|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Tirol|
|surface:||19.68 km ²|
|height:||511 m and. NN|
|postal zip code:||6300-6302|
|geographical situation:|| E 12,1667/12° 04 ' |
N 47.5833/47° 29 '
of the local administration:
| Municipality Wörgl|
station route 15a
|mayor:||LA Arno Abler (ÖVP)|
|represented parties:|| SPÖ (5), ÖVP (8), |
the Greens (2), FPÖ (2),
independent forum (2),
list Petzer (2)
Table of contents
Wörgl is age-old settlement area. Excavations prove that in the early Eisenzeit active trade was here already carried on. With the excavation place in the Egerndorfer field about 500 approximately 2500 years old Urnengräber were freely put and examined in detail.A Roman-temporal settlement is anyhow perfectly provable in the today's city. Roman Wörgl? Vergilianum? Still speaking and homeland researchers err by the Gestrüpp of the language roots and word trunks, in order the meaning of the rare name on the trace to come (first documentary denomination 1120:Henricus de Uuergile). 1842 in the meadow of the Unterkrumbacherhofes the remainders of a Roman country house nevertheless already showed up (Terra sigillata bowl and masonry hurry in the showcases of the hauptschule 1 painted). Since that time the soil gave large surface finds to and around Wörgl again and againfreely, the one settlement back into the early Eisenzeit (about. 1,000 years before Christ) to so rich extent document that the area is to be regarded Wörgl as the most comprehensive prähistorische excavation place of north animal oil (Grattenbergl, Egerndorfer field, Wimpissinger Schottergrube). One point of attraction lay inonly recently the proven ore-diminished of the Schwazer of dolomite deleting here, but reliably also the traffic conditions (way of the copper pits around Kitzbühel to the Inn valley) gave the incentive for developing these settlements; a descriptor of nature, which also during the process of the city becomingthe last century again to carrying came. A few decades city, but three millenia old! So long this soil humans of different peoples and cultures nourished and received, it carried and them homeland meant.
Already in late 6. Centurythose had penetrated Bavaria on their course to the south into the area Wörgl, in which the Roman Provinzialverwaltung had already gained a firm foothold since long time. Pc. Laurentius, the Pfarrpatron, points to a before-Germanic Christianisierung andstill in the corridor maps of the years before the railway construction properties at the realm road at that time show that square form and size, how them admit from the Roman field measure are.
Only 1504 fell the country below the Zillermündung finally to the countyTirol (conquest of the fortress Kufstein by emperors Maximilian).
Despite the administrative allocation on two regional courts, since 1410, older thing in common had remained further alive. There were probably two village masters and two „Trüchl “(municipality cashes), but a name, a common church andand carried, like the village letter from 1609 proves the loads with one another, an informative right document used a uniform restaurant municipality, the corridor and forest together over the life circumstances of our ancestors.
In the year 1607 to the Vikariat raised, also from one in Wörgl stationedVikar supplied, was it only more a question of the time that Wörgl could afford also a church in the time taste at that time, evenly a baroque church.1748 were it then so far. It should remain existing in this form to 1836. Throughthe ruchlose hand one - as it meant at that time - murder burner it had become been into fire the ruin. In the course of the reconstruction one extended it then by two yoke to the rear and the collapsed tower in other placeagain establishes.
To 13. May 1809 took place at Wörgl a crucial battle in the animal oiler liberty fight under Andreas Hofer. Napoleon sent strong army departments for the back conquest of animal oil. The troops consisted particularly of Bavarian and Saxonian soldiers, while the Frenchmen thoseGuidance took over. They moved over Kufstein and the passport Strub in the country. The animal oilers placed themselves to the moving forward enemy in the fields of Wörgl, had however under the guidance of general Chasteler a crucial defeat to put in. Bavaria, Saxonia andFrenchmen pulled thereupon plundering and murder-end by the Unterinntal against Innsbruck. This very day reminds by Christian Plattner arranged and to the 100-jährigen anniversary 1909 an inaugurated monument before the town church of this day (Wörgler Reara).
