Roll ago of the bird pasture

of the bird pasture ( * around 1170 probably in the today's Lower Austria , † around 1230, possibly in peppering castle ) roll ago was a poet of medium high-German singing sayings and Minnelieder. It is considered as the most important German-speaking poet of the Middle Ages.

Roll ago of the bird pasture
(Codex one-eats, around 1300)
I saz ûf eime stones
dô dahte I leg with leg,
ûf satzt I mîn elbows;

I hete into mîne hant gesmogen
daz chins and mîn cheek.
dôdâhte myself I much ange,
as one welte more zer should live.

Table of contents

work

from roll ago is 500Strophen in over 110 tones and/or. - groups contentwise - 90 songs and 150 sayings delivers. In addition a religious Leich comes. Historically it is understandable however in a only one documentary mention to 12. November 1203 (see below). After itsHe learned statement at the Babenberger yard in Vienna densities and höfisches singing. From one of his poems it follows that the emperor Friedrich II. around 1220 a Lehen gave him. One holds it for possible that it into or around peppering castleto have been, because the peppering citizen Michael de Leone reports around 1350, Walthers grave could is in peppering castle in the new cathedral Muenster, and a grave inscription communicates, which it wants to have seen there; Does not say roll ago, where the Lehen was.

Walthers fame - already in 13. It belongs to century to the all first models, later to the twelve old masters of the Meistersinger - is based to a good part also on its political songs (saying seal).

Despite his celebrity is Walthers name in contemporary recordings, exception is not the individual mention with the travel expenses of the Passauer of bishop Wolfger von Erla for the 12. November 1203 - “Walthero CAN tori de Vogelweide per pellicio v solidos longos” (“for roll ago the singerof the bird pasture five Schilling for a Pelzmantel "). The main source of information about it are its own songs and occasional mentions in songs of other Minnesänger, e.g. in the Brennenberger - complaint about the Dahinscheiden of the large old singers (“Wol methe daily "). On the basis the title, which other singers attach to it (gentleman), become clearly that he was from noble descent; the indication of origin bird pasture points out however also that it did not belong to the higher aristocracy, that its names ofCastles or villages took, but to the low service aristocracy (Ministerialen), which differed in possession and position actually not much from free farmers.

life

its place of birth is today unclear until and probably becomes for lack of documentary documentsto never indicate surely its. From its origin name “of the bird pasture” it is hardly to be derived. There were innumerable so-called bird pastures in the Middle Ages with cities and castles, where one caught falcons for the popular falcon hunt and singing birds for the dwellings. From this must one assume that his name was first not attached to the singer in supraregional communication, because it no clear allocation out have carried could there. Other high-noble persons and poet, who often traveled with their princes far, called themselves clearly aftertheir possession or their place of origin. Therefore the name was meaningful first probably only in a close regional surrounding field (because there was only one bird pasture in the environment), or it always already particularly as metaphorical singer over name was understood. (“Artist names”12 is with the saying poets. and 13. Century the usual, Minnesänger against it their-same were in principle well-known under their aristocracy name, with which also documents were signed). For these reasons several places raise as for example Frankfurt/Main, damp cheeks, Peppering castle, Dux (Böhmen) and Bozen (Italy) the requirement to be the homeland of the singer.

1974 located Helmut Hörner 1556 a bird feasting yard aforementioned in the arable of the rule Rappottenstein (down-Austrian forest quarter), at that time office trusting stone in Lower Austria, now municipality beautiful brook, to whose existence Alois Plesser had already referred 1911 without comment, without knowing its exact situation. It proved horns that the yard existing this very day feast the mentioned is actual and looked for arguments for the originWalter from the forest quarter, which it published 1974 in its book „800 years trusting stone “, and. A. that CPU says ôsterriche roll ago learns I to sing unde to say. A Meistersingerüberlieferung stated, roll ago, one of the 12 old persons masters, is „a land gentleman outBöhmen “been, which does not speak against the forest quarter, because in Middle Ages documents is called this repeatedly versus Boemiam (after Böhmen too). Strengthens support for this theory - which makes an origin from the forest quarter very probable - Bernd Thum supplied (Univ. Karlsruhe) 1977 and 1981, which from contentwise analysis, particularly from Walthers the crusade call admits, also as „Alterselegie “, closed the fact that its homeland had to lie apart from all traffic routes and in an area where at this time still gerodetbecame.Is velt, verhouwen daz is prepared rolls complains the singer and that it country and people any longer do not recognize. And only to the forest quarter applies!

