Vienna

of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Vienna (term clarifying).
Vienna
national flag Landeswappen
Landesflagge Landeswappen
Base data
ISO 3166-2: AT-9
motor vehicle characteristic: W
municipality characteristic number: 90101 - 92301
postal zip codes: 1010 - 1239, 1400, 1450
telephone preselection: 01
Homepage: www.wien.gv.at
map: Vienna in Austria
Österreich Karte (Wien)
politics
mayor Michael Häupl (SPÖ)
a governing party SPÖ
allocation of seats in the local council
(100 seats):
SPÖ 55
ÖVP the 18
Greens 14
FPÖ 13
last choice: 23. October 2005
next choice: ?
Population
inhabitant:
Population centre:
1.631.082 (2005)
1.900.000
rank: 1. of 9
population density: 3.931, 3 Einwohner/km ²
Geografie
surface: 414.65 km ²
- of it country: 395.29 km ² (95.33%)
- of it water: 19.36 km ² (4.67%)
- rank: 9. of 9
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 48° 07 ' - 48° 19 ' N 16° 11 ' - 16° 34 ' O
48° 07 ' - 48° 19 ' N 16° 11 ' - 16° 34 ' O
expansion: North south: 22.4 km
west east: 29.2 km
highest point: 542 m
(Hermannskogel)
Deepest point: 151 m
(Lobau)
administrative arrangement
of districts: 1 Statutarstadt
of 23 districts
municipalities: 1
- of it cities: 1
- of it market municipalities: 0
map: Vienna and municipality districts
Bezirke von Wien

of districts of Vienna

Wien auf einem Satellitenfoto

Vienna on a satellite photo of 2002 (the 19. , 20. and21. Bez. cut off)

Blick auf Wien (vorallem 2. und 20. Bezirk

view of Vienna (above all 2. and 20. District)

Vienna is the Federal Capital and at the same time a Land of the Federal Republic of the Republic of Austria. Vienna has 1.631.082 inhabitants, in the region Vienna lives about 2 million humans.

The landmarks of Viennathe step Hans cathedral and Viennese the ferris wheel are in the Prater.

Vienna is seat of different international organizations, like the OPEC, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Euro or the international atomic energy authority IAEA, as well as third UN - city. The city center from Vienna became in December 2001upon the request of the Republic of Austria taken up of the UNESCO to the list of the world cultural heritage, and ranks among the general metropolitan cities.

Table of contents

Geografie

Vienna is with a surfaceof 414,65 km ² the smallest Land of the Federal Republic of Austria. Beyond that it is had only the which no border to a neighboring country. Due to its special status as Land of the Federal Republic and Statutarstadt the Land of the Federal Republic Vienna has at the same time the largest portion of traffic andConstruction areas based on its size. 11.3% of the total area are cultivated country, 11.1% traffic surfaces and 2.2% track body. At the same time Vienna is also the Land of the Federal Republic with the largest portion of garden surfaces, which 28.4% or 117.76 km ² for itselfstress. Which waters concerns (4.6% or 19.1 km ²), then orders these only in the castle country over a larger portion of the total area. Vienna is also one of four Lands of the Federal Republic the viticulture operate. 1.7% of the surface are stressed by wine gardens.Forest surfaces have 16,6% and agricultural use come into city and country Vienna on 15,8%.

layer

the development to one of the most important and largest cities of Central Europe owes Vienna among other things its favorable geographical situation. ThoseCity lies between the northeast Ausläufern of the alps, in the northwest range of the Viennese of basin. The historical city developed excluding south the Danube, today extends the city on both sides. Vienna developed at a crossover of old traffic routes in west eastand north south direction (amber route). The Danube could be crossed here easily, since the river in the Viennese basin could distribute itself on a larger surface.

After the case of the iron curtain traffic and economic relations with the eastern growsNeighbour states of Austria again clearly. The geographical proximity to Eastern Europe becomes again strongly apparent. Thus Vienna is appropriate for for example only 60 km far away from the slowakischen capital press castle; such a proximity of two capitals is unique within Europe (apart from the special case Vatikan- Rome).

landscape

of the Viennese city is only a relatively small portion blocked. About half of Vienna is grassland, larger parts is also agriculturally used.

Vienna extends from a sea-height of 151 m in that Lobau up to 542 m, which are reached on the Hermannskogel. Here, in the northwest, as well as in the west and southwest of Vienna the Viennese forest with its heights (Leopoldsberg, bald mountain ) and forests is enough in the city inside. Here those stepsDanube by the Viennese gate, a tightness between Leopoldsberg and Bisamberg, to Vienna. From the Viennese forest in addition numerous small rivers flow into the city, the most well-known of it are the vienna river. The mountains in the west become inThe south of the ice-age terraces (Viennese mountain and Laaer mountain) continued. This entire area is used to the viticulture, it forms the viticulture region Vienna.

The east of the city is coined/shaped by the vacant, flat areas of the Marchfelds, thoseserve the agriculture. In the southeast the Donauauen, a Auenlandschaft is along the Danube, which was explained even as the national park.

In view of the predominant west weather conditions, like with many European cities, the elevated residential areas are rather at the western edge, where underother one air is still cleaner, while the old industrial areas are situiert rather at the eastern edge of the city.

arrangement

major item: Viennese of municipality districts

Vienna is divided today into altogether 23 districts. These were divided into altogether three „parts “.The historical old part of town, the 1. District, was congruent up to the year 1850 with the city. Among emperors Franz Joseph came it to the first larger urban extension, which suburbs, which came municipalities within the line barrier, as 2. to 9. District to the city.At the 1. Jänner 1892 came it to the second large urban extension. The outlying districts, at that time still suburbs, became in in common December. This city agrees to a large extent with today's Vienna. It still 1904 surrounded salient extensions, as one the areas north the DanubeFloridsdorf eingemeindete. A quadrupling of its city experienced Vienna at present the national socialism, when one wanted to create a large vienna. These changes were cancelled to a large extent again however. Since 1954 the district borders are unchanged.

The individual districts of Vienna become additionally stilldivided into quarters, which orient themselves at the historical municipalities. During the definition of the district borders one tried to set these saliently - along important roads or rivers, although thereby some former municipalities were divided. The 1. District becomes for example ofthe Viennese struggle race orbits. The interior districts were distinguished by the Viennese belt road from the outlying districts. The Danube channel separates the 2. and 20. District of the remaining city center, and the Danube the 21. and 22. District of the remaining city. Alsothe vienna river is always during its entire process by the city a border river.

climate

Viennese the climate forms a transition climate with oceanic influences from the west and continental influences from the east. This makes itself in the comparison between yearsby usually strongly varying results of measurement noticeably. Altogether Vienna has to register usually only smaller amounts of precipitation and longer dry periods. The winters are rather mild in the Austria comparison. The middle air temperature amounts to in the city centre on the average 11,5° C, in the green belt approximately 9,5°C. The middleAmount of precipitation is with approximately 600 mm. Approximately 50 frost days face 60 summer days.

history

major item: History of Vienna

first settling can be proven for the Jungsteinzeit. The Celts called the city Vedunia, the Romans spoke of Vindobona. Under the aristocracy sex of the Babenberger Vienna experienced a first upswing, but world validity provided only the rule of the aristocracy house of the having citizens, Vienna for the former realm main and Residenzstadt 1278 as head office of the emperors of the holy Roman realm and off1806 of the many people state Austria chose.

