation (Abitur was a condition) for an active military service period of at least 4 years (until 1982 at least 3 years) in the NVA committed itself. Their military training usually took place via a one year's study at an officer university of the NVA, which locked with the appointment as the Unterleutnant. Afterwards to it the transfer took place directly to the further, at least three-year troop service into the different troop units of the NVA. There Unterleutnante were used regularly in the utility position “platoon leader”, as far as they did not determine (due to special training) special troops of these units were assigned. Unterleutnante became in the NVA regularly before beginning of the latter (4.) Service yearly to the second lieutenant carried and as such at expiration of the active military service into the reserve shifts. Became partial if necessary and being present certain conditions (e.g. active military service successfully in the NCO career) also suitable reservists with (civilian) specialized school study after a summoning, locked, appointed the reservist military service the “Unterleutnant of the reserve”.
  • Unterleutnante were not transferred on dissolution of the NVA and the integration of its remainders (assumption of only 3,600 of the 39,000 NVA officers) to the German Federal Armed Forces. The few NVA members transferred to the German Federal Armed Forces were usually reduced around a rank. Those very few Unterleutnante still after that 3. Octobers thereby 1990 remained got up to their dismissal the rank wo1 in the German Federal Armed Forces.

The Austrian vice-second lieutenant however is just as few an officer rank as it the Prussian sergeant second lieutenant was, but corresponds for instance (upper) to a Csm or a wo1.

Unterleutnant however is not NCO degree or a wo1 rank, but an officer rank, even if in some armies the lowest officer degree with wo1 (Ensign, Alferez) is translated. Thus the Subteniente corresponds to the Unterleutnant (likewise in Portugal) however the wo1, just in the spanischsprachigen states of South America however it exactly turned around in Spain of the Alferez. In Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden and Finland) again the wo1 is the lowest officer degree and corresponds thereby to the Danish Sekondeløjtnant and/or. the Unterleutnant.

 

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