Warren G. Harding
Warren Gamaliel Harding (* 2. November 1865 in close proximity to Marion, Ohio, † 2. August 1923 in San Francisco, California) was an American politician and the 29. President of the United States of America. It held its office from 1921 to 1923 . It was the 6. President, who died during a current term of office. It belonged to the republicans and was an influential newspaper publisher with the gift for public appearances. Its political career began in the senate of Ohio from 1899 to 1903. From 1903 to 1905 it in addition stellvertrender governor were von Ohio.
Harding was selected 1899 into the senate by Ohio. It served in this year for 4 years, before it was selected to the deputy governor. Its opinions were conservative and he could in none of the offices be characterised. At the end of its term of office Harding withdrew itself into the private life to only occur in order 10 years later than senator of the United States (from 1914 to 1921) again the policy where it could not likewise be characterised. During the Republican national 1920 it was still politically seen relatively unknown to Convention. By political maneuvers it succeeded to become out it from the position of the outsider candidate for the office of the president of the United States. In the presidency election of 1920 it defeated its democratic opponent James M. Cox with a landslide victory. Harding received 60.36% of the voices, on Cox escaped 34.19% (404 to 127 voices in the elector committee). It operated a policy of the noninterference within the ranges economics and social. During a journey by the west of the United States and the territory of Alaska, he died in San Francisco, California. It was at this time 27 months in the office. As a cause for his death first from a poisoning of his meal one proceeded. Later however it was accepted that he died at the age of 57 years at an impact accumulation, however goes out medical scholars of the fact that it was a lengthy heart disease. Into the office its vice-president, followed it Calvin Coolidge.
Due to numerous scandals, into which members of its government were complicated, it the call assign one to few successful presidents of the United States to have been. In numerous, from historians accomplished, Harding is specified inquiries as one of the worst presidents. Today's writers came however to other conclusions over Hardings place in history. John Dean, the 2004 a biography over Warren G. Harding had written, stated that “Harding is not a model for a failed presidency”.
Table of contents
childhood and youth
Warren G. Harding became to 2. November 1865 close Corsica, Ohio (today Blooming Grove, Ohio) born. Harding was that oldest of eight children of Dr. George Harding and Phoebe Dickerson Harding. The heroes of its childhood were Alexander Hamilton and Napoleon. Its nut/mother was a midwife, late their medical profession permission received and its father informed a time long at a rural school north of Mount Gilead, Ohio. During its time as dte rodents the family pulled after Caledonia, Ohio. There its father bought a local weekly paper named The Argus. In the editorship of the newspaper he became acquainted with the bases of the newspaper business. Harding made later its conclusion at Ohio cent ral college in Iberia, Ohio that in Muskingum college was renamed later. During its time as a student at the college he learned something over the pressure and sales of newspapers. It converted these realizations with union the register in Mount Gilead .
After its conclusion it pulled after Marion, Ohio, where it found 300 $, in order to acquire with 2 friends the failed newspaper Marion DAILY star. It concerned thereby the present-weakest newspaper of the city, which was however the only one, which appeared daily in the rising city. Harding converted the editorship of the newspaper in such a way, so that he could support the republicans. It had however only moderate success. Its political opinions differed strongly from those the local politics in Marion. As Harding to it made itself the Marion Independent as the most successful appearing daily newspaper to replace, drew it thereby the anger of Amos sound yourself, one of the richest real estate speculators Marions, too.
While Harding won the “war of the words” and for the Marion DAILY star the largest newspaper in the district made, its health demanded a high tribute. 1889, when Harding was 24 years old, he suffered from exhaustion and fear conditions. Thereupon it traveled after Battle Creek, Michigan, in order to recover several weeks there in a sanatorium zuzubringen and the own strength. Later it returned to Marion, in order to lead the newspaper further. He spent his days thereby advertisement for the republicans in the editorials to make.
1891 he married Florence sounds, a divorced and older woman, who in addition also nut/mother of a young son was. It had tried it to convince persistent from a wedding to, until it finally explained against-striving ready for it. To Florences father, Amos sound, was Hardings of largest adversaries. When he heard that his only daughter intended Harding to marry, it offended it completely from the family and forbade also to its own wife visiting the wedding. Sound rejects the marriage of the two energetically and spoke therefore for 8 years no word with his daughter or his son-in-law.
