Walter von Reichenau

walter von Reichenau (* 8. October 1884 in Karlsruhe; † 17. January 1942 in Russia) was a German army officer (since 1940 general field marshal). During the Second World War it was involved as army and an army group commander in war crimes.

Table of contents

lives

beginnings

walter von Reichenau began its career in the year 1903 with the entrance into the 1. Guard field artillery regiment. 1904 it was promoted to second lieutenant and after some service years as well as the attendance of the war academy in the year 1913 first lieutenant.

the First World War

at the beginning of the 1. World war was Reichenau an aide of the 1. Guard field artillery regiment and in this position he was promoted still in the process of the yearly 1914 to captain. In the following year it was shifted to the general staff and in the course of the yearly 1915 as Ib of the 47. Reserve infantry division as well as afterwards as Ia of the 7. Kavallerie train division uses.

intermediate wartime

in the time of the armistice up to its assumption in the realm resistance was Reichenau general staff officer with the border control in Schlesien and Pommern.

Until at the beginning of the 1930er became years Reichenau then in different positions used, 1924 to the major and 1929 to the lieutenant colonel carry. In the year 1931 the transfer took place to the 1. Infantry division, where Reichenau at the 1. February 1932 was appointed the Colonel.

With the change of power in Berlin continued also realm from career: At the 1. February 1933 he became a boss of the office for Minister in the realm military Ministry, in the following year, at the 1. February 1934, he became then in the course of the restructuring of the realm resistance boss of the again-created armed forces velvet under transport the major general.

At the 1. October 1935 became Reichenau the Kommandierenden general VII. Army corps appointed, connected with the transport the lieutenant general. One year after took place the appointment as the general of the artillery.

In the year 1938 Reichenau was finally entrusted with the guidance of the army group command IV. It was involved in the invasions into the Sudetenland and later in the occupation of the remainder of Czechoslovakia.

the Second World War

1939 Reichenau experienced the Poland campaign as a commander in chief of the 10. Army. With that 1. October 1939 it was promoted to colonel general.

In the west campaign 1940 Reichenau the 6 kommandierte. Army and received the surrender of Belgium in this position . To 19. July 1940 was appointed Reichenau in the course of the large transport wave after the victory over France the general field marshal.

Also in the Russia campaign befehligte from Reichenau initially the 6. Army. In this function it (with) carried responsibility for massacres within its front range: To 22. August 1941 instructed the murder of 90 to Reichenau before spares remained Jewish children in Bjelaja Zerkow. Due to close contacts to the leader of the special command 4a, SS - banner leader Paul Blobel, it came in addition to close “co-operation” between armed forces and special command with the largest massacre in the Soviet Union during the Second World War, which massacres of Babi Jar, with which 30,000 humans were killed.

To 10. October 1941 it called soldiers in the “realm outer instruction so mentioned” its openly for the murder of Jews:

The soldier is in the east area not only a fighter after the rules of the war art, but also carriers of an inexorable völkischen idea and the Rächer for all Bestialitäten, which were caused to German and cognate nationality.
Therefore the soldier for the necessity the hard, but fair Sühne understanding full at the Jewish Untermenschentum must have.
It has the further purpose to suffocate collections in the back of the armed forces, which were according to experience always plotted by Jews, in the germ.

Due to Hitler's discontent with Gerd of Rundstedt became from Reichenau at the 1. December 1941 at Rundstedts place appointed the commander in chief of the army group south at the east front.

To 15. January 1942 suffered Reichenau a heavy impact accumulation. On the flight for treatment to Germany to 17. January 1942 was heavily hurt by Reichenau during a had an accident intermediate stop in the city Lemberg. After the further transport to Leipzig could do in the evening 17. January 1942 death realm from to be only determined. He was buried at the citizen of Berlin invalid cemetery.

honors

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