World music

world music or „World music “is in the 80's 20. Century arisen term. Originally on the WOMAD festival initiated by Peter Gabriel and the label material World decreasing/going back, actually designated the term the Crossover from western popular musicand traditional, not-western music forms. With increasing popularization „of the category “however simplifying also often independent traditional of music category under this term were subsummiert, which is considered thus also as synonym to „traditional one non-European music “. In the past years the term always turned out thereforemore strongly in criticism, among other things, because it avails itself of a very eurozentristischen view on music.

Within the Arab culture range the term designates „world music “for approximately 1920 „classical music “in the European sense.

Here the term is as a special style directionare understood, in the sense about border courses and syntheses from western popular music and traditional, usually not-western music forms.


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historical development

since that 1960ern extended jazz musician, everything in front John Coltrane, their musical language toward particularly Indian and African sounds, melodies and rhythms. In Germany of the 1980er it was above all Joachim seriousness Berendt, which näherbrachte world music the music listeners; firstpractical project with German jazz musicians, the Asia tour Albert Mangelsdorff - Quintett, took place already 1964 and by Behrendt on the television was also at that time already introduced. Since the 1960ern thus ranges of the jazz took up already elements more traditionally, usually not-western music formsand processes.

Likewise rock musicians began to experiment like the Beatles and the Rolling Stones in the second half of the 1960er years with Indian and Arab sounds. The Indian Sitar - player Ravi Shankar was enormously popular at this time in the west.Already in the early 60's „the Exotica had itself “in the USA - music develops, which connected jazz, Pop with Latin American, African and Hawaiian elements. However little importance was attached here on authenticity.

This integration of non-European elementsinto the popular music stood completely in the tradition of the modern classical music end 19. and at the beginning 20. Century, itself already with Eastern European people music, in addition, asiatic music, z. B. the Indonesian Gamelan - orchestras, had employed.

Into the 1990er years experienced the popularity of the world music an enormous upswing, this went back particularly on the commitment Peter Gabriels with its label material World, which came out from the WOMAD festival already created into the 80ern of it.Unknown artists presented festival such as label/inside and volume from the whole world in the west, then e.g. became.Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan from Pakistan and Youssou N'Dour from Senegal in the west admits. The mostly not-European artists however often produced under westernConditions, for a western market, partly also with western musicians and western equipment. That often led to an adjustment of its music to the western music taste, because they produced for the European and North American market.

Also under the CD,since center of the 1980er years world music made possible, could a economical spreading to an established category develop. Various of world music festival and world music fairs in Europe and North America developed.

music styles

artists and groups

see also

literature

  • Simon Broughton, Kim Burton, Mark of Ellingham: World music - Rough Guide. Metzler, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3476015327
  • Peter Fletcher: World musics in context: A comprehensive survey OF the world's major musical of cultures. Oxford University press, 2001, ISBN 0198166362

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