People chamber

the people chamber was the parliament of the German Democratic Republic (GDR). It remained up to the first free people chamber choice to 18. March 1990 without in a democracy natural rights and under the claim to leadership of the SED.

Table of contents

emergence and function

the provisional people chamber became to 7. October 1949 in Berlin from that 2. German people advice in an educated manner. The first people chamber choice took place, late and after another switching system than originally planned,to 15. October 1950. The elections 1950 were based like since then all elections of the GDR on single lists of the national front. The delegates were bound in their tuning behavior to the political will of the SED. Until 1958 existed beside the people chamberthe land chamber of the GDR, which could bring bills into the people chamber and against law resolutions could raise dilatory contradiction.

The people chamber selected 1949 William Pieck (1876-1960) to the president of the GDR. After its death 1960 the function of the president became by that Council of State of the GDR and/or its chairmen replaces, who were selected by the people chamber.

The people chamber was not after the understanding of Soviet crew power and the SED parliament in the civil sense of a representative democracy, but should a representative government of new typerepresent. It should manufacture according to the postulated requirements the unit between political guidance and population, not against-even in the civil parliamentarism, and party egoism, for the capital, personal enriching craze and self blockade by division of power to exclude. The only tuning of the people chamber,in that there public conflicts was, was 1972 the introduction of the period solution with abortions, with which some delegates of the CDU of the GDR were correct against the law. Actually the people chamber was large without influence on the political happening. Since 1968 in the condition of the GDR also officially embodied claim to leadership of the SED prevented from the beginning a genuine political influencing control of the committee.

function and composition

the people chamber met usually to two to four times in the year. Since 1976 foundtheir rare meetings in the small hall of the again built palace of the republic instead of. It had the committees for general affairs (1950 to 1963), for local representative governments (1956 to 1963), for financial questions and economics (1950 to 1963), for foreign affairs(1950 to 1990), for work and health service (1950 to 1958), for health service (from 1958 to 1990), for work and social politics (1958 to 1990), for trade and supply (1963 to 1990), the committee on petitions and/or. Committee for the inputs of the citizens (1950until 1990), the standing orders committee (1950 to 1990), the grace committee (1950 to 1963), the household and financial committee (1950 to 1990), the mandate test committee (1963 to 1990), the youth committee (1950 to 1990), the law committee (1950 to 1963), the committees for national defense (1963until 1990), for land and forestry (1950 to 1990), for national education and culture (1954-1958), for culture (1958 to 1990), for national education (1958 to 1990), the legal committee (1950 to 1963), the choice test committee (1950 to 1963), the constitution committee and/or. Condition and legal committee(1950 to 1990).

The people chamber had 500 to 1963 400 seats, thereafter. Up to 5. 66 citizens of Berlin representatives of the people chamber with advisory voice belonged to electoral period (1967 to 1971), afterwards was this normal delegate. Since end took 1958 to thatMeetings and at the committee work 100, later 200 follow-up candidates part. These did not have right to vote in the tunings, were however otherwise to a large extent on an equal footing the regular delegates.

The following parliamentary groups were 1950 until April 1990 in the people chamber represented: SED parliamentary group, CDU parliamentary group, LDPD parliamentary group, NDPD parliamentary group,DBD parliamentary group, FDGB parliamentary group, FDJ parliamentary group, DFD parliamentary group, culture federation parliamentary group, VdgB /Konsumgenossenschaften-Fraktion (only 1950 to 1963 and starting from 1986) as well as VVN - parliamentary group (1950 to 1954).

People chamber delegate after a party and/or. Mass organization (1981-1986)
name
of the parliamentary group
contraction
of the parliamentary group
number
of delegates
pseudographic representation
of the amount of thatDelegate
a socialist unit party of Germany SED 127 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Christian democratic union CDU 52 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
A liberal-democratic party of Germany LDPD 52 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
A democratic farmer party of Germany DBD 52 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
A nationaldemocratic party of Germany NDPD 52 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Free German trade union federation FDGB 68 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Free German Youth FDJ 40 ••••••••••••••••••••
Democratic woman federation of Germany DFD 35 ••••••••••••••••••
Culture federation KB 22 •••••••••••

The portion of women of the delegates amounted to 1950 23.0 per cent (with citizen of Berlin representatives), 1986 32.2 per cent. The majority of the SED in the people chamber since 1950 became by thoseParliamentary groups of the mass organizations (FDGB, DFD, FDJ, KB) secured, their parliamentary group members usually at the same time members of the SED were.