The beginnings of the urban Geschichtschreibung register themselves already in 13. Century with the city chronicle of Jans the Enikel.

prehistory, Roman time, the Middle Ages

archaeological finds from that 13. Bezirk (Titlgasse) zeigen, dass schonwhile the paleolithic age humans committed the area. Finds in the city and in the surrounding countryside prove that starting from the Jungsteinzeit Viennese was continuously settled the basin. The favoured climatic situation and fruitful soils of Vienna offered good settlement possibilities to the recently-in-temporal farmers. Over itoutside the reddish-brown and greenish horn stone in Vienna, desired for the stone equipment production, could bergmännisch (13. District, red mountain; 23. District, wall Antonshöhe) in the building of days to be won. Finds of the copper time were likewise proven in Vienna (6. District, U6-Station-Gumpendorferstrasse; 13. District, waiterPc. Veit Gemeindeberg; 21. District, Eipeldauerstrasse, Stadlau, 22. District, Aspern). From the bronze-temporal urn field culture some fire graves in Vienna (19 witness. District Höhenstrasse/Leopoldsberg) in addition, settlement traces (23. District, Sulzengasse). Characteristics are from this time manipulations at human head fragments for ritual purposes. Sobecame in a latebronze-temporal waste pit (23. district, Sulzengasse) a human lower jaw found, whose joint heads were removed. The older iron-temporal resounding place culture is in Vienna and. A. by a still well visible grave hill (21. District Siemensstrasse/Julius Ficker lane) and settlement remainders (10. District, Fontanastrasse;19. District, Leopoldsberg) represent. Finds at the Leopoldsberg occupy a settlement starting from the Bronzezeit, and particularly starting from the older Eisenzeit (resounding place time). The fastened elevator settlement (Oppidum) dates into the recent Eisenzeit, the time of the Celts.Over Christi birth arrived also today's Vienna under Roman rule and stepped so for the first time into the light of writing history. In the place a celtic settlement with the name Vedunia developed for today's Vienna („forest brook “). In the 1. Centuryn. Chr. the Romans in the place of the today's Viennese of city centre close of the Danube put a military camp (castra) with the attached civil city Vindobona (in the today's 3. Municipality district) to the border safety device of the province Pannonien on. This very day one can at the road coursesthe 1. District (internal city), which wall process and the roads of the camp recognize. The camp wall ran along the road courses: Deep ditch, Naglergasse, at the ditch, shopkeeper lane, red lane, Rabensteig and about parallel to the Salzgries. By the process of the Danube became from thatstrictly rectangular basic form deviated. Thus the camp reached width of approx. 455 m and a length to 500 M. With the building putting ion camp of Vindobona became around 97 n. Chr. begun. The barracks investigated archaeologically at the Jew place were first from wood establishes. Between the barracks a geschotterte road with reciprocal gutters ran around 150 n. Chr. they were replaced by buildings of stones. The foundations and basic interior walls were pulled up with break stones and mortars. For partition walls ungebrannte loam bricks were used.The floors were from loam or mortar screed. The Romans remained to in 5. Century. The Roman putting ion camp was appropriate far in the east of the westRoman realm and fell therefore for confusions of the Germanic people migration rapidly to the victim. It gives references upa catastrophic fire at the beginning 5. Century n. Chr. The remnants of the camp were however not left, a small remainder settlement stayed. The roads and houses earlymedieval Vienna followed the process of the Roman camp walls, center of early Viennawas the mountain yard (today Salvatorgasse). The first documentary mention in the Middle Ages took place 881 into the salt citizen annals, where apud Weniam a battle took place against the Magyaren, whereby is unclear whether it concerns around the city or the vienna river.With the victory of the eastFrankish king Otto I. over the Magyaren in the year 955 in the battle on the Lechfeld the ascent of Vienna, like also Austria began.

the time of the Babenberger

in the year 976 became under that Babenbergern the Mark county Ostarrichi furnished, in whose area, because of which border was to Vienna to Hungary, also. Already in the 11. Century was Vienna an important commercial place, 1155 made Heinrich Jasomirgott Vienna its capital. Only one year later became Austriawith the Privilegium minus to the duchy raised and Vienna thereby seat of the duke.

The events after the third crusade, in their process the English king smelling pool of broadcasting corporations lion heart of Mark count Leopold V., that virtue realms, 1192 in earth mountain with Viennaimprisoned, brought in an enormous ransom of 50.000 Marks silver (about 10-12 tons silver) was taken. Thus among other things in Vienna a Münzprägestätte was furnished, as well as filling up the ditches of the old Stadtmauer with the step Hans place and around 1200 the buildingthat, on which line of the today's ring finances running, Viennese Stadtmauer. 1221 got Vienna, after Enns 1212, which city and pile right lent. Latter meant that buyers, who pulled by Vienna in the city had to offer their goods for the sales. Thismade the intermediate trade for the Wienern possible, so that Vienna maintained soon extensive trade relations, in particular along the Danube road and after Venice, and as one of the most important cities of the realm area applied. A diocese was not reached in the time of the Babenberger.

having citizens

Rudolf IV., the founder - he coined/shaped considerably the city

with the victory Rudolf I.1278 over Ottokar II. from Böhmen the rule of the having citizens in Austria began. In Vienna needed this however relatively for a long time, around itselfto establish, the party men Ottokars remained still for a long time strong. Against Albrecht I. there were several rebellion attempts. At present the Luxemburger - emperor becomes again Prague the Residenzstadt, in whose shade Vienna stands. The early having citizens try to remove the city around stepto hold. Duke Albrecht II. about left the gothical choir of pc. Stephan build.

Rudolf IV. rendered large services., that by an intelligent economic policy the prosperity main header. Two things registered the surname of the founders to him: the establishmentthe University of Vienna 1365 and the building of the gothical nave of pc. Stephan. Letzteres ist mit der Gründung eines Metropolitan-Kapitelsverbunden, das ein symbolischer Ersatz für den noch immer nicht vorhandenen Bischof sein sollte. The following time of the hereditary disputes underthe having citizen brought not only many confusions, but also an economic fall. With it also social unrests as well as arguments are connected between „the Patrizier “and „the craftsman party “. 1408 come it even to the execution by Vierteilung of the mayor Konrad advance.

1438 becameVienna after the choice duke Albrechts V. to the German king (Albrecht II.) again realm capital, with its name Albrecht is however also first large driving and murder of the Viennese Jews out connected of 1421/22. 1469 became the rising citynow to the bishop seat and thus pc. Stephan to the cathedral. In the era of the weak Friedrich III.vienna always was on the side of its opponents, since it could not ensure the land peace against around-pulling mercenary gangs. finally 1556 became Vienna seatthe emperor, after Hungary and Böhmen had been added to the rule range of the having citizens. This is also the time of the Rekatholisierung of the city, which had become rather rapidly Protestant. 1551 was gotten the Jesuiten, which attained rapidly large influence at the yard.The prominent head of the Gegenreformation was Melchior Khlesl, the bishop of Vienna around 1600.

city FE storages by the Turks

major items: Turk wars

in the year 1529 Vienna the first time was unsuccessfully besieged by the Turks. Throughmedieval walls protected city could withstand the attacks only with trouble, until finally broken out epidemics and in former times a beginning of winter forced the Turks to the retreat. By the FE storage the necessity for attachment plants up-to-date had become clear. After plans of Hermes Schallautzer becameVienna since 1548 to a fortress developed. The city was provided with 11 bastions from brick-work and surrounded by a ditch. Around Vienna developed a glacis, a broad, unverbauter range, which made a free field of fire for the defenders possible. These buildings of attachments,to in 17. Century inside the main part of building activity constituted, should 1683 during the second Turk FE storage disburse itself, because they protected the city two months long, until the Turkish army because of the arrival of the Poland king of January Sobieski statedRelief army their combat direction changed and thus the FE storage also this time unsuccessfully ended. This was the beginning of the final Zurückdrängens of the Osmani realm. Vienna could always maintain ground against the Turks, who restrained constant threat by the Osmanen however for a long timeTime the growth of the city.

the bloom time of the baroque

lock Belvedere

in the consequence used active building activity and a blossoming of the city. In the course of the reconstruction Vienna was barockisiert to a large extent, connected particularly with thatName of the architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and Johann Lukas of Hildebrandt. The area within the Stadtmauer burst rapidly from all seams, one evaded into the suburbs. The aristocracy began, the whole surrounding countryside with its garden palaces toocover. Most well-known the palace Liechtenstein, palace beautiful fount and palaces Schwarzenberg, as well as above all the lock Belvedere are, the garden palace of the prince Eugen. Since 1704 the suburbs had besides its own, generously put on, attachment system, the line barrier.

