Waldenser

the Waldenser are a Protestant reformed church in particular in Italy. Originally they developed in the Middle Ages in Southern France, but the French Waldenser came up to a large extent during the reformation in the French Protestanten, the so-called Huguenot. The communityhas today in Italy 27,500 members. They live there in close relationship with the Evangelist methodistischen church.

Table of contents

history

the Waldenser were a vorreformatorische kappelische layman movement. Their name is derived from the Lyoner buyer Petrus Valdes,of equalsneeze rich young man (Mt.19, 16-26) one bekehrt. As to “the early Waldenser turned arms of Lyon” preaching and charitably the arms of the society . They understood themselves first as members of the catholic church, their bad states ithowever criticized.

1184 becomes the Waldenser - special because of the layman lecture - on the Synode of Verona of Pope Lucius III. exkommuniziert. Pope Innozenz IV. occupies 1252. in its bull ad extirpanda the Waldenser with the words Cataros,… Valdenses,…et omnes Hereticos… perpetue damnamus infamia (we always condemn the Katharer, Waldenser and all Häretiker to the infamy) with the church punishment of the infamy.

The Waldenser is in 14. Century in different, partly groupings zerstrittenen far over Europespread. They are pressed effected from the Inquisition , 1487 via Pope Innozenz VIII. a crusade against the Waldenser.

Some groupings conclude themselves the Hussiten on from it go the Böhmi brother municipality out (see also Johann Amos Comenius), others that Reformation of Calvin. In Italy the Waldenser creates 1532 under influence of the reformation a reformed church in the Cotti alps. was entitled to 1848 the Italian Waldensern the civil and faith liberty.

characterisation of the original Waldenser

about over 1174 collected the Lyoner buyer Petrus Valdes Gleichgesinnte around itself. After him it and its trailers also Waldenser are called.

The Waldenser wanted to lead a life together after the gospel. In addition belonged for it:

ten years later are gebannt the Waldenser by the catholic church and than Ketzer in whole Europe pursues.

the Italian Waldenser today

after awarding its religious rights in the year 1848 reorganized the Waldenser in completely Italy different social mechanisms (homes for the elderly, children's homes, schools, meeting centers - like for example Agape with Turin)those around also the today's municipalities of the waldensischen Diaspora were based, which are scattered in completely Italy. The so-called waldenser valleys in the Cotti alps still form geographical center of the Waldenser east of Turin, where itself mostand largest municipalities find. The theological center in form of a theological faculty lies in Rome where also tavola - the democratically selected church administration and the selected representative - which moderatore - their seat have.

1855 develop in Torre Pellice a theological faculty, which 1922 are finally shifted to Rome. During fascism 1922-1945 the Waldensergemeinden was placed to Protestanten under national observation, was allowed to dress due to the privileged relationship of the regime with the catholic church no public offices,the French language (also in the service) and the church press were suppressed. Many piemontesische Waldenser followed therefore during the Second World War of the Resistenza against the regime Mussolinis and the German crew of north Italy, there above all the groups of partisans that Partito d'Azione, which at the fascist authorities to the opinion “I valdesi sono tutti ribelli” - the Waldenser is all rebels led. The Waldenser receives the full liberty of the worship only 1984. Thus one went more than 800jährige time to thatPursuit, driving out and suppression to end.

In January 2005 in the northItalian city Pinerolo was revealed with Turin a monument for memory of the pursuit of the Waldenser by the catholic Inquisition. It is the first ökumenische Monument in Italy at alland of the Waldenserkirche and one gave to the Roman-catholic bishop von Pinerolo in order. Round plastics arranged by the Austrian sculptor Gerald Brandstötter in bronze has the form of a large flame and is the burn of the Waldenser by the Inquisition to represent.Hope and reconciliation symbolize a girl shape with raised hands and with view to the sky.

Waldenser in Germany

after 1698 formed after driving out of Waldensern and Huguenots from Piemont also in south Hessen, in Nassau, in bath finalURL oh and Württemberg waldensische municipalities. Duke Eberhard Ludwig von Württemberg permitted the refugees to Waldensern the settlement in the duchy Württemberg. Thus the refugees under line of the minister Henri Arnaud settled a remote, human being-poor area in the northwest of the duchy. The right of the freeWorship was expressly assured the reformed Waldensern. The services became to in early 19. Century in French dialect held. Although the württembergische settlement proved as the more durable, also it went into 19. Century in the Evangelical-Lutheran regional church up. Between Pforzheim and Stuttgart remind today however still place names such as Pinache, Perouse, Corres, Serres, large - and Kleinvillars of the old forest serum settlements. Also in the region several Waldensersiedlungen are Karlsruhe, like Welschneureut or Palmbach. Already in the local picturewith its road-lateral Giebeln the special settlement structure of the Waldenserdörfer shows itself this very day in these places. Also the French surnames of many inhabitants, like Durand, Granget, Crocoll or Clour still remind of the origin from Savoyen. In Stuttgart existsbesides a italienischsprachige Waldensergemeinde with 20 members, independent of the regional church.