Also walter Klomfar and the librarian Charlotte Ziegler came 1987the conclusion that the place of birth in the forest quarter might be lain. The starting point also the research Klomfars is Walthers above statement, which was never doubted by the research. Over his origin and the place of his birth divides roll ago with this linestrict-taken nothing also. Klomfar refers those to a historical map, from monks of the pin Zwettl in 17. Century in the context of a legal argument made was. Whereupon a village named “Walthers” a corridor is eastern as “Vogelwaidt” with associated yarddrawn in. The village is today verödet, yet could be ergraben and reconstructed in the old map of drawn in wells for the proof of the quality of the map again. From most diverse sources from down-Austrian archives the scientist knew also the possession history of this areareconstruct partial and the presence (not rare) of the name roll ago prove. After the 2005 published theory of Klomfar the village 1175 by a smallsp-noble named walter one based. This Gefolgsmann („Ministerialer “) had at that time probably on behalf its castle count in the borderlandto Böhmen forest gerodet and arable made, inhabited in this village as only a stone house and should be the father of the Minnesängers. In for this time typical kind the son got made the father and becomes of this laterto the training into the nearby monastery Zwettel skillfully. There it is to have learned and in the Kirchenchor sing latin then under the Obhut of strict Cistercian monks. In opinion of the Karlsruher Mediävisten Bernd Thum this theory particularly gets by the weak social positionthe presumed father at the lowest edge of the Ministerialität a special traction power. By this position and the consequence that it spent its childhood with this father as well as sheep and cows in a Bauernbude, the envy of the child was possibly stirred up,which late than Minnesänger scoffed actually gladly the spread Höflinge of the time at that time, however quite the aristocracy zuzählte itself.

Franz Pfeiffer assumed however that in the rocker valley in South Tyrol was born roll ago, where it in the proximity of the town Sterzing a forest gives, which one calls front and Hintervogelweide. It would contradict this origin that the much-traveled roll ago for many decades its homeland could not visit. Tirol was at that time the homeland many well-known Minnesänger, and the yard in Vienna was under that Babenberger Friedrich I. Duke of Ostarrichi (Austria) become a center of the seal and art.

Here the young poet learned his art of the outstanding master Reinmar (the old person), its death it later in two of his most beautiful poems of entrusting ores; in the dukehe found his first patron. This lucky period of life, while to which it wrote the most responding its dear poems, ended with the death of duke Friedrich in the year 1198. Afterwards moved roll ago from yard to yard, sang for accommodation and meal, andconstantly it hoped that he would find a patron, who would free him from its unsteady life. After he spent some time at the yard as Mäzen famous of the land count Hermann of Thuringia, he warns other traveler before a longer staythere. And after it lived three years to yards of Dietrich von Meissen (it governed from 1195-1221), it weights that it received services for its neither money nor acknowledgment. Sometimes roll ago represented unusual opinions. This given it independently ofits literature a historical meaning. After by the death of Heinrich VI. 1197 the Auseinanandersetzungen between realm and papacy was rung in (Investiturstreit), seized roll ago seriously a party for German independence and unit. Although its religious poems free of doubts thoseShow, remained firmness of its faith he until to the end of his days an embittered opponent of the demands of the Popes, whom he attacked with an embitteringness, which can be explained only by the strength of its patriotic feelings.

It was with the coronation/culmination Philipps of Swabia in Mainz present, and supported this in the future. The realm sayings, those developed the bad time after the death of the emperor Heinrich VI. clarify, as well as the desire to see Phillip as a new king and the reproachesin relation to the papacy. The first two sayings developed around 1198, the third however only 1201. After of Philipps murder 1209 and sang he spoke as a supporter of Otto von Braunschweig against Friedrich of Staufen, to 9. December 1212 upOperate the Pope in Mainz likewise the German king one appointed. It turned only late Friedrich II. too, which was starting from 1212 an only representative of the German empire against Pope and prince. Since the princes, who were client Walthers,frequently in the throne controversy the sides changed, were also roll ago in a forced manner - there it stand in the service of its gentlemen and was financially dependent on them - more frequently the sides to be changed.

The new emperor appeared for Walthers employment for thatReich erkenntlich und gab ihm ein kleines Lehen inFranken, das ihm (obwohl er sich darüber beschwerte, dass es nur einen geringen Wert hatte) endlich das Heim und die feste Position gab, die er sich sein Leben lang gewünschthad. That Friedrich signaled to it beyond that still more sympathetic consideration, by he him to the Tutor of its son (the later Heinrich (VII.)) made, may be doubted, since this assumption is based on only one poem, which can be interpreted also differently.In any case one did not keep it roll ago first long on its new property.