After cut by the large plague epidemic diseases of 1679 and 1713 constantly grew the population. For 1724 one estimates 150,000 inhabitants, around 1790 already was it 200.000. At this time also the first Manufakturen were created, first inthe Leopoldstadt. At that time developed drains and road cleaning, which improved hygenic conditions. Likewise the introduction of the first house numbers (the Konskriptionsnummern ) falls in this time, as well as the beginnings of a national post office system. Under emperors Joseph II.became besides thoseCity administration 1783 modernizes: own officials for the city (municipal authorities) were introduced. At the same time also the cemeteries in the city were dissolved.

With the blossoming of the city Vienna developed soon to one of the most important European cultural centers, culminating inthe Viennese classical period with the composers Mozart, Beethoven and Haydn.

the emperor city Vienna

in the coalition wars was taken Vienna equivalent twice by Napoléons troops. First conquest to 13. November 1805 was however combatless: The French armypulled unhindered into the city and of the population rather curiously as rejecting one welcomed. The German emperor of the old person of realm (HR realm of German nation) in Vienna, Franz II., 1806 resigned and carried now alone onenew Austrian emperor crown, which it had sat up before 1804. The second occupation of Vienna in the year 1809 however succeeded only at heavy bombardment. Shortly thereafter however Napoléon in the battle had to bear its first larger defeat with Aspern. AfterNapoléon in the following wars of liberation was finally defeated, found in Vienna of 18. September 1814 up to 9. June 1815 the Viennese congress instead of, that arranged political conditions again into Europe.

The following policy of the restoration had censorship andInformer nature to the consequence. The population withdrew itself, who developed for conventional Meier culture. The first half of this century was besides coined/shaped of an intensive industrialization, 1837 came the connection to the Eisenbahnnetz. The French February revolution 1848 worked itself also in Viennaout. To 13. March broke first the March revolution off , which Metternich finally forced to the resignation, to 6. October then the Viennese October Revolution.

Flat the Danube by pass 1870-1875 in a contemporary representation

1850 the city, by above all that was extendedRange within the line barrier in in common December and into districts was partitioned. In this connection 1858 the attachment plants was geschleift and built in its place the struggle race, which was gesäumt with buildings of monumental. From „the struggle race style “(historicism) Vienna is architecturally crucially coined/shaped.This time culminated in the world exhibition 1873, immediately after that the large collapse of the stock market took place, with which the period of promoterism went to end.

After the large inundation of 1830 it had given considerations to a Danube adjustment , this again and again became inthe 60's 19. Century accomplished. The many branched out Seitenarme of the Danube were created abgegraben and cord straight lines a main stream off the city. The arm, which led to the internal city, was left in narrowed form, it received (misleading) the names Danube channel. In this time the population of Vienna rose strongly, particularly due to the strong Zuwanderung. Since 1869 the regularly accomplished censuses finally showed in the year 1910 the historical maximum value of 2.031.000 inhabitants - on the surface of the today'sVienna were even 2.084.000.

At this time the old emperor city stood however briefly before its end. The Viennese modern trend formed the last cultural high point; in architecture the city became a center of art nouveau, that above allwith Otto Wagner and the artist combination Secession (after that the characteristic building at the Karl place was designated) are connected. In the vernacular the golden dome is called affectionately Krauthäupl. In the music again approximately beautiful mountain became , Anton webers and around Arnold Alban mountain around the second Viennese school create.

the First World War and the first Republic of

the Law Courts 1927 set with demonstrations in fire

the First World War led not to a direct threat of Vienna, however to onedevastating supplying crisis due to the economic blockade of the Entente - powers, which led in particular to a shortage of the food and clothing. The end „of the large war” was at the same time also the end of the Austria-Hungarian monarchy. To 12. November 1918 became before thatParliament in Vienna the Republic of German Austria proclaimed, whose name had to be changed 1919 on Republic of Austria.

1921 were separated Vienna by „the separation law “from the surrounding Lower Austria and explained as its own Land of the Federal Republic. Those already since end of the First World War inVienna dominating social-democracy placed now the majority in the town councillor. Since then one speaks also of „red Vienna “. However ever larger differences and arguments between the political parties came to. The fire of the Law Courts 1927, the collapse of one thatlargest banks of the country and finally the dissolution of the parliament 1933 marked the way to the fights in February 1934. The Austrian Federal Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss, which governed authoritarianly, was murdered with a Putschversuch of the national socialists in the office. 1938 leftthe LV dictator Adolf Hitler the armed forces into Austria march and afterwards the connection of its Austrian homeland to the German Reich in Vienna public announce. The connection agreed later in a popular vote also the Viennese citizens by the majority.

The time thatFirst republic was besides coined/shaped by the high inflation of the 20's, by the economic crisis as well as by high unemployment. For provision of work above all road construction large-scale projects were accomplished, like the elevator road on the bald mountain, the Viennese prospect mountain.

Vienna toTime of the national socialism

Die im Zweiten Weltkrieg errichteten Flaktürme finden sich bis heute in der Stadt (Bild: Augarten)
the Flaktürme established in the Second World War are until today in the city (picture: Kinds of August)

The policy of Hitler aiming at the destruction of the Jews fell with in Vienna already many centuries old and since beginning of the 20. Century increasing Antisemitismus on fruitful soil. With the Novemberpogromen beginning to 9. November 1938 92 synagogs of Vienna were destroyed. Only one remained spared, the city temple in the 1. District. By more than 200,000 Viennese Jews became morewhen a quarter murders, 5,243 survived the war in Vienna.

Starting from that 17. March 1944 took place, a half year after the first bombardment on „the Danube and alpine gaus” (before times rep. Austria), the first air raids on Vienna. Became approximatelyFifth of the city destroys. To 2. April 1945 was explained Vienna as the defense area. The meant that the fight up to the bitter end should be led. The Soviet army was only few kilometers far away from the city. The battle overVienna took eight days and cost to 40,000 humans the life. In the areas, which already stood under Soviet control, it came to large, organized plunderings by the civilian population. Here also some business and houses in fire were set. By flying sparksalso the step Hans cathedral started to burn, which had before gotten over the air war without bomb hits.

See also: Viennese operation 1945

reconstruction, crew and second republic

after the Second World War became Vienna of allied crew powers first as four-sector cityadministered. Already few days after end of the fights furnished it a provisional city government and city administration. The communist Rudolf Prikryl became to 13. April at short notice appointed the mayor; three days later it was replaced from Theodor of grains. Also political partieswere formed again. To 29. April was handed over that to parliament building by crew power to the new provisional government and Dr.Karl racer announced the re-establishment „of the democratic Republic of Austria”. The city became with the aid of “rubble women “rapidly againconstructed. The step Hans cathedral received a new roof, castle theatre and a state opera in the year 1955 was again-opened.

To 15. May 1955 reached the city Vienna with the Austrian convention and thus the dissolution of the crew status and/or. with the departure of the occupation troops itsLiberty back. After the war Europe, an unparalleled economic recovery, took place not least via the Mars resounding plan also in Vienna, like everywhere in the country and in west. For Vienna the underground, whose first stage was opened 1978, became important.In the 70's the third seat of the UN with the UN town center was established. With end 20. Century became in Vienna a Skyline with „the Wolkenkratzern “Andromeda Tower and Millennium Tower on the left and right Danube bank (21.and 20. District) production.

tourism

Das Schloss Schönbrunn zieht jährlich rund 6,7 Millionen Besucher an
the lock Schönbrunn draws annually approximately 6.7 million visitor on

thanks of numerous buildings of splendors from the Roman German and the Austria-Hungarian Kaiser era, various culture offers, and not least also owing to the call as music capital,the city received, is world-wide Vienna due to the work numerous famous classical musician, like Beethoven or Mozart, well-known and a popular tourist goal. Fiaker kutschieren themselves guests by to the world cultural heritage counting the city center, in its center that Step Hans cathedral finds. In direct environment are here also the state opera, the Kärntnerstrasse, which are the most strongly frequented pedestrian precinct of Austria, as well as famous confectioneries and hotels and the splendid struggle race, which surround the city center.

