Warsaw Ghetto

the Warsaw Ghetto was established in the Second World War by the national socialists for the European Jews and was the by far largest Ghetto of its kind. It developed for in the middle of 1940 in the city centre of Warsaw, west the old part of town. Here Jews did not only become from Warsaw,but also from other Polish regions and from the German realm Reich standing under the National Socialist despotism and other occupied countries deportiert.

Remainder of the Ghetto wall in Warsaw backyard

a table of contents

the Ghetto

Jew by force in the Ghetto held

the Warsaw Ghetto became at the night of 15. on the 16. November 1940 with a surrounding wall hermetically blocked and thoseat the beginning of 22 gates of guards of the SS guards. The Warsaw Ghetto received - like other Ghettos - one (powerless) „to autonomy “in form of a Jew advice, to which a Jewish „order police “was subordinate.

Despite overstocking ever more Jew into the Warsaw Ghetto were shifted. Its population was attachedabout 350,000 humans, altogether were kidnapped about 500,000 humans into the Ghetto. (To the comparison: End of 1939 lived in Warsaw altogether 1.31 million humans.) a strict food rationing drew hunger and epidemics . Many Ghettobewohner were forced of the SS to work in different large-scale enterprises.

despair, rebellion and Niederbrennung

famous picture from the Warsaw Ghetto; a German soldier threatens Jews with the rifle

the Warsaw Ghetto in the summer 1942 in the context „of the final solution of the Jew question “was gradually dissolved. The Ghettobewohner was sent in extermination camps, mostfrom them to Treblinka. With more progressively „emptying “the Ghettos was spatially made smaller. In the north of the Warsaw Ghettos „the place of transshipment in such a way specified lay “, a small goods station, which served the evacuation into the extermination camps.

To 19. April 1943 began the Jewish war organization polarize (. Żydowska Organizacja Bojowaor ŻOB and/or. ZOB) several weeks the continuing rebellion in the Ghetto. The rebellion became up to 8. May depressed of the SS under Jürgen Stroop bloodily. The resistance however still held up to 16. May on. Only with the complete Niederbrennung of the entire Ghettosthe SS could bring the area under its control. The fight for the Ghetto lasted longer, than the invasion in Poland had lasted. The Ghetto was dissolved now finally and shot either on the spot completely destroyed, the inhabitants still remained orbut removes in extermination camps. Another concentration camp, which became KZ Warsaw, in the midst of the city to June 1943 established, into which further humans from the German Reich and the occupied countries were deportiert.

The history of the Ghettos became 2001 under the title „Uprising “(dt. „ThatRebellion “) films.

famous passengers of the Warsaw Ghettos

literature

Ghetto generally

Ghetto rebellion

  • Reuben Ainsztein: Revolt against the destruction. The rebellion in the Warsaw Ghetto, black tear Verl., Berlin, 1993, ISBN 3-924737-19-3
  • Wilfried Bruckner: The dead angels, Ravensburger Buchverl., Ravensburg, 2004, ISBN 3-473-58026-0
  • Berne pool of broadcasting corporations Goldstein: The stars are witnesses. The armed rebellion in the Warsaw Ghetto. Report one the leader, Ahriman Verl., Freiburg, 1992, ISBN 3-922774-69-5
  • Markus Meckl: They fought for the honour. To the symbolic meaning of the Warsaw Ghettoaufstandes. - in: Magazine for science of history 46 (1998), S.320-328.
  • Protecting gels Peltel Miedzyrecki: Pseudonym Vladka. A Widerstandskämpferin in the Warsaw Ghetto, EH, Hamburg, 1999, ISBN 3-434-50468-0
  • Wolfgang Scheffler, Helge Grabitz: The Ghetto rebellion Warsaw 1943 from the view of the authors and victims in statements before German courts, Goldmann, Munich, 1993, ISBN 3-442-12846-3
  • Erhard RoyWiehn:Ghetto Warsaw - rebellion and destruction 1943. Fifty years after to the memory. Konstanz 1993. ISBN of 3-89191-626-4

diaries and auto+biographic

Web on the left of

general

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)