Rolling ago monument in Bozen

in the year 1217 it was again in Vienna, just like 1219, after duke Leopold VI. vom Kreuzzug zurückkehrte. Approximately around 1224 it seemson its Lehen with peppering castle to have established itself. It pushed the German princes to participate in the crusade from 1228 and the crusade army probable to at least into its homeland Tirol accompanied. In a beautiful and pathetischen poem he paintsthe changes out, which came over the places, at which it his childhood spent. It died approximately around 1230 and in peppering castle was probably buried. The legend means that it is to have ordered that at its grave dailythe birds to be fed should. Over the place of the grave and latin inscription we have only the data peppering citizens of the Protonotars Michael de Leone († 1355), clients for the song compilation of the handwriting E. It shows the Epitaph(Pascua. qui volucrum. vivus. walthere. fuisti/Qui flos eloquij. qui palladis OS. obiisti. /Ergo quod aureolum probitas tua possit habere. /Qui legit. hic. dicat. deus iustus miserere - which you a pasture for the birds, roll ago,in the life are been …), which of the partial translation in the native of Munich 2° Cod. ms. 731 (peppering citizen song handwriting [E]), fol. 191v is supplemented: Ago walter uon the uogelweide. buried CPU wirzeburg. zv the Nuwemunster in that grasehoue. Againestablished monument for memory of roll ago from the bird pasture is at the same place in the grass yard of the new cathedral Muenster, where the poet probably on the cemetery at that time north the new cathedral Muenster with the place of the former cloister in the year 1230 (inthat one buried grasehoue): Sepulto in ambitu novimonasterii herbipolensis - burying in the cloister of the new monastery to peppering castle. The moreover one there is a monument of the poet in Bozen, which was revealed 1877.

an example:Under of the lime trees

the poem Under of the lime trees (L. ) the love between a knight and a simple girl in free nature, it brings up for discussion 39,11 marks the break the lady high-posed by the ideal of the “high Minne” of the knight to, those unfulfilledremains. Even in different songs over high Minne and low Minne philosophy ore and finally the new ideal of the “even Minne” - a fulfilled love from same to directly - developed roll ago. Walthers of “girl songs”, whose most outstanding work is this, solvetemporally probably the early phase, which is strongly coined/shaped by the classical Minnesang, off. Here roll ago pure Mars of the old person (Reimars of Hagenau) appeared as a competitor.

Medium high-German text translation

more under the lime trees at the heath,
dâ our two beds which,
dâ mugt IR vinden
schône both broken bluomen unde grass.
before the forest in a valley -
tandaradei!
beautiful sank nachtigal.


I came gone zuo the ouwe,< /br> dô which mîn friedel komen ê.
dâ wait I enpfangen hêrefrouwe,
daz I is more iemer sælic mê.
kuster me? Wol tûsentstunt!
tandaradei!
see as rôt to me is munt.


dô it het gemachet alsô rîche
of bluomen one bed-done.
landlord still gelachet inneclîche,
kumt iemen on daz same pfat.
bî the rôsen it wol mac -
tandaradei!
notice, wâ mirz houbet lac.


daz it bî me læge, wessez iemen,
- nu enwelle got - sô are ashamed I.
wes it with me pflæge, more niemer niemen
bevinde daz, wan itand I,
and kleinez vogellîn -
tandaradei!
daz mac wol getriuwe sîn.

Under the lime tree at the heath
where our two bed was
there can you find
both, affectionately crushed flowers and grass
before the forest in a valley-
Tandaradei!
the nightingale sang beautiful.


I came gone to the Aue (meadow),
where my dearest one had already come.
There I was received, (as) proud loving (or: admired woman),
(so) that I will be always lucky.
Did he kiss me?Probably a thousand times!
Tandaradei!
See, how red me the mouth became.


There it had gemachet so magnificently (or: wastefully)
from the flowers a bedstead,
at it one will laugh still very cordial,
if someone comes the same way along.
To thatIt knows roses probably,
Tandaradei!
see, where my head lay.


The fact that it lay with me would know that someone,
that God did not want, then I was ashamed,
which he did with me, never nobody
experience myself that, except he and I,
anda little bird,
Tandaradei!
that will be probably discreet.

(This article contains material from of the 1911er expenditure of the Encyclopedia Britannica.)

further one famous works:

literature

  • Helmut Lomnitzer, Hans-Dieter grumble: Roll ago of the bird pasture. The entire excessive quantity of the texts and melodies. (= Litterae 7). Göppingen 1977. ISBN 3-87452-136-2
  • Günther Schweikle: Roll ago of the bird pasture. Works. Reclam, Stuttgart 1998. (2 volumes).
    Bd. 1 ISBN 3-15-000819-0, Bd. 2. ISBN 3-15-000820-4
  • Hermann enriches, roll ago from the bird pasture for beginners. Vienna: WUV Universitätsverlag 1992. 2. , again Aufl. worked on 1998. ISBN 3-85114-404-X.
  • Helmut Birkhan (Hrsg.), the 800jährige fur skirt - roll ago of the bird pasture - Wolfger of Erla - Zeiselmauer, publishing house thatÖsterr. Academy of the sciences, Vienna 2005.ISBN 3-7001-3467-3

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hearing examples

roll ago interpret from the salt citizen ensemble for old person music Dulamans


 

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