The economic ascent Wörgls began alsothe building of the Gisela course in the years 1873 to 1875 and their binding to the west railroad line, whereby Wörgl became the railway traffic knot. The Wörgler station is for this reason today after the Innsbrucker main station of the maximumfrequented in Tirol.
The emperor at that time Franz Joseph I. finally carried in the year 1891 - with a feather/spring line - all Vikariate of the monarchy to Pfarren. So also Wörgl. Thus Pfarre become and with an enormous increase in the population confronted, soon about a church extension one thought, then alsoin the year 1912 to be realized could. Thus the church building had developed, like it itself today presented and at that, in its outside appearance, until today hardly something was changed.
1911 the village municipalities Wörgl Kufstein and Wörgl Rattenberg combined a short while before („entern andherentern brook “) to the market had been raised. This even in presence of its majesty, to who one wanted to save however a trip beyond the red carpet, was offered nevertheless between station and village center rather the picture of a pioneer settlement in the heated progress optimismthe period of promoterism.
By the Second World War Wörgl was heavily characterized. Starting from at the end of of 1943 was Wörgl allied Bombardementssuspended. Bomb releases on the station destroyed parts of the city. The Wörgler bomb days of 22. /23. February 1945 in the history of the place as blood-red memory data to remain engraved. Fell 46 in Wörgl resident humans and 23 foreigner, altogether 69 persons,the bombs to the victim. In Wörgl 43 houses were destroyed, 105 houses were completely damaged substantially. This very day on building sites duds are excavated again and again by aerial bombs.
in the year 1951 could on initiative of the Wörgler at that timeMayor and vice-president animal oilers of the federal state parliament, Kommerzialrat Martin Pichler, the city collection to be celebrated.
Today Wörgl is the second largest city in the district Kufstein and an important economic center in the animal oiler Unterland. Wörgl is called by the large number of schools school city.
In August 2005 it broke briefly before Wörgl of the Inndamm whereby large parts of the city were flooded. Also many other municipalities in Tirol and Bavaria came by „the Jahrhunderhochwasser “strongly into.
coats of arms
the red roof rafters refer upthe military castle (N 47°28'25 " E 012°07'23 "), which one destroyed, and which aristocracy sex of the same name. The golden, interlinking rings in the coat of arms of the city Wörgl remind of the fact that Wörgl from the combination of two municipalities, Wörgl Kufstein and Wörgl Rattenberg developed.
Wörgler money experiment
In Wörgl around 1932 the local cement had strongly decreased/gone back - and cellulose production and the unemployment ratio had threateningly risen. The municipality hadon the one hand considerable shortfalls in revenue, on the other hand high loads by support achievements to unemployed persons. The cash was empty, and an end was not to be foreseen. Starting from at the beginning of July 1932 spent the local administration among mayors Michael Unterguggenberger as wages of the municipality employees own so-called work value lights,the Wörgler Schilling. There were the lights in nominal values of 1, 2 and 5 Schilling. Up to the end of the action in August 1933 altogether lights in the value of approximately 34,500 Schilling had been spent. 12,000 Schillings became maximum at the same timeemitted.
The work value lights were rotatingsecured free money. Idea supplier was thereby free economics Silvio Gesells. Monthly a mark had to be bought to a per cent of the nominal value of the note and be stuck into a field planned for it on the front of the cash note,in order to keep it valid. The money was covered and equivalently coupled to Schillings by deposit of Schillings of the municipality with the local Raiffeisen bank. With these lights local rates could be paid. Native businessmen took the money in payment.
The experimentglückte. Monetary circulation and economic activity were revived - against the general trend in the country -. Everywhere in Wörgl one built and one invested. A road bridge „with free money delighted “witnesses of it. In the fourteen months of the experiment took the unemployment ratio in Wörgl of21 to 15 per cent off, while it continued to rise in the rest of country.
The positive effects led to the fact that the model test in the press was praised as „the miracle of Wörgl “. The interest in the fact rose in such a manner that over one hundred further municipalitiesin Austria the example to follow wanted. Also abroad and in overseas the action received strong attention and imitator. From France the Minister of Finance and later Prime Minister Édouard Daladier traveled after Wörgl, and in the USA the economist struck Irving Fisherthe American government - although futile - forwards to introduce a wörgl similar money with name Stamp Script for the overcoming of the economic crisis.