Many tourists come intoDecember, if the city can offer its Weihnachtsmärkten. But most the Viennese objects of interest are to be visited all year round, as for instance the lock Schönbrunn, the Prater or the opera houses and museums. With underground construction work one already pushed in the city centerseveral times on Relikte of earlier settling, under it from that the 13. Century coming Virgilkapelle under the step Hans place, which can be regarded now just like the other finds than objects of interest in the underground stations. German tourists make the largest portion of the Nächtigungenwith 1.8 million out, followed of the Italians (618.000), Americans (586.000), a Britisher (373.000), Japanese (321.000), Spaniards (315.000), Swiss (inclusive Liechtenstein, 282,000), Frenchmen (including Monaco, 241,000) and the Dutchmen (153.000). The portion of Eastern European and American tourists rose strongly. 2004 bookedVienna 7.8 million overnight accomodation, about which only 1.26 million are to due to Austrians.

population

population trend

Resident population
today's area conditions
date inhabitant
1754 175,460
1796 235,098
1810 224,548
1830 401,200
1840 469,400
1850 551,300
1857 683,000
1869 900.998
1880 1.162.591
1890 1.430.213
1900 1.769.137
1910 2.083.630
1916 2.239.000
1923 1.918.720
1934 1.935.881
1939 1.770.938
1951 1.616.125
1961 1.627.566
1971 1.619.885
1981 1.531.346
1991 1.539.848
2001 1.550.123
2004 1.613.329
population trend in Vienna since 1869.

The population numbers in accompanyingAre based to table on the data of the Austrian office for statistics and are converted to the today's area conditions. 1794/1795 with the counting of the present civilian population, which Austria far to 1857 one practiced, for the first time for Vienna separate numbers were determined. Before, like 1810 and 1821,the number of inhabitants of Vienna had been added to the country Lower Austria. Starting from 1830 continuous population numbers for Vienna are available. Starting from 1869 Austria far in ten-year distances censuses were held, with which however until 1923 further the present civilian population was counted; only starting from 1934to 1981 the resident population. The numbers from 1982 to 2001 expel the population of annual average, whereby these numbers only 2002 were determined retroactively. Since 2002 main domiciles on basis centers of the Melderegisters are consulted for the population determination.

Vienna experienced already starting from end of the18. Year dog only one population inflow, but multiplied the number of the immigrants starting from center 19 moves. Century, when Vienna got approximately 218,000 new inhabitants alone between 1857 and 1869. In the next eleven the total population grew years over over 261.000Persons, from whom approximately one third to the Geburtenüberschuss and two thirds were to be attributed to the Zuwanderung. From 1880 to 1890 inhabitants new were added with 267.000 similarly many, whereby the relationship between Zuwanderung and Geburtenüberschuss (40%) itself graduallyadapted. In the next ten years, from 1890 to 1900, the number of inhabitants rose even around 339.000 persons. Scarcely 49% of it were to be attributed now to the Geburtenüberschuss. Reason for this were the using industrialization and the important position of Vienna as emperor city(Capital) of the many people state Austria - Hungary. Approximately 2.1 million populated Vienna briefly before outbreak „of the large war” (the First World War). With the dissolution having citizen of the realm lost Vienna also at meaning for immigrants. The war cost zigtausenden soldiersfrom Vienna their life. Thousands, once zugewanderte humans, turned into their homelands and/or. former crowning countries back.

The years as capital of a many people state coined/shaped Vienna lastingly. Still the city is a pot of humans of different origin, culture andReligion. However the descendants formerly of the Zugewanderten are assimilated and only the slawischen or Hungarian surnames remained received today. Names such as Nowak, Dolezal, Navratil, Wewerka, etc., become long together with native German names, like yard farmer, Maier, Haider, etc. astypically Wienerisch felt. The name carriers belong in the meantime to the Ur-Wienern, which old-established inhabitants of the city, who use still the Viennese dialect, which consists of many old and to medium high-German as well as jiddischen terms, but from the recent generations ever more rarelyone uses and one understands. Beside the original Viennese dialect becomes increasingly since end 20. Century also elevated Viennese a dialect spoken.

After the 1.Weltkrieg Vienna had approximately 200,000 inhabitants less than before. In the intermediate war years about 104,000 persons movedinto the city; the birth deficit of 87.000 humans between 1923 and 1934 became balanced. In the year 1934 Vienna counted already again 1.935.881 inhabitants. With the arising of the national socialism and only 5 years later Vienna wore whole 165,000 persons lessInhabitants. The city belonged now to the largeGerman realm of the LV dictator Hitler. Many humans had away-pulled in the meantime or became in the future victim of political, ethnical or religious pursuit and Deportationen. From the once flowering Jewish life, particularly in second Viennese municipality district Leopoldstadt, remained for much after end of war not.

After end of war the Viennese population had sunk on 1.616.125 humans. Many Viennese were as soldiers please or did not return from the war shank not again. The city was to a fifthdestroyed and of strange soldiers occupies. The number of inhabitants sank until 1987 on 1.484.885 persons; the deepest inhabitant conditions since 1890; since that time the number of inhabitants rises again. Responsible for it the small Geburtenüberschuss of Vienna is less, sonderen rather the Zuwanderung, above all foreign persons.Into the 1990er - years came many refugees from Yugoslavia and Turkey to Vienna; in particular many Turks and Kurd established themselves in Vienna. From 1987 to 1994 61,000 humans moved into the city. After from 1994 to 1998 thoseNumber of inhabitants again easily around 5.000 to 6,000 had decreased/gone back, increased the number of the inhabitants from 1998 to at the end of of 2005 by approximately 85,000 tightening.

End of 2005 lived in Vienna about. 1,63 million humans. After the last census there was 2001only 1.55 million Viennese, of it were born 23.63% not in Austria. 16.02% the Viennese resident population are not Austrian citizens. Place about 48,000 humans of Turkish origin and approximately 120,000 persons from the formerly Yugoslav countries Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia and Sloveniain Vienna with distance the largest groups of peoples (50%) under the foreign population, both after nationality and after native country. Further origin regions are the former Eastern Bloc - countries, here above all Poland (approx. 25.000) and Tschechien (approx. 21.000), as well as Hungary (approx. 12.000)and Romania (approx. 10.000). In addition live in Vienna approximately 26,000 citizens of the German Federal Republic, 4,000 Italians, 3,000 Americans, 2,500 Swiss citizens and about 12,000 humans from countries of other European Union countries.

Since 2000 Vienna grows by approximately 15,000 inhabitants per year. According to statistics Austria(October. 2005) vienna will exceed the 2-Millionen-Grenze in the year 2045 again. Responsible for this the constant influx and the rising Geburtenzahlen are, in particular from humans of foreign origin.

migration movement into „the bacon belt “

since the 1950er - years make themselves severalSettlement trend in the dye Vienna noticeably. On the one hand nearly the entire region of large birth deficits was troubled, on the other hand one large influx could in most cases protect Vienna and its surrounding municipalities from the outside against a decrease. In many suburbs made itself alreadyalso a proper boom of construction activity by immigrants noticeably. With the development of large trade areas south of Vienna the influx was continued to set in motion, in addition, from Vienna pulled in the last decades ever more persons into the green situations in the peripheral areas of Vienna,appreciably in addition, into the surrounding countryside settlements of the city. So mentioned „a bacon belt developed “around the Federal Capital, which a continuously rising number of persons from other parts of the Land of the Federal Republic Lower Austria, like for example at population decreasesuffering districts Waidhofen to the Thaya, Zwettl and Gmünd tightens, and partly also from Vienna takes off.

