Wine mountain

of these articles treats the city wine mountain, for the mountain of the same name in the down-Austrian forest quarter sees wine mountain (mountain)
Wine mountain of the south. On the left of the castle mountain, on the right of of it the Johanneskirche
coats of arms map
Wappen von Weinsberg Deutschlandkarte, Position von Weinsberg hervorgehoben
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Baden-Wuerttemberg
governmental district: Stuttgart
region: Heilbronn Franconia
district: Heilbronn
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 49° 09 ' 01 " N, 09° 17 ' 18 " O
49° 09 ' 01 " N, 09° 17 ' 18 " O
height: 219 m and. NN
surface: 22.22 km ²
inhabitants: 11.852 (31. December 2004)
Population density: 533 inhabitants for each km ²
foreigner portion: 9.8%
postal zip codes: 74183-74189
(old: 7102)
Preselection: 07134
Kfz characteristics: HN
municipality key: 08 1 25 102
city arrangement: Town center and 3 localities
address
of the city administration:
City hall, market place
74189 wine mountain
Website: www.weinsberg.de
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Stefan Thoma (non-party)
situation of the city wine mountain
in the districtHeilbronn

wine mountain is a city in the district Heilbronn, Baden-Wuerttemberg, 4 km east of Heilbronn. The city was created around the year 1200 and has about 11,850 inhabitants (conditions: 2004). It is because of the entrance after it designated, of the Sulm and theirSupplies formed Weinsberger of valley between Neckar and Löwensteiner mountains. Admits is wine mountain for the viticulture, which was central over centuries for the Weinsberger economics and still an important role plays, and for the castle ruin woman-faithfully, their name for centuries inseparablewith „the faithful women by wine mountain “is linked, who condemned their in the year 1140 to death men saved. Today the city is the central place of the Weinsberger of valley with pronounced infrastructure and a Unterzentrum with centralcentral functions.

Table of contents

Geografie

geographical layer

wine mountain lie mainly in and on the slopesthe valley of the city sea-brook (also sow brook called), a supply of the Sulm. The Sulm flows by Weinsberger area, but not by the city, and only a small part of the city is because of the edge of the Sulmtales. Northwest the town centre rises the castle mountain alsothe castle ruin woman-faithfully, west of it the bolster mountain. Both mountains are used intensively for the viticulture. In the south the city sea-brook valley and the Brühltal extend. The description of the upper office wine mountain of 1861 notes: „The situation of the city is generally a healthy and very mild, approximatelyNorthwest by the castle mountain, against which it leans, covered, southward the sunbeams openly, protected against the nebulas of the western Neckarthales by the intermediate hunter house, Galgen and waiting mountain. “

Is geological layers because of
the castle mountain [work on

]

to geology wine mountain at the edge of the Keuperstufe of the LöwensteinerMountains, whose Ausläufer extends until Neckarsulm and Öhringen. The castle mountain and the bolster mountain are witness mountains, which from Sulm and city sea-brook were separated from the remaining mountain stick. Both have a layer from reed and stone, also to the building among other things the castle and the Johanneskircheone used. At the castle mountain from 1811 to 1867 gypsum was diminished. The hole, which the gypsum dismantling in the mountain had left, was again filled up into the 1950er-Jahren and converted into vineyards of the Weinsberger viticulture school.

city arrangement

wine mountain consists the 1973/75 of the town center andeingemeindeten localities Gellmersbach, Grant and Wimmental. Outside of the closed land development are also the white yard (with clinical center), the black horse yard and the populated area Stöcklesberg, without it concerns thereby however own localities.

expansion of the city

the Weinsberger citycover 22.22 km ², about which 14.29 km are allotted ² to wine mountain, to 3.37 km ² to Gellmersbach, about 2.50 km ² to Grant and about 2.06 km ² to the smallest locality Wimmental.

Since the incorporations the form of the city can be compared earliest with an irregular (Greek ones) cross, howWine mountain the short west and the thickened south bars represents, Gellmersbach the north bars and Grant and Wimmental the extended east bar. The expansion in north south direction amounts to about 8.6 km, in west east direction about 9.3 km.

In the years 1957 as well as 1989-2001 the land use distributed itself as follows (Area specifications in hectar, source 1957: Yearbook for the city wine mountain; 1989-2001: Statistic national office Baden-Wuerttemberg):

1957 % 1989 % 1993 % 1997 % 2001 %
total area 1,429 100.00 2,223 100.0 2,222 100.0 2,222 100.0 2,221 100.0
settlement and
traffic surface
155.9 10.90 515 23.2 546 24,6 567 25.5 595 26.8
agriculture surface 750.9 52.50 1,186 53.4 1,122 50.5 1,100 49.5 1,068 48.1
forest surface 496.1 34.70 494 22.2 529 23.8 529 23.8 528 23.8
water surface 6.5 0.45 10 0.5 12 0.5 12 0.5 13 0.6
remaining types of use 19.6 1.37 17 0.8 13 0,6 14 ,0.6 17 0.8

the settlement surface increases continuously, since wine mountain still proves construction sites. In the reversal conclusion the agriculturally used surface decreases.

The urban forest possession amounts to altogether 567 hectars. Apart from 426 hectars forest on the Markungen of wine mountain and its partial places possesses the cityalso still 141 hectars forest on the Markung of Gemmingen, to 29. July 1936 was acquired, as reconciliation for Weinsberger area deliveries to the state for military purposes (extension Heilbronners of the drilling place on the forest heath).

neighbour municipalities

neighbour of cities and - municipalities of wine mountainare (in the clockwise direction, beginning in the west): Heilbronn (urban area), Erlenbach, Eberstadt, Bretzfeld (Hohenlohekreis), Obersulm, Ellhofen and teaching stone field. With the exception of Heilbronn and Bretzfeld all belong to the district Heilbronn. Together with Eberstadt, Ellhofen and teaching stone field wine mountain forms the local administration federation„Area wine mountain “ with seat in wine mountain.

climate

the climate is mostly mild by the protected valley situation and favours the extensively operated viticulture. The average yearly temperature lay as per. Annual reports of the viticulture school wine mountain 1961-1990 with 9,6 °C, the annual precipitation with 740 mm.For the period 1971-2000 these values are to 738.4 mm at 10,0 °C and, 2002 about 11,1 °C and 959 mm. January had 0.6 from 1961-1990 on the average °C with 57 mm precipitation, 1971-2000 1.4 °C with 51.7 mm and 2002 0.8 °C with 21 mm.July had 18.7 from 1961-1990 on the average °C with 65 mm precipitation, 1971-2000 19.2 °C with 74.5 mm and 2002 18.8 °C with 92 mm.

history

the Roman bath (with canopy 20. Century)

prehistory and antiquity

the earliest well-knownSettlement trace in wine mountain is so far a group of grave hills, not investigated more near, which in the forest of the Gewanns young mountain is, the close so-called Kaiserforche at the city boundary to Heilbronn. It is assumed that the grave hills are to be assigned to the resounding place time. In 19. Century became upWeinsberger Gemarkung a celtic silver coin (type cross coin) from that 2. Century v. Chr. found. The Münzinschrift „V, O, L, C “can be assigned to the celtic trunk of the Volcae, those at that time and. A. in South Germany lived. Thus it is to be assumed that itself at this time Celt at least occasionally inArea today's wine mountain stopped.

First reliably admitted settlers on Weinsberger area however were the Romans. By the today's city ran in 2. Century a Roman road, those of a former border castellet of the Neckarlimes with (Heilbronn) Böckingen to a border castellet of the UpperGermanic Limes with Öhringen led. At this road became underneath the later castle mountain between 148 and 161 n. Chr. a Roman property yard (mansion rustica) establishes, which existed up to the destruction by Alamannen 234 or 259/260. Bath house of this property yard (in wine mountain admits as Roman bath) was excavated and conserved 1906, parts of the remaining property yard 1977.

the Middle Ages

the Alamannen were displaced around 500 by Franconias, in 7. Century on Weinsberger Gemarkung west the white yard, between Erlenbach and Gellmersbach, settled. 778 the area became overWine mountain as Sulmanachgowe (Sulmgau, principal place probably Neckarsulm) in a deed of donation of Karl of the large one to the monastery Lorsch mentions for the first time. In the today's area of the city wine mountain several medieval settlements (Bodelshofen, Burchardeswiesen, Lyndach among other things) are provable, the partial also after the town foundation still continued, then howevergradually were given up.

