Verona

of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Verona (term clarifying).
Amphitheater of Verona in the dawn

Verona is a city in the Italian region Venetien. It has 256,110 inhabitants and is capital of the province Verona. It is because of that Etsch about 59 m over the sea level at the withdrawal of the burners in such a way specified - line into the Poebene. There also some highway circuits of the upper-Italian lines meet.

Table of contents

history

Sonnenuntergang in Verona
sunset in Verona

Verona was actually in pre-Christian time an establishment of the Räter and Euganeer, was occupied occasional celticand only 89 v. became. Chr. Roman colony. From the antique one also the second largest and best received Amphitheater , arena originates mentioned. Under Diokletian about 290 was established. It possesses 45 seat rows and offers about to 22 ' 000 visitors place.

Verona one was laterthe residences of the Ostgotenkönigs Theoderich and the Langobardenkönigs Alboin. Starting from 952 Verona belonged to the Mark county Verona and thus to the duchy Bavaria and and/or. (starting from 976) to Kärnten. Only at the beginning 12. Century became independent Verona and possessed own municipal rights. Onthe establishment of the Lombardi standard ware Verona was considerably involved 1164. In the late Middle Ages here the Scaliger prevailed.

The old-German name for Verona is Berne and/or. Wälsch - Berne or Welschbern. The additive served the distinction for the city Berne in today's Switzerland, their LatinName likewise Verona reads. Similarly to it in the Zimbri Idiom of the thirteen municipalities, old animal oiler is called a language island in Venetien, Verona Bearn. The Germanic legend hero Dietrich of Berne came from Verona.

Verona became 1797 Austrian and came 1866 as result of the German war toKingdom of Italy. Under Austrian rule the place was part of the upper-Italian fortress square (it.: Quadrilatero was established), the 1815 for the defense of the Austrian properties in Italy in the places Peschiera , Mantova (Mantua) , Legnago and Verona.

partnerships between cities

objects of interest

arena di Verona

major item: Arena di Verona

the city is particularly for their Roman Amphitheater - which arena di Verona - well-known. InSummers take place in the arena the famous opera festivals , which attract many opera fans annually.

churches

the cathedral Santa Maria Matricolarein the year 1187 one geweiht and one united both Roman and gothical components. Admits is the cathedral by the portal of Nicolò as well as the work “Maria Himmelfahrt” from Tizian.

The Basilica di San Zeno became in 12. and 13. Century builds. While a majoritythe church is coined/shaped by the Romanesque, are it shown in the cover already gothical forms. Impressing are above all the Campanile as well as the large Rundfenster of the front.

Sant'Anastasia is the largest church Veronas. It was begun by the Dominikanern around 1290 and placed 1481 finished.Their front remained unfinished, for that interior is out-arranged however rich. The church is among other things well-known for their Weihwasserbecken, which are carried by bending leagues.

The building of the church San Fermo Maggiore was begun 1065 by Benediktinermönchen. In the year 1138 the church was completed. The frontshows both Roman and gothical style elements.

balcony of the Julia

balcony of the Julia
Die Piazza delle Erbe
the Piazza depression inheritance
Piazza del' inheritance 1957
Teatro Romano und Ponte Pietra
Teatro Romano and Ponte Pietra

the action of Shakespeares play Romeo andJulia plays in Verona. In the city the famous balcony of the Julia can be visited, which was built however only for routistic purposes. Many fallen in love ones leave their dear messages at the walls of the house.

places

the Piazza depression inheritance is one the most pictorialPlaces of Italy. The earlier herb and vegetable market are used also today still than market place. From the Torre dei Lamberti, which is at the Piazza depression inheritance, one has a breath-robbing view on the city. The Piazza Bra surrounds the arena and is particularly for“reading clay/tone” - which spread sidewalk with many restaurants - well-known.

museums

the Museo Archeologico accommodated archaeologically valuable exhibits and is in the Teatro Romano. Changing photo exhibitions take place in the Scavi Scaligeri - an underground excavation place -. The museum of the Castelvecchiois one of the most important art museums of the Veneto. In the Palazzo Forti take place regularly changing exhibitions to modern art.

further objects of interest

  • Teatro Romano - Roman theatre
  • Ponte Pietra - bridge from the Roman time
  • Santuario della Madonna of Lourdes - the monastery highly over thatCity
  • Porta dei Leoni - excavations from the Roman time
  • ark Scaligeri - grave of the Skaliger
  • Castel San Pietro - castle above Veronas
  • Giardino Giusti - garden with view of Verona

sport

the soccer association Hellas Verona played in the first and second ItalianLeague and won the Italian championship in the season 1984/1985. In the season 2005/06 Verona in the series B. plays. The actually smaller association AC Chievo Verona however plays further in the series A.

personalities

see also: Category city gentlemen von Verona

sons and daughters of the city

other personalities

  • Zenon of Verona († 371), bishop von Verona, holy
  • Alboin (forwards526-572/573), duke of the Langobarden, died in Verona
  • Berengar I. (around 840/845 924), king of the Langobarden and emperors, in Verona murders
  • Otto II. (955-983), emperor of the holy Roman realm, appointed 983 Reichstag in Verona
  • an Otto III.(980-1002), emperor of the holy Roman realm, became 983 inVerona selected to the Roman-German king
  • Honorius II. († 1072), Gegenpapst, originated from veronesischem aristocracy
  • Lucius III. (1097-1185), died in Verona
  • Urban III. (over 1120-1187), 1185 in Verona were selected to the Pope
  • Altichiero there Zevio (over 1330-um 1390), painters, worked and died in Verona
  • Simone Cantarini(1612-1648), painter, died in Verona
  • Carlo Steeb (1773-1836), German priest and medal founder in Verona
  • Emilio De Bono (1866-1944), politician and officer, in Verona executed
  • Hans Mardersteig (1892-1977), German publisher and Buchgestalter, worked and died in Verona
  • Gerhard Domagk (1895-1964), German bacteriologist, starting from 1950 honour citizens ofVerona
  • Galeazzo Ciano count von Cortelazzo (1903-1944), fascist minister of foreign affairs, executed in Verona
  • Sepp Kerschbaumer (1913-1964), South Tyrol activist, died in the detention in Verona

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coordinates: 45° 26 ′ N, 10° 59 ′ O


 

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