Virunga volcanos

the Virunga volcanos are eight volcanos in the border area between Rwanda, Uganda and the democratic Republic of the Congo.

The volcanos are appropriate for East Africa niches between the Eduard lake and the Kiwusee and belong to the Grabenbruch. The two volcanos, which lie in the democratic Republic of the Congo, are the Nyiragongo (3462 m) and the Nyiamuragira (3063 m). With an outbreak of the Nyiragongo in the year 1977 2000 humans died. In the year 2002 liquid lava flowed out of the Krater of this volcano and flooded the roads of 20 km removed city Goma. Most humans could save themselves, it gave 147 dead ones, however those were concerned approximately 250,000 inhabitants of the city Goma, which partly fled into the neighbouring States of Rwanda and Uganda. Also the Nyiamuragira provided several times for evacuations of the population. Liquid lava of the Nyiamuragira flowed at the same time last toward the Kiwusees and changed its bank structure in the year 2002 with the outbreak of the Nyiragongo.

Among the central group the Karisimbi , the volcano of the mountain chain, the Mikeno with 4437 m, largest with 4507 m height, and the Visoke ( Bisoko) with 3711 M. rank. The eastern group covers the Sabinyo (3634 m), the oldest Virunga volcanos, the Gahinga (3474 m) and the Muhabura (4127 m).

The Virunga volcanos are covered with tropical mountain rain forest and the homeland of the rare mountain gorillas as well as the singular Lilium zairii. In particular to the protection of the mountain gorillas, which seemed to national park in Uganda otherwise only in the Bwindi, prince Albert 1925 created the first African national park, the Albert national park, also Virunga national park mentioned.

Between the Karisimbi and the Visoke „the Karisoke Research center lies “, a research station for mountain gorillas. The name Karisoke is a combination of the names of the volcanos, between which the research center lies. It was created 1967 by Dian Fossey.
Coordinates: 1° 25 ' 45 " S, 29° 32 ' 54 " O

 

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