Westerwald

Aussicht auf den nördlichen Westerwald vom Ottoturm bei Herkersdorf/Kirchen
prospect on the northern Westerwald of the petrol tower with Herkersdorf /Kirchen

of the Westerwald is a German low mountain range in the Land of the Federal Republic Rhineland-Palatinate with smaller portions in Hessen and/or. North Rhine-Westphalia.

Up to 657 m an area of approximately 50 x 70 covers high, geologically old trunk mountainskm and has the character of a hill country in the flatter western part (“front one” or “lower Westerwald”). For the economy to approximately 40% wooded “upper Westerwaldes” are typical the traditional exploitation of slate, clay/tone and basalt, the pottery and the iron industry.

The name“Westerwald” is derived from the containment of the area originating from the Middle Ages as forest to the west of Herborn . It is however only since the center 19. Century generally common.


Table of contents

north the Lahn

the Westerwald morphologic is appropriate for 7 literature 8 Web on the left of [work on]

Geografie belongs the Westerwald to the Rheini slate mountains and forms the majority of its eastern, rechtsrheinischer half. It becomes in the clockwise direction by the following rivers and/or. River courses limits:

Geomorphologically however also that belongs east the Dill convenient Gladenbacher mountain country to the Westerwald, while to 680m of high mountains with the Haiger saddle and east of victories among the red hair mountains to be ranked.

The Westerwald has a rather rough climate despite its relatively small height. Surface-moderately it belongs with approximately 3000 km ² to the larger mountains of Germany and economical-economically also to thatmost well-known. Its mountain world changes toward the north smoothly into the red hair mountains and after northeast into the Lahn Dill mountain country .

Elevatormoderately it is divided into 3-4 regions:

  • Lower Westerwald: the west and southwest part bordering on the Rhine, zertaltes hill country in altitudes of 100-400 M.
  • To italso the filter mountains with Bonn (to 464 m) and the Montabaurer Westerwald (to 545 m) are usually counted.
  • Upper Westerwald: partly wooded high country, about 350 to 500 m over the sea.
  • High Westerwald: bald, wavy basalt surface with rough climate, summit corridor approximately 500to 657 M.

District towns in the Westerwald are: Old person churches (AC), Montabaur (WW) and Neuwied (NR). Beyond that have the Lahn Dill circle (LDK), the district Mayen Koblenz (MYK), the Rhine Lahn circle (EMS) and the district Limburg because castle (LM) smaller portions of the Westerwald. One takes the victory as northern geographical delimitation of theWesterwaldes on, then belongs likewise the rechtsrheinische Rhine victory circle (CSU, North-Rhine/Westphalia) to parts (e.g. the filter mountains) in addition.

geology

geological is the Westerwald part of the Rheini slate mountains and represents like this a strongly eroded remainder of the large variszischen mountain system, which in that Vorzeit large parts of Europe coined/shaped.

DEVO niche the basement overlaid by old volcanic masses, in particular basalts and Tuffen. And are apart from the production of slate, lime and clay/tone also the iron and its processing industry between Rhine Valley (Unkel , Linz) were economically important and Lower Wied, the Bimskies in newagain the basin, different sources of mineral and in former times the dismantling of brown coal.

The highest collection of the Westerwalds is the fox-chewed lying east, which rises with 657 m around approximately 400 m over the Siegener valley. Several dozenfurther summits exceed the 600-Meter-Grenze. The whole area lay in the earth antiquity (before 600 to 270 Mill. Years) under a tropical warm arm of the sea. This sea deposited many kilometers thick sediments into the variszische Geosynklinale , which were folded strong during the following Gebirgsbildung. At the northand west edge of the Westerwalds of convenient cities victories and Koblenz gave also two to layers underDevonian with their multicolored slates their names.

In some areas one diminishes for a long time slates and clay/tone , that in the can baker country so mentioned, in addition, at some other places in Potteries one processes. Also the export, in particular to Italy, is important (over one million tons per year). In the easternmost Westerwald (hessian part) are interesting limestone occurrences from most different geological periods. The Erdbacher lime from the Unterkarbon gave the name “Erdbachium” to a small period.

Broad-separate are remainder of a Atolls from the subtropical Devonian sea 380 million years ago. Divide this lime formation in the open mining are won; with Enspel fossils became - protected area furnished, in which institutes of several universities operate research and excursion ions. Some Karsthöhlen are research topics of the Speläologie andcause temporary disappearing and reemerging of the earth brook.

mountains

  • fox-chewed (657 m; in former times observation tower), Westerwaldkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • bar head (654 m; in former times observation tower, source of the Daade), district old person churches, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • salt citizen head (653 m), Salzburg/stone Neukirch, Westerwaldkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Höllberg (643 m; TV tower), Lahn Dill circle, Hessen
  • upthe Baar (618 m), Lahn Dill circle, Hessen
  • Nenkersberg (610 m), circle victory joke gene stone, North Rhine-Westphalia.
  • Knot (605 m), district Limburg because castle, Hessen
  • Montabaurer height (545 m; TV tower), Westerwaldkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • ouple (540 m; Observation tower), Westerwaldkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • large white stone (516 m), Westerwaldkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Watzenhahn (475 m), Girkenroth/Weltersburg, Westerwaldkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • becoming baggy stone (483m), Oberahr, Westerwaldkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • mark mountain (Westerwaldkreis) (422 m), Moschheim/Leuterod/Ötzingen, Rhineland-Palatinate
  • becoming baggy head (388 m; Observation tower), district old person churches, Rhineland-Palatinate

rivers and brooks

of rivers, which limit the mountains (in the clockwise direction):

  • Rhine - southwest delimitation of the Westerwalds
  • victory - northern delimitation
  • Dill - easternDelimitation, tributary of the Lahn
  • Lahn - southeast delimitation

smaller rivers inside the mountains:

  • Sayn - flows in the southern (“lower ones”) Westerwald, to the west to the Rhine
  • Wied (between victory and Sayn) - to the west to the Rhine
  • Nister (in the northeast, border to the waiter Westerwald) - after northwest toVictory
  • Elbbach - to the south to the Lahn.
  • More brightly - flows with Betzdorf into the victory.

Larger brooks:

personalities

trivia

international is the Westerwald admits the Westerwaldlied (“Oh , you also by numerous , above all popular songs, in particular beautiful Westerwald/over your heights whistles the wind so coldly”; also: Westerwald march), Westerwald, youand the “ new Westerwaldlied” of the singer-songwriter Ulrik Remy, I is so beautiful is from 'm Westerwald.

The Westerwälder is often called in the vernacular “Balsaltköpp”, since they are considered as dickköpfig.

literature

Heiner field-hope: Westerwald. In: Literary travel guide Rhineland-Palatinate, hrsg. ofJosef Zierden. Frankfurt 2001


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Wiktionary: Westerwald - word origin, synonyms and translations

 

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