Being awake mountain (with Bonn)
|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|circle:||Rhine victory circle|
|surface:||49.67 km ²|
|inhabitants:||19.557 (30. June 2005)|
|Population density:||398 inhabitants for each km ²|
|height:||222 m and. NN|
|postal zip code:||53343|
|preselections:||0228, partly. 02225|
|Geographical situation:|| 50° 38 ' n. Break. |
07° 06 ' o. L.
|municipality key:||05 3 82 072|
|arrangement of the Gemeindegebiets:||13 localities|
|address of the local administration:|| City hall road 34|
53343 being awake mountain
|mayor:||Theo Hüffel (CDU)|
being awake mountain is oneMunicipality in the Rhine victory circle in the Land of the Federal Republic North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany). By their geographical proximity to the federal city Bonn have here a large number of humans their domicile, who were active and are in the Ministries, messages and in Bonn resident companies. On a surface of 49,7 km ²nearly 20,000 humans, with Zweitwohnsitzen nearly 21,000 humans, lived on it are approximately 5,000 commuters, under it 3,000 in the different partial municipalities for the center of the yearly 2005, who work in Bonn.
The municipality was formed 1969 in the course of the local regional reorganization from several localities. Are local politicalit 13 localities of different size, which form the municipality. Central point of being awake mountain is the locality Berkum
table of contents
being awake mountain linksrheinisch the Swist - valley, the Rhine Valley and the Ahrtal - is to heights because of the Südrand of the Cologne bay, approx. between the Kottenforst. 16 kilometers south of theCity centre from Bonn as well as approximately 10 kilometers from the federal quarter (former area of government administration) for the federal city Bonn removes and directly at the national border to Rhineland-Palatinate.
The Gemeindegebiet is coined/shaped from salient crests of volcanic origin, among other things the being awake mountain (258 m, between Villip and Berkum, named-giving for those1969 folded up municipality), the Stumpeberg (approx. 230 m), the high mountain (263 m) (both with Berkum) as well as the Dächelsberg (between Oberbachem and Niederbachem). Many of these 25 million of years old former, extinct volcanos became (partially already at the Roman time as well as in the Middle Ages) as quarries for Trachyt and Used and stand for basalt today under nature protection.
The highest collection is however the hill south of Werthhoven (269 m), at the same time on the national border and upthe Wasserscheide between Ahrtal in the south and Mehlemer brook in the north is. On this inconspicuous hill are two small transmitting poles.
The deepest point is in the proximity of the Mehlemer road in the local part Niederbachem, where the Mehlemer brook leaves the Gemeindegebiet at the city boundaryto Bonn (local part Bad Godesberg - Mehlem)
two main valleys pull the Gemeindegebiet through:
The valley of the Godesbachs, in its catchment area Fritz village, Arzdorf, small Villip, Holzem, Villip,Villiprott and pitch lie. Both brooks flow directly to the Rhine .
Between both main valleys is still the valley of the small Lannesdorfer of brook, which flows likewise directly to the Rhine and lies into its highest catchment area the village leaving. Adendorf lies in the catchment area of the Swist,the castle Muenchhausen in the west of the place (and in the extreme west of the Gemeindegebietes lies at the same time even directly to the Swist.
The view constitutes the special attraction of the landscape on the filter mountains on the other Rhine side. Determining is in particular the very close kite rock. -The designation „Drachenfelser Ländchen “is also therefore much likes, even if the origin of this designation is originally derived from history: (see also history and coat of arms)
in all other respects the former volcanism of the Wachtberger of area becomes also from geologists rather with the former volcanosthe filter mountains in connection seen, as with the likewise not far volcanos of the Eifel (among other things Laacher lake and building mountain as well as the mountain cone of the castle Olbrück with Niederzissen). Likewise volcanic origin are from the southern municipality border from crests which can be seen the separating head, landcrown(Bath new-feed) and in the distance only castle (castle) and high one eight.
