|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Lower Saxony|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 53° 10 ′ N, 007° 21 ′ O 53° 10 ′ N, 007° 21 ′ O
|height:||1 m over NN|
|surface:||81 km ²|
|inhabitants:||15.602 (30. June 2005)|
|Population density:||193 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip code:||26826|
|municipality key:||03 4 57 021|
|city arrangement:||9 local parts|
of the city administration:
| East first race 1|
|mayor:||Peter Freesemann (SPD)|
Table of contents
the city Weener consists of nine localities, which possess eine/n Ortsvorsteher/in in each case:
- Weener (town center)
- pile moorland
- pc. Georgiwold
beside it gives it several villages in the city, which form no own localities, whose inhabitant however quite identifies itself with this village. Examples are for instance Dielerheide, Stapelmoorerheide, Holthuserheide, Feerstenborgum or Tichelwarf.
Weenermoor is called also „the moving village “, because it was shifted over the centuries several times after the west. The first settlement row was appropriate at the beginning 12. Century originally on the narrow bank back of the Weener Geise, a small Seitenarm of the Ems, to which from the storm tides had resulted. From there out the development of the morastigen country (ceramic(s) finds) began. Old maps show that already 1277 a connected settlement row existed. Together with the inhabitants of sank Georgiwold irrigation ditches, first a course ditch („Togschloot “), thereafter a larger transverse low („Dwarsdeep “) were pulled and the country drying put. The inhabitants pulled then into the second settlement row.
By the continuous cultivation of the moorland in the west one departed ever more from the original village. Gradually also these houses were broken off and further west again built. Some inhabitants remained however back and this very day call one these isolated yards „Dreehusen “, „for Tweehusen “and „Eenhus “(the latter calls itself today officially eingedeutscht „a house “and lies in the locality Bingum of the city empty).
Apart from the economic factor also the transfer of the roads in the course of the annual inundations played and the break-down of the large storm tides of 1494 and 1509 into the Geise an important role.
Weenermoor is mentioned for the first time documentary in the year 1428. Okko tom Brok, chieftain in the Brookmerland relieved several Kirchspiele standing under its rule of its oath opposite its father Keno. Among them was also „Wenighermór “. In later documents the place than „Wenygmoer becomes “(1456) and „Wengramoor “(1496) designates.
1581 is mentioned two local parts, „Overmohr “and „Weenighermohr “. Over Overmohr much is not well-known, however it is accepted that the name stands in connection with the inundated areas. Around 1710 the name emerges „Overweniger Mohr “in a document. Only with the church Umpfarrung 1891 „Overmoer becomes “a complete part of Weenermoor.
With the migrations of the place also church history is closely connected. It is described in other place under the history of the old person Kirchhofes. 1744 fell East Frisia at Prussia. From this and following time the church books are received in Weenermoor. Again once „“Weenermoor moved after the west into the today's fourth settlement row. With the purge of the old and the building of the new church 1824 the transfer is final.
Weenermoor was always a farmer village. Nearly all inhabitants had to do something with or in the agriculture. This very day the village is coined/shaped by the agriculture, although in the last decades the economic situation became very difficult.
Möhlenwarf lies on a small land back between Weener and federation. The road, which connects these two places since 1854 of empty coming, passes through in the middle the village. It cuts for instance in the center the other road, which leads from Weenermoor to Tichelwarf. At these two traffic routes the village extends on both sides the large road crossing.
The name is easy to explain: „Möhlen “is the flat-German expression for „mill “and „threw “is natural or artificial hill or land back. In this case is the land back however natural origin. With the mill, which owes its name to the place, is however neither the former mill at the park meant, which was broken off in the year 1932, still hare-borrows' sche mill, which is today the landmark of the place.
Möhlenwarf a small farmer settlement, which pushed itself around a small Hafergrützmühle, was original. This very day this oldest part of the place is called „alto Möhlenwarf “. For the first time Möhlenwarf is mentioned 1728 in the church books by Weener. At that time only five houses and the mill specified above were located in the place. While the surrounding Ländereien was morastig and sour, the few inhabitants with the cultivation of oats had a bearable income. Beside Möhlenwarf already seven houses are to have confessed at the same time also in Lüchtenborg.
With the Prussian assumption of the Regierungsgewalt in East Frisia 1744 the economic upswing began. Moorlands were cleared away, made arable Ländereien and lured by the building by unit houses new inhabitants into the place. All inhabitants had portion of „the Meentelanden “(municipality pastures) and leased these for their cattle. Even small weaving mill enterprises developed in the place. During the Netherlands-French crew time in the year 1800 moorland colony Möhlenwarf became by „the Specialtheilung “the Meentelande a part of the political municipality Weenermoor.
Center 19. Century began fastened road construction in Möhlenwarf. As document the stones of many old houses and also the gravestones of the old person Kirchhofes were used in Weenermoor. With road construction also new inhabitants and Möhlenwarf came grew. Starting from the 1850er years the Meentelande was denationalized. Since the many smaller Ländereien were too small for a which is worth Viehwirtschaft, one created them gradually off. Many land properties were to blame for themselves with the raclamation and became impoverished. In the years after they earned themselves mostly as workers in the agricultural enterprises of Weenermoor their living costs.
With the building of the railway and the establishment of a station as well as in the course of the constantly growing transit traffic Möhlenwarf gained ever more economic significance. Many small business and even two new mills developed.