Fantastic representation of the FE storage of the castle wine mountain and the faithful women 1140. Copper pass from Zacharias Dolendo after Jacques de Gheyn II, late 16. Century

supposed around the year 1000 became the castle wine mountain on as realm castle on a mountainto the trade route of Heilbronn after Swabian resound established. 1140 became the castle of king Konrad III. in the course of the argument between pilotfar from and Welfen besieged and had itself, after too its release advanced relief army Welfs VI.defeated of pilotfar from in a battlewas, finally to 21. Decembers 1140 result in. The report according to the Cologne king chronicle the women on the castle free departure granted under taking along of what can carry everyone. They carried their men down, to who they saved so the life, there the kingby his word held. The women became as loyalty women admit. The castle (today ruin) is called woman faithful due to this occurence.

The Staufer used itself a Ministerialenfamilie from the Gmünder area (seat in Lindach) as managers on the castle, soon after its seat „ofWine mountain “(Mr. von Weinsberg) called and to 1450 the castle as Reichslehen held (with interruptions in the right to use). A fore-castle settlement at the slopes of the castle mountain developed. A market settlement which was because of the trade route in the valley served the supply of the castle and the surrounding localities.Around 1200 on Veranlassung of the Mr. von Weinsberg also with the building of the Johanneskirche between these two settlements one began.

At the same time probably also the city wine mountain was created and surrounded with a Stadtmauer. 1241 set the written excessive quantity with the mention a thatCity in one pilotfish income listing (so-called realm tax list), in the wine mountain at 29. Place specified is equal, with Donauwörth, Wiesbaden, open castle and Konstanz. When wine mountain attained the municipal law, is unknown. It must have been however 1283 ago, there in this year king Rudolf I. lends the municipal law to the city lion stone after the model of the city right, which its ancestors of the city wine mountain had lent. At the beginning wine mountain was to the half realm city, to the other half in the possession of the Mr. von Weinsberg residing on the castle wine mountain, inthe city extensive rights like e.g. the Kelterrecht, which bath tube right and the right to the occupation of the office for Schult hoisting had. These rights and persisting the city in its status as realm city, which them affirmed by entry to different standard ware, led to numerous quarrels between cityand gentlemen.

Awake tower in the south of the town center, approx. 1930er years. One of the few remnants of the Stadtmauer

in early 13. Century established Stadtmauer from embossment right parallelepipeds around the city included originally by thigh walls also the castle in the northwest also. In the area between these thigh walls, directlyunderneath the castle, houses stood for priests, Ministeriale and body-own of the gentlemen. Probably 1332 destroyed the Weinsberger citizen this quarter and locked the city in the west opposite the castle, as documents state from the year 1375. In utilization of the absence of two of the three castle gentlemenand against the resistance third they established a wall between castle and city with a lying in front of it ditch, which still exists as castle way today. The thigh walls were broken off probably at the same time. Remainders of the Stadtmauer still exist in the north and northeast of the old town centre; in the south is to only find a small piece. Three of the towers - wolf tower, thief tower (late spirit tower called) and cow, sow or awake tower - are likewise still received, from the wolf tower in the northwest corner of the city attachment equal with the church however only the tower stump.

The quarrels with thatGentlemen persisted. Finally, to 22. May 1417, belehnte king Sigismund its realm hereditary treasurer Konrad IX. of wine mountain with the city wine mountain, which subordinated land city thereby from the status of a realm city to the Weinsberger gentlemen would have been devalued. The city looked for protection in a further standard ware,the Weinsberger federation of 27. November 1420, in which 33 realm cities united for the protection of the city wine mountain.

Because the city refused itself recognizing its rule and also any longer Konrad IX. paid, did not cause it being entitled deliveries. with the royal yard court to 10. February1422 of the king confirmed eight over the citizens of age. Because this nothing caused, 1425 the but eight followed. In addition Pope imposed Martin V. 1424 the church spell over it. All however nothing used, and Konrad seized to more drastic measures. It wanted the Swabian allied with wine mountainCities damage and acquired for this purpose (by exchange against Weikersheim with Pfalzgraf Otto I. from Pfalz Mosbach) the city Sinsheim, by which one of the arteries led to the Frankfurt fair, at which it thereby rights acquired. In August 1428 it attacked in Sinsheim toFair pulling buyers and determined 149 buyers from 20 cities allied with wine mountain, of it alone 37 from Ulm. The Frankfurt fair had to fail. The king felt as personal offense and extracted from Konrad its favour. The cities agreed in October 1428in Heidelberg with Konrad, the king forbade however this agreement to them. Only 1430 came it to a recent comparison of the parties on basis of the two years before into Heidelberg obtained agreement, which the king agreed now. In the present Treaty Konrad the city wine mountain had as(undivided) realm city recognize.

Already 1440 lost wine mountain the status of the realm city again. The 1596 in Frankfurt/Main Swabian chronicle appeared (Paraleipomenos Rerum Sueuicarum dear one) of the Tübinger of professor Martin Crusius according to is it a crowd of knights under guidance of Kunz of quake castleand Hans's von Urbach succeeded its to smuggle some men in a large wine barrel („Trojan barrel “) into the city then the gates opened and so the income possible of the city made. To 16. Septembers 1440 sold it the city for 3,000 guldens to the Pfalzgrafenwith Rhine. Since wine mountain could not apply release of 7,966 guldens, demanded of this, the city became part of the Kurpfalz. 1450 bought the Pfalzgraf the castle from the Mr. von Weinsberg and them still remaining rights in the city and were therebyexclusive owner of wine mountain.

16. to 19. Century

1504 conquered duke Ulrich of Württemberg in the land guardian succession war castle and city wine mountain after dreiwöchiger FE storage. With the Uracher contract of 1512 between the Kurpfalz and Württemberg became wine mountain then also officially württembergisch. 1520became it like completely Württemberg Austrian (until 1534).

The countess helping stone asks for grace for her man. Pass of matte house Merian D. A.

In the farmer war 16 became to. April 1525, Ostersonntag, castle and city taken by insurgent farmers. In wine mountain the imprisoned takenCount Ludwig von Helfenstein, Amtmann von Weinsberg and Obervogt over all württembergische farmers, before the Stadtmauern with its knights and brushwoods of the farmers by mirror-image-eat hunted and killed. This Weinsberger blood Easter drew the retaliation of the Swabian federation, the wine mountainto 21. May down-burn left. The city lost its liberties and the municipal law, their income went in the future directly to the authority. The citizens had to pay an annual penalty of 200 guldens. To 1534 besides Sühnegelder for the survivors of helping stone were driven by the Weinsbergern. Itone forbade developing the destroyed houses again; the prohibition was again waived however still in the same year. The Urfehdebrief of 17. November 1525, which waived this prohibition, determined also that the entire Stadtmauer should be geschleift with towers, which did not happen however. After the returnUlrichs after Württemberg 1534 huldigte it wine mountain and called themselves from now on again city, although (new, württembergisches) a municipal law only 1553 was again lent by duke Christoph.

In the Schmalkaldi war wine mountain became to 21. December 1546 by emperor Karl V.without fighting taken. In the consequence1551 Spanish troops lay in the city from November 1549 until Octobers. Afterwards peace turned in, only the sweat English by the passage of infections - „“(sudor anglicus) in the year 1529, plague in the years 1571, 1585, 1597 for several decadesand 1612 were disturbed -.

The market place. On the right of the 1951-1953 city hall, at the upper end of the place, builds the Evangelist Dekanatsgebäude again over it the Johanneskirche

in the dreissigjährigen war was appropriate for soldiers then several times in wine mountain. In September 1634 imperial troops broke in, plünderten the city and murderedten humans. 1625 and 1635 again the plague the city home, which lost nearly two thirds of its inhabitants until 1640, looked for. Likewise 1635 gave emperors Ferdinand II. City and office wine mountain the count Maximilian of and to Trauttmansdorff, which returned both 1646 at Württemberg.Due to this episode its descendants until today call themselves from Trauttmansdorff Weinsberg. 1649 to 1742 belonged to wine mountain (together with Möckmühl and new city at the digester) hälftig to the rule Württemberg Neuenstadt. During this time the city became to 19. August 1707 by a large fire to twoThirds destroys and afterwards within fewer years again developed, whereby the medieval townscape with close lanes remained keeping because of the further use for the viticulture important cellar large - despite other desires with the reconstruction concerned the herzoglichen building master, their baroque ideals of the straight,broad roads as view axles only at the market place to intersperse could. 1755 became wine mountain seat of an upper office (upper office wine mountain).