The entire Gemeindegebiet of being awake mountain is a component of the nature park Rhine country enstandenen from the former nature park Kottenforst Ville.
neighbour cities and - municipalities
(numbers of inhabitants of30. June 2005)
- Adendorf with small Villip (1,620 inhabitants)
- Arzdorf (313 inhabitants)
- Berkum (2,030 inhabitants)
- Fritz village (976 inhabitants)
- Gimmersdorf (869 inhabitants)
- Holzem (214 inhabitants)
- leaving (1,800 inhabitants)
- Niederbachem (3,948 inhabitants)
- Oberbachem with Kürrighoven (1,187 inhabitants)
- pitch (2,834 inhabitants)
- Villip with Villiprott (3,660 inhabitants)
- Werthhoven (1,086 inhabitants)
- Züllighoven (289 inhabitants)
during most volcanic crests of the Wachtberger of area like the filter mountains from the time 25 million years ago, is the Rodderberg of very much recent date originates: The rock originates from a timebefore 600,000 years and the last outbreak was around 250.000 before Christ at present an earlier ice age.
first human settling
before the last ice age Neandertaler lived far scattered in Europe (among other things around 40.000 before Christ in the named-giving Neandertal with Duesseldorf).For the time after the decrease of the last ice age around 14.000 before Christ humans are proven in upper Kassel.
On Wachtberger area was first the area settled around the today's Adendorf. Here is a settlement with buildings of stakes from the Jungsteinzeit (about 4,000 before Christ) from that Culture area of volume ceramic(s) proven. First settling spread from the Löss - around the Zülpicher Börde to areas ago.
Further quite early settlement traces were found with Arzdorf and with Werthhoven. Durable settling of the Rhinenear areas of being awake mountain took place only very many later. Thatfirst singular find of an axe with Niederbachem (from the time around 2.000 before Christ) does not point on a durable settling.
around 1.500 before Christ the Fritz villages gold cups nearby the Fritz villages windmill on separate (at Fritz village) buried. Suchreichverziertes and complex worked container is not well-known from this time in Central Europe. Very probably the find of the gold cup is here a reference to the existence of a bronze-temporal remote trade route of the center at that time of the European advanced culture in south Greece up to the British islands, where in run the Middle Ages the important coronation/culmination road ran. Comparable gold containers were manufactured at this time in Mykene and Crete. There are comparable finds on the British islands.
only around 750 before Christ became also those the Rhine of closer areas,like Berkum, Niederbachem and pitch, durably settles, since the harder soils could be made arable only by the progress of the Eisenzeit. The Celts, in this area particularly the Gallier, brought the technology of the iron plow into this area. From the time thatgallischen population come the name of the Mehlemer of brook (original Melanbach) and some Flurnamen.
since conquest Galliens by Julius Caesar up to the Rhine around 50 v. Chr. belonged also being awake mountain to the Roman realm. To Begin and after out RomanView lost Varusschlacht (9 n. Chr.) Wachtberger area was for altogether about 500 years direct border area.
The attachment of the Roman realm found massed at the border instead of and not in the depth of the area. Thus the Wachtberger area was direct into thoseBorder safety device merged. It is secured that at the high mountain a quarry was opened by the Romans, at the Trachyt for building of houses and road construction was broken.
The found foundations of larger Roman building plants at the foot of the Dächelsberges with Niederbachem point out that also at the Dächelsberg already tooRoman time basalt one diminished.
The Wachtberger area became from roads pulled through: A road ran in the valley of the Mehlemer of brook, one of the today's municipality border between Niederbachem and Mehlem on the height of the Rodderberges - from there the military road led directly above the Rhine,that the border, formed over the heights to the south. „On the highest one “(name of a ridge on the border between Niederbachem and upper winters this road crossed of a road, those of the Rhine over Bandorf to exact to the larger building plant in the valley, specified above, of theMehlemer of brook led.
The Wachtberger area was used beyond that, in order to supply the putting ion camp Remagen, it was assigned to which, with agricultural goods. Villip came thereby a special meaning, there it as turntable for distribution after the two larger putting ion camps to Bonn and Remagen served.