Waldensergemeinden in Germany

German Waldensergemeinden are in Neuhengstett, swabia village, death living, Mörfelden Walldorf, Ötisheim, Mühlacker, tubing brook, whom brook, cock, forest LG0 suppl., bath Homburg, Palmbach, Grossvillars, God-strew and conscience-rest. Today Waldenser live only in Karl port (Hannoversch flowing).

world-wide Diaspora

by the Italian emigration 1880 - 1914 lives today in Argentina and Uruguay approx. 13,300 Waldenser. In the whole world liveabout 48,000 Waldenser (under it 400 in six municipalities of the Chiesa Evangelica lingua italiana in Switzerland), which members of the Waldenser church are to call in addition are additional those Waldenser which itself, as in Germany (approx. 4.000), France and in the US Federal StateNew York there Protestant churches attached.

time board for the history of the Waldenser

Year event
1177 Valdes begins in Lyon as Wanderprediger.
1179 Valdes' travels to Rome, over from Pope Alexander III. its appearing as Laienprediger approve themselvesto leave.
1182 / 1183 driving the Waldenser out from Lyon. Asylum search and thus propagation in Southern France, in the Lombardei and Germany
1184 Pope Lucius III. condemned on the Synode of Verona the Waldenser for the first time as Ketzer.
1206 ? / 1207 ? Valdes dies.
1215 the Waldenser becomes on the fourth Laterankonzil of Pope Innozenz III. again as Ketzer condemns.
1458 the Waldenserbischof Friedrich Reiser one burns in Strasbourg.
1480 the last medieval Waldenser, those in GermanyHomeland had found, are cruelly pursued. The remainders follow the brother universityty .
1532 the Waldenser of the Cotti alps, the Luberon and Kalabriens follows the reformation .
1545 pursuit of the Waldenser in the Luberon
1561 the waldensischen municipalities inKalabarien are extinguished.
1655 many Waldenser of the Piemont falls a massacre to the victim.
1685 the French king Louis XIV. the Evangelist-reformed church in the Chisonetal forbids. Those resident Waldenser flee there into Switzerland and to Germany.
1687 thosepiemontesischen Waldenser is driven out by the duke by Savoyen.
1689 glorious return - the piemontesischen Waldenser leaves its Swiss exile and returns.
1698 the French Waldenser is driven out the Piemont. They find admission in Germany.
1699 - 1701 in south Hessen, Württemberg and bathing come it to the establishment of Waldenserkolonien.
1805 - 1830 end of the German Waldensergemeinden; they are integrated into the existing Evangelist regional churches.
1848 the Waldenser is directly placed in the Piemont the other citizen.
1984 After over 800 years becomes the Waldensern in Italy due to the Intesa, an agreement with the Italian state, which permit free worship.
  • Source: Albert de is enough, aaO, for S. 181ff

slogan

lux lucet in tenebris (Latinfor: “Light shines for literature Euan K in

the darkness)

[

  • work on]. Cameron: Kind. Waldenser. In: Theological material encyclopedia 35 (2003), S. 388-402
  • Molnár Amedeo: The Waldenser. History and European extent of a Ketzerbewegung. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Goettingen 1980
  • Tullio Vinay: Love, which shifts mountains. Source publishing house, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3791834525
  • Giorgio Tourn: History of the W. - church. Attain 1980.
  • Theo Kiefner: The Waldenser on their way from the Val Cluson by Switzerland to Germany 1532-1820/30. 5 volumes.
    • Volume 1: Reformation and Gegenreformation in the Val Cluson 1532-1730. Goettingen 1985.
    • Volume 2: Temporarily to Germany 1685-1698. Goettingen 1985.
    • Volume 3: Finally to Germany 1698-1820/30. Goettingen 1995.
    • Volume 4: The ministers of the Waldenserkolonien in Germany. The ministersand their municipalities. Goettingen 1997.
  • Theo Kiefner: Henri Arnaud - ministers and Colonels with the Waldensern. Stuttgart 1989.
  • Theo Kiefner: The privileges of the Waldenser come to Germany. Stuttgart 1991.
  • Barbro Lovisa: Italian Waldenser and Protestant Germany1655 to 1989. Goettingen 1993.
  • Peter Georg Lantelme: The history of the Waldensergemeinden tubing brook whom brook and cock,1950 publishing house Jacob Helene Pfungstadt.
  • Albert de is enough: The Waldenser. History of a European faith movement in pictures. Karlsruhe 2000, ISBN 3-89116-048-8
  • Giorgio Tourn: History of the Waldenser. To kit off publishing house, complaint ford 2006

see also

Web on the left of

Wiktionary: Waldenser - word origin, synonyms and translations
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)