Västergötland

Västergötland
Västergötland
Västergötland is one of the historical provinces (land cape) Sweden, which is in southwest Sweden ( in Götaland) and borders in the south because of the historical province resounding and, in the west to the Kattegat and the historical provinces Dalsland and Bohuslän, in the north at Värmland and Närke and in the east at Östergötland and Småland. Västergötland has a surface of 16.676 km ² and 1 of,178,000 inhabitants (1999). The largest part of Västergötlands belongs administratively to the province Västra Götalands län, with exception of a municipality in the east, those to Jönköpings län, and to smaller areas in the south, which belong to Hallands län.

Table of contents

geography

Västergötland offers a varied landscape. The south and the east is a hill landscape, which belongs to the southSwedish high country and its Ausläufern. The north and the west belonged to the centralSwedish lower and form here the Västgöta level surrounded by board mountains. In the northwest and northeast the two largest Swedish lakes Vänern and Vättern form the borders of the province. The largest river is the Göta älv, which drains the Vänern into the Kattegat.

Västergötland has a damp, but not very cold climate with an annual amount of precipitation of up to 900 mm at the coast and 600 mm in the level and an average temperature of -1°C in January and 15°C in July (24 hours of Durchsnitt).

Västergötlands largest city is Göteborg, further important cities is Borås, Mariestad, Skara, Skövde, Trollhättan and Vänersborg.

economics

Västergötland belongs to the most important agrarian areas of Sweden. The agriculture plays - strongly rationalized - still an important role in the economic life of the province. Industrial development, to industrial centres has itself above all the port Göteborg, Trollhättan was various (among other things Saab), Skövde (among other things Volvo Penta work) and Borås (textile industry) develops.

history

Husaby church

a first settling can be dated around the 8.Jahrtausend before our time calculation. On the basis of the coast the country was settled along the rivers and lakes. Around 3000 v.Chr. already if a well developed social organization, like a set of course graves, existed above all approximately around the city Falköping, shows. From the Bronzezeit rock designs and victim finds come, as for instance finely forged bronze-describe, which are issued in the province museum in Skara. Other burial place forms, like hill graves, ship setting among other things give vouchers for the culture of the following periods. Treasure troves and rune stones supplement the picture for the time of the people migration and the Wikingerzeit.

Västergötland was probably the region of Sweden, which was earliest christianisiert. Olof Skötkonung could be baptized as a first Swedish king in Husaby, close of the city Skara around the year 1000, and the first Swedish diocese - with the cathedral to Skara as center - became in the 11. Century based. Västergötland was both politically as well as culturally relatively independent in the Middle Ages. It had its own law (Västgötalagen), its own Thing and own judges. At this time Västergötland in the south and the west bordered on Denmark, with which it had active business connections. It had only two cities of importance, Lödöse at the delta of the Göta älvs and Skara. Västergötland played an important role nevertheless also in the realm politics. Three of the medieval king sexes came from Västergötland.

Under Gustav Wasa became Västergötland a uniform province, but with the administrative reform of 1634 Västergötland was divided. Since Västergötland bordered on Denmark and Norway, above all the border areas were pulled in into the military conflicts. The border areas were particularly strongly concerned to resounding and of the Nordi war 1563-70, in which far parts were completely devastated.

Around 1600 in Västergötland some important cities were created: Mariestad 1583, Göteborg 1619-1621 and Borås 1621. Further establishments of city took place at the beginning 20. Century, like e.g. Trollhättan 1910.

objects of interest

Schloss Läckö
lock Läckö

apart from Göteborg, which offers a whole set of objects of interest as large city and historically important port and commercial town, know the historically interested one the city Skara and the area around Skara (medieval objects of interest) as well as the area approximately around the city Falköping (burial places from different periods) to be recommended. Also the baroque castle Läcko is worth an attendance. Who is interested in industrial history, Borås ( textile museum) and Trollhättan should visit. Particularly delightfully is also the Götakanal between Vättern and Vänern.

An unaffected landscape in the national park Tiveden is offered to the nature-inspired. At the Hornborgasee did not only sneeze a multiplicity of kinds of bird, in April recover also thousands of Kraniche from the crossing of the Baltic Sea. The board mountains Billingen and Kinnekulle do not only offer expanded moving ways and resounding mountain and Hunneberg are royal hunting ground, but possess also the closest moose population (Elchsafaris).

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