The Romans brought also the knowledge around the cultivation of wine also, which is provable starting from Frankish time particularly in Niederbachem. On the heights with Berkum the Gods were angebetet. A Matronenbildnis from Roman time was found.
Of 9 n. Chr. on was one periodcoined/shaped by over 250 years of calm and secured structure time. Starting from 250 n. Chr. always recurring ideas of the Teutons of the other Rhine bank are to be proven. Destruction waves of the east direction Adendorf and far direction Flerzheim (with Rhine brook are followed of reconstruction and renewed destruction.
Franconia time and the early Middle Ages
the meaning of the Wachtberger of area in the border safety device between the putting ion camps Bonn and Remagen were lost. ThoseAreas of distribution particularly for stones (Franconias built their houses exclusive from wood, loam and straw) broke away. The clearly reduced population produced only for the internal requirement.
The first documentary mentions of the today's village names fall into the time around 800. As the first Fritz village becameand Werthhoven (in former times Pissenheim) 770 mentions: Ländereien with Pissenheim, Fritz village, corner village and Remagen including a Gesinde - family Lorsch were given to the monastery according to a will. Signed the document among other things as a witness the gau count Angilger. These possessions also still became 1175 in Lor Codex specified.
To 19. July 798 was for the first time mentioned Niederbachem: Liudger, the founder of the realm abbey with meals bought a wine garden in Bachem (at that time still another undivided place) for the monastery.
The Kottenforst at the northern edge of the Wachtberger of area was the most popular hunting ground of the Frankish kings and became already in 7. Century mentions documentary. The forest, whose number of the sheets was used as symbol for the amount of the devil, belonged to 973 to the realm property, as Otto II. in the year of its emperor coronation/culmination the hunting right thatArchbishop of Cologne transferred (see also: Ottonisch salisches realm church system). Archbishop anno II. victory castle assigned the forest 1064 to the abbey, as the most important establishment possession. To the so-called „four-men “the owners of the castle Adendorf and the castle desert living belonged (as well as the two owners of the Thurmhofs and of theBeing field yard in Friesdorf (Bonn)). These four Vasallen of the abbey had wood and pasture rights in the Kottenforst.
The means for new influence possibilitiesat this Südrand of the developing territory from cure Cologne it the faithfully resulted in monasteries were for the archbishop of Cologne. Into that so far little opened areas, like Niederbachem, the monasteries put on their yards, then put for example Cologne pin sank Gereon in 9. Century the Fronhof in Niederbachem and soon also a church for Niederbachem (additional to the church already existing in Oberbachem) on.
886 the Broicher mill was for the first time mentioned with Villip. Noble Hartmann transfers the abbey Prüm in a Prekarievertrag its possession into andover Villip, under it the Broicher mill, always and receives for it for lifelong use Ländereien in the Auelgau, in Lahn gau as well as in Rhinehesse.
On the Scheidt (at Fritz village) was the court place of the Ahrgaus, to which in any case Fritz village belonged. The Bonn gauand the Ahrgau was occasional in same hand. Between them lay still the Swistgau, among which Adendorf is to be ranked, and which Odangau around Villip, Werthhoven, Ödingen and very probably the Godesburg.
the late Middle Ages and early modern times
since 1301 belonged thoseVillages Niederbachem, Oberbachem, leaving, Kürrighoven, Gimmersdorf, Berkum, Züllighoven and Werthhoven to the Kurkölni knights of kite rock (since 1301), which led Drachenfelser Ländchen already before the re-organization by the Frenchmen starting from 1794 to the naming „“.
1296 ago the gentleman was over whole over the courtBachem (Oberbachem and Niederbachem) the owner of the older Fronhofs in Oberbachem. This was Gerhard IV. of bright home, after it had fought for these from the abbey Prüm by a feud.