Although no fully erblühte passion was the basis for the wedding, the pair complemented itself mutually. Hardings friendly personality adjusted the beginning of the correct behaviour of its wife. Florence Harding had inherited the certainty and the sense of business of its father. This helped to transform the Marion DAILY star into a profitable newspaper. One of Hardings newspaper boy was Norman Thomas, who became later a well-known journalist and a socialist leader in New York town center. It was assumed that Florences drive led to smooth for Harding the way into the white house.
it belonged to the republicans and was an influential newspaper publisher with the gift for public appearances. Its political career began in the senate of Ohio from 1899 to 1903. From 1903 to 1905 it in addition stellvertrender governor were von Ohio. Its opinions were conservative and he could in none of the offices be characterised. At the end of its term of office Harding withdrew itself into the private life.
as it 5 years later again into the policy occurred, lost he 1910 running around the office of the governor, but won 1914 the choice to the senator. In this function it served from 1915 to the office introduction as a president of the United States to 4. March 1921. He was a first president, who was at the time of its choice an acting senator.
the choice of 1920
Harding was outside unknown from Ohio relatively and therefore clear outsider with the choice to the presidency candidate of the republicans. Due to political climbing forging of its party friends it won nominating, after it had come with the Republican party Convention, which nominated the candidate for the office of the president, to a stop. Before he got nominating offered, he was asked whether there were unangenhme episodes in its past, which could be used against him. Its practical experiences in the policy were limited, it an affair with the wife of an old friend had had and it were informal drunkard. Harding answered any unpleasant episodes and the party in the negative decided to nominate thereupon him. However later its affair with Carrie Fulton Phillips in the party became admits. Phillips and their family kept the possibility an expanded route presupposed by Asia to make, the silence over the affair. To Florence Hardings freshly vermählter brother, Vetallis sound, and its bride, Elnora Younkins Hinaman, received likewise a full-paid journey by Europe from the Hardings; the bride was a catholic widow and the wedding took place in a catholic church at a time, in which the catholic its became as obligation in the American policy outstandingly and to the target of the like-those-strengthened Ku Klux Klan, which was against catholics, black ones and Jews and rapidly at popularity in the middle west won. There are controversy and disputed reference points over the fact that Harding was member of the Ku Klux Klans.
In the presidency election of 1920 Harding stepped against the democrat James M. Cox on, its candidate for the office of the vice-president was a deputy naval Minister Franklin D. Roosevelt. The choice was seen partial than referendum over it whether either the progressive policy should be continued of Woodrow Wilson or a policy of the noninterference, which of the era William McKinleys was coined/shaped, to help to the break-through.
|OFFICE||NAME||TERM OF OFFICE|
|president||Warren G. Harding||1921-1923|
|vice-president||Calvin Coolidge||of 1921-1923|
|ministers of foreign affairs||Charles Evans Hughes||of 1921-1923|
|Ministers of Finance||Andrew Mellon||of 1921-1923|
|war Ministers||John W. Weeks||of 1921-1923|
|Ministers of Justice||Harry M. Daugherty||of 1921-1923|
|post office Ministers||wants H. Hays||1921-1922|
|stroke ore Work||1922-1923|
|Harry S. New||1923|
|naval Ministers||Edwin Denby||of 1921-1923|
|Ministers of the Interior||Albert B. Case||1921-1923|
|stroke ore Work||of 1923|
|Secretaries of Agriculture||Henry C. Wallace||of 1921-1923|
|Ministers of Trade||harsh ore Hoover||of 1921-1923|
|employment ministers||James J. Davis||1921-1923|
appointments at the supreme Court
Warren G. Harding appointed the following judges at the supreme Court of the United States:
- William Howard taffeta - Chief Justice - 1921
- Harding was an only president, who appointed a former president the Chief Justice. Taffeta is the only person, which became as a president of the United States and judges at supreme the Court in office and were.
- George Suez ago country - 1922
- Pierce Butler - 1923
- Edward Terry Sanford - 1923
it are disputed whether Harding was member of the Ku-Klux-clan, although he in the year 1921 in a speech, held in the State of Alabama, when first president for the rights of the black ones occurred. Arguments for and against Hardings membership in the Klan are here: EN: Notable Ku Klux Klan members in national politics#Warren Harding.
death during the term of office
at the beginning of the yearly 1923 was uncovered a large-scale corruption affair around Hardings closest advisor staff. Here it of suppression and corruptibility were a matter in large measure, as well as the assignment of valuable oil fields at two oil companies (after the payment of bribes, the Teapot cathedral scandal in such a way specified). Harding was involved even not into the machinations of its advisors, played however no lucky role with uncovering and processing of the scandal. Beyond that it was complicated into numerous affairs and tended its Gespielinnen with well paid posts in the government to supply.
In order to calm the public down, Harding undertook an advertising route by Alaska, the west of the states. On this journey Harding deceased to 2. August 1923 in San Francisco, probably in consequence of an impact accumulation (Gehirnthrombose).
- Noggle, Burl: Teapot of cathedrals. Oil and Politics into the 1920 ' s, (1962). A representation of the Harding scandal.
- Ferrell, Robert H.: The strand Death OF President Harding, (1996). Newer literature to death Hardings.
- Mueller, Marion G.: Political picture strategies in the American presidency election fight 1828-1996. Berlin: Academy Verl. 1997
Web on the left of
|Commons: Warren Gamaliel Harding - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
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|NAME||Harding, Warren Gamaliel|
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Warren G. Harding|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of US-American politicians, 29. President of the USA (1921 - 1923)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||2. November 1865|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Blooming Grove, Ohio, the USA|
|DYING DATE||2. August 1923|
|DYING PLACE||San Francisco, California, the USA|