Wales

Dieser Artikel beschreibt das Land Wales. Further meanings, see Wales (term clarifying).
Of Wales
flag
Flagge von Wales
detail
base data
capital Cardiff
surface 20761 km ²
population of 2,903,085 inhabitants
population density of 140 inhabitants per km ²
languages English, Walisisch (Cymrisch)
time belt UTC,Summer time: +1 UTC
politics
queen Elizabeth II.
Minister for of Wales Peter Hain
of first Ministers Rhodri Morgan
national anthem Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau
Wahlspruch Y Ddraig Goch ddyry cychwyn
map
Karte von Wales

Wales (walisisch: Cymru, lat. - kelt.: Cambria) is a region (nation) the united Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Wales is appropriate on the British island to the west of England and borders on the Irish sea, for the pc. George channel and the Bristolkanal. Wales has a surface of 20.779 km ² and 2.9 millionInhabitant, of whom about 575,000 Cymraeg (Walisisch) speak. The capital of Wales is Cardiff.

Table of contents

history

see also list of the walisischen rulers

the Romans established in the southern part of the country a rowfrom castellets, the westernmost lay with Carmarthen (Maridunum). With Caerleon (Isca Silurum) a putting ion camp was established, the Amphitheater belonging to it ranks among at the best received in completely Great Britain. The Romans were active also in the northern part.An old legend means that Magnus Maximus, one of the last Roman emperors married, the daughter of a walisischen master chieftain.

Wales was never conquered due to the violent resistance of the population because of the hilly terrain by the fishing rod Saxonia. Thus Wales remainsa celtic region. The national name comes from the Germanic word welsch, which means as much as strangers. It designates a people, who speaks a non-Germanic, thus strange language. (For the same reason the französischsprachige becomes into the Deutschweiz Romandie,Part Switzerland, also “Welschland” mentioned.)

Tanygrisiau, Gwynedd, North Wales, with which became Moelwyn mountains in

the background Wales already before England and Scotland christianisiert. The nationalholy sank David undertook in 6. Century a Pilgerreise to Rome and served after itsReturn as a bishop. At a time thus, when the Christianisierung in England straight had only begun. The druidischen customs, which are to have kept until today, were usually an invention of “historians” 19. Century.

As the Normannen in the year 1066 , made they conquered England around of Wales for the time being a far elbow. Only with the border areas and southern countries Wales' (Mark of Wales in the east, Walisi Mark, opposite first the not subjected remainder principality Wales in the west) belehnte William of the conquerersits Gefolgsleute. But 1282 defeated the Normannen under guidance of Edward I. the army of the last independent walisischen prince Llywelyn. The Welshmen did not give themselves however struck and revolted several times. The most serious attempt was that one from Owain Glyndwr, itsGroup of rebels in the year 1401 with Pumlumon an English army defeated. It tried to win the support of the Frenchmen, but 1409 was destroying struck its troops. The English successor to the throne carries the title Prince OF Wales (prince of Wales since this time,not “prince of Wales”).

The act OF union (combination contract) from the year 1536 divided Wales into thirteen counties. The English right applied now also in Wales. This meant that the English was introduced as office language. This held most native ones of public offices far.

Wales was industrialized in the modern times strongly, on the basis of extensive coal occurrences, the mine of Penrhyn was end 19. Century the largest hole in the ground, produced by human hand. Wales became a center of the trade unions, the syndicalism and socialism. The mine of Penrhyn was closed by strike from 1901 to 1903, whereby occasional arguments were not missing. Repeated in this time also the military was used, in order to strike down strikes. With a railway strike 1911 two workers becameby the military shot. The first member of the labour party in the parliament, Keir Hardie was selected for the walisischen constituency by Merthyr in the year 1900. Religious Nonkonformismus coined/shaped the walisische society in this time.

Nationalism became a larger feature in 20. Century. The party Plaid Cymru, which could achieve 1966 their first seat in parlament, used itself for more autonomy and the revival of the walisischen language . To a large extent as result its became decentralization a main objective of the labour party, and 1998 were finally formed the national assembly by Wales, which received the authority over the public expenditures within Wales. To 2.3.2006 a new parliament building was opened. Major item: History of Wales

see also: History Britanniens, history of the united one Kingdom

Geografie

satellite photograph of Wales

at 20.779 km ² is of Wales the smallest region of Great Britain. Wales lies to the west of England. In the north Wales borders on the Irish sea, in the west on the pc. George channeland in the south at the Bristolkanal. The coast is coined/shaped by Steilküsten and by far-current beaches and is long over 1200 kilometers. The interior is characterised by the Kambri mountains , which pull themselves Wales nearly through completely.