1784 were struck for the first time with the mechanism (open) of a fire gate with the southern awake tower a breach into the up to then complete Stadtmauer. 1803 became the still existingParts of the walk along the battlements broken off, starting from 1805 during a process for many decades gradually nearly the entire remaining Stadtmauer. In two steps 1811 and 1844/45 the road were shifted less steep route after Heilbronn at the western city exit on a new, to which further parts of the Stadtmauer andalso some houses were torn off.

Wine mountain at the beginning 19 of the century. Lithography.

1817 used in the city an emigration wave particularly to North America, to in late 19. Century continued. The reasons were on the one hand economic kind (e.g. by harvest failures emergency caused), on the other handin addition, political nature. The later famous political economist Friedrich cunning, at that time still württembergischer calculation advice, was sent in the spring 1817 after wine mountain, in order to investigate the reasons of the emigration-willing. It oppression became main by Feudalrechte (e.g. Fronen) or personal oppression by arbitrarily acting officialscalled. Lists report to the government in Stuttgart finds its high point in the statement, the emigrants „wants dear slaves in America seyn than citizens in Weinsperg. “Only decades later, 1892, in wine mountain the last emigration is registered to North America. The industrialization and thereby the connectedEconomic recovery improved the situation of the citizens.

From 1819 to his death 1862 the poet and physician Justinus Kerner in wine mountain lived. In its 1822 built house, for the Kernerhaus, often met with it gotten used to poets such as Ludwig UHL and, Gustav Schwab and Nikolaus Lenauand wine mountain gave so the call to be „a Swabian Weimar “. Also in the homeland and care of monuments Kerner was active; it prevented the further abort of the castle ruin and based for its further maintenance as well as 142 Weinsberger Mrs. the woman Mrs. wine mountain, the 1824 ofwürttembergischen king William I. with the castle ruin one belehnt, which is this very day in the possession of the association (in the meantime Justinus Kerner association and woman Mrs. wine mountain).

1860 to 1862 the railway line of Heilbronn built over wine mountain after Swabian resound (Hohenlohebahn), to 1867 their continuation after Crailsheim. The railway brought the progress and with some delay also economic Prosperität into the city. 1868 were furnished after preparations for many years a royal viticulture school in wine mountain, which exists among other things names until today.

Historical city plan of wine mountain, approx. 1914

since beginningdes 20. Century

the first quarter 20. Century saw the establishment of some companies, mainly in two trade areas again put on in the proximity of the station settled and goods such as brick, tobacco, furniture among other things produced. 1903 became something outside of the city the again builtRoyal mental hospital (for spirit patient) opens, which is as clinical center at the white yard today the largest employer in the city.

After several failed attempts it undertook the württembergische government again 1923 to reduce the number of the upper offices. Also this reform failed and led to the resignation of the government.The further political debate finally led to a mini reform, which 1926 than only upper office the upper office wine mountain fell to the victim, that with effect of the 1. April against the violent protest of the Weinsberger was dissolved and distributed on the surrounding upper offices. Wine mountain became thatUpper office Heilbronn assigned. The former upper office city lost at meaning, which to it-won Heilbronn in response.

Aerial photograph, approx. 1926. On the left of the castle ruin, in the picture center the Johanneskirche, completely in the back the mental hospital (today clinical center at the white yard)

the change from state and society to the time of the national socialism remained alsoin wine mountain not without consequences. The city tried to compensate the 1926 by the dissolution of the upper office suffered meaning loss by new functions in the National Socialist state. Thus 1934 the plan was pursued to let wine mountain appoint „the capital of the German woman loyalty “. A relevant raidJoseph Goebbels failed however. Just as little with success crowned the 1936 of mayor Weinbrenner to the realm woman guide Gertrud Scholtz clinching was arranged suggestion to furnish on the castle ruin woman-faithfully a training course place the LV woman shank and to raise the castle in such a way „as it were to the Walhalla of the German women “. To 800. Anniversarythe faithful woman occurence in the year 1940 starting from 1938 large festivenesses to be planned, on the occasion of those the castle nevertheless still as „Walhalla of the German woman “to the realm woman guide be handed over should. The beginning of the war at the 1. September 1939 made planning destroyed.

The military left itself strengthenedinto and around wine mountain down. 1934 should be increased the drilling place on the forest heath between Heilbronn and Weinsberg, to which wine mountain should deliver 80 hectars forest free of charge. The city could reach however that 66 hectars forest had to be delivered, but not in vain, but in the waythe regular sales. 1936 141 hectars forest on Gemarkung Gemmingen were bought by proceeds, which is also 70 years after still in the possession of the city wine mountain. In the same year also in the Brühltal in the south of the city 14 hectars of private properties were seized, over there a military rangeto put on. 1937 were finally established at the outskirts of a town at that time a land active duty training camp, which served March 1945 then for times of war from 1940 to at the end of as officer camp (Oflag V A).

Like nearly everywhere in Germany, crimes took place on obstructed and Jews also in wine mountain. Within the frameworkthe action T4 brought in the year 1940 at least 422 persons from the Weinsberger after mental hospital count-hit a corner, where they were murdered. The mental hospital one was later that the institute Hadamar assigned intermediate institutes, where spirit patient were collected and brought then to the killing after Hadamar. 1942two Jews from wine mountain were deportiert in the Ghetto Theresienstadt.

In the Second World War wine mountain long time (with exception from wine mountain originating of the pleasure) got off relatively ungeschoren and could even many Ausgebombte from to 4. Decembers 1944 strongly destroyed Heilbronn take up. In the final phase of theWar, to 12. April 1945, was then destroyed the city nevertheless still by artillery bombardment and bombardment and the fires of majority resulting from it. Altogether 15 humans died. 330 houses burned, also the city hall down and with it city archives, that already with the fires 1525 and1707 dezimiert were. Further important sources to the urban history were lost.

In the former land active duty training and prisoner-of-war camp from the allied powers to end of war former forced laborers and other Displaced were person accommodated . 1953 the DP-camp re-designed to a national transit camp for refugees from the formerly German east areas, thatstill up to 30. November 1972 existed. Also Federal President Horst charcoal burner lived as a child for some days here. Many refugees from the camp established themselves permanently in wine mountain and contributed to the reconstruction of the city in the late forties and the fifties-years. Until 1955the reconstruction with 450 new buildings or again developed buildings was essentially final.

In the 1960er and 1970er-Jahren the building of two motorways and the motorway interchange changed the city in up to then ungekanntem extent. Wine mountain was now from all directions comfortably and fast by automobile tooreach, saw themselves in addition, increasingly traffic noise in so far unknown extent suspended, which made noise protection measures necessary.

Starting from end of the 1960er-Jahre in Baden-Wuerttemberg a circle and a municipality reform were discussed. The goal planning of the federal state government for this reform saw the incorporation of the municipalities Eberstadt (with woods), to Ellhofen, Gellmersbach,Grant and teaching stone theory into the city wine mountain forwards. Particularly in Eberstadt, Ellhofen and teaching stone field this encountered resistance. As alternative to the incorporation wine mountain as well as these municipalities created to 21. December 1971 the local administration federation „area wine mountain “with seat in wine mountain. Grant reached the 1. January1973, Gellmersbach to the 1. January 1975 after wine mountain in in common December. The municipality Wimmental, which should have become after original goal planning part that municipality Obersulm which can be formed again, decided instead rather for the incorporation after wine mountain, likewise to the 1. January 1975 took place.

Work on []

Is

predominantly Evangelist

religions Johannes Oekolampadius wine mountain since the reformation. The city was principal place of the 1291 for the first time mentioned land chapter wine mountain of the diocese peppering castle, which covered 52 Pfarreien, among other things Heilbronn.

