Group of peoples

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The group of peoples is a name for ethnical groups or national minorities.

This term becameby German culture propaganda and the political „borderland work “in the First World War admits.Max Hildebert Boehm of „working premises for nationality and master problems “coined/shaped this term in the völkischen motion and tried it to scientific.

In the landläufigen use the term becomesmostly synonymously for national minorities uses. At the same time it designates ethnical groups within a polyethnischen society and/or. a polyethnischen state.

In Austria “group of peoples” is the legal name for national minorities. As such are there among other things the Kärntner Slovene, the castle land Croats, the Czech and the Hungarian minority as well as the group of the Roma recognition.

Table of contents

term

differently than with the terms “minority “and indigene peoples do not exist a generally recognized specific definition of a “group of peoples”, which itself also in its changing application to less andMajorities strikes down.

Thus for instance Hutu and Tutsi are called often equally “groups of peoples”, although the first place the majority in Rwanda and Burundi, whereas represent the latter numerical majority. Also in cases, where several groups in terms of figures in approximately same, these are strong frequently as “groups of peoples” are designated, e.g.Bosnian Muslims and Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina or Fleming and Wallonen in Belgium. At the same time very frequently ethnical minorities with this term designated, so German-language minorities in east Central Europe.

Furtherthe term “group of peoples” does not know exact correspondence in other languages. In English, Spanish and French he is shown mostly as “ethnical group”.

concept of group of peoples

the term of the group of peoples before never is due to the exploding population numbers and thus oneknown population density in particular in 19. and 20. Jhrh. become a special topic of the peoples. This led finally in Europe to developing the politics of group of peoples of the national socialists. These settled German strewing minorities from distant areas to Germany and/or. its adjacent territoriesin order and German minorities in neighboring countries used on the other hand, in order to make territorial requirements valid. In addition they promoted a policy of the Divide et impera, whose core was it to out-pass on different groups of peoples against each other in particular also to South-east Europe.

After the concept of group of peoples organizehumans after their social needs, but do not only subordinate themselves this descend-oriented (people), also, and therefore national ideals.


critics of the concept of group of peoples

criticism after Samuel salt fount and Heribert ski-nobly

“the concept of group of peoplesrefers to the romantic people term and politisiert these in as much as a raumordnerische conclusion from the cultural division of mankind in peoples and groups of peoples is to be drawn. Social and political conflicts are naturalized thereby and moved an ethnical developing connection. ByThought and to the highest property „of humans nature, exists the political goal is promoted to Ethnizität as essential category in a complete social and political segregation of Ethnoregionen separated of humans along ethnical criteria as well as in the creation for the individual groups of peoples. “(Samuel salt fount and Heribert ski-nobly: „Nation Europe “. Ethnoföderale of concepts and continental cross-linking extreme rights)

of the criticism after Günther Pallaver

“the ethnical-cultural homogeneity of the population is stressed, or at least their cultural-mentality-moderate similarity up to the common embarrassment throughnegative effects from the outside. Outgoing of it the homogeneity of the interests of the concerning is maintained in relation to other regions or the superordinate system. “(Günther Pallaver, product of the brain European region Tirol. Genesis and development of a political project, in: Yearbook of the working group Regionalgeschiche, Bozen 200. S.247)

literature

  • Michael jug man: The right of the minorities: Authentication and borders of the protection of minorities, writings to the public right, Bd. 955, 445 S., Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2004
  • Jürgen Schlögel: The protection of ethnical minorities as general legal maximthe Community law, studies to the people and European right, Bd.5, XXI, 467 S., Hamburg: Kovac, 2004

from the politics of group of peoples

  • Boehm, max of Hildebert 1921: The self renewal of the alive right, in: Germans round-look 47 (1921), Bd. 186
  • Boehm, max of Hildebert 1932:The independent people. People-theoretical bases of the Ethnopolitik and Geisteswissenschaften, Goettingen.
  • Boehm, max of Hildebert 1940: A life in the fight for the largeGerman habitat.
  • Boehm, max of Hildebert 1951: Europe of the peoples creates! In: East German newspaper/the voice of the refugees No.15
  • Boehm, max of Hildebert (under the alias Hugin) 1933: Fighter for German nationality - leaders abroad the bordering and: 10. Karl C. of delete, in: Vossi newspaper v. 4. February 1933

over the politics of group of peoples

  • Ulrich Prehn: Thosechanging faces one „Europe of the peoples “in 20. Century. Ethnopoliti conceptions with max of Hildebert Boehm, Eugen Lemberg and Guy Héraud. In: Heiko Kauffmann, Helmut Kellershohn, Jobst Paul (Hg.): Völki gang. Dekadenz and Wiedergeburt - analyses of right ideology. Münster, 2005. ISBN 3-89771-737-9

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