Earnings/service medal of the Federal Republic of Germany

of the earnings/service medals of the Federal Republic of Germany, briefly Order of Merit, is the only earnings/service medal of the Federal Republic of Germany, lent for special achievements in political, economic, cultural, mental or honorary area. All Lands of the Federal Republic - with exception of Baden-Wuerttemberg andthe Hanseatic cities - own earnings/service medals have.

Großkreuz in besonderer Ausführung (links), Sonderstufe des Großkreuzes (Mitte und rechts)
To large cross in special execution (left), special stage of the large cross (center and right)

table of contents

history

the Order of Merit became to 7. September 1951 of Federal President at that time Theodor Heuss by donation decree to 7. September 1951 donated:

It lent for achievements, those within the range of the political, the economical-social and the mentalServed work the reconstruction of the native country, and is to mean an honor all those, whose working contributes to the peaceful ascent of the Federal Republic of Germany. “

It becomes according to international standard in three classes (Distinguished Service Cross, large Distinguished Service Cross, large cross) and in eight stages lent. Thosehighest stage, which is special stage of the large cross, heads of state reserved.

In the year 1951 the first following six-level order was planned:

  • The Distinguished Service Cross to gang,
  • the Distinguished Service Cross as putting cross (later in 1. Class was renamed),
  • the large Distinguished Service Cross,
  • the large Distinguished Service Cross alsoStar,
  • the large cross and
  • the large cross in special execution, whose award reserved itself Federal President Heuss.

1952 came it to some innovations: On the one hand a special execution of the Distinguished Service Cross for workers and employees became, the 50 years long for the same service gentlemenworked, had introduced. This execution was however already stopped 1966 again. Furthermore the large Order of Merit with star was divided into two stages: in the large Order of Merit with star and the large Order of Merit with star and shoulder volume.

1955 came as lowestThose gradates earnings/service medal in addition and as the highest stage the special stage of the large cross, which had been however already lent starting from 1953.

today's allocation

Carrying way of characteristics gradates international class
earnings/service medal left chest, at gang the medal
Distinguished Service Cross to gang leftChest, at gang the knight
Distinguished Service Cross I. Class left chest, putting cross officer
large Distinguished Service Cross to collar commander (Komtur)
large Distinguished Service Cross with star to collar, chest star on the left of vierspitziger chest star, flat large officer
large Distinguished Service Cross with star and shoulder volume to the Schärpe,Chest star curved on the left of vierspitziger chest star, large cross II. Class
large cross to the Schärpe, eagles MASK-close-ticks, chest star on the left of sechspitziger chest star large cross I. Class
large cross in special execution to the Schärpe, red fed, eagles MASK-close-ticks, chest star on the left of laurel ring around the Medaillon, sechsspitziger chest star Large cross (special form), so far only at Adenauer and Kohl lent
special stage of the large cross to the Schärpe, eagles handgestickt, to chest star on the left of achtspitziger chest star of highest medals (only for heads of state)

award

each year become on suggestion about 3,000 to 4,000 humansexcellently, altogether the honor was lent until October 2005 approximately 210.000-mal. In the year 2004 there was exactly 3,450 excellent persons. The honor lent by the Federal President becomes usual by the Prime Minister, a Minister of the federation or the country, the head of the provincial government, the land advice, which mayor or the mayor presents; with foreign Germans and foreigners also often the responsible German Ambassador. In some cases the Federal President makes handing also out.

right to nominate

of everyone knows the honoranother energize. It turns to the state chancellery of the Land of the Federal Republic, in which the suggesting has its domicile. If the person lives abroad or if she is foreigner, then the Foreign Office is responsible for the suggestion. The honora coworker of a federal authority can become lively with the responsible Federal Minister. The respective minutes department has the task to examine the data before it is passed on to the Ordenskanzlei in the Office of the President of the Federal republic. In practice make so far above all authorities, institutions,Economics and sport federations of suggestions.

material and production

ways of the large numbers of items on the one hand and cost consciousness on the other hand are coined/shaped only by machine the medals today from a copper alloy and provided with a gold coating; colored parts consist of enamel.

past carriers

see list of the carriers of the Order of Merit and category: To carriers of the Order of Merit

see also

literature

  • Alexander of Sallach: The medals and decorations of our republic.Phaleristi publishing house Autengruber,Konstanz 2004, ISBN 3-937064-05-2

those. 3. Edition of the book appears to the history of the Federal Republic of Germany information of the Office of the President of the Federal republic in April 2006

in the same publishing house

under

 

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