1510 to 1518 had Johannes Oekolampadius, the later Reformator Basel, onePrädikantenstelle to the Weinsberger Johanneskirche. In wine mountain it excited impact with its reform-oriented lectures however and left the city therefore.

1520 came the Heilbronner Erhard Schnepf as a first expressed Evangelist Prediger to wine mountain. 1522 he was driven out by the Austrian government. After the returnDuke Ulrichs after Württemberg, 1534, accomplished Schnepf on behalf the duke the reformation in Württemberg. In wine mountain this task came to the minister Johann Geyling , which was set off 1548 as consequence of the interCIM (attempt of a Rekatholisierung with slight concessions). After the end of the interCIM1552 became generally accepted the reformation in wine mountain finally.

Wine mountain became part and first also principal place of an Evangelist church district. 1586 were shifted its principal place after Möckmühl, 1612 after new city at the digester, until 1710 a new church district with principal place wine mountain were finally established. Of1752 to 1759 were the Pietist Friedrich Christoph Oetinger Dekan in wine mountain. During this time its Weinsberger lecture book developed.

After different changes the Evangelist church district wine mountain corresponded to the political upper office wine mountain starting from 1812 and remained unaffected by its dissolution 1926, so that the today's bordersthe Dekanats wine mountain of the Evangelist regional church in Württemberg reflect the earlier political borders. The Evangelist church municipality wine mountain has today 4,700 members (conditions: October 2004). Their church is the Johanneskirche. Gellmersbach has its own church municipality, the Evangelist church municipality pc. Leonhardskirche Gellmersbach. The Evangelist Christiansin Grant and Wimmental belong to 530 from Grant and 150 from Wimmental (conditions to the Evangelist church municipality (Obersulm -) Sülzbach, which have 1,686 members , of it: October 2002).

The 1951 to 1954 again built catholic church

Wimmental were starting from 1504 under württembergischer sovereignty, butPossession of the monastery beautiful valley and did not participate therefore in the reformation. The predominant majority of the inhabitants is also today still catholic. For it there is its own catholic church municipality, the catholic church municipality pc. Oswald Wimmental, also for Grant and the two WeinsbergerNeighbour municipalities Ellhofen and teaching stone field is responsible and at present 1,600 members has (conditions: 2003). In wine mountain became only after end of the Second World War, by Zuwanderung of refugees, catholics in considerable number resident. As consequence the catholic church municipality became pc. Josef wine mountain based, alsofor Gellmersbach, which is responsible clinical center at the white yard and the neighbour municipality Eberstadt. 1951 to 1954 the catholic Josefskirche were again built. At present the church municipality has pc. Josef of 2,877 members (conditions: 2003).

A Jewish municipality gives and gave it in wine mountain not; there is inthe Weinsberger history however isolates Jews proven. 1298 was Weinsberger Jew affected by Rintfleisch pursuit. 1418 paid to Jews in wine mountain 100 guldens Jew tax at Konrad von Weinsberg. In the course 19. Century again isolates Jewish families resident, it gave however no Jewish municipality. ThoseJewish patient of the 1903 built mental hospital by Rabbinern from Heilbronn was cared for. To 22. August 1942 two brought with a large rail transport mostly betagte Jews from Stuttgart area and the circle Heilbronn in the Ghetto Theresienstadt and among them also Jews from wine mountain.

Neuapostoli Christians are for approximately 1920 in wine mountain resident. Its own church municipality was created 1931, a newly built church building to 29. May 1965 inaugurated. The neuapostolische church municipality wine mountain belonged to the church district Heilbronn Pfühl of the Neuapostoli church South Germany and has 182 members (conditions: Year end 2004).

The Evangelist methodistische church municipality wine mountain hasa catchment area from Neckarsulm in the Sulmtal and about 70 members (conditions: 2003). First methodistische Prediger came 1851 from Heilbronn to wine mountain; its own municipality district was created 1884.

Further denominations and religions represented in wine mountain are among other things:

incorporations

the following municipalities became after wine mountain in in common December (conditions of the numbers of inhabitants October 2004):

Gellmersbach

major item: Gellmersbach

Gellmersbach decided in December 1974 for the freiwillige integration into the city wine mountain and reached the 1.January 1975 in in common December. The place has today 953 inhabitants.

Grant

major item: The Grant

Grantschener citizen decided in a citizen hearing to 26. March 1972 for the freiwillige integration into the city wine mountain. The place became at the 1. January 1973 in in common December and hastoday 839 inhabitants.

Wimmental

major item: Wimmental

the Wimmentaler citizen decided in a citizen hearing to 20. January 1974 for the freiwillige integration into the city wine mountain. The place became at the 1. January 1975 in in common December and has today 589 inhabitants.

Year inhabitant
1525 1.200
1620 1,600
1640 540
1670 1,060
1800 1,450
1810 1,634
1820 1,770
1830 1,904
1840 2,039
1845 2,148
1858 2,080
1900 2,479
1907 3,097
1920 3,389
1930 3,600
1939 4,555
1947 5,665
1952 5,837
1955 8,249
1960 6,979
1965 6,993
1970 7,392
1975 8.287
inhabitant development concrete
population numbers become
for the first time accessible
to 1980 8,799
1985 9,155
1990 10,009 1995

11,070

2000 11,350 [work on] with a delivered stove place listing of 1525, which registers 224 households. With an accepted average household size of five persons plus Gesinde that corresponds to about 1,200 inhabitants. Despiteafflicting by mörderische infections - „English sweat “(sudor anglicus) in the year 1529, plague 1571, 1585, 1597 and 1612 - the population counted 1620 1,600 persons in the year. By the dreissigjährigen war and further plague epidemic diseases 1625 and 1635 shrank it on 540 inhabitantsin the year 1640. 1670 counted the city of about 1,060 inhabitants, and only 1810 were again exceeded the number of 1600 inhabitants. 1840 was then reached 2,000 persons, that in the future much did not change: The description of the upper office wine mountain reports for the 3. December1858 2,080 inhabitants. 1907, after the 1903 opening of the royal mental hospital, lived 3,097 inhabitants took place in wine mountain, on it 654 in the mental hospital.

The opening of the camp for Displaced person, late national transit camps for east refugees, let the number of inhabitants snap up; occasionally lived againhalf as many refugees in wine mountain as actual city inhabitants, 1955 e.g. 2,616 camp inhabitants opposite 4.982 actual city inhabitants and 651 inhabitants of the national hospital. Some of these refugees established themselves also in wine mountain, which at the beginning of the 1960er-Jahre with removing population conditions in the camp to a number ofabout 7,000 inhabitants led. A constant growth followed, until at the end of occurred 1972 by the locking of the national transit camp a lighter decrease, which was compensated however 1973 and 1975 by the incorporations. Into the 1990er - years the number of 11.000 inhabitants was reached for the first time. Until todayregisters wine mountain an easy increase in the population by influx and proves therefore still new construction sites.

Foreigners reside only since arrival of the immigrant workers in Germany in wine mountain in considerable number. Most of them come from classical immigrant worker countries like Turkey, Italy and Greece.Their portion settled down for years around the 10% and amounted to 2003 9.8%, not been taking in account those, which accepted in the meantime the German nationality. Likewise in this number considered since 1989 the late repatriates accepted in larger number also to wine mountain are not,those from the foreign country come, legally seen however Germans are.

To the table: Early numbers are estimations, historical sources or the description of the upper office wine mountain taken of 1861. Later numbers come of to official countings or updating and are essentially the yearbook for the city wine mountain taken.Starting from 1907 with mental hospital and/or. Hospital/clinical center, 1947 to 1970 with national transit camp, starting from 1975 with eingemeindeten local parts.

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Inhabitant development of wine mountain 1525 to 2004

politics

local council and locality advice

of the Weinsberger local council planned regularly 22 seats, like in the Gemeindeordnung of Baden-Wuerttemberg for a municipality of the size of wine mountain. 16 seats are for the town centerand in each case two for the three localities Gellmersbach, Grant and Wimmental reserves. The choice suggestions of the parties and voter combinations contain separate lists for the four individual residential areas (wine mountain, Gellmersbach, Grant, Wimmental) or also only of lists for some of the residential areas, e.g. if itself for other noneCandidates find. Each voter can co-ordinate however not only on candidates of its respective residential area, but on the candidates from all residential areas (so-called.False partial local choice). That that also the voters of the town center co-ordinate on it, is called concrete who represents each of the localities in the local council, and in reverse.