The court Werthhoven, consisting only of Werthhoven, as well as the court „UP that geuwe “, right group thatVillages Berkum, Gimmersdorf, leaving, Kürrighoven and Züllighoven already were in the sphere of influence of the archbishop of Cologne. A goal of the archbishop was it to secure these southern border areas further. Its faithful Gefolgsmann Heinrich of kite rock, to which he wanted to leave gladly the safety device of this area, wanted for his part a its own Rule develop. So far the castle count possessed only the castle kite rock as well as the very lucrative Trachyt - quarry, with whose stones already 50 years long the Cologne cathedral was developed.
The rule rights stood for the interests of these two gentlemen over Oberbachem, approximately in the center of theentire area, in the way. It came 1296 to the feud. The exact process of the feud, suffering the population and the reasons for being missing any allied one for the side of bright home are not to be seen from the sources. The exit of the feud is howeveradmits:
Gerhard IV. by bright home and landed even in shank in castle-reads out kite rock was underlaid for the castle. This was far common, over at this time the prisoner and/or. its members or allied an agreement to squeeze off - a dismissal from the detention became only after agreementgranted. (Heinrich of kite rock had von Berg together with the archbishop at that time of Cologne after the together lost battle of Worringen together also established in reads out the count.)
defiance of the arrest of bright home dragged on an agreement. Before the background of the intensified threatthe archbishop of Cologne von Süden on the part of king Albrecht I. from having castle however an agreement was also seen by its side urgent. Thus it came 1301 to an agreement in form of a triangle business:
The court rights over completely Bachem transferred Gerhard IV. of bright home the archbishopfrom Cologne against a payment of 500 Marks, Gerhard IV. kept the income from the Fronhof in Oberbachem as well as the patronage right for the church in Oberbachem. of bright home however. The archbishop of Cologne continued to lend the court rule over Bachem, as well as those to Heinrich of kite rockCourt rule over the courts Werthhoven and „UP that geuwe “, which was folded up afterwards with Bachem to a gentleman court. But Heinrich of kite rock dismissed from bright home from its detention.
This regulation was the birth of the Unterherrschaft Drachenfelser Ländchen within cure Cologne. This regulation outlasted at the same time nearly500 years: The Unterherrschaft Drachenfelser Ländchen remained in this time in its size invariably and also the fundamental rights of bright home remained up to the invasion of the Frenchmen 1794.
The gentleman master of the Unterherrschaft met alternating in the Blankenheimer Fronhof in Oberbachem and in the pub in Niederbachem. Onlyin 18. The gentlemen of the Unterherrschaft the court shifted century on „neutral soil “after Gimmersdorf. Thereby lost both Niederbachem and Oberbachem, and the Fronhof of the Blankenheimer, at meaning.
Since 1493 it arose to hereditary disputes in the Drachenfelser gentleman family, of that the branchthe castle Gudenau and the other one on the castle kite rock sat. Only 1695 became generally accepted the barons von Gudenau.
The family of kite rock made further acquisitions after this successful education of a first closed Unterherrschaft (1301):
To 13. May 1425 pawned archbishop Dietrich of Cologne the office cloud castle with the city king winters and the village CCIT brook the castle count Göddert von Drachenfels, who could gain a foothold thereby for the first time around its castle. It came to the controversy and thereupon the castle cloud castle was further-pawned as such to third.
The hiring UHL Villip, consisting of the villages Villip, Villiprott, Holzem and pitch,also to a Kirchspiel, was part of the county of acres belonged and after the Erbteilung (1221) and the building of the castle new-feed part of the county new-feed.
With the becoming extinct of the line new-feed (1358) began succession disputes, which dragged on several decades.Finally the archbishop used itself of Cologne the opportunity for interference (destruction of the castle new-feed 1372) and knew also in view of the connection of its rival duchy Jülich, which nevertheless formal leaning gentleman of the county new-feed was, by which Geldri succession war (1371-1379) as a Mitherr of the county intersperses.