Reason is on the one hand the more difficult job situation in the northern districts of Lower Austria and on the other hand the need of many humans, particularly from families, over inTo order house or a dwelling in calm green situation. This trend has itself starting from the 1980er - years in many places still strengthened, favours by ever shorter pendulum times on road and rail.

The migration movement was essentially limited the Viennese surrounding countryside therefore so faron the municipalities along large traffic axles like the west and south course as well as the motorways west (A1), south (a2), east (A4) and Danube bank motorway (A22). In the future becomes with the better development the north and the east of Vienna by iron and motorway projects -the north motorway (A5) is to be opened 2009 - a closer settling result in also there. The statistic office of the down-Austrian federal state government prognosticates an increase of 5% (Schwechat , monastery new castle for numerous municipalities of the district vienna environment between 2005 and 2010, Gerasdorf, Purkersdorf), 4.9% (Tulln, bathing) or 5.5% (Korneuburg). Also for the districts Gänserndorf, Mistelbach and Hollabrunn which were because of the future north motorway from stronger growth one proceeds.

By these settlement movementsthe last decades, which persist also further, large problems with the accomplishment of the shuttle traffic, there many of the persons pulled into the bacon belt resulted despite high job supply in the trade area south of Vienna over a job at nearly all city entries of Viennain Vienna order (see also for this the column „to Pendl. n. Vienna “in the following table).

The population trend in the Viennese surrounding municipalities was in the last decades usually by stagnating or declining birth deficit, as well as continuous or rising rates of population growth coined/shaped. ThoseNumber of inhabitants began to rise after end of the Second World War in most Viennese surrounding municipalities rapidly and continuously. Only in few, so for example Schwechat, caused the high birth deficit into the 1970er -, 1980er - years a stagnation of the total population, oran only weakened growth.

Accompanying table places the increase in the population since 1951 since 1981 in relation. For the period 1981 to 2001 besides the Wanderungsbilanz and the birth balance are indicated. Thus becomes recognizable that in many municipalities a large partthe increase in the population since the 1980er - to years instead of found, and alone the strong Zuwanderung, which originates partially also from Vienna, to owe is. Thus one recognizes for example by the lower growth rate from 1951 to 2001 that monastery new castle of1951 to 1981 a decrease in population had experienced, and only since 1981 inhabitants it adds or that Maria Enzersdorf has many inhabitants compared with 1951 twice as, but since 1981 lost again 10% the inhabitant, whicha rare exception for Viennese surrounding municipalities is.

Remarkably it is also that, Mödling - in addition, press tree - exhibit monastery new castle in the comparison to the own number of inhabitants and to other municipalities a very high birth deficit, what on a higher average age with fewYoung families to refer to knows. Also Viennese new village represents a special exceptional case compared with other surrounding municipalities. This had to register a high Geburtenüberschuss and a drift as only municipality in the environment of Vienna between 1981 and at the same time 2001. In addition oscillateswith 38,8% the secondarylowest portion of the employed person Viennese of new village for working to Vienna, as is to be recognized in the column right outside. The portion of the post+vienna-oscillating is general in the southern suburbs (e.g. Brunn at the mountains, Viennese new village)smaller than in the western and northern (e.g. Gerasdorf, Purkersdorf), which naturally is because of the numerous jobs south of Vienna.

Increase in the population, migration and birth balance in the Viennese surrounding municipalities:
Lining up after increase in the population since 1981
distances.
in km
municipality Bev. - Zuw.
1981 to2001
Bev.
2001
Bev. - Zuw.
1951 to 2001
Wandr.bil.
since 1981
Geb.bil.
since 1981
Pendl.
n. Vienna
30.0 Gänserndorf + 61% 7,928 + 130% + 3,031 - 19 50.7%
12.0 Gerasdorf + 56% 8,231 + 137% + 3,068 - 116 73.0%
14.5 conventional man men + 56% 2,904 + 153% + 698 + 347 47.1%
14.5 Purkersdorf + 51% 7,762 + 48% + 2,359 + 256 64.9%
15.5 Gablitz + 48% 4,393 + 113% + 1,722 - 291 64.8%
15.5 Laxenburg + 47% 2,736 + 134% + 1,019 - 144 43.3%
18.0 width ford + 46% 5,323 + 228% + 1,961 - 279 61.9%
14.5 large Enzersdorf + 42% 8,128 + 66% + 2,170 + 227 63.1%
24.5 Strasshof at the north course + 41% 6,993 + 59% + 2,136 - 116 65.1%
17.5 Guntramsdorf + 38% 8.421 + 55% + 2,325 + 6 35.9%
18.0 German daring RAM + 36% 6,808 + 70% + 1,646 + 141 62.8%
12.5 Bisamberg + 36% 4,001 + 124% + 1,029 + 38 58.6%
11.0 Langenzersdorf + 35% 7,261 + 54% + 2,031 - 158 68.1%
10.0 Vösendorf + 32% 4,899 + 44% + 1,454 - 258 54.6%
23.0 Wolkersdorf + 22% 6,993 + 35% + 1,319 - 190 51.2%
14.5 Korneuburg + 21% 11,032 + 40% + 2,188 - 268 47.8%
21.0 press tree + 19% 5,834 + 33% + 1,712 - 777 57.4%
14.5 Brunn at the mountains + 18% 9,422 + 60% + 1,714 - 267 48.1%
16.5 Kaltenleutgeben + 17% 2,998 + 130% + 367 + 79 57.9%
14.5 Himberg + 9% 5,423 + 40% + 1.048 - 606 44.2%
11.5 monastery new castle + 8% 24,797 + 6% + 5,955 - 4,133 57.9%
15.5 Mödling + 6% 20,405 + 18% + 3,337 - 2,208 40.5%
15.0 Viennese new village + 6% 8.428 + 217% - 164 + 659 38.8%
13.0 Perchtoldsdorf + 4% 13,998 + 26% + 1,538 - 991 57.5%
11.0 Schwechat + 3% 15,456 + 15% + 880 - 428 46.2%
17.5 Hinterbrühl + 1% 4,020 + 25% + 451 - 420 42.2%
15.0 Maria Enzersdorf - 10% 8,202 + 103% - 610 - 336 46.6%

legend: Distance. in km = air line distance to the centerVienna in kilometers, Bev. - Zuw. = increase in the population, Geb.bil. = birth balance, Wandr.bil. = Wanderungsbilanz; Pendl. = portion of the Auspendler to Vienna of the total number of the employed persons


Beside the bacon belt along the west and south course as well as the motorways west (A1), south (a2), east (A4) and Danube bank motorway (A22) arises also there in the future with the better development the north and the east of Vienna as a result of iron and motorway projects - the north motorway (A5) is to be opened 2009 - a closer settling.

religions

thoseCity is seat of the Roman-catholic Erzdiözese Vienna; Archbishop is Christoph cardinal beautiful fount. The Roman-catholic municipality is the largest Glaubensgemeinschft Vienna, however constantly loses at members. Today only 49% of the Roman-catholic church belong, 1961 still to 82%. ThatEvangelical-Lutheran bishop of Austria, who has its seat in Vienna, is Herwig storm. President Israeli tables of the Kultusgemeinde Vienna is Ariel Muzicant, Oberrabiner Paul Chaim iron mountain. In addition has the president of the Islamic religious community in Austria, Anas Schakfeh,here its seat carrier. The Jewish municipality of Vienna consists of approximately 7,000 Gläubigen. The only synagog, which got over the realm crystal night of 1938, is the city temple in the 1. District.