View this local election right complicated by Heilbronn on the bolster mountain (left

) and castle mountain by can result balance seats, if a choice suggestion in a residential area experiences a importantly higher agreement than in the total result. So also with the local council choice 2004 in wine mountain: The CDU was in the localitiesmore successfully than altogether and in each case one of the two per locality reserved seat could to achieve. Free voters and SPD received in each case a balance seat, so that the local council in the electoral period has 2004-2009 24 members. The members of the local council carry the title in each case as a person town councillor (STR)or town councillor (StR'in).

Dominating parliamentary group in the Weinsberger local council is since their first beginning in January 1951 the free voter combination wine mountain 1950. Also SPD and CDU are represented for decades. The SPD, since 1909 with a local association represent and in the 1950ern and 1960ern second-strongest parliamentary group(of two) with up to 40% of the mandates, was still until 1975 more strongly represented than the CDU, which had begun 1971 for the first time at all to local council elections, from the incorporations then however strongly profit could and since then the second-strongest parliamentary group places. Fourth parliamentary group were from 1984 to 1994 the Greens and in their follow-up starting from 1994 the independent list wine mountain, which found 2004 no longer sufficient candidates however with the choice and did not begin therefore no more. The current allocation of seats is as follows:

  • Free voter combination wine mountain 1950 (FWV): 11 seats
  • CDU: 8 seats
  • SPD: 5 seats
    (result of the choice of 13. June 2004)

Further member of the local council and its chairmen is a mayor.

In each of the three localities there is one with each local election from the population entitled to vote to locality advice who can be selected. The locality advice havein each case six members. On its suggestion the local council for each locality selects a honorary local chief. These committees are to be heard to important affairs concerning the locality.

Since the choice 2004 is the FWV in the locality advice Grant with four members, in Gellmersbach and Wimmentalrepresent with three members. Accordingly the CDU places three members in Grant two, in Gellmersbach and Wimmental. There were other choice suggestions than FWV or CDU none.

Aerial photograph of wine mountain of 1914. On the left of above the castle ruin, above the picture center the Johanneskirche.

The local chiefs are starting from 2004:

  • Gellmersbach:Siegfried bar gentleman
  • Grant: Ludwig high
  • Wimmental: Hugo tree

mayor

mayor of the city wine mountain is since April 2004 Stefan Thoma, to 15. February 2004 in the second ballot with 43,36% of the voices was selected for eight years. Still in the first ballot hadit been on the third place, could itself with the repetition, with which some candidates did not begin no more, then however intersperses.

Former mayors of the city wine mountain were among other things:

  • Walter bold (1996-2004)
  • Jürgen Klatte (1972-1996)
  • Erwin home (1948-1972)
  • Karl Rebmann (1945-1946)
  • Karl wine burner (1924-1945)
  • Carl Seufferheld(City-Schult-hot, 1872-1914)
coat of arms on the market well

coat of arms and flag

the Weinsberger coat of arms shows: In split sign in front in silver a red-reinforced and rotbezungter half black eagle at the gap, in the back in blue on golden mountain a golden Rebstock at golden stake.

The componentsthe Weinsberger of coat of arms (Weinstock as talking indication, realm eagle as indications of the realm immediacy) both were as symbols of the city the used, to them in 16. Century in a coat of arms were combined. In its current form the coat of arms was specified 1958 by the city and to 12.February of the ministry of the Interior of the country Baden-Wuerttemberg confirms.

The Weinsberger city colors is blue white.

Twin cities

partnerships between cities

of twin cities and/or. - municipalities of wine mountain are Carignan in France (since 9. April 1995) and Costigliole d'Asti in Italy (since 23. September 2000). Relations (without official partnership between cities) exists also too Cossebaude and/or. in Dresden. The Justinus Kerner High School maintains beyond that relations (Schüleraustausch) to the South Wolds Community School in Keyworth (Nottinghamshire), Great Britain, the six-form high school wine mountain to the Wellcome Memorial High School in Lake Crystal (Minnesota), the USA.

cultureand theatres

of the 1994 created

theatre association

wine mountain each straight year shows objects of interest [work on] in the context of the woman faithful festivals free light theatres on the castle ruin woman-faithfully and in irregular distances also room theatre productions.

a large number from works of art accommodates museums the woman faithful museum in the city hall toWine mountain and its history. It can be visited Sunday and Tuesday until Thursday of 14-17 o'clock free of charge.

The Kernerhaus

the Kernerhaus is that 1822 builds house of the poet and physician Justinus Kerner and later its son Theobald Kerner, the 1907 of the Justinus Kerner association bought andin the subsequent year as museum one made accessible. Opened Tuesday until Sunday (except on first Sunday in the month) of 14-17 o'clock.

In the proximity of the Kernerhauses Alexanderhäu, Justinus Kerners guesthouse is, designated after Alexander of Württemberg. Opened after advance notification.

The documentation place camp wine mountainwine mountain is accommodated in the last still received barrack of the former camp, which served from 1937 to 1972 successively as land active duty training camp, prisoner-of-war camp, camp for Displaced person and refugee camps. It is opened each first Sunday in the month of 14-17 o'clock; Entrance freely.

music

Wine mountain has an urban school of music. The various church municipalities are different choirs and orchestras attached or loosely attached, among other things the Coro Allegro and the gentleman Mr. wine mountain. In addition there are the music associations, i.e. the song ring Urbanus wine mountain, usual in a city of the size of wine mountain, thoseSinging combination woman-faithfully wine mountain and the city chapel - music association wine mountain as well as in the quarters the singer federation Gellmersbach and the singing association Urbanus Wimmental 1910.

Also that internationally well-known jazz retort bassist and picking up vein January Jankeje lives in wine mountain.

buildings

the awake tower of the south

Roman bath (remnants of a Roman mansion rustica)

the Weinsberger Roman bath, which was coincidentally discovered and excavated 1906 when planting a tree, was in 2. and 3. Century n. Chr. Part a Roman property yard at the Roman road between Heilbronn - Böckingen and Öhringen and count today toothe oldest certifications of Roman history in Baden-Wuerttemberg. 1977 were opened the remaining plant, as far as does not cover, and restored by the city. It can be all year round visited free of charge.

castle ruin woman-faithfully

major items: Castle ruin woman-faithfully

the castle ruin woman-faithfully, convenient on the castle mountain above the city,probably became in the 11. Century builds. It can be visited against entrance.

awake tower

the awake tower was built for typical embossment right parallelepipeds as part of the southern Stadtmauer around 1200/1210 out for the Staufer period. Other names of the tower were cow tower, sow tower or sow brook tower. It is onethe oldest received buildings of the city and was established, in order to improve the city defense here, which could be based except on the Stadtmauer only upon an often nearly drained water ditch, by the city sea-brook and/or. Sow brook was fed. Those the city turned north side of theTower one left open probably first and one closed only later with a framed wall. With the large city fire of 1707 the tower remained intact. For 1784 its use is delivered as accommodation for arms. it started to burn to 1853 and burned out, however still became in the sameYear again repaired. Still until 1857 was here also the Wachstube of the urban night watchmen. In the course of the years it was used in addition as dwelling of the high guard, prison, arm accommodation and youth hostel. In the bell chair in the highest floor today the bell of the former, 1975 torn off Evangelist hangsChurch of the camp wine mountain. After a comprehensive reorganization of the tower in the years 1986/1987 today among other things are in the awake tower different refugee homeland associations accommodated. They maintain a homeland room, which can be visited each first Sunday in the month of 14-17 o'clock free of charge in the tower.

The Johanneskirche of the south.Left down before the church the building ev. Dekanats

Evangelist Johanneskirche

the Johanneskirche at the Ökolampadiusplatz is the church of the Evangelist church municipality wine mountain. The Roman nave was built around 1200/1210 probably on behalf the gentlemen von Weinsberg, one pilotfishes Ministerialengeschlechts, thatalso the patronage right had. The tower in the center was probably added around 1230/1240; the gothical east choir around 1350. At the south side of the church an intending plate for Johannes Oekolampadius is attached, the Reformator of Basel, which worked before here as a minister; at the eastern side of theEast choir is the Weinsberger war memorial for the pleasures of the First World War. During the destruction of the city in the farmer war 1525 the church burned out and thereafter was again developed. The tower, with the Weinsberger blood Easter 1525 still refuge some aristocrats, paid for a floor in the reconstruction. 1707 and 1945 the church got over the later destruction of the city by fires intact.

