Because the city
|coat of arms||map|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||Baden-Wuerttemberg|
|height:||406 m and. NN|
|surface:||43,17 km ²|
|inhabitants:||19.090 (30. June 2005)|
|Population density:||446 Einwohner/km ²|
|postal zip codes:||71255-71263|
|municipality characteristic number:||08 1 15 050|
| address |
of the city administration:
| Market place 4|
71263 because thatCity
|official web page:||www.weil-der-stadt.de|
|mayor:||Hans Josef Straub|
Table of contents
because the city is appropriate - 25 km to the west of Stuttgart - in hedge gau,a transition landscape between Neckarraum and northern Black Forest. The Stadtgemarkung is flowed through from southeast to northwest of the worm, because of whose bank four of the five partial places are to the city (everything up to Münklingen). The highest point is in the southwestwith 557 m and.NN (honey), the deepest point in the north with 368 m and. NN (glad mill).
geology and Flora
the corridor soils consist of shelly limestone and loam and are mostly stony. The vegetation of the hilly is characteristicTo landscape with Schlehenhecken, otherwise Kiefern /spruce wood prevail and - forwards, isolated there are forests as well as fields strewing fruit meadows. In the worm valley is nature-protected Sumpfauen. At the west edge of the Gemarkung that already begins typical firs for the Black Forest - and spruce existence.
arrangement of the city
the later city because the city developed than village settlement probably in 6. Century n. Chr. -- probably on the areaa Roman countryseat -- and Wila, which then later too because became, gave itself the name. The first documentary mention took place in the year 1075 in a document emperor Heinrichs IV. Between 1223 and 1242 became the village because,up to then in the possession of the counts von Calw and the monastery Hirsau , by emperors Friedrich II. had found municipal rights. lent. Already around 1275 ascended because to the free realm city, the exact year is unknown. In the following five centuriesthe city represented a political and konfessionelle enclave in the württembergischen surrounding countryside. At first because the city still grammatically correctly „because, the city was called “and main headers itself thereby of others because in the environment off (for example of because inVillage or because in the beautiful book). Since documents were issued however frequently with the map reference „given too because, the city “, was established in the process of the time (in the middle 19. Century finally) the dative form as official city name under all grammatical cases. 1373 received because the city from emperor Karl IV. the jurisdiction and the Zollrecht lent, 1489 attained the city a constant seat in Reichstag, the agency of the realm conditions. During the second half 15. Century was itunder influence of Baden.
In the time of witch pursuits between 1615 and 1629 with a number of inhabitants at that time by 200 families 38 humans during witch processes were accused, tortured and burned. (Source: Baschwitz, short: Witches and witch processes, Bertelsmann publishing house, Munich, 1990, S. 252)
Before end of the dreissigjährigen war 1648 became short because the city - although a center of the Gegenreformation - by French troops it geplündert and in fire set whereby large parts of the old part of town were destroyed. The city fire of 1648 applies beside that Battle with Döffingen 1388 as the direst event of the urban history.
1803 lost because the city in the context of the Mediatisierung its realm liberty and fell at Württemberg. 1869 received the city by the Schwarzwald railway (Stuttgart--Calw) connection to thatsupraregional Eisenbahnnetz.1972 - 1975 became the surrounding neighboring places Merklingen, Münklingen, living and sheep living in in common December. 1996 found in because the city the homeland days Baden-Wuerttemberg instead of.
the black eagle in the upper coat of arms field is the indication that German emperor and as confirmation of its realm immediacy one lent to the free realm city. Latin signature SPQR in the left lower coat of arms field interprets the origins because the Stadts from a Roman countryseat (mansion) on, refers however particularly to its realm-urban-republican,at the Roman right aligned condition. The two crossed keys in the right lower field finally stand for the Apostel Petrus, the patron of the town church pc. Peter and Paul.
- 1972: Merklingen (alsothat 1971 eingemeindeten living)
- 1973: Sheep-live
- 1975: Münklingen
in the city and its partial places are represented various churches. From the realm-urban past results to today continuing strong position of the Roman-catholic church in because thatCity. Merklingen, Münklingen, living and sheep living are however coined/shaped since the reformation throughout Protestant. Ökumenische living together of the two large churches is traditionally friendly.
the local election to 13.June 2004 resulted in the following allocation of seats:
|FWG||32.0%||of +1.0||9 seats||+1|
|CDU||29.0%||of -3.0||9 seats||±0|
|SPD||17.3%||of -3.2||5 seats||±0|
|the Greens||15.0%||of +4.9||4 seats||+2|
partnerships between cities
economics and infrastructure
because the city is over the distance of the Schwarzwald railway with the rapid-transit railway line S6 to thatLinear network of the rapid-transit railway Stuttgart attached. The public suburban traffic is ensured by traffic and tariff group Stuttgart (VVS). From because the city penalty after Böblingen , Calw , bath love cell and Pforzheim operate.
