Republic Hessen

Daten in the year 1930
state capital: Darmstadt
surface: 7,692 km ²
inhabitants: 1.347.279
population density: 175 Einwohner/km ²
voices in the realm advice: 2
Kfz characteristics: Front spar (starting from 1937), before VO, VR, VS
map
Hessen 1866-1945
Hessen 1866-1945

the republic Hessen developed after the First World War from the Grand Duchy of Hessen. Darmstadt was state capital.

The term „republic “means, exactly the same as „Free State “in other German countries, nothing else than republic (contrary to the past monarchy).

In accordance with Versailler contract approximately 40 per cent of the national territory, in particular Rhinehesse , was occasional in addition,Parts of strong castle, by French occupation troops up to 30. June 1930 occupies.

After the Second World War the fixing of the boundaries of the zones of occupation divided Hessen. Upper Hessen and strong castle belonged to the American, Rhinehesse (up to the rechtsrheinischen areas) to the French zone.

American crew powerfinally created to 19. September 1945 the new State of large Hessen (Greater Hessian), which covered the rechtsrheinischen part of the republic Hessen as well as the larger part of the province Hessen Nassau, which covered again with the earlier cure Hessen also the historical central area of Hessen. Rhinehesse against it became French, like thoseoccupied parts wet from also, some of Rhineland-Palatinate.

Large Hessen became - by the entry into force of the first new condition of a Land of the Federal Republic - at the 1. December 1946 in country Hessen renamed and 1949 a country of the Federal Republic of Germany.


Table of contents

Prime Minister

federal state parliament

1919: SPD 44.5% - 31 seats | Strip packing 18.9% - 13 seats | CENTER 17.6% - 13 seats | DVP 10.1% - 7 seats | DNVP 7.4% - 5 seats|USPD 1.5% - 1 seat
1921: SPD 32.6% - 24 seats | CENTER 17.4% - 13 seats | Hessian farmer federation/Rhine-hessian land list 15.1% - 11 seats | DVP 14.6% - 10 seats | Strip packing 7.3% - 5 seats | DNVP 5.4% -3 seats |KPD 3.9% - 2 seats | USPD 3.8% - 2 seats
1924: SPD 35.2% - 26 seats | CENTER 16.1% - 11 seats | Hessian farmer federation 13.2% - 9 seats |DVP 11.8% - 8 seats | Strip packing 8.5% - 6Seats |DNVP 7.0% - 5 seats | KPD 5.4% - 4 seats | NSFB 1.4% - 1 seat
1927: SPD 32.6% - 24 seats | ZRNTRUM 17.7% - 13 seats | Hessian land federation/Rhine-hessian land list 12.7% - 9 seats | DVP 10.7%- 7 seats |KPD 8.6% - 6 seats | Strip packing 7.8% - 5 seats | VRP 5.0% - 3 seats | DNVP 5.0% - 3 seats
1931: NSDAP 37.1% - 27 seats | SPD 21.4% - 16 seats | KPD 14.3% - 10Seats |CENTER 13.6% - 10 seats | Hessian land people 2.6% - 2 seats | DVP 2.3% - 1 seat | CSVD 2.1% - 1 seat | KPD-O 1.9% - 1 seat | DNVP 1.4% - 1 seat | DStP 1.4% - 1 seat
1932: NSDAP 44.0% - 32 seats | SPD 23.1% - 17 seats | CENTER 14.5% - 10 seats | KPD 11.0% - 7 seats | single list (DStP, DVP, VRP, CNBL, CSVD) 3.4% - 2 seats | SAP 1.6%- 1 seat |DNVP 1.5% - 1 seat
At 100% missing voices = in the federal state parliament not represented choice suggestions

administrative arrangement

(the arrangement in provinces was dissolved 1937)



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