|coat of arms|
|coordinates:|| 46° 28 ' n. Break. |
6° 51 ' o. L.
|Height:||383 m and. M.|
|Surface:||2,39 km ²|
|inhabitants:||16 ' 641 (31. December 2005)|
Vevey (phonetically: [vøˈvɛ]) a city and a principal place of the district of the same name of the canton are Waadt in Switzerland. The earlier German name Vivis is used today hardly more. At the Roman time the place was called Viviscus.
The city on the northeast bank of the Geneva lake was in former times inimportant commercial centre and profited in 19. Century of the upswing by industry and tourism, which represent this very day the main columns of the economy.
Table of contents
to objects of interest
9 Prominenz on 383 m and. M., 18 km eastsoutheast the canton capital Lausanne (air line). The city extends on the flat washing cone, that the Veveyse in the course of the time when its deltainto the Geneva lake , at the south foot of the Mont Pèlerin had up-poured, to the Waadtländer Riviera and at the alpine edge.
The surface 2,4 km ² of the large Gemeindegebiets covers a section on the northeast bank of the Geneva lake (approximately 2 km lakeshore line). The main part of the municipality soil becomes of the washing level thatVeveyse taken, the northern border is because of the foot of the Mont Pèlerin in the range of the brook Ruisseau de Bergère. In a narrow Zipfel the area extends along the valley of the Veveyse up to the area terrace La Veyre, on with 500 the m and.M. the highest point is reached by Vevey. East to the washing level the gently bent slopes of the Waadtländer Riviera attach, whereby the border runs by the outside populated areas and the highest mansion settlements already belong to the neighbour municipality Saint Légier La Chiésaz. After southeast the municipality soil is enough toto the Rebhügel Crêt smelling pool of broadcasting corporations, and the brook run of the Ognona forms a natural demarcation against La route de Peilz. From the municipality surface 1997 89% were allotted to than 1% to settlements, 6% to forest and wood, 4% to agriculture and somewhat more were unproductive country.
To Vevey a part of the former Weilers Clies ( 450 m belong and. M.) and the settlement Gilamont (454 m and. M.) at the southern Talflanke of the Veveyse. Neighbour municipalities of Vevey are Corseaux, Corsier sur Vevey, Saint Légier La Chiésaz and La route de Peilz.
with 16641 inhabitants (at the end of of 2005) belongs to Vevey to the largest municipalities of the canton Waadt; it is the second largest city of the region Vevey Montreux.From the inhabitants 77,3% are französischsprachig, 5,3% italienischsprachig and 3,7% portugiesischsprachig (conditions 2000). The total population of Vevey rose particularly in the time of 1940 to 1970 saliently. At the beginning of the 1970er years reached the number of inhabitants with approximately 18000 the provisionalHighest level. Recession-caused the population decreased clearly after 1974 and oscillates since 1980 around 16000 inhabitants. The development land reserves of the city are almost used up. The settlement area from Vevey completely grew together today with those from Corseaux, Corsier sur Vevey, Saint Légier La Chiésaz and La route de Peilz.
Its economic development owes Vevey the situation on the northeast bank of the Geneva lake. It was already early an important envelope place at the trade route of France in the Greyerzerland and to Berne. The goods were brought by France with the ship after Vevey and shipped there on carts and theirfurther places of destination supplied.
Still in 18. Century was agrarian coined/shaped Vevey. Here the agricultural products of the surrounding countryside were processed and brought into the trade. The trade covered tobacco and Tuchmanufakturen, Hutmachereien, tanneries, in addition, marble workshops and Uhrmacherei, which perform first in home working at this timebecame.
at the beginning 19. Century developed the city rapidly to an industrial site, and in the further process of the century the structural change carried out itself to large-scale enterprises. Into this time for example the establishment of the first savings bank of the canton Waadt (1814) fall, thoseOpening of the studios de constructions mécaniques de Vevey (1842) and the establishment of the tobacco goods factory Ormond & Rinsoz SA (1848). Vevey became an important center of the chocolate industry: under François Louis Cailler 1819 the first chocolate factory of Switzerland one created. Henri Nestlé created itselfhere a name with the discovery of a production procedure for milk powders (1867), and Daniel Peter the production of milk chocolate succeeded to 1875. In the year 1867 the Nestlé SA was created, since 1929 after the assumption of the company Cailler on chocolate production concentrated andlater after further firm assumptions since further branches of food industry expanded its market range.
In the course 20. Century came it several times to crises, thus during the 1930er years in the watch-and-clock-making industry and during the Second World War in the tourism. As consequence of it a diversification in many economic sectors took place.Also the recession of 1974 and 1975 met the industry hard, led to numerous closing downs and in the long run to a reduction of the population around approximately 2000 persons within 10 years.
