Electoral fraud

the word electoral fraud has two different meanings.

On the one hand one understands the illegal manipulation of an election result by electoral fraud, e.g. by falsification of Wahlzetteln and/or. Manipulation of choice automats or bribery of authorities or others at the choice process or the counting took part persons.

The moreover one it is designated also than electoral fraud, if one makes choice promises, which one does not intend to hold as a politician.

The following article is concerned with the first mentioned meaning of the word electoral fraud.

legal status

electoral fraud is a form of the inadmissible influence of democratic elections. An election result caused by electoral fraud is considered as less „badly “than by employment from raw force and/or by (en) falsification of the election result affected election result.

Just like „the normal “ fraud also the electoral fraud consists of three elements.

„The normal “or common fraud consists of the intentional excitation or maintenance of a mistake by feigning more wrongly or by distortion or suppression of true facts, which a fortune order which is based on this mistake follows and a financial damage with the ordering or with third, to which an appropriate quite-adverse pecuniary benefit corresponds with the cheat or with third. The protected right property with the criminal offence existence of the fraud is the fortune.

An electoral fraud accordingly to that consists one likewise of the intentional excitation or maintenance of a mistake by feigning more wrongly or by distortion or suppression of true facts, that and/or. several choice decisions which are based on this mistake follow and from a choice damage with the voters or with third, to which an appropriate illegal choice advantage corresponds at the choice cheat or its party. The protected right property with the electoral fraud is the democratic freedom of election of the choice citizen.

Contrary to the usual or common fraud, which can be punished in accordance with § 263 penal code (StGB) with up to five years imprisonment, committing of an electoral fraud is not posed in Germany for understandable reasons („naturally “) under punishment.

electoral fraud as rule authentication

electoral fraud is particularly in dictatorships at the agenda, with which the the poet organizes an illusory choice around his rule to legitimize. In addition, in democratic Europe now and then smaller cases of electoral fraud, approximately with local elections, emerge. Also against the USA reproaches of an electoral fraud were raised with the Präsidenten-Wahlen 2000.

 

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