While the yard was in Merl by the political weakness of the Cassiusstiftes nearly like a self-property (allodium) and was added later the castle of acres short time again the archbishop from Cologne, the acquired castle Gudenau was in this county new-feeds, in that thatUpper gentleman of the Drachenfelser, i.e. the archbishop of Cologne, now also Mitherr was. The hiring UHL Villip, in which the castle Gudenau was only fastened aristocracy seat, lay directly neighbouring to the Drachenfelser Ländchen.
the castle Gudenau became around 1200built and since 1246 (a component of the Hochstaden donation, which contained above all the county of acres) it belonged to cure Cologne, with which cure Cologne noticed already important influence in the hiring UHL Villip. When Godart of kite rock had bought the castle Gudenau 1402 of Eberhard, he received the castleafter medieval right from cure Cologne to Lehen.
By inheritance the castle Gudenau turned into on the family Waldbott from bass home . The county new-feed 1546 after becoming extinct the last counts von Neuenahr as settled Lehen by the duchy Jülich one drew in and to the office new-feed withinJülichs converted.
The legal relations became really difficult and it came to various processes around taxes and competencies, when the Waldbott of bass home as erzbischöfliche leaning men on the castle Gudenau at the same time in the jülichschen office new-feed resided and for example for the beer indirect tax were consulted. Here beganto intersperse itself the territorial principle slowly against the Personalitätsprinzip.
While however the family Waldbott of bass home in the present Treaty on its portion to the realm knight shank strategically important for the duchy Jülich landcrown did without, did without the family ofthe Leyen in person of the archbishop Karl Kaspar of the Leyen only Waldbott of bass home, subordinated on its only formal leaning right as a highest leaning gentleman that in the future directly the German king.
Vordergründig went it into Cologne war (1583-1589) in addition, around the religion of the inhabitants from cure Cologne, it went around a beautiful Mrs., Agnes from one field ice lives, which the archbishop Gebhard Truchsess of forest castle absolutely marries despite his church officewanted, around counterbalancing the balance of power in the German Reich, around interests of power of the Wittelsbacher as well as the forest citizen, the lay interests of the catholic church.
1588 came it by the FE storage of the Godesburg to a heavy hunger emergency in the directly neighbouring „Drachenfelser Ländchen “with manyVictims. In the dreissigjährigen war 1633 Swedish troops pulled by Niederbachem and plundered several partial villages.
In these times already heavy for the population also still Ferdinand Waldbott from bass home got the kurkölnischen witch judge Dr. to Gudenau starting from July 1630. Franz Buirmann in the Ländchen, severalWomen and men as „witches “, „of Zauberer “or „who wolves “accused and mostly to execute left, if they did not have influential friends. (see also: High-necessary Unterthanige Wemütige complaint of the pious Unschültigen).
numbers of inhabitants from 1969 to 1989 ofNational office for statistics. Numbers of inhabitants from 2000 to 2005 of AUTOMATIC DATA PROCESSING statistics.
|31. December 1969||12,469|
|31. December 1979||16,477|
|31. December 1989||16,919|
|30. June 2000||19,586|
|30. June 2001||19,785|
|30. June 2002||20,130|
|30. June 2003||20,130|
|30. June 2004||20.618|
|30. Politics [||work on|
the local elections
20,826 [work on] the following result (38 seats in the local council):
|A party|| of seats in the local council|| election result|
|CDU||19 (- 1)||49.5% (- 4.0%)|
|SPD||8 (- 1)||22.6% (+ 0.5%)|
|UWG (independent voter community)||4 (± 0)||10.6% (- 0.7%)|
|FDP||4 (+ 1)||9.6% (+ 2.7%)|
|alliance 90/Die the Green||3 (+ 1)||7.7% (+ 1.5%)|
mayor von Wachtberg1969 - today
- 1969 - 1969: Sebastian Luhmer (Advice representatives)
- 1969 - 1975: Josef Bedorf
- 1975 - 1977: Walter of house man
- 1977 - 1989: Joachim of Heymann
- 1989 - 1999: Peter Schmitz
- 1999 - 2004: Hans Jürgen DO ring
- 2004 - today:Theo Hüffel
partnerships between cities
culture and objects of interest
- castle Muenchhausen (with Adendorf)
- water castle Adendorf (with Adendorf)
- castle Gudenau (with Villip)
- castle desert living (with Berkum)
- radome (radome of the FGAN)
- Raaff chapel (in Holzem) (donated of Anton Raaff)
- windmill tower Fritz village (at Fritz village)
- nature park Kottenforst Ville
- being awake mountain honour mark
- Sports association being awake mountain (national league)
- sports club Villip (district league)
- fiber plastic pitch (district league)
- sports association Niederbachem (circle league)
- sports club leaving (circle league)
- sports associationAlemannia Adendorf - at present a youth department
- sports association is only awake Fritz village - at present only a youth department
- TTC Fritz village (upper league) /ladies
- TTC Fritz village (federation league) /Mr.