- God praise Stäbler GmbH+Co.KG (building company)
- nut tree media
- K2 of system
- Herion system engineering (Merklingen)
- Eloxalwerk because the city
thoseCity orders with three primary schools, two reason and hauptschule, a promotion school, which six-form high school and the Johannes Kepler High School over educational facilities, on which all graduations can be acquired. Besides the urban school of music, a branch of the people's highschool Leonberg work and in because thatCity resident national academy for youth formation registered association. (in working group of the country Baden-Wuerttemberg, the district Böblingen and numerous youth federations) at the local educational provision also.
culture and objects of interest
- city museum
- fool museum
- Doll museum
objects of interest
in all five partial places of the city there are historical buildings, wells and sculptures.
The old part of town of because the city consists of three subranges. Within the lower range tolink worm banks, on 14. , Medieval and earlymodern craftsman houses have themselves century decreasing/going back Renninger suburb and - shops as well as the hospital (1358) with the hospital chapel worth seeing and its lategothical figure altar of the holy kinship Mariens (around 1480),the baroque Apostel - and the emergency aid altar (both around 1750) as well as the Arma Christi Fresko (14. Jhd., 1977 rediscover) received. The partial accessible Stadtmauer with four military towers -- the stork tower is particularly beautiful-- and the king gate enclosesthe 1648 of the city fire spare remained Renninger suburb to a large extent nearly completely. Center is the cattle market with wells and cinema center (bath gate route). On the right worm bank is the city cemetery with the chapel pc. Michael (oldest received gravestone of 1506).
Upa hill from runner convenient town centre -- Germ cell of the former free realm city and since that 6. Century settles -- follows directly west. Worth seeing are the pictorial in particular Stuttgarter Straße and the market place with the city hall from the time of the Renaissance (1582), the old person city hall, the Speidel house, the city museum, the Keplermuseum and the Keplerdenkmal (1870), that in central place to the largest son of the city, whom reminds astronomers and mathematician Johannes Kepler. To the nearly at night tradition refersthe fool well at the Speidelsberg, besides are worth the former Augustinerkloster (1294 - 1803) with the Marienbrunnen as well as the dolphin well an attendance. Over the town centre the most important architectural monument rises because the Stadts, starting from that the 15. Century as a successortown church established pc. to a Roman Basilika. Peter and Paul, a lategothical hall construction from regional-typical new red sandstone with three towers, mannersistic Sakramentshaus (1611), baroque high altar (1700), splendid pulpit (1742) as well as remarkable Sakralkunst 20. Century. The holy cross chapel (1739) forms the northwest conclusion of the old part of town, the western further section of the Stadtmauer with the Jew gate (1534). Outside of the historical city attachment the again-gothical Evangelist Brenzkirche (1889) stands, designated after thatin because the city born württembergischen Reformator Johannes Brenz.
South the smallest and recent subrange of the old part of town follows, the Furter suburb at the valley field brook, with the spiral in chapel used as gallery and place of event (15. Jhd.) and thatFloriansbrunnen.
Also in the partial places are architectural monuments worth seeing. In Merklingen the Remigiuskirche and the earlygothical stone house stand in the midst of a church castle plant set in by ditches and a bridge gate. The Cyriakuskirche in sheep living possesses a valuable Rococo pulpit, in the high-altitude partial place Münklingen hasthe Jakob well, a historical rest place at the Pilgerweg after Santiago de Compostela keep. In living the old fünfbögige new red sandstone bridge can be visited over the worm.
- Town church pc. Peter and Paul
- Spitalkapelle and Spital
- market place and Stuttgarter Straße
- Stadtmauer,Stork tower and Jew gate
- church castle (Merklingen)
- worm bridge (live)
because the city is traditional center of the Swabian alemannischen Fastnacht. In the annually taking place nearly at night removal participate over 1000 mask carriers. Numbers of visitors between 10.000 and 40.000 are counted.
sons and daughters of the city
- 1412 Heinrich Steinhöwel, † 1482 or 1483 in Ulm; German human and translator.
- 1499 Johannes Brenz, † 1570 in Stuttgart; württembergischer Reformator.
- 1571 Katharina Kepler, born Güldemann, brought here beside its other children their most famous son, to the later imperial astronomer Johannes Kepler to the world. Later she was accused and acquitted during a witch process in Leonberg than witch.
- 1571 Johannes Kepler, † 1630 in Regensburg; German astronomer and mathematician.
- 1748 Joseph Anton Gall, † 1807 in Linz; kath. Theologian, paedagogue and bishop von Linz.
Web on the left of
- official Internet side of the city
- sport combination because the city with all departments of
- selfadministeredYouth club in because the city
- forum to because the Städter the Fastnacht (Fasnet)
- table tennis department because the city
Aidlingen | Old village | Böblingen | Bondorf | Deckenpfronn | Ehningen | Fermenting rings | Gäufelden | Grafenau | Gentleman mountain | Hildrizhausen | Holzgerlingen | Jettingen | Leonberg | Liking city | Mötzingen | Nufringen | Renningen | Rod home | Schönaich | Sindelfingen | Steinenbronn | Forest book | Because the city | Because in the beautiful book | White oh