Allerdings erhob die Österreichische Nationalbankgegen die Wörgler Freigeld-Aktion vor Gericht erfolgreich Widerspruch, weil allein ihr das Recht aufExpenditure of money was entitled. The experiment of Wörgl and all further planning were forbidden. Under threat of army employment Wörgl terminated the experiment in September 1933. Since in the consequence the world economy tightened soon thereafter again and the Second World War broke out,the model and its success came to a large extent into oblivion.
The association Unterguggenberger Institut holds the inheritance of the Wörgler of money experiment high and brings historical experiences together with current projects. Together with the local history museum and city archives an exhibition is held ready. Up-to-date one Solutions around the topic complementary currency are comprehensively gathered approximately and put to a broad public at the disposal.
The I-Motion youth project of the city Wörgl is current. This was called in the context of a LA21 of project in's lives. More to the project under I-Motion youth project
of twin cities
acquaintance Wörgler personalities are
- Gerhard Berger - successful Formel-1-Fahrer
- Hans Hömberg - German film-creative, dramatists, radio play author and fiction writer
- Stefan Horngacher - successful ski Springer
- pure hard Furrer - astronaut
- Jeremy Faith, that with the 60's-year hit „Jesus “a world success had
- Heinz Zak - extreme mountain climber and photographer
- Hans-Peter Haselsteiner - building Tycoon
- Michael Unterguggenberger - mayors and initiator of the Wörgler of free money experiment cutter master support
- considered world-wide, which went bathing involuntarily in the Wörgler brook and thus allegedly the collecting main to the third caper to max and Moritz of William shrubs supplied. The bridge givesit by the way today still.
objects of interest
A special attraction is since 2003 the WAVE, the Wörgler water world, modern public baths with interior and external basin, swimming pool with artificial waves,Experience chutes, bath lagoons and a Roman Saunalandschaft. With the large inundation in August 2005 the experience swimming pool was strongly damaged. The repair was however fast final and the experience bath could to 1.1.2006 again the normal enterprise start.
the emphasis of the city lies in the range of the regional retail trade, where all important chains and industries are represented. The Wörgler station route is the secondarylongest shopping street of animal oil. Beside further centers like the M4, westend and to the intersavings area, offers WörglNative one and guests a special purchase experience.
The trade area before the gates of the city is directly because of the motorway and becomes in the final development on approximately 35 hectares a homeland for small and medium-size enterprises within the range of production, technology and logisticsoffer.
After newest computations Wörgl is European-wide that city with the largest sales area density.
Wörgl is an important traffic center, both for the rail and for the traffic. Over the Inn valley one arrives in NO direction toward Kufstein and Bavaria and in SW-direction to Innsbruck, over the Brixental toward Kitzbühel, over the target Leukental toward pc. Johann and southward into the high valley Wildschönau.
resumptions of references
- spiral, Thomas - the Wörgler falling currency experiment 1932-1933 (pdf to the Download)
Web on the left of
- aerial photograph by Wörgl
- homepage von Wörgl: www.woergl.at
- M4: www.M4woergl.at
- Wave - the Wörgler water world: www.woerglerwasserwelt.at
- more to Free money experiment
- Unterguggenberger institute in Wörgl
- Michael Unterguggenberger: End results to OF the Wörgl experiment
- the management: the free free of wörgl - a report
- the Wörgler free money experiment in the radio
- homepage of the Stadtpfarre Wörgl: http://pfarre-woergl.at
Alpbach | Angath | Meadow mountain | Bath hectar ring | Breaking mountain | Width brook at the Inn | Brixlegg | Ebbs | Ellmau | Erl | Kirchbichl | Stuff oh | Kufstein | Kundl | Long fights | Maria stone | Münster | Niederndorf | Niederndorferberg | Wheel field | Rat mountain | Reith in the Alpbachtal | Saving lap | Scheffau at the wild emperor | Schwoich | Target | Thiersee | Walchsee | Wildschönau | Wörgl