Popular vote 1920 in Kärnten

the popular vote 1920 in Kärnten should over the national affiliation after the First World War by the SHS state stressed, predominantly of Slovenes inhabited areas in the southeast Kärntens to decide.

The Kärntner national condition of 1918 explains the entry to the Republic of German Austria. To 5. November 1918 troops of the kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovene (SHS state) penetrate in Südostkärnten, the SHS police advance in roses - and lower Gailtal . Ferlach and that north the Drau convenient people market are occupied. The federal state government shifted its seat in view of this threat after Spittal to the Drau.

To 5. December 1918 decides the provisional Kärntner federal state government under national Weser the Arthur Lemisch - without support by the Viennese government and even against their will - the armed resistance against further penetrating of the SHS troops. The liberation struggle, also as Kärntner defense fight designation, begins in the Gailtal with the back conquest of Arnoldstein to 5. Jänner 1919, an advance against the rose valley and the income of Ferlach. To 14. Jänner is locked an armistice; an American commission (the so-called “Miles mission”, designated after their leader as per. Col. Sherman Miles) studies on the spot the contentious area questions. To 7. May 1919 are all up to the areas vacated according to armistice contract frightened.

Die Abstimmungszonen A und B mit den Bedingungen für das Stimmrecht
The plebiscite zones A and B with the conditions for the right to vote
Pro-österreichische Propaganda im Vorfeld der Volksabstimmung
pro-Austrian propaganda in the apron of the popular vote

the peace treaty of pc. Germain 1919 planned a popular vote in Südkärnten; without tuning the channel valley at Italy as well as the bad valley, Unterdrauburg and the municipality sea-country (Kankertal) the SHS kingdom were slammed shut. Today these areas belong to Slovenia. After the resolution of a popular vote the SHS state tried again to create by force of arms completed facts. Regular troops exceed to 28. And 6 occupied May 1919 the border to. June complaint ford, which they must vacate however after request of the highest advice of the allied ones in Paris again. From then on further fights are omitted. Up to the popular vote the southern “zone A” is kept occupied by troops of the SHS state, the northern “zone B ” by Austrian troops. If “zone A” should decide for a connection to the SHS realm, would have to be co-ordinated also in the “zone B” (also the complaint ford contained).

To 10. October 1920 takes place a popular vote in the border area Südkärntens, in that the slowenischsprachige group of peoples approx. 70% of the total population constituted: 59.04% of all voices go thereby at Austria. From the result it follows that also a substantial part (~40%) was correct the Kärntner Slovene for the whereabouts with Austria. This is and. A. to attribute to large promises concerning the protection of minorities; In addition German Austria a democratic republic was wealthier and around some than the Yugoslav kingdom.

Voting result of 10. Octobers 1920 German Austria SHS state
district Rosegg 1980 2318
district Ferlach 6427 4981
district people market 8306 2444
district Bleiburg 5312 5535
altogether 22,025 15,278

not least were also the tradierten social, cultural and economical connections decisive within the borders Kärntens grown historically: So about complaint ford was the economical and infrastructural center also for the “zone A”, and by the fixing of the boundaries aimed at by the SHS state families would have been separated. However it can be altogether also said that the agreement was tendentious stronger for affiliation to the SHS state in the southern municipalities bordering on Slovenia than in the municipalities lain more north.

After the popular vote the SHS state tries recently to occupy Kärnten must however after a categorical request of the conference of Ambassador in Paris of 16. October 1920 and following Demarchen of similar contents by Great Britain, France and Italy its troops from Kärnten again withdraw. Also on the part of the Viennese of external office energetic protests take place. To 18. November 1920 arrives the zone A again under Austrian administration. To 22. November returns the tuning area under the sovereignty of Austria.

The 10. October is not generally more work-free in Kärnten in, holiday. Only schools, offices and authorities closed on these days.

The popular vote of 10. October 1920 is one of the few cases of democratic expression of the right of self-determination of the peoples proclaimed by Woodrow Wilson after 1918. However that ensures about two weeks before popular vote delivered promises of the Kärntner state meeting that she wants to protect „the linguistic and her national characteristic [the Slovenes] now and all time “, until today for controversies as for example the local board controversy.


See also: History Kärntens

 

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