Coat of arms

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Stadtwappen of Jülich

a coat of arms is an indication in form of a sign for a person and/or. Person's group as toExample of

or a regional administrative body (national emblem), for example for

The rules for the description and organization of coats of arms, your origin and meaning are described in the historical subsidiary science of the heraldry (coat of arms customer).

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origin

the coats of arms are in their classical medieval form in the first half 12. Century, which time of the crusades - thus in connection with the occurrence of large knight army developed.

In the knight armies one could because of the armament any longer between friend and enemy do not differentiate clearly. Thus one became coloured marking on the shields or flags necessarily. Contrasting colors were set against each other, in order to increase the recognizability also from the distance. The heraldry speakshere of the contrast of colors (red, black, blue, green) and metals (knows (described as silver) and yellow (gold)).

The word “coat of arms” (medium high-German wâpen) is identical in its origin to the word“Weapons”. The meaning change of wâpen=Waffen too wâpen= badges on the weapons carried out itself already in 12 the century. To mounting sign and helmet were particularly suitable. They become therefore the main parts of the coats of arms.

basic forms

in the Wappenbeschreibung(Blasonierung) the appearance of the coat of arms is determined, and can thereupon in different way to be represented. When national emblems serve, deviating from it, but i.d.R. determined representation sample.

In the representation of a coat of arms only the colors become red, blue, green and blackas well as the metals gold (yellow) and used, on their contrast the action at a distance of a coat of arms is based to silver (knows). To the recognizability on distance also the partly substantial wording of the figures contributes. At these representational forms historical coats of arms can be arranged temporally.

Usuallythere is a developing history, which explains for the emergence of the individual coats of arms, why a fabulous creature, a coat of arms animal, a symbol or a certain color were selected. Frequently it acts thereby all the talking coats of arms mentioned, their contents of the nameto clarify tries.

Only descendants of an entitled carrier of this coat of arms may carry the coat of arms of a family, who in direct, male line from this to descend. As proof of the authorization for the guidance of a certain coat of arms it should be registered in a coat of arms role.There is however no central coat of arms role, in which all coats of arms are registered.

The coat of arms is historically directly connected with the name of a family. Therefore finds § the 12 BGB (right of the use of a name - protection of the name) because of the similar application of the regulationby the iurisdiction also in the coat of arms right entrance. Each guidance-entitled carrier of a family coat of arms can forbid the continuation to everyone, which is not guidance-entitled. Guidance it is who can prove that he of the master father - whom the coat of arms founder designated - descends. ToRight security should therefore each coat of arms founder into one of the coat of arms roles register let its coat of arms.

imitation

„a heraldische imitation is present, if despite modification of the coat of arms, characteristic, emblem etc., the mark the character „of the representation of a coat of arms, characteristic, emblemetc. “exhibits and by traffic as such is understood “(see Beck' comment to the trademark law, Dr. Karl-Heinz Fezer, Munich 1999, kind. 6ter PVÜ, RdNr.: 4) (Source:To HABM, 18.2.2002)

see also


literature

  • Ottfried Neubecker, large coat of arms picture encyclopedia, the civil sexes of Germany, Austria and Switzerland., Munich: Battery mountain publishing house, 1985, ISBN 3-87045-906-9
  • Václav Vok Filip, introduction to the heraldry, Stuttgart: Steiner, 2000, ISBN 3-515-07559-3
  • Adolf Matthias Hildebrandt (Begr.), Ludwig Biewer (treatment), coat of arms booklet: Manual of the heraldry, hrsg. from the Herold, association for heraldry, genealogy and used sciences., 19. , verb. and erw. Aufl., treatment. in the Auftr. the Herolds committee of the German coat of arms role of LudwigBiewer, new city to the Aisch: Degener, 1998, ISBN 3-7686-7014-7
  • Birgit Laitenberger, Maria Bassier, Wappen and Flaggen of the Federal Republic of Germany and its countries: general introduction to the state symbolism including hymns, celebration and anniversaries, Cologne (among other things): Heymann, 2000, ISBN 3-452-24262-5
  • Gert Oswald, encyclopedia of the heraldry, Mannheim: Bibliographic Institut, 1984, ISBN 3-411-02149-7
  • Johann Siebmacher (Begr.), refuge Appuhn (Hrsg.) Johann Siebmachers coat of arms book of 1605, Munich: Orbis OD., 1999, ISBN 3-572-10050-X

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