The church is daily in the summer to visit otherwise after advance notification.

nature

by active building activity after the Second World War is the portion of the nature-left surfaces onthe Weinsberger Markung constantly decreased/gone back. The city has nevertheless particularly in the south of the city still larger nature surfaces. The city sea and Brühltal used of the population as recreation area are since that 17. April 1980 as ecologically valuable, 89 hectars large landscape protection area Brühl and city sea-valley(No. 1.25.014) classified. South afterwards to it the humid area rear Brühltal is , to 4 in the forest. December 2002 to the 20,4 hectar large protected area Brühl (No. 1.254) one raised, after a subsection was already starting from 1986 Naturdenkmal. By military use since 1936 (as range) andthe blockage accompanying with it into the 1980-he 1980 inside developed here a retreat area for many rare animal and plant types as for example the thousand-gulden herb, the Fleischfarbene Knabenkraut, the Schlingnatter, the Gelbbauchunke or the large Feuerfalter. Remarkably also the frequent occurrence is that Elsbeere and the Speierlings in the forest, into which Brühl and city sea-valley at the city boundary change to Heilbronn. Over 50 copies of the rare Speierlings were counted here.

A further landscape protection area is woman faithful the castle mountain with the castle ruin, since that the 21. July 1978 17 hectarslarge landscape protection area castle mountain with „woman-faithfully “(No. 1.25.002) forms. The Weinsberger section of the Sulmtals, in earlier times than landschaftlich very delightfully praised, is dominated since motorway construction particularly by the motorway interchange. , In the northeast corner of the motorway interchange, a protected area is also here nevertheless, at the wine mountaina small portion has. The protected area wild mountain (No. 1.187) became to 16. October 1992 on the western part of the wild mountain between Weinsberg Grant and Eberstadt, directly south A 81, furnished. The Weinsberger portion is however rather small with 1,6 hectars, compared to that 47.8 hectars of largePortion of Eberstadts. The protected area possesses special geological meaning by several geological explanations as view of the developing history of the reed and stone.

sport

of largest Sportverein and also largest association of wine mountain at all is the TSV 1866 registered association. Wine mountain, that with numerous departments among other things various ball plays(Football, hand ball among other things), Leichtathletik, doing gymnastics, gymnastic and riding offer. In addition there is the fishery association wine mountain, the cycle racing association wine mountain, the Schützengilde 1862 wine mountain, the diver group wine mountain, the tennis club wine mountain registered association. 1960 as well as in the quarters the riding association Gellmersbach, the contactor association Gellmersbach, the sport friends Gellmersbach andthe TV Grant 1907.

regular meetings

each year takes place since 1977 at a June Wochende in the old part of town in the open air the city celebration , with which one essentially eats, drink, maintained and the music of city chapel and other bands to listen itself can.In addition, there is a small cultural master program.

Similarly the woman faithful autumn presents itself, also admits as autumn celebration, which annually on one weekend in September or October on the Festplatz on the Grasigen Hag (northern the Johanneskirche) takes place. The fixed happening takes place here in the fixed tent. In additionthere is still another selection of roundabouts, Losbuden etc.

In irregular distances, last 1994 and 2000, a historical procession pulls by the city on the weekend of the autumn celebration. Delegations of the associations represent the Weinsberger history, the training and kindergarten children in historical costumes run along; also Fanfare courses from the closer and further environment, delegations of the Weinsberger of twin cities etc. are present.

In the summer of each straight yearly woman-faithfully the woman faithful festivals with theatre and appearances take place since 1996 on the castle ruin. Organizer is the theatre association wine mountain.

economics and infrastructure

HerbstlicheVineyards on the bolster mountain, from the castle mountain [to work on
], like

the city name shows, in earlier times the basis of the Weinsberger economics was seen to viticulture the viticulture and plays also today still another important role. 1271 were mentioned the viticulture in wine mountain, 1636 for the first time are 28 Keltern in the city proven. With 429 hectars of Rebfläche (of it approx. 2/3 red Rebsorten) stands for wine mountain today in fifth place of the viticulture municipalities in the Weinbaugebiet Württemberg. 1868 were created the wine gardner cooperative wine mountain, itself to 14. June 1972 with the wine gardner cooperatives from Erlenbachand Heilbronn to the cooperative wine cellar Heilbronn Erlenbach Weinsberg e.G. (today lain on Erlenbacher Gemarkung) united, which also today still most Weinsberger wine farmer is attached. In addition, there is some selfmarked out, i.e. Weingüter, which remove and marked their wine out. Its own WG, the 1947 created has GrantWine gardner cooperative Grant, which is responsible also for wine gardners from Ellhofen and which followed 1994 the 1948 created wine gardner cooperative Wimmental. The former WG Gellmersbach is come up 1995 in the WG Eberstadt. In addition there are in the city the 1868 created national lehr and laboratory forWine and fruit-growing (LVWO or briefly viticulture school), which design and their wine as state wine State of wine mountain marketed. Since that 19. January 1957 resides besides the federal technical school for the Weinküferhandwerk in wine mountain, which accomplishes each year a Vorbereitungslehrgang on the mastership examination in this handicraft. Since 1972finally also the viticulture federation Württemberg resides in wine mountain.

The Weinsberger cross seen by the castle ruin (southwest) out

traffic

on Weinsberger area in the Sulmtal lies starting from 1966 the built Weinsberger cross, where itself the motorways A 6 (Nuremberg - Heilbronn- Mannheim) and A 81 (Stuttgart - peppering castle) cross. Little is traveled A 81 direction peppering castle, the other three distances for it all the more. Particularly A 6 leading in east west direction is since the opening of the Eastern Bloc often the Verkehrsinfarkt close alsoa daily traffic volume of in the year 2001 up to 102.000 vehicles (distance wine mountain barrier village), of it about 30% Lkws, one of the highest portions in the German motorway net. The sechsspurige development of so far still vierspurigen A 6 is for a long time urgent desire of the whole region Heilbronn,therefore in an up to then unparalleled step also the Vorfinanzierung of the finishing planning of the Weinsberger cross up to the Bavarian border transferred. When temporary remedy up to the development, which is not assured, but scheduled, the standing tires of A 6 became provisional driving strips ummarkiert.

Thosestrongly driven on federal highway B 39 (Heilbronn - to Swabian resound) led in former times in west east direction in the middle by the city and divided wine mountain practically into a north and a south part. The crossing of B 39 apart of traffic lights was nearly impossible, so that over decades thatDesire for a by-pass road grew, to 13. July 1990 was finally inaugurated. Coming by Heilbronn, it crosses the bolster mountain in a tunnel in the west, goes around wine mountain in the north along the route of A 6 and finally meets in the east, direction Ellhofen, thoseold B 39. The old distance of B 39 by the town centre was traffic-calmed down. At the Mark border to Ellhofen the motorway feeder B 39a branches to the south, which leads to the motorway connection place wine mountain at A 81 (south the Weinsberger of cross).

Wine mountain approx. 1938. Somewhat belowthe picture center is the Hohenlohebahn to be recognized.

