West Berlin

former West-Berliner of districts

West Berlin is the colloquial name for the part of Berlin, which was controlled for 1945 after the Second World War kingdom and France united by the three western allied powers the USA . East Berlin against it stood under controlthe Soviet Union.

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general

the way of writing West Berlin had been in-patriated, as „politically correctly “in the western sensehowever only the way of writing Berlin (west) should be used. In the GDR however one wrote with conscious demarcation independent one political unit west Berlin briefly to west Berlin, during with Berlin, capital of the GDR the East part of the city (including the city district belonging to it Berlin center) was meant. In times of the cold war one could determine alone at the different way of writing origin or political location of a text.

Die Sektoren Berlins
The sectors of Berlin

the designation of the GDR should primarily the impression of a geographically independent areamediate. On the one hand a particularly clear independence of West Berlin (of the Federal Republic of Germany) should be represented, on the other hand one that than capital of the GDR designated East part of the city only than city half one noticed, the final division of the city should be avoidedshould be also conceptually cemented.

Due to the four-power status of Berlin West Berlin was not adequate part of the Federal Republic of Germany. By the westallied only so-called special connections were recognized. Nevertheless regularly meetings of federal organs in West Berlin took place, which then too in each caseProtests of the Soviet side led.

The Bundestag of the German Federal Republic was not allowed to decide laws with effect for West Berlin. The laws of the German Federal Republic were decided by the citizen of Berlin Lower House therefore and only thereby legally effective. Furthermore the West-Berliner delegates in the Bundestag had only advisory right to vote, they were selected directly not by the population, but determined indirectly over the Lower House. In contrast to it the representatives of Berlin were always enfranchised to the Presidential Election Council; the west allied no reservation here had announced.

In some areas, e.g. the West-BerlinerConcerning airports, even the governing mayor the relevant places of the citizens of Berlin was in relation to administration not directly instruction, since these ranges allied primarily from the west were supervised.

In the West German legal literature and iurisdiction of the supreme court became into the 1980er over itit discusses whether the western part of Berlin was not to be regarded as „occupied and area authorized to act of the German Reich “.

West-Berliner of districts

West Berlin was at 481 km ² about half as largely as Land Berlin today. It was inpartitions three sectors, whereby everyone was subordinated to one the westallied:

Exklaven and enclaves

West Berlin possessed to end of the 1980er years several Exklaven on GDR - territory. This Exklaven was attached gradually by exchanges of territory ( for example Lenné triangle in Berlin center) to the western part of Berlin or to the GDRdelivered. Most well-known example was pieces of stone, since this was the only durably inhabited Exklave. Up to the building of a connecting road to West Berlin the population was partly supplied there with helicopters of the US army.

Exklaven, which belonged to the city of Berlin West:

  1. FalkenhagenerMeadow, district Spandau, 45.44 hectars
  2. of desert Mark of area of arable land (to Zehlendorf), district Zehlendorf, 21.83 hectars
  3. of letting interest leaving, district Spandau, 13.49 hectars
  4. pieces of stone local part (to Zehlendorf), district Zehlendorf, 12.67 hectars
  5. large Kuhlake, district Spandau, 8.03 hectars
  6. of Nuthewiese, district Zehlendorf,3.64 hectars
  7. of spruce meadow allotment colony (to Spandau), district Spandau, 3.51 hectars
  8. finch jug, district Spandau, 3.45 hectars
  9. of Erlengrund allotment colony to Spandau), district Spandau, 0.51 hectars
  10. of Böttcherberg, district Zehlendorf, 0.30 hectars

to 20. Decembers 1971 became parts of the Nuthewiesen inWest-Berliner possession against an entrance of Kohl-hare-bridge (Zehlendorf) to the Exklave pieces of stone exchanged. The last Exklaven except pieces of stone was transferred 1988 to the GDR, and/or received, as in case of spruce meadow and Erlengrund, a durable entrance to West Berlin.

Enclaves, toBelonged to GDR:

  1. a small part of the ice cellar in the district Spandau
  2. Tiefwerder meadows (to sea-castle) in the district Spandau, quarter Pichelsdorf

during (unused) the GDR enclave in the ice cellar up to the final border clearing 1988 still in all official maps and many city plans as exterritorialesArea from view of West Berlin was drawn, did not apply this in to Tiefwerder meadows (an allotment area used by West-Berlinern) not. Although the GDR in the exchange of territory negotiations tried to bring in Tiefwerder meadows on their credit side the British leaned, in their sectorthe area found, a requirement of the GDR off. The status as enclave was not recognized to that extent, when the British already instructed that into the 1960er years West-Berliner authorities by BK/L to ensure security and order however in the areato become officially active. The unclear status found its tacit clearing in a minutes note to the last exchange of territory agreements 1988. Both sides explained to have since then no more Exklaven in in each case different the territory.

culture-historical meaning

again and againthe term “the old West Berlin” is used. It is to refer to the special situation and tendency in West Berlin in the times of the citizens of Berlin wall. While the GDR government the East part of Berlin for the center of its power erkoren and the remainder of the republicrather neglected, led Berlin (west) an island existence, often also “island in the Red Sea” one designated. West Berlin was a Eldorado of the Wehrdienstverweigerer and one of the “emigration goals” of the West German youth. Around new generation forces and (tax number-end) employees a reconciliation for the circumstances in thatummauerten city to grant, by the citizen of Berlin senate was recruited, as well as granted the citizen of Berlin employee the so-called Berlin extra pay.

Approximately around the cure prince dam the social life of the wall city concentrated. It was the center of the cultural enterprises. In today's times that leavesGloss of the “old” West-Berliner town center always further after, from many cinemas became branches of mode house chains, small fashion shops and other small business had shops of inferior quality to yield. This is in particular round by a Erstarken of the old citizens of Berlin center around the Friedrichstrasse owed.

see also

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