Secretary of Defense

a Secretary of Defense is a cabinet member, who leads the armed forces department concerned. Since beginning 18. Century in many states the cabinet member war Minister responsible for the ground forces was called. Naval forces been subordinate usually an own naval Minister.

In there was German empire from 1871 to 1918 for the ground forces per a Prussian, Bavarian, Saxonian and württembergischen war Minister, but no appropriate department on realm level. The imperial navy was subordinate administratively to the undersecretary of state of the realm board of admiralty and for the employment the supreme commandthe emperor. In the Weimar Republic land and naval forces were assigned to the department of the realm military Minister. A realm war Minister there was only in the NS time of 1935 to 1938.

After the Second World War war was not any more than means thatPolitics legitimize. The Charter of the United Nations permitted the use of armed forces only to the defense. Accordingly the designation war Minister in most countries in Secretaries of Defense was changed. The command power of the Secretary of Defense over the armed forces is differently regulated. Duringin Germany of the Federal Ministers of the defense commander in chief of the armed forces in peacetime and also in the case of tension is, lies the supreme command in many other states with the head of state or with the head of the government. To Germany the Federal Chancellor transfers the supreme command in the case of defense in accordance with kind. 115a Basic Law.

list Secretary of Defense of individual States of


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