A supraregional attraction was however the Möhlenwarfer park, that from Hermann A. Hessian was put on. It based also the Hessian nursery gardens in Weener.
the village pc. Georgiwold (in old documents also „pc. Georgswolde “), which is also called in the vernacular „Swartewold “, is one of the oldest villages of the Rheiderlandes. In a historical document also the name emerges „Jürgenswoldt “. The place is designated after holy George (sank George). The designation „Wold “(also „Woold “or „Wohld “) means „forest “. This appendix was used in former times more frequently in place names. In this moorigen area it must probably have concerned then a Erlen break forest.
Its name „Swartewold “the place owes to the heavy black boggy soil („Darg “), which reaches a thickness up to four meters here.
The place was, before it was shifted like Weenermoor after the west, because of the Middelweg. This road was an old army way, that once from Münster over pc. Georgiwold after monastery Palmar led, which went down regarding the Dollart. In the year 1986 the remainders of the old church of pc. became at the Middelweg with an excavation. Georgiwold opened. The place must have been in the time at that time an important settlement, because alone 34 hectares pastureland belong to the church municipality.
For the first time pc. becomes. Georgiwold in the year 1450 mentions. After a chronicle the bishop von Münster sent an assigned one to East Frisia, in order to inform about the church life. He found however many places flooded forwards, among them also to pc. Georgiwold. The break-down of the Geise (1689 ago) and floodings exerted by it is supposed the reason, why the place was finally given up and in the west was again established. The originally straight north south settlement row of Böhmerwold over pc. Georgiwold after Weenermoor was destroyed thereby.
1681 are reported that the old wood church in „Sündt Jürgenswoldt had become “rotten and ramshackle. In the year 1689 one built a new church - this time from stone. Nevertheless still some oak planks from the old church use found.
Until far in 20. Century inside had had again and again to fight the place with inundations. What progress must have been it for the inhabitants, when between 1896 and 1960 the Sieltiefe and pumping stations for pumping large qu were built.
Also pc. Georgiwold was always like its neighbour a farmer village.
the original high moorland in this high-altitude place was abgetorft by the inhabitants of Weener and it developed first a post office road between Weener over federation to the Netherlands. At this road, in the border area between Weenermoor, federation, Tichelwarf and Weener there was probably already early a first settlement.
In the year 1743 Beschotenweg is mentioned for the first time documentary as „fired at way “. This designation is however a wrong Verdeutschung of the down-German word „beschoten “. It is probable that the post office road specified above was a wooden Bohlenweg, which was fastened by a ditch excavation to both sides. One called this attachment at that time „bulkhead “.
Economically Beschotenweg attained never great importance. The inhabitants worked almost exclusively in the agriculture in the neighbouring municipalities or as „Freeslandloopers “or „Hollandgänger “in the Netherlands. In the winter the families had hardly an income and often additionally sheep and goats were in such a way held, the milk and wool supplied. End 19. and early 20. Century in the municipality several crafts enterprises and business were established.
When exactly Beschotenweg became its own political municipality, remains unknown. The first minutes book of the municipality begins only 1916. Up to the large municipality reform in the year 1973 the up to then smallest municipality of the Rheiderlandes could retain its political independence.
the municipality reforms 1972/73 and 1996
and their consequences for the city Weener
with the general municipality and district reform in the years 1972/73 in Lower Saxony were combined the past smaller municipalities into larger administrative units. The past, politically independent municipalities Weenermoor, sank Georgiwold and Beschotenweg came beside Holthusen, Kirchborgum, hall, Vellage and pile moorland the city Weener and became part of the unit municipality.
Still some years kept these current municipality parts their local advice, that were then gradually dissolved however. Today the local chiefs of the localities represent the interests of the population opposite the committees of the city. At the same time they support the work of the city administration by their public-friendliness.
With the reform 1972/1973 also the personnel union of the offices of the director of municipality and the mayor ended in Lower Saxony. In larger municipalities these offices were separate, because during (honorary) the mayors the chairman of the advice was (as political head of the municipality), was a director of municipality (in Weener: Director of city) independently a political election result the full-time boss of the administration. One called this system „double-railedness “.
With the second administrative reform again everything became differently after 23 years. The office of the director of municipality/city does not give it since running out to the north German advice condition in the Lands of the Federal Republic North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony any longer. In Lower Saxony the office runs out since the introduction of the single-railedness in the administration by the new NGO (Gemeindeordnung of Lower Saxony) from the year 1996. After the new NGO is now the mayor selected by the citizens a full-time boss of the administration.
The city Weener has a full-time mayor since 1998.
- SPD - 19 members
- CDU - of 6 members
- UWG (independent voter community) - 6 members
- the Greens - 1 member
- mayor - SPD
- Peter Freesemann, SPD
partnerships between cities
- Eurajoki (Finland)
- Les Pieux (France)
culture and objects of interest
Weener are play place of the national stage of Lower Saxony north, which is resident in Wilhelmshaven.
- local history museum
- Organeum (organ museum)
- age port
- Friesenbrücke (largest German railway balance bridge)
- pc. George church (famous Arp Schnitger organ)
economics and infrastructure
important one enterprise in Weener are the paper factory ring, the company Weener plastics as well as the piping and ventilation system enterprise Wildeboer.
in Weener gives it to five primary schools, per a main and a six-form high school as well as a school for learning assistance. The Weeneraner orientation stage was abolished recently in the context of the school reform, which failed mechanism desired of a gymnasialen branch office of the Leeraner High Schools in Weener.
The Organeum in Weener is a center of the organologischen research and teachings.
- Rafael Alfaro Kotte, (* 19. September 1962 in Dortmund; † 16. To September 2005 in Freiburg in mash gau), in Weener/East Frisia, musician and composer [