Wal-Mart Stores Inc. is a world-wide active US-American retail trade company. Whale March controls a large part of the US market and became thereby the turnover-strongest retail business of the world.
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the name leads itself from its founder SAM whale clay/tone off (whale ton's March). In the year 1962 SAM whale clay/tone opened itsfirst whale March in Rogers, Arkansas, after it had opened already 1950 its first shop, a Dime & Nickle net curtain at the Town Square of the town Bentonville , Arkansas. Here today also a museum is over those beside the firm centerHistory of the enterprise. Already 10 years later, the enterprise went to 1972 to the stock exchange, which gave it the capital necessary for the expansion. The large ascent began however only in the year 1987, as whale March its first supermarkets under the name HypermarketThe USA opened, with at that time a commercial surface ten times larger in relation to the department store average. The first branch outside of the USA was opened 1991 in Polenco, to a suburb by Mexico city, in Mexico. While the company acts successfully in Canada, in Mexico meanwhile to the market leaderbecome and in Great Britain to the second largest company after Tesco ascended, is more difficult his situation in the other foreign markets.
Whale March controlled meanwhile a large part of the US retail trade and is with a conversion of approximately 305 billion US Dollar (2005) the turnover-strongest retail trade enterprisethe world, and the third biggest enterprise world-wide at all. In an analysis US-American restaurant magazine 2004 were forecast that whale March up to the year 2010 an annual turnover of 500 billion Dollar to gain could. The company is also with distance largest private employersthe world also over 1.6 million persons employed (2004).
In Germany whale March 2004 plays also 8 years after the introduction on the market nearly no role. The market leader Edeka converts more than 10-10-mal as much with well 29 billion euro as whale March. AlsoAldi (good 24 billion) and Lidl (good 21 billion) set substantially more over (source: Frankfurter Rundschau of 27. May 2005). Germany is, different than the USA, for decades a food cheap country with margins in the these COUNT range of only 2% (see. The USA 5%).
Whale March possesses 3,702 branches in the USA and is likewise represented with larger Investments in Mexico , Great Britain (ASDA) , Japan , Canada , Germany and the People's Republic of China. The largest competitor, the French Carrefour - group is not even half as largely as whale March. Eight of ten US-American households buy at least once in the year at whale March, each week entered world-wide 138 million customer a business of the company. However the company controls for only eight per cent of the US-American retail trade market; inmany other countries have the market leaders within the range a market share of over 30%.
at whale March prevails officially a Unternehmenskultur, which calls employees equal partners of the enterprise. This goes along, in particular in the USA,a strong anti trade union - politics of the enterprise. Only of 10 employees of a butcher department in the east of the USA is admits in a trade union to be organized. In Canada however one closed equal a whole supercenter, after itself all employees thereto a trade union had together closed. In the USA new employees earn only two thirds of a unionized organized colleague at whale March on average with another supermarket. Likewise there are no Zusatzleistungen like for example by the enterprise a carriedHealth insurance company. On average the company 44% of its workers must replace, annually that means for it each year 600,000 new employment. On average about 1,500 complaints run against whale March at each given time, which turn mainly against injuries of the US-American industrial law.
The company gained its money by very low prices with low profit margins, which throw clearly lower wages and salaries off however by the enormous conversion and opposite the different chains nevertheless profit. Crucial it is also that whale March almost no camp onIt maintains goods - a sophisticated logistics ensures for the fact that the products are supplied by the Truck directly to the department store and not to be stored temporarily to have. Whale Marts logistics center covers a data base, which is as large 35 times as that from Amazon (TheEconomist, 25. February 2006). Analysts criticize however the too small capital net yield abroad. The net cash-flow amounts to about 16 billion US Dollar.
In addition whale March displaces other, already existing enterprises by the low price strategy possible due to its enormous size, if a newWhale March branch opens. Mostly whale March at the outskirts of a town settles, which entails the fact that the city administration to large expenditures is forced (infrastructure, etc.) and to become extinct leaves the city centres.
There were again and again demonstrations against the opening of whale March branches.The demonstrators accuse whale March price war, with which they destroy small business and thus jobs and the variety limit. In addition the conditions of work of the employees are criticized. Whale March sees itself as a “Hecht in the carp pond”, which would force other competitors “to it,to change and become so more successful their Geschäftspolitik ".
In December 2005 whale was condemned March to a record punishment of 115 million dollar, because was entitled to 116,000 coworkers no lunch time. These coworkers are now additionally with 57,2 million dollar toocompensate.
