White stork

white stork
white stork (Ciconia ciconia)
systematics
Class: Birds (Aves)
order: Walking birds (Ciconiiformes)
family: Storks (Ciconiidae)
kind: Actual storks (Ciconia)
kind: White stork
scientific name
Ciconia ciconia
Linnaeus, 1758

the white stork (Ciconia ciconia) is one Bird - kind from the family of the storks (Ciconiidae).

Table of contents

shape and sound expressions

of white storks are about 80 to 100 cm long and have a wingspan of approximately 200 to 220 cm. Up to the black momentum feathers/springs the feather/spring dress is purely white. Bill and legs are reddish. White storks have a weightfrom approximately 2.5 to 4.5 kg.

Since the voice of the white stork is only weakly pronounced, it informs itself by rattling with the bill. Therefore it also rattling stork is called. Above all its Balzritual accompanies with extensive common bill rattling.

nutrition

thatWhite stork exclusively nourishes itself of small animals such as worms, frogs, mice or also young birds. Its hunt method is most characteristic and makes it already recognizable from far distance: It walks on the search for booty by meadows and swampland and pushes then lightning-like with thatBill on its booty down.

NIST and breeding behavior

Weißstorchenpaar am Nest
pair of white storks at the nest

the white stork sneezed on rock projections/leads, stumps, thick branches, fire-places and building roofs and prefer moistens and water-rich areas. The largest part of these birds breeds in central and Eastern Europe, a small part alsoin North Africa. The white stork returns each year to its nest.

course behavior

with the white stork concerns it a migratory bird, which puts each year back long distances between its breeding accomodation in Europe and its winter accomodation. The largest part of the storks flies overthe seeing era and winters in Africa, the easternmost populations against it in Asia. The stork has a pronounced shyness at large water surfaces because of the missing thermionics. Thus the “west storks in such a way specified” pull the “ east storks” with Gibraltar over the Mediterranean, over the Bosphorus.The desert to cross constitutes it against it nothing since it understands to use the thermionics developing there skillfully.

inventory development

Jungstörche, noch nicht ganz flugfähig, in Brandenburg
Jungstörche, yet completely airworthily, in Brandenburg
Weißstorch
white stork
Weißstorch
white stork

1934, during the first stork counting, did not give it about 9,000 pairs of storks on the area of thetoday's Germany, 1959 gave it about 4,800 pairs of storks, in which second half of the 1980er years a Tiefststand became reached with somewhat less than 3,000 pairs. At the beginning of the third millenium there are about 4,500 pairs of storks in Germany again, whereby however in the official statisticssome hundred pairs not to be counted, because they were again settled by humans. About 90 per cent of the storks in Germany sneezed in the area of the former GDR.

In Switzerland there were about 140 breeding's pairs around 1900. The existence took however in firstHalf 20. Century ever more off, so that 1950 bred no more storks in Switzerland. By Auswilderung and protection the existence rose today (2004) however about 200 pairs.

In Austria are the largest breeding existence in the castle country and in the Marchfeldalong the Danube. Only in the last decades one endeavors to secure itself the breeding existence, which are endangered by the sinking number at meadows. Particularly in the Marchfeld the storks turn NIST places on trees in free nature back, during them in the castle country nests upTo the local picture of many places belong to building roofs. The first inventory collection was accomplished 1934 and resulted in 77 breeding's pairs, while 1962 393 was.

花粉- Staat der Störche

Polen 给Staat der的镀金面als Störche。 In the year 2004 were approx. 45,000 pairs in Polandcounted. This corresponds approximately quarter of the world-wide existence. The Polish section of the environmental protection organization pro Natura is the opinion that this will not too fast change all. For this enormous number there is also a reason, because in Poland, more exactly in Masuren (in), The storks ideal living conditions have northeast of Poland.

other

Carl pointed way: The rattling stork, 1885

the white stork is bird of the yearly 1984 and 1994.

is considered

  • the boys are brought to film in the Zeichentrickfilm Dumbo by the stork.

Bible

many “east storks” over the Near East to Africa in the winter accomodation it pulls, is not not amazing it there thatthe stork in the Bible is mentioned also four times. In the 3. Book Mose 11.19 and in 5. Book Mose 14.18 it is added to the impure animals, whose benefit Jew was forbidden. In Psalm 104.17 the stork is regarded as part of the creation of God. In Jeremia8,7 that the stork knows its takeoff and return times exactly, a reference to its migratory bird behavior is stressed.

see also

to literature

  • of peoples Schmidt; Katja Schupp: With the storks on the way. Stork Prinzes on voyage round the world, cosmos, April 2006, ISBN 3440106659 (the book to Second Channel of German Television - documentation “the journey of the storks”, their part of 1 to 25.04.2006 and part of 2 to 02.05.2006 is radiated for the first time.)

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