Prominent delegates were beside all important SED party officials and chairmen of the other parties among other things prominent achievement sportsmen such as Katarina joke, Heike Drechsler and Täve stirs up, worker activists as well as veterans of the socialist movement and/or. the structure of GDR like pink Thälmann, briefly Krenz, Käthe core and Wilhelmine Schirmer Prö.

presidents of the people chamber

  1. 1949 - 1969 Johannes Dieckmann (LDPD)
  2. 1969 - 1976 Gerald Götting (CDU)
  3. 1976 - 1989 refuge Sindermann (SED)
  4. 1989 - 1990 Günther Maleuda (DBD)
  5. 1990 - 1990 Sabine miner Pohl (CDU)

the freely selected people chamber 1990

after the 1989 political turn in the GDR, released by citizen protestsbecame to 18. March 1990 the only free people chamber choice held. The power of the parliament corresponded to that one of the parliaments of civil democracies now for the first time. The people chamber created the new Lands of the Federal Republic, which joined the Federal Republic with their establishment then with the land introductory law. ThoseGDR was abolished thereby. At the same time the people chamber created “minimum law equipment” for the new countries, which had immediately thereby with their establishment federal state law. The agreement contract was, that and. A. regulated, which Federals law in the entry area do not apply or only modified, by the governments negotiated, but the government parliamentary factions in the apron an abundance of conditions should had formulated (about: Existence of the land reform), which flowed into the contract.

With the constituent meeting to 5. April became by the insertion of the article 75ainto the GDR condition the presidency of the people chamber with the powers of the no more not occupied Council of State entrusts. On the same day the selected president of the people chamber, Sabine miner Pohl (CDU), received the Befugsnisse of the Council of State chairman and was thereby a formally last head of state of the GDR.

To 12. April 1990 was selected Lothar de Maizière (CDU) with 265 voices with 108 dissenting votes and 9 abstentions to the Prime Minister of the GDR. The delegates confirmed thereafter bloc also the cabinet de Maizières, first and the latter to EN freelyselected government of the GDR.

CDU/DA parliamentary group

the parliamentary group called itself officially CDU/THERE up to 5. August 1990, thus the day of the fusion of the two organizations. Afterwards it called itself „CDU parliamentary group “. The chairmen were:

SPD faction

the chairman of the parliamentary group of the SPD were:

Party of Democratic Socialism parliamentary group

the chairman of the Party of Democratic Socialism parliamentary group was during the whole legislative period Gregor Gysi.

DSU parliamentary group

the parliamentary group of the DSU had from March to Octobersonly one chairman, Hansjoachim roll ago.

parliamentary group „the liberals “

the parliamentary group „the liberals “was a parliamentary group community of FDP, DFP, LDP and NDPD. With the people chamber choice the first three parties took as members of the Listenverbindung Federation suitor democrat part, the NDPD placed its own list. After the formation of the people chamber the two delegates of the NDPD of the liberals followed parliamentary group. The chairman of the parliamentary group was until Octobers Rainer locallives.

parliamentary groupAlliance 90/Grüne

alliance 90 formed a parliamentary group community with the Greens, who did not have a leader of the parliamentary group, but several faction speakers. The speakers of the parliamentary group were:

DBD/DFD parliamentary group

the democratic farmer party of Germany and the democratic woman federation of Germany formed a parliamentary group community in the people chamber, its chairmen Günther Maleuda was. To 29. August 1990 decided the parliamentary group their dissolution. Maleuda remained parliamentary groupless, three DBD delegates followed for the SPD, four of the CDU, a DBD delegate and a delegate of the DFD changed for the parliamentary group of the liberals.

literature

  • Werner J. Patzelt and Roland Schirmer (Hrsg.):The people chamber of the GDR. Socialist parliamentarism in theory and practice. West German publishing house, Wiesbaden 2002. ISBN 3-531-13609-7
  • Peter Joachim lap: The people chamber of the GDR. Studies to the social science, Bd. 33 West German publishing house, Opladen 1975. ISBN the 3-531-11299-6
  • Gabriele guest: The political role of the woman in the GDR. Studies to the social science, Bd. 17 Bertelsmann university University of, Duesseldorf 1973. ISBN of 3-571-09219-8
  • manuals of the people chamber of the GDR 1957 to 1986. State publishing house of the GDR, Berlin.

see also

Web on the left of


Saxonian people chamber (1919/20)

after that 1. World war was called also 1919 the selected parliament of the Free State Saxonia people chamber. With the Verabschiedung of the first democraticCondition of Saxonia in the year 1920 one returned to the old designation federal state parliament .

Results of the elections to the Saxonian people chamber (2. February 1919)

 

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