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coined/shaped landscapes Wales by green meadows, hilly landscapes , moorlands and mountains. Large ranges from Wales are landscape protection areas. The highest mountains in Wales are been appropriate for Snowdon, in the area of Snowdonia (1085 m), Aran Fawddwy (905 m) and Cader Idris (902 m). Besides of Wales lies three of national park in:

of Bodenschätze

Wales has rich occurrences at coal, iron, copper, lime, slate, lead, tin, zinc and silver. Thoseoffshore occurrences at coal, iron and lime in 18 has the region. and 19. Century one of the most important suppliers of the Industriellen revolution become to let.

administrative arrangement

the present administrative structure became at the 1. April 1996 imported and dividesWales in 22 Unitary so mentioned Authorities, i.e. they are responsible for all local functions of the administration. There is no administrative stage over or among them (“single-step administration”). In Germany one could compare these administrative units with the circle-free cities. The 22Unitary Authorities have thus all the same administrative status, lead however due to their history and/or their size of different designations, then there are 3 Cities (“cities”), 10 County Boroughs (“county districts”) and 9 Counties (“counties”). Today (2004) is the number of the UnitaryAuthorities on a number of 40 increased. The administrative territories are:

Verwaltung
Administration
  1. Merthyr Tydfil (County Borough)
  2. Caerphilly (County Borough)
  3. Blaenau Gwent (County Borough)
  4. Torfaen (County Borough)
  5. Monmouthshire (County)
  6. new haven (town center)
  7. Cardiff (town center)
  8. Vale OF Glamorgan (County Borough)
  9. Bridgend (County Borough)
  10. RhonddaCynon Taff (County Borough)
  11. Neath haven valley-offered (County Borough)
  12. Swansea (town center)
  13. Carmarthenshire (County)
  14. Ceredigion (County)
  15. Powys (County)
  16. Wrexham (County Borough)
  17. Flintshire (County)
  18. Denbighshire (County)
  19. Conwy (County Borough)
  20. Gwynedd (County)
  21. Anglesey (County)
  22. Pembrokeshire (County)

see also:

population

Wales had altogether 2.903.085 inhabitants during the census of 2001, of it was 1.499.303 womanlike and 1.403.782 male. Well three quarter of them were good born Welshmen, 20%in England born and less in each case than a per cent of the population originated from Scotland, Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland. The by far outweighing number (>95%) classified itself ethnical as “British, white”, 15% wrote Walisisch on thatForm, although this response possibility was actually not at all intended. All answers, which suggest 1.3% the inhabitant, all other ethnical groups asiatic origin (Chinese, Pakistanis, Indian, often British/Indian), formed together came on less than 1%.

Religionen
Religions

Religion

Wales is predominantly Christian. 71.9% called themselves as a Christian, Wales have small portions of Jews, Muslims, Buddhisten, Hindus, Sikhs and a witness Jehovas, clearly however in each case less than a per cent of the population. A large ambiguityit goes out with the remaining per cent about which still none was asked. Among the Christians traditionally the Nonkonformisten is, thus the trailers of free churches strong such as Baptisten and Methodists very. The anglikanische church is not therefore since 1920 any more national church.


Sprache
Language

language

the walisische language is for many Welshmen an important form of the demarcation in relation to the English administration; particularly in the north of the country the walisische language is still spoken. 21% of the population indicated, Walisischto control flowing, 4.93% were according to own data even monolingual walisisch. Further 7% certified themselves a partial knowledge of this language, while them are incomprehensible for 71,6% of the walisischen population.

anti-culture

Wales is from the partial states of Great Britainmost closely connected with England. However the country possesses its own culture, which is endeavored opposite England often around a demarcation.
The walisische language is partly, spoken particularly in the north of the country, still.
The country developed a its own walisische literature from the poets such as Dylan Thomas and Mihangel Morgan came out.
see Walisi triads

since the 1980ern became of Wales one of the creative centers of British Popmusik. Volume like the Manic Street Preachers, Catatonia, the super Furry Animals or the Stereophonics could obtain internationally successes. The internationally successful singers Tom Jones, Shirley Bassey and Bonnie Tyler are likewise native Welshmen.

acquaintance Welshman

sport

actors

poet, man of letters

musician

politics

discoverer

economics

further

see also: Welshman in the Wikipedia

literature

  • Wales, in: Meyers encyclopedia, 4. Aufl. 1888-90, Bd. 16, S. 357.
  • Green, Miranda: Celtic Wales: A pocket guide/Miranda Green and Ray Howell. - Cardiff: University OF Wales press, 2000. -X, 134 S., ISBN 0-7083-1532-1
  • Schulze Thulin, Britta: Wales, Munich: Travel know-how publishing house Rump 2004, 432 sides, ISBN 3-8317-1237-9.
  • Chatwin, Bruce: On the black mountain, Frankfurt/Main: Fischer paperback publishing house 1992, 285 S., ISBN 3-596-11203-6.

Web on the left of

Commons: Of Wales - pictures, videos and/or audio files
Wiktionary: Wales - word origin, synonyms and translations
 

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