- Sports association being awake mountain (circle league)
bath min clay/tone:
- UC being awake mountain (circle league)
economics and infrastructure
being awake mountain is seat of the FGAN research association for applied natural sciences registered association. To this plant belonging radome with a diameter of 49 meters forms „the landmark “from being awake mountain.
of sons and daughters of the municipality
the following persons are inBeing awake mountain born:
- Karl Kaspar of the Leyen * 18. December 1618 † 1. June 1676 on the fortress honour broad stone, archbishop of Kurtrier
- Heinrich Welsch (poet) * 29. May 1848 † 7. June 1935 in Cologne, teacher and poet
- Maria Schmitz * 27. August 1886† 1996 in Züllighoven, formerly oldest Mrs. Deutschlands
- Peter Schmitz * 12. July 1929 in Fritz village, honour mayor of the municipality being awake mountain
the following persons are not in being awake mountain born, there however for a long time lived or the history of being awake mountain crucially affected.
- Anton Raaff * 6. May1714 † 28. May 1794 in Munich, German tenor singers
- Johannes Adenauer * 1873 † 1937, German minister and brother of Konrad Adenauer
- Hermann Abs * 15. October 1901 † 5. February 1994 in bath Soden at the Taunus, former member of the board of the German bank
- Josef Rommerskirchen * 16. February 1916 in Moenchengladbach, German politician (MdB A. D.)
- Hans's latch plate * 1. January 1923 in Bonn, company owner of the sweet goods company Haribo
- Hans Dietrich Genscher * 21. March 1927 in Reideburg, German politician, Federal Minister A. D.
- Helmut Kohl * 3.April 1930 in Ludwigshafen, German politician, Federal Chancellor a.D.
- Gloria of Thurn and taxis * 23. February 1960 in Stuttgart, German Unternehmerin
- briefly Böhner: Settlements of the early Middle Ages at the northeast edge of the Eifel. In: Leader to pre and earlyhistorical monuments, volume 25 northeast Eifel before country, Einführende of essays, Mainz (Philipp of Zabern) 1976 IDN: 750172835
- Hrsg. Niederbachem association for local history: Niederbachem - a village in the change (to the celebration of the 1200 year old history), 1998 ISBN 3930376121
- Jakob intoxication: Of the county and their history. In: Homeland yearbook of the circle Ahrweiler, 1955
- the history of the filter mountain area in the overview (of the association for local history filter mountains registered association. King winter)
- separate with Fritz village as well as source for the birth of the ErbischofsKarl Kaspar of the Leyen on castle Adendorf
Web on the left of
|Commons: Pictures of being awake mountain (with Bonn) into the Commons - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- Website of the municipality being awake mountain
- common Website of the places Villip, Villiprott, Holzem and pitch
- Website of the locality Fritz village
- Website thatLocality Gimmersdorf
- Website of the locality Niederbachem
- Website of the locality Werthhoven
- description of the Georalley of the mineralogical institute the university Universities of
Alfter | Bath Honnef | Fount home | Eitorf | Hennef (victory) | King winter | Lohmar | Meckenheim | Much | Niederkassel | Neunkirchen Seelscheid | Rhine brook | Ruppichteroth | Sank Augustin | Victory castle | Swisttal | Troisdorf | Being awake mountain | Wind-hit a corner