„a Volkslied is a song, which is in such a manner in-patriated or was in the singing of the lower layer of a culture people in longer memory-moderate excessive quantity and in its style that, who sings it from the individual claim of an author at word and way nothing feels. “ (Alfred Götze, The German Volkslied, 1929)
„Volkslied is called either a song, which developed in the people (D. h. its poet and composer any longer do not admit are), or one, which changed over into the vernacular, or finally one, ‚people moderate `, D. h. simply and easily fasslich inMelody and harmony are composed. “ (Hugo Riemann, music encyclopedia, 1916)
these definitions point themselves already, to what thin ice one moved, want to define one Volkslied.
In the course of the collection and the research of Volksliedern the following characteristics of Volksliedern (English became. Traditional) put out:
They are subjectoften a long process of verbal Tradierung. Therefore they are subject to strong changes regarding form and shape and experience culturally or regionally typical developments. Thus variants of the texts exist like also the melody. Further it is common Volksliedern that they experience a far spreading in the people and thatit, in demarcation to the hit, a certain age possess. Old and verbal passing on are the causes for the fact that the authors of these songs are very frequently unknown.
The Volkslied is always expression of a certain life situation, or formulates turned around: Thematically Volkslieder cover practically all areas of life. Accordinglyare: Dear, drinking, child, weighing, work, dance, worker, soldier, student, sailor, (occupation) ständische, at religious celebrations oriented, homeland, tomorrow, evening, season, parting of songs and many other song types more.
Each region forms particularly in the people music and in the Volkslied regarding rhythm and Harmonik one completelyindependent style out. Volkslieder do not remain nevertheless in their effect bound to their developing place. They move occasionally by the times from people to people. Sometimes above all the melodies blow up their own framework and change into other music kinds. Thus becomes from the old böhmischenProcess ion song „Ubi est spes mea? “(German: Where is my hope?) first in 16. Century of the Choral „my dear Mr. I praises you! “. Well 200 years later, 1797, Joseph Haydn forms from this the melody to the Austrian Kaiserhymne „God receives Franz, the emperor “. Haydn solvesthis melody again of the text and makes it the center „of the emperor quartet “(OI. 76 No. 3), one of its most beautiful quartets.1841 seal Hoffmann von Fallersleben to this melody new verses: The Germany song is born. Since 1922 are used it officially as German national anthem. This melodyalso the national anthem of Austria was to different text processings until 1920 and from 1929 to 1949. From the old böhmischen process ion song likewise that has itself far well-known German canons „O as is developed probably me in the evening “. (Representation of this culture-historical connection around the Germany song after: Hans's racer: Bases of the music, 8. Aufl., Stuttgart (Philipp Reclam 1969), p. 84 FF and also Hans's racer: Geschichte der Musik, p. 345, Stuttgart 1985 (DVA): Haydns "letztes schönstes Lied, die Weise zu > God receive to Franz the emperor< ... a widely distributed line of ancestors has… up to an age-old böhmisches process ion song to lead back leaves itself. “
As from this historyto see is, transzendiert themselves the Volkslied occasionally geographically, temporally and also regarding its kind. The Melodik of the Volkslieder inspired composers of all times in their creative (art music) work.
Since the emergence and the nature of the Volksliedes are regionally and culturally very different, is oneSeparation into the following ranges attached:
- German Volkslied
- alpine Volkslied
- Russian Volkslied
- Traditional (English. and/or. celtic Volkslied)
- non-European Volkslied
- Volkslied in the Wiktionary
people song researcher
resumption of references
- German Volkslieder collects that since 1914 German people song archives at
|Wiktionary: Volkslied - word origin, synonyms and translations|