Today there are approximately 11000 jobs in Vevey. With 0.5% of the employed persons, stillin the primary sector are busy, the agriculture became insignificant. About 15% of the employed persons are active in the industriellen sector, while the service sector combines 85% of the workers on itself (conditions 2001).
Most important enterprise is this very day the Nestlé SA, one of the largest food companies thatWorld with head office in Vevey. Besides there are numerous further enterprises within the range of the food and food industry, the pharmaceutical industry, printering and publishing trade, the apparatus engineering, as well as the precision mechanics and micro technology. Furthermore Vevey is seat of banks and insurance, the city and district administration. The cityhad two regional hospitals, i.e. the Hôpital de la Providence (since 1933) and the Hôpital you Samaritain (since 1956).
since the first half 19. Century developed Vevey to an important tourist place. As the first large hotel 1842 becamethe Hôtel of the Trois Couronnes opens;1867 and 1868 followed the Grand Hôtel de Vevey and the Hôtel you Lac. A further upswing of the tourism was introduced briefly after 1900, when the surrounding heights, which opened Mont Pèlerin and the lookout point Les Pléiades by mountain railwaysbecame.
culture and spare time
to Vevey has numerous cultural mechanisms to offer, for example 1897 created Musée the Jenisch with the art collection of the city and the scientific museum. As the first municipal library of Switzerland 1774 the library was opened of Vevey. In the formerLandvogtssitz are since 1953 the Musée historique de Vevey and the Musée de la vigne et you vin (museum of the wine farmer guild). Since 1979 there is also a museum for cameras (Musée suisse de l'appareil photographique) and since 1985 the Alimentarium, a museum for nutrition.The city had several theatres and cinemas and is venue of numerous celebrations, under it the festival image. The lakeshore is out-arranged as Flanier and recovery zone.
Fête of the Vignerons
in Vevey finds four to five times the Fête of the Vignerons famous per century (Winegrower celebration) instead of, in which the local viticulture culture (see also the article viticulture in Switzerland) is celebrated. For this cause a large arena on the Grande Place, the second largest market place of Europe (to Lisbon, Portugal), is developed, which place for 16 ' 000 spectatorsoffers. The celebrations become since that 18. Century accomplished, the last five took place 1889, 1905, 1927, 1955, 1977 and 1999, the next are for the early 20's 21. Century planned.
as important education center in the eastern partthe canton Waadt has Vevey all school stages up to the High School. As resuming educational facilities the Ecole is to be called kind et métiers, arts and crafts and a vocational school, which were created 1914 and since 1969 in the buildings of the Centre d'enseignement professionnel are accommodated.
the municipality is traffic-technically very well opened. It is because of the old main street 9, which from Lausanne along the lakeshore via Vevey and Montreux in whale-read leads. The next motorway connection (Vevey) to the 1970 open A9 (Lausanne Sion) is approximately 3 km of the town centreremoved. Above Vevey, only little outside of the Gemeindegebietes, is also the bypass La Veyre, where since 1980 the motorway A12 (Berne Vevey) meets the A9.
To 2. April 1861 became the section Lausanne Villeneuve of the line from Lausanne to Sion with a station inVevey opens. The station Vevey developed to a regional traffic junction with the inauguration of the narrow-gauge railway line after Blonay (at the 1. October 1902) respectively after Châtel Saint Denis (from 1904 to 1969 in enterprise), the connection after Puidoux Chexbres (to 2. May 1904, standard gauge on that todaythe Train of the Vignes operates) and the opening of the endless rope haulage system Vevey Mont Pèlerin in the year 1900.
Starting from 1888 the Tramway Vevey Montreux Chillon Villeneuve operated, an electrical streetcar along the lakeshore. It was the first electrically operated course of Switzerland and became 1957 by a trolley bus linereplaced, which is operated today by the society of transport publics Vevey Montreux Chillon Villeneuve (VMCV). This society is responsible for the fine dispersion in public traffic, both for the city bus network and for the line after Châtel Saint Denis (replacement for the former narrow-gauge railway).
Vevey can look back on a very long settlement tradition. The earliest traces on the Gemeindegebiet, left by humans, originate from settlements of building of stakes from the Neolithikum and the Bronzezeit. Also a grave field from the late Bronzezeit was discovered. The place under the Celts was supposed since that4. Century before Christ settles.
In the Roman time Vevey was appropriate for Bernhard at the important army route of the large one sank along the east bank of the Geneva lake after Aventicum (Avenches). A side branch of the road led after Lausanne. At this road bypass a small small town developed, from that archaeologically howeveronly little admits is. On Roman street guides the place under the name Vibisco, on the Peutinger board was specified as Vivisco. Further latin name were Bibiscum and Viviacum. The place name descends from the latinisierten name of the celtic trunk of the Vivisci .
