Wadim Nikolajewitsch Salmanow

Wadim Nikolajewitsch Salmanow (Russian ВадимНиколаевичСалманов; * 22. October/ 4. November 1912 in pc. Petersburg; † 27. February 1978 ebenda) was a Russian composer.

Table of contents

lives

Salmanow already received in the age from six years from its father piano instruction. Later Fjodor Akimenko gave it composition hours. But before it wanted to briefly begin a music study at the Lenin grader conservatoire at the age of 18 years, it decided suddenly over and studied themselves instead geology. After conclusion of the study he worked first as a geologist, before he considered himself it again differently and 1936 nevertheless a composition study at the Lenin grader conservatoire with Mikhail Gnessin began. 1941 it successfully locked this and pulled a little later than soldier in the 2. World war. Afterwards Salmanow stepped strengthened with compositions to the public. In the year 1947 it occurred Lenin graders the conservatoire. Up to its end of life and starting from 1965 as a professor he taught composition there. Occasionally he was even a chairman of the composer department. Besides Salmanow noticed still some political activities, among other things as a secretary of the Soviet composer federation. In the year 1972 Salmanow was appointed the “people artist of the RSFSR “.

style

Salmanow composed first in a quite conservative Idiom. It preferred a popular, in-usual Melodik and sumptuous tone qualities. Many of its works had by program background, frequently on nature descriptions or old Russian narrations were based. The Harmonik was affected particularly by Dmitri Schostakowitsch, but maintained Salmanow a more lyric, less linear style without the irony so characteristic of Schostakowitsch. This changed however into the 1960er year, when Salmanow modernized its clay/tone language. He did now to a large extent without programs, in order to compose an absolute, often philosophically angehauchte music. Its Melodik became substantially more inflexibly, the Harmonik more rauer, a sense for grotesque was added. It seized more strongly on polyp-hone organization ways back and approached altogether Schostakowitsch on. In many works of the 1960er years strove Salmanow around a synthesis from twelve-audio engineering and tonal Harmonik. In its last works it returned however to a more conservative, melodischen clay/tone language on basis of a chromatically coined/shaped tonality. Salmanow became v.a. by its 2. Symphony and its art-finished vowel music admit. In the conductor Jewgeni Mrawinski had Salmanow a prominent advocate, who brought its works regularly to the performance.

works

  • of orchestra works
    • symphony Nr.1 D-moll (1952)
    • symphony Nr.2 G major (1959)
    • symphony Nr.3 A-moll (1963)
    • symphony Nr.4 h-moll (1976)
    • child info. never (1962)
    • “poetic pictures”, Suite after Andersen one (1955)
    • Sinfoni seals
    • “the human nature”, ballet (1965)
    • Sonate for piano and caper orchestra (1961/62)
    • 2 Violinkonzerte (1964, 1976)
    • “large city nights” for violin and chamber orchestra (1962)
  • vowel music
    • “the twelve”, Oratorium after Blok (1957)
    • “desert at Lenin” for choir and orchestra after Neruda (1969)
    • the Skythen “, Kantate after Blok (1973)
    • “that Swan”, concert for choir Nr.1
    • “good humans”, concert for choir Nr.2 for choir, English horn and accordion
    • of songs and choirs after texts of Blok, Jessenin, García Lorca and Neruda
  • chamber music
    • caper quartet Nr.1 f-moll (1945, rev. 1956)
    • Caper quartet Nr.2 (1958)
    • caper quartet Nr.3 D major (1961)
    • caper quartet Nr.4 G major (1963)
    • caper quartet Nr.5 (1968)
    • caper quartet Nr.6 (1971)
    • piano quartet (1947)
    • 2 Klaviertrios (1946, 1949)
    • 3 Violinsonaten (Nr.1 1945, Nr.2 1962)
    • Violoncellosonate (1963)

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note: Double data are first of all indicated in accordance with Julian calendar, which applied in Russia up to the October Revolution 1917, secondly in accordance with in the west since that 16. /18. Jh. used Gregorian calendar. See also: Wikipedia: Name conventions/cyrillic


 

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