Wine mountain lies also to the 1860 to 1862 built Hohenlohebahn of Heilbronn over Öhringen after Swabian resounds. Apart from normal courses operated metropolitan railways drive from Heilbronn to Öhringen and employ so the binding also from the Albtal traffic societythe Karlsruher metropolitan railway net ago. In former times the not electrified distance, into which for a long time nothing more had been invested and which was signal-technically still on conditions of 1900, became for this purpose to Öhringen for the first time with an overhead line provided. In addition new critical points are built;in wine mountain this is the critical points wine mountain west (in enterprise starting from 2007) and Weinsberg/Ellhofen trade area (starting from spring 2006), so that wine mountain as well as the critical point wine mountain station will have three stops. By June 2003 until December 2005 the Hohenlohebahn became because of the changes of Heilbronnuntil Öhringen in rail spare traffic operated.

occupation

of the 11,796 Weinsberger inhabitants were to 30. June 2004 after numbers of the federal agency for work 436 unemployed, which a portion of 5,5% of the 15 - until 65-Jährigen corresponds. 3969 inhabitants were busy liable to social security, by thosebut 3054, thus about 77%, when occupation from commuters worked outside of wine mountain. Turned around give it in addition, 2843 occupation A COMMUTERs, which live outside, so that altogether 3759 liable to social security persons employed in wine mountain work. From these 67.3% are in the tertiary sector (service range), 31.5% in the secondary one Sector (processing trade, building industry and. A.) and 1.1% in the primary sector (main country - and forestry) actively. For the high portion of the service sector substantially the different public mechanisms carry like the clinical center at the white yard, the viticulture school, those from the city administrationprocured administration of the local administration federation and the schools. The independent ones are not contained in these numbers.

residents enterprises

in wine mountain are two larger companies of the metal branch resident. The full ore GmbH & cost. Kg (formerly Hermann full ore kg) is one 1925 as Lock-making creating width unit, medium-size equipment construction - enterprise, that with 180 coworkers world-wide and. A. to heavy load, promote -, transport and storage engineering are active. The Fibro GmbH, 1959 a created subsidiary Heilbronners of the Läpple company, is active in the ranges Normalien, rotary indexing tables , automation and robotics. In twoWorks in wine mountain and Hassmersheim Fibro has over 900 persons employed. Also today in Heilbronn the residents tool - and building of forms - company August Läpple GmbH & cost. Kg was created 1919 in wine mountain.

The 1912 created body works wine mountain GmbH are particularly well-known for the living mobile,they under the label name Weinsberg® from 1969 to 1992 built. (After twice sales the mark is in the meantime in the possession of the living mobile manufacturer Knaus Tabbert Group GmbH.) also for Fiats and/or. NSU were manufactured cars, among other things into the 1960er-Jahren Fiats the Coupé wine mountain 500. Later concentrateditself the enterprise, which in the year of 1987 560 coworkers busy, on the parts manufacture and the device and tool construction. Also the 1988 effected assumption knew the fall beginning due to the bad economic situation of the customers in the automobile industry by the Prechter GmbH of the German-American entrepreneurHeinz Prechter (American Sunroof corporation) do not stop. In April 2002 insolvency was announced. After over three years a new investor was, to that the enterprise to the 1. August 2005 took over. From 454 coworkers to the time of the assumption 1988 are by August 2005still 75 remaining remained.

The 1903 as market garden created Weinsberger rose cultures are one of the larger rose schools in South Germany. Except roses also still different plants are cultivated and sold.

In the common trade area with Ellhofen maintains the enterprise SAVE trade AG for decades a large camp (as well as oneEuro savings market). After the assumption of the Germans authorized by the Federal Cartel Office in the year 2005 SAVE through EDEKA are only parts of the Ellhofener of location with approximately 300 to 400 jobs to be continued using (conditions in the middle of December 2005).

Former, today any longer not existing Weinsberger enterprises is among other things the steam brickyard wine mountain,late brick works cook & sons, then Weinsberger brick GmbH (1900 based, 1983 in bankruptcy), on whose former area today the recreation site old persons brickyard is, the Tabakfabrik wine mountain (1924 based, production of whistle tobaccos, buildings into the 1970er-Jahren torn off) and the chemical factory wine mountain (1909 based,Production of wax polish, soil cream and shoe polish under the label name Weibertreu®).

Panorama of a higher point of view from

en and disposal

the water supply of wine mountain was guaranteed in former times by own sources. Water pipelines fed wells as for example the market wells of 1803. 1937 became the safety device thatPotable water supply in the source area of the sow brook in the south of the city two small artificial lakes put on, which supplied together with the existing and further, again opened sources into the 1970er-Jahre drinking water. Starting from 1961 the connection was considered to the Bodensee water supply. 1962 took place the entry to the Zweckverband Bodensee water supply(BSWV). 1974/75 took place from Heilbronn the connection to the power mains of the BSWV; the first Bodensee water flowed to 27. March 1975 in the Weinsberger power mains. Gellmersbach, since 1927/28 of the Eberbach Wasserversorgungsgruppe in Eberstadt with drinking water supply, became because of capacity problems of this group at the 1. December 1978 to thoseBSWV attached, Grant to 18. October 1987. Wimmental had already together-done 1911 with all other municipalities of the upper Sulmtals and had created the Sulmwasserversorgungsgruppe, had supplied those their members with water from own sources and because of the rising need since 1959 also to water of the water supplyNordostwürttemberg (NOW) refers. It concerns also here Bodensee water, which refers the NOW of the BSWV.

At the beginning 20. Century urban gas works were established, which supplied the city also by coal gasification produced town gas. Starting from 20. December 1962 was given up the self productionin favor of of gas, which was referred by a again built line from Heilbronn. Starting from 1973 to natural gas one changed over. Gas and water supply are taken over by public utilities wine mountain GmbH. About the technical completion public utilities Heilbronn worry.

Produced town gas became alsoEnterprise of the public road lighting uses. To 8. October 1957 with the conversion to electrical road lighting to be begun, at the beginning of the 1970er-Jahre because of the conversion to natural gas be forced had and to 8. June 1972 was final. For the current supply in former times the power supply was Swabia AG(EVS) responsibly, the today's EnBW, which operates a transformer station in wine mountain since 1964.

For the cleaning of the waste water wine mountain operated in former times two own purification plants. Since 1976 the city uses two together with several neighbour municipalities built and claimant purification plants in Ellhofen and Neckarsulm.

Work on []

The daily paper Heilbronner voice in their expenditure for the Weinsberger valley (CR) reports media over the happening in wine mountain. Of 5. March 1875 to 1934 appeared in wine mountain also its own daily paper, the Weinsberger newspaper, and of the 1. May 1898 up to21. June 1901 appeared even to day sheet with the Weinsberger a competition sheet. Since 1. In addition March 1952 appears weekly an urban Official Journal, the newspaper for the city to wine mountain, with an edition of 3000 copies (conditions: 2002). Beyond that there are still the free of charge distributed indicator sheets Neckar express (weekly on Wednesdays), echo (on Wednesdays and Sundays, from the group of publishing houses of the Heilbronners voice), D'r whistle (monthly) and wine mountain up-to-date (several times in the year, of the Weinsberger tradesman's union).

In the radio occasionally the SWR4 Franconia radio - of the Studios Heilbronn reports southwest broadcast on wine mountain.

public mechanisms

wine mountainhad over a notary's office, a police station, which is responsible for the southeast district Heilbronn, and over a motorway police station. The Freiwillige fire-brigade wine mountain is responsible for fire protection and first aid after accident in the city and also on the motorways A 6 and A 81 (ofWeinsberger cross from in each case some kilometers in all directions, altogether 40 km). In addition the following public mechanisms are in wine mountain:

clinical center at the white yard

administration building of the clinical center

major item: Clinical center at the white yard

the clinical center at the white yard became as royal mental hospital (for spirit patient) 1903 upwhite yard to the area of the public domain opens. Today the clinical center at the white yard is a modern hospital for psychiatry (with departments for Gerontopsychiatrie, Forensi psychiatry and child and youth psychiatry), neurology, craze and Psychotherapeuti medicine. The hospital busily over 800 humans and is therebythe largest employer in the city wine mountain.

national lehr and laboratory for wine and fruit-growing (LVWO) with state wine State of

area of the LVWO in wine mountain

major item: National lehr and laboratory for wine and fruit-growing wine mountain

the national lehr and laboratory for wine and fruit-growingas royal viticulture school 1868 and are the oldest German wine and fruit-growing school were created. She dedicates herself in the wine - and fruit-growing to the training and the research, to which she manages various fruit goods and vineyards in wine mountain and other places. Some important Rebsorten, under itthe Kerner and the thorn fields, at the viticulture school were bred. Of the LVWO manufactured wines and sparkling wines are marketed since 1995 under the designation state wine State of wine mountain.

education

it gives four primary schools in wine mountain, of it two in the city andtwo further in the local parts Gellmersbach and Grant (primary school Grantschen/Wimmental).

