Whale-read and Futuna

inoffizielle Flagge, die nur bei regionalen Anlässen geduldet wird.
(detail) (detail)
base data
inhabitant 16,025 (July 2005)
surface 274 km ²
head of the government Christian job (since 6. August 2002)
Currency CFP franc
time belt UTC + 12
internet TLD .wf
preselection +681
map
Karte von Wallis und Futuna

whale-read and Futuna (franz. Collectivité of the Îles whale-read etFutuna) is northeast a French overseas territory (Collectivité d'outre more mer, C.O.M.) from Fiji.

Table of contents

geography

the territory consists of the whale reading islands and the horn islands.Those about 200 km from each other distant Inselgruppen are been appropriate for volcanic nature, in the southPacific ocean, with approx. two thirds of the distance between Hawaii and New Zealand (13°18'S, 176°12'W).

The three Hauptinseln, Futuna and Alofi (horn islands) as well as Uvéa (whale reading islands), are in each case by clearingthe tropical forest coined/shaped, which was used particularly for the local power requirement. The result are shortage of energy and soil erosion on the gebirgigen islands. In addition exists a fresh water problem, which makes some places of the two Inselgruppen uninhabitable.

All islands exhibit a tropical climate. Between November andApril is it hot and rainy, between May and October coolly and drying. Rains about 2,500 to 3,000 millimeters per year. The air humidity amounts to zirka 80%, the annual average temperature is 26.6 °C.

population

religion

the first Maristen - mission acrescame 1837 on the archipelago. Today 98% belong to the population of the Roman kaholischen church. At the 11. November 1935 was established a Apostoli Vikariat, to 21. June 1966 was raised into the rank of a Diözese and the Erzdiözese Nouméa (Neukaledonien) as Suffraganbistumone assigned. The Diözese has 5 Pfarreien, 10 priests (9 Diözesanpriester, of it 2 in France, and a medal priest), 5 layman brothers, 40 medal sisters and 6 large seminarists. Bishop is since June 2005 the Frenchman Ghislain de Rasilly SM.

history

were discovered the islandsFutuna and Alofi 1616 by the dutchmen Jacob Le Maire and Willem Cornelisz Schouten, which called these horn islands. Later the English sailor Samuel discovered 150 years whale-reads the archipelago of the whale reading islands designated after him. In the year 1842 France explained the islands tooits protected area and it occupied 1888. 1961 tuned the population of the islands for the status of French overseas territories, and thus for a partial autonomy.

politics

the administrative centre of whale-read and Futuna is in Mata Utu, a place convenient on Uvéa (Whale reading islands).

Differently than otherwise in French areas in the Pacific it gives in 200 km from each other hardly removes for lying Inselgruppen autonomy efforts.

economics

the islands are particularly by the traditional Subsistenzwirtschaft coined/shaped. Thus live around the 80% the inhabitant ofCultivation of coconuts and vegetables, of the aminal husbandry (usually house pigs) and of the fishery. 4% of the population are busy in the public service.

The money comes from subsidies from the motherland France, the sales from fishery rights to Japan and South Korea as well as of import duties.

In the last years from (dipping) the tourism an important source of income resulted. Nearly on all Hauptinseln are small hotels.

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