Traffic route

table of contents

to traffic infrastructure

among the traffic infrastructure ranking beside the traffic routes also

responsibilities

the development of the traffic infrastructure is incumbent on the traffic policy and the traffic faciltiy construction natureand can large effects on the relative situation of places and regions have. The development was driven in the past predominantly by military and commercial logistics.

A traffic infrastructure is well developed, if it the different means of transport optimally with one anotherinterlaced, so that transferred and/or. Envelope from one on the other means of transport smoothly to take place can. For ports today for example connections at motorways and railways are important, to airports should to these traffic routes likewise be attached and transferring to that ÖPNV permit. It is in the city the challenge of the town planners, the roads not to overloads. I.e. the ÖPNV must be concerning the price and temporally an attractive alternative to the individual traffic.

historical development

of Europe were the earliest long-distance traffic ways (beside that Coastal shipping) of rivers as well as footpaths, which led across dry country. They were not yet particularly developed, permitted dealers in the antique one however long-distance traffic with first merchandise such as salt, flint, honey, metals, ceramic(s) and weapons. The Romans put in historicalTime freeways in large style on to make primarily in order fast troop movements possible. These roads served for then also to the civilian person and goods traffic as well as fast forwarding of messages. Canal constructions are already the Roman epoch ago from China and Egypt well-known.

Two aspects of the development of the traffic infrastructure are important for the trade: Saving of time by well removed traffic routes lower transport costs and make the trade of perishable goods at all only possible. Thus regions, those profit before their products because of to high costs and/or.to high Warenschwunds did not mark out could. A classical example of it is the Canal you Midi in the south of France, which for the first time made it for the region possible to export grain. It moved close spoken with it figurativy „more near “to the urban markets.

InGermany were predominant it in the Middle Ages the edges of low mountain ranges, which were suitable for freeways. They had a natural drainage by the slope downward gradient and accordingly predominantly dry and firm roadways.

The building of long straight roads followed military criteria in Prussia in 18. Century, which were gesäumt of trees. They served the fast transfer of troops, the trees should the soldiers in the summer against the heat protect. Also with the building of the first motorways in Germany such aspects played oneRole.

The building of bridges over rivers steered being and passenger traffic in the past trichterförmig to these. It is frequently written, a city is traffic-favorably convenient „“. Actual is it however mostly like that that the city by the development thatTraffic infrastructure gained this favorable situation or the supraregional development in its interest affected.

Already in the absolutism substantially in the building by channels and the navigable making by rivers one invested. Water routes were suitable the cheapest traffic route and,also larger and/or. to transport heavier loads over far distances.England was here pioneer, and in Continental Europe the historical duct system between Rhine and Mosel is today a popular district for leisure captains. Importantly here the development and the advancement were that Air-lock technology.

Also lake - and inland ports belong to the traffic infrastructure. They developed in Europe precipitously in the early Middle Ages (Hanse) and world-wide stormily in 18. and 19. Century. This development holds unbroken on (container shipping).

Inland waterway craftsbefore invention of the steam engine by horses, to Maultieren or humans with linen were usually pulled from the bank, on the so-called Treidelpfaden. These ways are received today frequently still and serve then rather the local recreation. The meaning that Inland navigation decreases for approximately 150 years tendentious, however new container lighters could bring a stimulation.

With the invention of the steam engine and the railway in 19. Century the water routes were replaced as the cheapest traffic means. Thus the transport costs and the transportation times sankstill further. The regional aspect described with the Canal you Midi received now a continental dimension. Cities, which were attached to the remote courses, improved their relative situation, for impossible cities worsened them.

The invention of the automobile led and leads stilltoday to the substantial development of the road system. Both individual and transport of goods traffic increase world-wide still.

In the cities since the industriellen revolution the infrastructure for the transport of workers and employees between dwelling and job was developed. After streetcars(first pulled from horses, then electrified) undergrounds were built at some places. Also buses (of Latin bus: „for all “) were and are important means of transport public persons of the suburban traffic (ÖPNV).

The air traffic had first only one meaning for the Personenbeföderung, itsMeaning for the goods traffic increases however. For the tourism it made and contributes many goals at all only accessible thus also strongly to the economic development. Here not the goods, which are faster with the consumer, turned around it butthe consumer can arrive faster (and more inexpensive) at the vacation goal.

see also

 

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