The religion of the Viennese resident population sits down according to census 2001 howfollows together:

Roman-catholic: 49.2%
without confession: 25.6%
Islamic: 7.8%
orthodox: 6.0%
Evangelist: 4.7%
Jewish: 0.5%
old-catholic: 0.5%
other and/or. noneIndication:5.7%

sons and daughters of the city

see also: List of the Viennese personalities, list of the honour citizens of Vienna

culture

of international importance is above all Viennese the music work. In hardly oneSo many well-known composers worked city. The Viennese tome, which is Viennese singer boy, musical large meetings, like the New Year concert or the Viennese opera ball, as well as the opera and theatre building, world-wide well-known. Vienna is famous also because of its kitchenand the coffee house culture. Besides achievements are world-wide recognized in the medical ranges and the Psychotherapie (victory mouth Freud).

theatres & opera

Viennese state State of

art and culture can in Vienna within the range of theatre, opera orlook back art on a very long tradition, also forming.
Beside the castle theatre, when one of the most important Schauspielhäuser of the world applies, also still the folk theatre as well as the theatre offer that together with its secondary stage , to the academy theatre , in the JosefstadtArt benefit. Besides there is still another multiplicity of smaller stages, which are inferior to the large one in puncto quality occasionally around nothing and often more modern, experimental pieces or the Kabarett and the small art used up themselves.
Also opera friends come into Vienna on theirCosts: The state opera and the people opera offer something for each taste, whereby the latter feels obligated particularly the typically wienerischen Operette, in addition, the classical musical.
Concerts with classical music find among other things in the Viennese music association (with the famous golden hall) and in the Viennese concert hall instead of.
The theatre at that Vienna shone to premieres in the last years with musical -. Most successfully with distance the musical Elizabeth was specified, thereafter in the whole world in several languagesbecame. The house, in which Beethovens opera Fidelio was uraufgeführt, is since 2006 however again excluding opera house.
With the house of the music Vienna has a sound museum for children and adults since 2000 also.
The puppet theatre lock Schönbrunn maintains the artfulPlay with precious puppets in operas and plays for adults and children.

Kunsthistorisches Museum (Maria-Theresien-Platz)
Art-historical museum (Maria Theresien place)
the far visible dome of the church at the stone yard

see also:

museums

in the yard castle are the Sisi museum to visit the emperor apartments and the yard silver and board chamber,just opposite the yard castle are the art-historical museum, which has a multiplicity of paintings of old masters, and which nature-historical museum.

To it the museum accomodation attaches , in the 90's in the former k. and. k.Yard valley lungs established museum complex. This accommodates the museum of modern art -- Donation Ludwig, the Leopold museum, that mainly works of the Viennese Secessionismus, which shows Viennese modern trend and the Austrian expressionism, several resounding with changing exhibitions as well as the dance accomodation Vienna. The palace Liechtenstein shows one of the world-wide largest private art collections.

Beyond that there is still another multiplicity of other museums, from the army-historical museum over the technical museum up to the Viennese clock museum and to the funeral museum. To forget are not the Viennese district museums, which give an idea of the history of the respective district.

buildings of all style epochs of architecture, of the Roman Ruprechtskirche over the gothical step Hans cathedral , are architecture in Vienna the baroque Karl church, thosehigh-baroque Jesuitenkirche and the buildings of the classicism up to the modern trend. Art nouveau likewise left its traces in Vienna: The Secession, the metropolitan railway station Karl place and the church at the stone yard of Otto Wagner ranks among the world-wide most well-known buildingsthis epoch.

One of the most popular tourist attractions represents the hundred-water house of peace realm hundred-one hundred , which is meant to sober modern architecture as Gegenmodell. Likewise by hundred-one hundred the incineration plant Spittelau in the north of Vienna was arranged. A further example of unusual architecture is those Wotrubakirche (church to the holiest Dreifaltigkeit) of the sculptor Fritz Wotruba.

A set of quarters for the 90's were again opened. Extensive building projects became approximately around the Danube town center (northern the Danube) and at the Viennese mountain (in the south of Vienna)converted. The 202 m high Millennium Tower at the commercial dock is since 1999 the highest multistoried building and indication of an architectural turn built in Vienna in Vienna to more self-confident its, in addition, conformity. In the last years the city carries outincreases a combination of modern architecture with old buildings and housing, how among other things the revitalization of the Gasometer 2001, which world-wide mediales interest pulled on itself. Remarkably in the townscape also the Viennese are Flaktürme and the Viennese water pipeline of source of high.

Viennaa statistically small number of multistoried buildings has compared with other metropolises. At present it gives around the 100 buildings over 40 meters height (conditions: At the beginning of of 2006). The city administration sets here on quality before quantity, with the goal,to receive the nature areas of Vienna and the historical elements concerning town construction recognized as world cultural heritage. Therefore very strict guidelines apply to planning, permission and the building of multistoried buildings in Vienna. In accordance with town planning are far parts of Vienna, in particular in the internal districts,Exclusion zones, in which no multistoried buildings may be established [1]. Only approximately 26 per cent of the total area of Vienna thus at all infrage come for multistoried building planning. Also there the buildings must correspond to the example concerning town construction, fulfill and be allowed to do a set of editionsno important view axles impair. Therefore new multistoried buildings develop with priority in outside districts, where still more organization clearance is present and characteristics less concerning town construction must be considered.

Esskultur

culinary

major item: Viennese kitchen

the traditional Viennese kitchenis coined/shaped by the earlier influences of the immigrants from the other regions and countries k.u.k.- Monarchy. Under the situation of the city near the borders to Hungary and the earlier Böhmen, are above all meals from these countrieson the bills of fare. Thus the Gulasch with its Viennese variants - the Viennese, Fiaker and the gypsy Gulasch - from Hungary comes. From Böhmen above all the flour foods , like different vortices , came Golat and Palatschinken; in addition, those Knödel, which are served to the pig roast.

Still much likes is Viennese the shred, which actually originates from Milan. It concerns a paniertes calf shred, which is offered in practically each restaurant with Viennese kitchen. AsSupplement is usually handed earth apples salad. Besides there is the pig shred as the cheaper variant also kind of Viennese. To the refinement on the food plan belongs board-pointedly with rubbed Kren (mixes with apples or rolls), to small cooked salt potatoes and often alsoSpinach. Beside the traditional Viennese kitchen also courts from the Lands of the Federal Republic, like salt citizen Nockerln, are animal oilers Gröstl or Kärntner Kasnocken on the bills of fare (cheese cam).

To the townscape of Vienna the Würstelbuden belongs, at those in animated areasdifferent hot Würstel as lunch to buy is. Beside the Frankfurtern, which admit outside of Austria usually as a Viennese are, the Burenwurst ( “Bur'n'heit'l " =Burenhaut, also “Haasse " =Heisse) and the Käsekrainer ( “festering one”) rank among the most popular sorts. When desired they become with Essiggurken, inserted Pfefferoni, sweet or sharp mustard and cuts bread or a roll as supplement handed. To the standard assortment each Würstelbude belongs also the liver cheese. Alternatively to the Hot Dog often also the Bosner one offers, with oneBratwurst is filled.

In the winter one can buy roasted Maroni, roasted earth apples, potato fritters and sometimes almonds also roasted at animated street corners with the Maronibratern , to small conditions with a roasting furnace .

Spice and vegetable conditions on the Naschmarkt

The largest and most versatile market with firm conditions is the Naschmarkt, where one can buy fruit, vegetable, spices, fish, meat and much more besides from all world. In the city center there is a set of speciality business, like e.g. Julius Meinl.

In the past decades Italian restaurants found and/or also in Vienna. Pizzerias and China restaurant a broad public. In the last years first Japanese and Indian and finally also Thai and vietnamesische restaurants were added from the asiatic kitchen. Besidesthere is a multiplicity of catering trade enterprises with meals from all world, of the Balkans over Greece and the Levante up to the kitchens of Africa or South America. The Würstelbuden received competition by international nearly Food Franchiser and Kebab - to shops.

