counter bearing are construction units, the vertical and possibly. horizontal forces from bridges into the building ground derive. They are at the beginning and end of a bridge. Often counter bearings are also simultaneous the transition building between the bridge and the adjacent area and/or. Dam.
The designation originally comes from the elbow bridges, with which at the elbow end for demolition horizontal and vertical bearing forces from Gewölbeschub the counter bearings at the building ground push away.
Counter bearings of continuous girder bridges consist usually of the foundation and the counter bearing walls, possibly. with a supporting bench and the camps as well asmostly with lateral wing walls.