Condition

the condition of a state specifies the legal bases of the state. It prescribes for example, which government - and administrative form the state has.

In some states the condition is a written document, in others, for example in Great Britain, consists it of a number of historically grown legal texts, which represent together the present condition, but at the same time the not-static character of the condition stress.

Table of contents

general

right dogma table acts it with what is understood today usually by „condition “, around one Condition in the formal sense, i.e. a condition in law form. In contrast to this the term condition in the material sense describes simply all those legal rules, the structure and activity of the community regulates, independently of whether they are positiviert in law form (for example ifdie Ältesten eines Stammes einen Beschluss fällen). A condition in the material sense exists thus in everyone - although „more primitively “- form of human living together. A condition in the formal sense is however a civilization achievement, the fundamental rights and obligationsin the community with right security regulates.

At the 3. May 1791 had been adopted in Poland the first democratic condition in Europe, second in the world to the United States. The 3. May is still national in PolandHoliday.

For the Federal Republic of Germany there is the Basic Law; since the individual Lands of the Federal Republic own states are (characteristics: ), Each country its own individual (land) condition has state people, government authority and national territory. However this condition „the principles of the republican , democratic must and social right state in the sense [] of Basic Law correspond “(article 28 paragraph 1 Basic Law).

In numerous states there is a constitutional court, which determines whether individual laws or government document in agreement with the condition are (see Federal Constitutional Court in Germany or the supreme Court in the USA; this function notices in the countries, for example in Bremen, the constitutional court yard or also high court of state). In the Iranian condition the guard advice in such a way specified has the function of a constitutional court with last authorityin all decisions. It makes its decisions in accordance with the imamitischen form of the Schari'a. See also Islamic right schools.

An insufficient regulation of competencies and administrative expirations can lead to a constitutional crisis.

Under the key word “corporate government” go also to enterprises to itover to give oneself a condition to create in particular in order a larger transparency opposite owners and coworkers.

existing conditions of States of

conditions of German Lands of the Federal Republic

Switzerland

the Vorläuferin of today still valid Swiss condition developed 1848, as which Switzerland was geeint after a short civil war (special federation war) from the confederation of states to the Federal State. The first total revision of the condition stepped 1874into force. It planned a development of the federal authority and the people rights. The last total revision of Swiss condition dates from the year 1999. Not written constitutional law acted around an adjusting, in the context of those (developed in the context of the of the supreme courtIurisdiction by the Federal court was codified) and not on condition level belonging regulations (e.g. Absinthverbot) became “down-gradated”. The Federal Constitution of Switzerland is contrary to the example for the condition of the USA itself again and again a modifying condition. So Swiss citizens can by people initiatives for example a partial change of the condition and/or. the admission of new condition articles obtain.

Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation of 18. April 1999

Austria

conditions of the Austrian Lands of the Federal Republic

  • Condition (Tirol)
  • condition (Kärnten)

historical conditions

Prussia

Germany

GDR

see also

Wikiquote: Condition - quotations
Wiktionary: Condition - word origin, synonyms and translations
Wikisource: Condition documents - source texts

literature

  • Ernst Rudolf Huber (Hrsg.): Documents to German condition history, 5 Bde., Stuttgart, Berlin, Cologne 1978-1997.

Web on the left of

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)