It came again and again to criticism, since whale March exerted indirectly pressure on offerers of magazines to adapt their contents to the very conservative business philosophy in order it further at whale March to offer to be able. Critics regarded as influencing control on the Pressefreiheit, particularly magazines, which did not bend themselves the pressure (like z. B. Max CIM) from the shelves were taken or put at least into neutral envelopes. Whale March refused also offering certain CDs in its shelves because these the “family-friendly” picture, alsowhale March gladly marketed, would oppose themselves.
Similarly the two Albrecht brothers, the owners of the Aldi - company, also the whale clay/tone family ranks among the richest world. On the Forbes list of richest humans of the world SAM of whale clay/tone take an inheriting with oneFortune of ever 20 billion US Dollar in the year 2004 the places 6 to 10.
at whale March whale March
directly and indirectly the spreading of Sweatshops in those supports own brands whale March own marks under low wages and exploitativeConditions of work to be manufactured. The positive effects on the economy of the third world, like increased tax revenue are disputed.
whale March in Germany
since center of the 1990er years tries to seize whale March at large financial expenditure also in Germany foot. 1997 took over whale March 21 value purchase - self-service department stores, for 1998 74 inter+save - of houses fora price of 1.6 billion US Dollar. The company made so far in Germany excluding loss. Walmarts Germany center is settled in Wuppertal on the area of the earlier JVA Bendahl (beside the former Wicküler - brewery). Logistics becomes of the subsidiary SupplyChain management completed, which maintains two logistics centers in being gene le the home and in Kempten.
Whale March met here an established retail trade market. Aldi or Lidl are main like whale March companies with close profit margins per product, those their profit over the mass of proceedsmake. Besides Aldi belongs likewise like whale March of a family: the company can afford also a longer argument and at short notice the crowd getting the VALUE neglect. Besides the crucial advantages, which whale March in the USA possesses, in Germany were not convertible: Thoselocal price laws prevent the price fight operated in the USA partially, development plans prevent in Germany mostly the markets of enormous extent prevailing in the USA, and not only due to the trade unions from the surrounding field of the USA the coming, conservative are To hardly intersperse whale March Unternehmenskultur in Germany.
The internally published guideline „statement OF Ethics “gave cause for public discussions. With publication of the guideline according to whale March after it was referred to that the Landesgesetze have priority before the manual. Against the representation in thatRelations among whale March coworkers is however not forbidden to press, as long as they do not affect the employer-employee relationship negatively. However the interference into personal relations of coworkers is not however a serious interference into the Privatsphäre and compatible with that German right like thatWuppertaler labor court determined. In the second instance failed whale March likewise, which said responsible judges of the Düsseldorfer Higher Labor Court Lothar Beseler: This intervenes deeply in the personality rights and offends against the Paragrafen 1 and two of the Basic Law.
Family whale clay/tone
the family whale clay/tone is with Alice, Helen, Jim, John and S Robson in the rank lists of richest humans of the world of the Forbes of magazines with a fortune approx. in each case. 18. Billions US Dollar at the places 10 to 13 represent.
with the documentary film “The High Cost OF Low Price “of Robert Greenwald is criticized the work atmosphere at whale March. In addition Greenwalt uses everyday stories and events, which experience whale March coworkers.
In December 2005 whale March becamefrom a court in California to a payment at a value of 57 million dollar condemns. The money goes to 116.000 former and present coworkers, to who whale March refused a prescribed 30minütige break. The moreover one whale March became a punishing payment at heightfrom 115 million dollar condemn.
At present still further 40 procedures run against the chain, because of offences against the industrial safety right.
JibJab has the criticism on whale March in the Flash animation bends box March processed.
- Bob Ortega: Whale March, thatGiant of the supermarkets, ISBN 3706405857
- Klaus Werner/Hans's white: The new black book mark companies, ISBN of 3216307158
- Robert Greenwald: Whale March: The High Cost OF Low Price good one of new film, 2005, 98 min.
Web on the left of
- account with whale March
- the high costs of the low prices
- the wages down, always in
- the beginning were inadmissible the Wassermelonen
- PR-battle remain around
- whale March Wallfahrt to
- whale March Walmart Kodex for coworkers: Complaint successagainst whale March before Duesseldorf cheap
- LAY has its price - the business model of whale March under the magnifying glass of Peter Greenwald Telepolis
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