Heurigenkultur

Viennathe only metropolis with own area of cultivation of wine is world-wide. This wine is poured out in Vienna in small restaurants (Heurigen), itself particularly in the Weinbaugebieten the Döblings (Grinzing, new pin at the forest, nut village, Salmannsdorf, Sievering) and Floridsdorfs (Stammersdorf, Strebersdorf), Oberlaa concentrate. The wine is drunk often also as squirting. Beside the wine the beer plays the most important role. Main offerer is the only large brewery of Vienna, the Ottakringer brewery. Besides givesit also more than ten small hotel breweries.

Viennese coffee house

a further characteristic of the Viennese culture represents the coffee house , in which apart from a multiplicity of coffee specialities also small meals are served to Viennese. Many visitors use the possibility,during their attendance for hours, the usually plentifully existing to read newspapers. Beside many newer chrome-flashing, Espresso of coffee bear mentioned of Italian style, exist still many „genuine “Viennese of coffee houses, which retained the original charm of this institution in offer, equipment and style. By the wayis considered Armenian as the actual founders of the Viennese coffee house culture.

cinema and film

before to 20. March 1896 in the Viennese lehr and laboratory for photography and reproduction procedure thosefirst occupied public Kinovorführung with the Lumière' Kinematographen before loaded public instead of found, is in Josefine Kirbes' Schaubude in the Viennese Prater the first presentation of „living pictures “to have taken place. Vienna marked at that time the beginning of Austrian film history - developedthe first tent and later the first firm cinemas. Centers were thereby the internal city (e.g. the Homes Fey cinema at the Kohl market), the Wurstelprater with the Münstedt cinema palace, the Lustspieltheater (with up to 1000 visitors one the largest) andothers, as well as the Mariahilfer road in Vienna Maria-help.

Also the first film was turned in Vienna. The 1908 turned dear film „of stage and stage “was with 35 minutes the first evening-filling film production of Austria, and only one of many inPrater turned productions. For film script and direction the two Viennese Heinz Hanus and Luise mark were responsible. Both became rapidly meaning producers and directors of the Austrian silent movie. With Anton Kolm and Jacob mark already created it 1906 „the first Austrian one Motion picture film industry “- of Austria first film company, with seat in when suppl. round.

1912 created count Alexander Kolowrat Krakowsky, which meant the Sascha Filmfabrik with second first name Joseph, from where his pointed name agitated Sascha , in 20. Municipality district Liesing. With Sodom and Gomorrha 1913 becameto Laaer mountain film turned, which provided because of its aufwändigen scenes, with which even actors died, for attention. In the First World War also the first (war) Wochenschauen developed beside numerous propaganda productions. 1918 was produced country-wide 100 films - thatLion's share of it in Vienna. In the following years the film production reached also its high point. 1923 opened „the rose hills to Sascha film - Filmateliers “.

In the Viennese Prater were turned now more films ever before - the suppressing conditions in the Ständestaat left thatProducer only little unobserved places for the production of critical films. The conversion of mute to Tonfilm leads starting from 1929 to demonstrations of the cinema musicians used up to then and to the fall of numerous Grätzlkinos, which could not afford the change costs. Neverthelessthe number of the Viennese cinemas continued to rise, to 222 in the year 1939, when the national socialists had already all cinemas with jüdischgläubigen ownersarisiert “. With the gradual expropriation the Sascha film starting from 1935 developed out these 1938 the vienna film, which was subordinate by means of the Cautio trust company of the realm film chamber, and Vienna beside Berlin and Munich the main manufacturing plant from propaganda films let become.

With „the Entnazifizierung “by the allied ones in occupied postwar vienna numerous cinemas went without justification into the city-own cinema operating institute(Kiba) over. Set 1947, the homeland and music film production at the same time with establishment of new film companies, like for example the Belvedere film, in order to ascend to their absolute high point in the 1950er and 1960er-Jahren. In the middle in it again many Viennese actors, like Hans Moser, Peter Alexander, Waltraud Haas, Romy cutter, Hans gets and Nadja Tiller - around only few to call. One of the most important directors at this time was Franz Antel - likewise a Viennese. 1948 became with „The third man “an espionage film occupied with international star actors turned off, which provided Vienna world-wide a popularity thrust, and as side effect the Sieveringer Zitherspieler Anton Karas to unexpected admittingness help.

But the 1960er-Jahre was coined/shaped also of the using cinema dying. Existed 1953still over 200 cinemas in the city, 1983 remained only 69 cinemas with 96 halls over. With rising spreading of multiplex cinemas starting from the 1980-he 1980 the trend of the sinking number of cinemas could not be stopped, but rose into the 1990ern thoseNumber of halls on 191 in the year 2001. Because of nunmehrigen surplus and smaller extent of utilization the number already dropped at expense of further cinemas 2002 166. The oldest still claimant cinema of Austria was that 1900 createdErika cinema, which 1999 closed.

other culture

between Michaeler and Josefsplatz lies the Spanish yard riding school. Here the equitations of the high school are to be seen. In the range of the Austrian people dance the Viennese Kathreintanz is the most important meeting. That Viennese song as own music kind stood and also today still stands in reciprocal effect with other music styles.

meetings

  • Viennese fixed weeks - an annual festival with theatre, music and other cultural productions at different places in the whole city.
  • Viennale - The Vienna internationally film festival takes place since 1960 each year in October.
  • Danube island celebration - 1983 for the first time on the Danube island delivered music festival. With free entrance meanwhile approximately three million humans visit each summer on several stagesorganized concerts. The Danube island celebration is thus of Europe largest open air festival with free entrance.
  • Viennese opera ball - one of the social high points in the Viennese carnival in the Viennese opera.
  • Ball - largest AIDS - would run Benefiz meeting in Europe. He finds annually in the city hallinstead of.
  • Rainbow parade - since 1996 annual at the end of of June on the Viennese struggle race (since 1997 against the driving direction, as indications of differently) organized LesBiSchwule parade. The parade, it is the Austrian variant of the Christopher Street Days, has itself over thoseYears for the restaurant economics of the city developed and one applies meanwhile internationally. 2001 took place Europride with more than 150,000 participants/inside.
  • Town hall square - on the town hall square - between city hall and castle theatre - opera and concert films on one become in the summer monthsLarge canvas demonstrated. The entrance is free. On various conditions culinary delicious from all world is offered. The town hall square transforms then into a meeting place for culture lovers, culinary researchers and Nachtschwärmer, who enjoy the singular atmosphere at this place.
  • The VienneseInternational post office stamp exhibition (WIPA) (English. Internationally Philatelic Exhibition in Vienna) is a philatelic large event, which took place in the year 2000 only for the fourth time. Earlier WIPAs took place in the years 1933, 1965 and 1981 .
Work on []

Infrastructure

town planning

of the Viennese town development plan (short STEPS) is provided by mA 18 (municipal authorities department 18) and specifies the guidelines for the town development in the next years and contributes thus considerably to the urban infrastructure. The town development plan2005 Waterfront, an area of the Danube channel over the Praterstern, north station, commercial dock up to the old person Danube is concerned with the target area.

traffic facilities

34% of all ways are put back in Vienna with public means of transport, that are European peak value.Further 30% are mastered to foot, and only 36% of the ways with the own vehicle. Twelve Danube bridges connect the city, which is divided by Danube and Danube channel.

public suburban traffic

Wiener „Bim“
Viennese „Bim

Vienna has a large net of public means of transport. It consists of the rapid-transit railway belonging to the ÖBB - lines, the Badner course and the net of the Viennese lines (underground, streetcar and motorbus lines). The public means of transport transport 750 million passengers inYear.

The Viennese streetcar, „“mentioned, exists to Bim since 1865, when the first Pferdetramway took up its driving. The streetcar net was removed in the following decades substantial and is also today still, after with the increasing individual traffic of the second half of the20. Century some lines in favor of Kfz traffic were left open, with a net network of 232 kilometers one of the longest streetcar nets of the world. Vienna has the third-longest streetcar net in the city of the world at 188 kilometers of length even, behind pc. Petersburg and Melbourne.Additionally the metropolitan railway established in art nouveau, the motorbus enterprise operated became in Vienna to 23 since 1898. March 1907 taken up. This brought a discussion for many decades over a possible sense to an underground.

