Wessex (old-English Westseaxe = „west Saxonia “) was one of the anglo-saxon kingdoms during the Heptarchie, which existed before the Kingdom of England. Wessex lay in the south and southwest of England. Temporally it had approximately of 6. Century up to 9. Century existence.
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Wessex after the anglo-saxon chronicle by Cerdic and Cynric one had based, although the data of this chronicle are usually fictions. First delivered event in Wessex was the baptism Cynegils around 635.
The influence of Wessex extended over the today's counties Devonian and Cornwall and led to a substantial increase in power of the kings of Wessex. The northern border of Wessex was probably the Themse. The area is today the heartland of the counties Hampshire, Wiltshire, Dorset, Somerset and Berkshire. An important settlement in Wessex was Winchester, which became under Alfred the large one 871 the capital.
The Burghalsystem among Alfreds protected the south of England the invasion by those Dane. Some sources point on the fact that the king rule was not left. The strongest candidate on was selected from the group of the oldest families or subjected the less strong kings.
kings of Wessex
- Cerdic (519 - 534)
- Cynric (534 - 560)
- Ceawlin (560 - 591)
- Ceol (591 - 597)
- Ceolwulf (597 - 611)
- Cynegils (611 - 643)
- Cenwalh (643 - 645) (set off)
- Penda,King of Mercia (645 - 648)
- Cenwalh (648 - 674)
- Seaxburh, queen of Wessex (672 - 674)
- Cenfus (674)
- Aescwine (674 - 676)
- Centwine (676 - 685)
- Caedwalla (685 - 688)
- Ine (Wessex) (688 - 726)
- Aethelheard (726 - 740)
- Cuthred (740 - 756)
- Sigeberht (Wessex) (756 - 757)
- Cynewulf of Wessex (757 - 786)
- Beorhtric of Wessex (786 - 802)
- Egbert ofWessex (802 - 839)
- Ethelwulf of Wessex (839 - 856)
- Ethelbald of Wessex (856 - 860)
- Ethelbert of Wessex (860 - 865)
- Ethelred of Wessex (865 - 871)
- Alfred the large one (878 - 899)
- Edward the older one (899 - 925)
- Æthelstan (925 - 927)
in the consequence went the Kingdom of Wessex in the Kingdom of England on (see: List of the rulers of England).
Wessex as fictitious county
Wessex became by English authorThomas Hardy (1840-1928) as fictitious county in the southwest of England uses, in which most of its novels play.
Earl OF Wessex
unusual way was appointed prince Edward 1999 on the occasion of his wedding with Sophie Rhys Jones the Earl OF Wessex and Viscount Severn. The title of theEarl OF Wessex was not no more used since over 900 years. The last Earl, king Harald II., with the battle by Hastings 1066 one killed.
In the meantime exist in the southern-central England efforts, a regional, to form cultural and political identity in Wessex.
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