The Justinus Kerner High School wine mountain was probably justified around 1500 as latin school. For 1540 the building of a new school building is proven. Beside the latin school occasionally a German school existed and in the center 19. Century fortwo decades a six-form high school. 1903 were furnished at the latin school a material school course. The school was called then 1907-1909 latin and six-form high school wine mountain and starting from 1909 finally six-form high school wine mountain. After further renaming (1937 high school wine mountain, 1953 pro High School wine mountain, 1955 Justinus Kerner Progymnasium wine mountain) the school became finally off1970 to the full High School developed and carry since then its current names.

The neighbourhoods hauptschule (since 1995 with work six-form high school) and the 1980 created six-form high school wine mountain are accommodated together with the High School in the education center Rossäcker. An urban school of music was created in January 1993.

In the cityresident clinical center at the white yard offers schoolable patient for its a school for patient in longer hospital treatment. Together with the hospital lion stone operates the clinical center also a nursing for the sick school (to the nurses and - male nurses to be trained). Since 1. January 2004 is called the school officially health and nursing for the sick schooland health and Krankenpfleger (inside) trains.

In wine mountain in addition the national lehr and laboratory for wine and fruit-growing (LVWO - s.o.) are, those to the Staatl. examined technician for viticulture and cellar restaurant, to the Staatl. examined manager for viticulture and to the Staatl. examined manager for fruit-growingtrains.

The public library wine mountain with an existence of 22.000 media is open to all citizens of wine mountain and other municipalities. Them became, in follow-up of other libraries, to 8. March 1971 opens.

tourism

the castle ruin woman-faithfully on the castle mountain. Opinion of southwest

in the 1950erand 1960er-Jahren was wine mountain a popular goal for special trains of the German Federal Railroads with several hundreds or over thousand guests. With increasing the spreading of the automobile and the easy accessibility of wine mountain by the new motorways shifted this later on the bus tourism and the individual tourism.

Wine mountain is because of the castle road; the castle ruin woman-faithfully is with 26.000 visitors in the year 2004 the routistic main attraction of the city. Also the Swabian poet route leads visitors into the city and into the Kernerhaus, which came 2004 on 2.800 visitors. Finally wine mountain is also because of that2004 again furnished Württemberger crying race, on which one can erreisen the objects of interest of the viticulture region Württemberg.

The city over e.g. has ten honorary guest leaders, those for general city and castle guidance or topic guidance. the farmer war in wine mountain, wine or the Mrs. Weinsbergs to be booked know.Approximately 5,000 guests used this offer in the year 2004.

The city administration offers beyond that in co-operation with the local catering trade and hotel trade different inspection and overnight accomodation packages and is endeavored to deal also with individual travel desires.

personalities

honour citizen

wine mountain hasin more recent time the following persons the honour citizen right lent (with date of the award):

honour citizens of wine mountain

  • Friedrich August von Heyd (* 1. December 1749; † 12. March 1840), Evangelist minister and Dekan in wine mountain (supposed 1835)
  • Christian Jakob David Hildt (* 25. December 1814;† 17. February 1909), building masters and architect (supposed 1895 ago)
  • Johann William Philipp Ammon (* 6. October 1829; † 16. November 1897), city ministers and Dekan in wine mountain from 1881 to 1896 (14. November 1896)
  • Theobald Kerner (* 14. June 1817; † 11. August 1907), sonJustinus Kerners, poet and physician (14. June 1897)
  • Karl Weller (* 22. November 1866; † 24. December 1943), historians, published 1903 „the women of wine mountain “(11. June 1903)
  • Erwin Hildt (* 1. July 1851; † 25. February 1917), joint founders of the Justinus Kerner association and founders afterit Hildthalle (21 designated festival hall. March 1909)
  • God praise Wagner (* 9. November 1839; † 7. September 1926), masters of building of upper office in wine mountain and local council member of many years (17. September 1925)
  • Hermann whole Mueller (* 1. January 1858; † 20. December 1941), architect-generals and local council member of many years (3. October 1929)
  • Karl Rebmann(* 8. March 1883; † 1. June 1970), master of building of upper office, circle fire chief, local council member of many years, mayor (1945/46), new founders of the Freiwilligen fire-brigade in wine mountain and in the district (8. March 1963)
  • Karl wine burner (* 5. October 1888; † 10. May 1968), mayors 1924-1945, Erwerber of the Weinsberger of city forest on Markung Gemmingen(5. October 1963)
  • Ernst Klenk (* 6. January 1905; † 19. July 1996), director and director/conductor of the national lehr and laboratory for wine and fruit-growing (6. January 1970)
  • Erwin home (* 15. February 1910; † 17. March 1987), mayors 1948-1972 (24. March 1972)
  • Jakob ring yard(* 6. July 1911; † 27. August 1993), local council and circle tag member of many years, 1. Deputy mayor 1965-1984 (4. December 1984)
  • Helmut Läpple (* 4. April 1916; † 23. September 2005), partner and managing director of many years (1940 to 2004) of the Läpple group of firms (11. December 1992)
  • Jürgen Klatte (* 23.August 1942), mayors 1972-1996 (29. March 1996)
  • Gerhard Scherr (* 23. September 1933), local council and locality councillor of many years in Wimmental and wine mountain, 1. Deputy mayor 1984-2004 (23. September 2004)

honour citizen Gellmersbachs

  • Ludwig farmer (* 16. November 1919), 1946-1974 mayors, 1975-1989 local chiefs Gellmersbachs (11.December 1974)

sons and daughters of the city

further personalities, those with the city in connection stand

for Justinus Kerner (age picture)
  • Michael Beheim (* 27. September 1416; † approx. 1474), in Sülzbach with wine mountain of born Meistersinger with the surname Poeta Weinsbergensis, starting from 1439 in services of the realm hereditary treasurer Konrad (IX.) of wine mountain
  • Justinus Kerner (* 18. September 1786; † 21. February 1862), poet and physician, who lived from 1819 on in the city. The 1822 of it build house, at that time a popular meeting placeby poets and philosophers, can be still visited today. It supported also the preservation of the castle ruin woman-faithfully and prevented its further abort. With the care of this cultural inheritance today the Justinus Kerner association and woman association concern themselves.
  • Immanuel thorn field (* 17. May 1796;† 29. December 1869), civil servants, starting from 1850 coming ral managers for the upper office wine mountain, main initiator of the viticulture school in wine mountain
  • Theobald Kerner (* 14. June 1817; † 11. August 1907), physician and poet, son Justinus Kerners, maintained the inheritance of its father
  • Friederike Hauffe geb. Wanner (geb. 1801in Prevorst (today local part of the municipality upper field), gest. 1829 in lion stone), the so-called Seherin of Prevorst, were the most well-known female patient Justinus Kerners, that over it a famous book wrote (the Seherin of Prevorst)
  • Hermann vinegar (* 28. August 1878; † 21.June 1918), dramatists and poets, went into wine mountain to the school and published 1909 the sow-Irish comedy the women of wine mountain
  • Otto Mörike (* 7. April 1897; † 9. July 1978), Evangelist Dekan of wine mountain from 1953 to January 1959, fair among the peoples
  • August Herold (*7. August 1902; † 8. January 1973), important vine breeder

wine mountain, Ohio

in Ohio, the USA, gave it a town named wine mountain, in early 19. Century and designated after their German model was created. 1833 were renamed it in vienna castle, as therea post office was opened. Under this name it exists today still. „Vienna castle, Ohio “is also the title of a novel of Sherwood Anderson one from the year 1919.

literature

  • Simon M. Hague: Romans - Salier - Staufer - Weinsberger: small history of castleand city wine mountain. Hg. v. City archives wine mountain. Verl. Newspaper of the city wine mountain, wine mountain 1996, ISBN 3-9802689-9-3
    scarce overview on 74 sides in the pocket size.
  • Simon M. Hague: To the building history of the upper office city wine mountain. Verl. Newspaper of the city wine mountain, wine mountain 1995, ISBN 3-9802689-8-5
    extensive, richly illustratedHistorical work, which deals individually with many buildings.
  • Yearbook for the city wine mountain. Yearbook Verl., wine mountain 1956 -
    appears annually. With detailed yearly review, inhabitant listing, data to associations, administration and institutions.

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