The next documentaryMention of the place took place in 5. Century under the name Bibiscon and testifies also in this transition period a settlement. From the Middle Ages are the designations Viviscum (1011), Vivesium (1017), Vivois (1163), Vives (1177), Vivex (in 12. Century) and Viveis (1225) delivers.
Hochburgund belonged to Fischer marks around the year 1000 to the kingdom. In addition, on the Gemeindegebiet the Lausanner cathedral chapter, sank Bernhard and the bishop von Sion rich landed property had the abbey Saint Maurice, the choir gentlemen of the large one. InYear 1011 transferred king Rudolf III. of Burgund its rights over Vevey the bishop von Lausanne. 1250 Peter von Savoyen acquired and passed these rule rights it on as Lehen to the Mr. von Blonay and from Oron. The place developed rapidly to oneimportant commercial centre at the Geneva lake. In the course 14. Century organized themselves the citizens of Vevey, kept to 1356 from the Savoyard sovereignty first liberties awarded and formed starting from 1370 a local administration.
with the conquest of the Waadt by Berne in the year 1536 arrived to Vevey underthe rule of the Bernese. These created the Vogtei Chillon, which since 1735, when the Landvogt preferred the city Vevey to the lock Chillon as residence, which Vogtei Vevey carried names. This Vogtei covered the area of the today's district Vevey, except the parts north thatVeveyse, which the Vogtei Lausanne belonged; but also Villeneuve of the Vogtei Vevey was assigned.
After the collapse of the Ancien régime belonged the city from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetik to the canton Léman, which came up afterwards with the coming into force of the Mediationsverfassung in the canton Waadt. 1798 became it principal place of the district Vevey. In 19. Century developed Vevey to an important industrial centre, and owing to its attractive situation and the mild climate also to a tourist place. Therefore the population increased rapidly, and the city pushed already in secondHalf 19. Century to their close municipality borders.1892 was separated therefore because of the outskirts of a town of Vevey on the washing cone of the Veveyse been the accomodation Arabie, plan Dessous, plan Dessus, Sous Crêts, Corsets and Faubourg Saint Antoine from Corsier sur Vevey and integrated after Vevey. A further border clearing was made 1931, than thatArea was surrendered from Gilamont from Saint Légier La Chiésaz to Vevey.
objects of interest
oldest church of Vevey is the reformed parish church Saint Martin, which was already mentioned 1172. The today's gothical building partly originates from that 13. Century (in particular the choir and the tower)and partly from the time around 1500, when the church ship was again built and the front tower with four Echauguetten was transformed. To the Place Sainte Claire the reformed church Sainte Claire, which originally belonged to 1425 to a created clear eating monastery, stands that with the introduction of the reformation (1536 were waived). The church became 1776 - 83 transformed and with a klassizistischen portal provide. As further buildings of churches the again-gothical catholic church is Notre lady de l'Annonciation (1869 - 72), the 1878 Russian church donated by the prince Schuwaloff and the 1880 - 82 buildsTo call English church.
The Hôtel de Ville (city hall) became 1709 - 10 in the style Louis XV. built and 1751 transforms. Close with the route Saint Jean, a medieval tower from early 14 stands. Century, which originally belonged to the chapel of the hospital Vieux Mazel. In the Cour outer Chantre,1746 established city palaces, is today the prefecture accommodated. The lock of Vevey became in 16. Century in the place of a medieval castle builds and in 18. Century changes, before those took Bernese Landvögte here seat. Today historique de is in the lock the MuséeVevey and the Musée de la vigne et you vin.
In the old part of town some characteristic citizen and Patrizierhäuser from that are 17. to 19. Century receive. West to the old part of town the Grande Place normally attaches, scene of the winegrower celebration and - if not straight forFestivitäten or a market used - by cars occupies. At this place stands the Grenette, a former grain house of 1808, which builds 1830 Casino and the Château de l'Aile (also Couvreu called and today in private property), established in the again-gothical style.
Vevey is characterised furthermore by the 1830 bank promenade put on and several city parks, for example the park de l'Arabie to the Veveyse, the Jardin you Rivage and the JardinRoussi at the southeast city entrance.
Prominenz in Vevey
Charles Chaplin spent its last years in oneMansion with Vevey. Today a famous small statue, Chaplin stands in one of its well-known floats representing to its memory in Vevey before the Alimentarium of Nestlé at the lakeshore.
- François Louis Cailler, founder of the chocolate factory and mark Cailler
- Pascal smelling pool of broadcasting corporations, Road wheel olympia winners 1996 in the Atlanta
- Claude Nicollier, first and only Swiss astronaut
Web on the left of
- official Website of the city Vevey (French)
- aerial photos of the city
- lock Vevey
- aerial photos forwards, during and after the Fête of the Vignerons 1999
- Website of the tourism region Montreux Vevey
- Fête of thevignerons
coordinates: 46° 28 ' N, 6°51 ' O