The Viennese underground 1976 were opened and until today constantlyextended. For underground traffic also the distance of the Viennese metropolitan railway was adapted. Viennese the underground system consists to time of five underground lines, is 61 kilometers long and has 85 stations. Approximately 500 penalty of the city operates today on 640 kilometers net length upthe 45 daily and the 21 night bus lines, which annually approximately 120 million passengers register. Beyond that, also still particularly in the outskirts of a town zones, private bus enterprises drive into tariff community with the Viennese lines. Together with the course and Buslinien in the surrounding countrysideup to approximately 60 kilometers forms Viennese the transportation network the traffic group east region.

Since tries at the beginning/in the middle of the 1990er the city Vienna increased to make the Viennese lines obstruction and senior-friendlier. Already in the year 1992 the first public test travel with one becameNiederflurstrassenbahn of the type ULF accomplished in the Viennese streetcar net. Since beginning of the series employment 1996/97 ever more ULFs to Viennese are accepted the streetcar net, whereby by far however not all lines are equipped with ULFs. Responsible for this is the problem that (still)not all Remisen of the Viennese lines are ULF fairly equipped. For the moment three generations of streetcars are in the Viennese streetcar net in the use. Beside streetcars meanwhile also a majority of the bus fleet of the Viennese became lines as well as the courses of the line U6 upNiederflurbetrieb changed over.

As alternative to the public means of transport the Citybike offers mobility with the borrowing bicycle in the center of Vienna. After the registration via Internet or directly at the terminal with one of the locations can with the Maestro map a bicycle entliehen to become.For one hour the use is free.

railway, airport and navigation

historical conditionally, all traffic facilities oriented themselves after the main and Residenzstadt of the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy, in Vienna directly several head stations were established. All larger stations of Viennahowever in the Second World War due to their strategic meaning were destroyed or damaged at least heavily. Most were again developed and arranged new. Thus 1951 the old west station was replaced to that by a new building, in the years 1976 to 1980Franz Josefs station covers. The south station had to take over its task due to a missing east station also. The north station was not again developed, there by the decay of the Danube monarchy and the iron curtain above all the international passenger traffic on the north course its meaninghad lost. With the building in planning the city is to receive station present Vienna Europe center for the first time a main station.

Today Vienna possesses three large head stations:

The Viennese south station, largest head station of Vienna, at present the Empire of

and several through stations:

Besides there are still many smaller stations, which are important for the local passenger traffic particularly. For the inland traffic are the Franz Josefs station as well as vienna north andVienna center of importance. Over the west and south station the main and long-distance traffic are mastered. The airline passenger can reach town center with the air haven Train the city center of the airport vienna Schwechat. Beside the stations and courses listed here it gives in Viennaalso still two very popular park courses: the lily PUT course Prater in the Viennese Prater and the Danube park course in the Danube park.

Southeast from Vienna is the international airport vienna Schwechat. In the year 2005 over 230.900 flight movements were completed; 15,86 million passengers frequented thatAirport. The airport is the Homebase Austrian Airlines Group. Lately cheap airlines change over to the close convenient airport in Bratislava ; since the year 2004 the airport vienna Schwechat with the airport Bratislava cooperates.

By the Rhine Main Danube channelvienna is connected by a water way both with the port Rotterdam and the German industrial areas and with the countries of Eastern Europe up to the black sea. The planned Danube or channel remained unfinished. The person navigation on the Danube has nearly only moreroutistic meaning, it gives a wing boat traffic to press castle and Budapest. The Viennese person port lies with the realm bridge; besides there are plant places for person ships at nut village and at the Danube channel with the Sweden place. Starting from June 2006 the Schnellkatamaran becomes “twin town center liner”connect three times daily the two capitals Vienna and press castle by the Danube. In Vienna as in and door place the Sweden place, was selected outlet Marienbrücke. In press castle the monument-protected “propeller house” serves as station building. For the time being however only in the routistic main seasonfrom June to at the end of of Octobers, starting from 2007 from May to Octobers. The freight port is substantially more important in the Freudenau.2003 became in the Viennese port 9 millions Tons of goods (above all petroleum products, agricultural products and building materials) changed and in addition 1.550Ships dispatched.

road connections

A 23 - Viennese urban motorway

like the lines leave also the old freeways (late federal highways) star shaped the city. They are still designated after the distant goals partly (Prager road (B3), Brünner road (B7),Tri ester road (B17)).

Same applies also to the motorways: A1 west motorway, a2 southern highway, A4 east motorway and A22 Danube bank motorway leave the city radially. Originally the motorways A1 to A5 Vienna should sternenförmig against the clockwise direction beginning with the A1left and up to the rejected A20 belt motorway lead, which was however never built.

A circular connection in the south between a2, A4 and A22 forms the A23 Viennese southeast tangent, to their discharge the S1 Viennese outer ring motorway built and to28. April 2006 opened is. This is to find east a continuation in a motorway circuit to the Danube; traversing of the Lobau and thus the national park Danube Auen necessary for the connection is at present disputed for ecological reasons. West and southern highway are throughthe A21 running outside of the Viennese of city, the Viennese outer ring motorway connected. The A5, the future north motorway, is to become an additional connection between Drasenhofen at the Czech border.

The federal highways in the city centre continue in the city. These are all together connected with the belt, the large Viennese struggle race, which encloses the city center districts. This makes this range particularly pilotendangered and impairs the living quality. Problem places are the Weitern above all the city entries, in particular in the west due to the Viennese forest. InThe south are to be found the pilot emphasis before all on the a2 and the A23. On the A23 Viennese southeast tangent comes to a hold traffic in the rush hour nearly each day. The park space problems are limited generally to the city center districts, whereby here only neighborsat longer term to park can. A possibility for visitors in Vienna economically to parks is the P+R house in sank Marx, which is directly because of the A23 Viennese southeast tangent.

city supply

Das Wiener Wasser stammt seit 1873 aus dem Schneeberg-Gebiet.
Viennese the water originates since 1873 from that Snow mountain - area.

Major item: Viennese water supply, Viennese drains

Vienna is supplied since 1873 by the first and since 1910 additionally by the second Viennese water pipeline of source of high with water from the Rax - snow mountain - area and the Hochschwab area. The areas became 1965as the water protection zone to be explained, cared for it of the forest administration of the city Vienna. Water from a groundwater work in the Lobau is mixed with maintenance work or particularly high water consumption, in certain districts to the high spring water rarely, approximately.

All waste water becomes by those Viennese drains into the urban main purification plant in Simmering led, whereby with cleaning and rain waste water into the Danube channel and/or. the Danube overflow. According to information of the city this problem is to be repaired, but is still uncertain the time. The drains systemarrived by the film the third man at celebrity.

For the Stromleitungen of Vienna the vienna energy is responsible, a subsidiary company of the Viennese of public utilities, which belong completely to the city Vienna. The current market is liberalisiert, the competition however only inBig customer range pronouncedly. Vienna energy is a most important current supplier of Vienna.

education

in Vienna gives it to 283 elementary schools (of it are 217 public schools), 120 hauptschule (of it 96 public), 46 special schools (40 public) and 95 general screen end higher schools(67 public). Further 28 vocational schools (25 publicly) are, for example electro-technology, guest trade, or office buyers, 22 technical and commercial middle and higher schools (11 public), as textile industry or chemical industry, 21 economiceconomics middle and higher schools in Vienna (8public), for example HBLA for mode and economic occupations for mode or tourism school and 16 commercial middle and higher schools (6 public).

The University of Vienna is besides the oldest and largest university in the German linguistic area. It became already 1365 as „AlmaMould Rudolphina “based and is particularly famous for their medicine department, which exists since the year 2004 as independent university under the name medical University of Vienna. 1692 became the academy of the forming arts Vienna as a private academy of the yard chamber painter Peter Strudlbased; since 1765 exists the veterinary University of Vienna called by Maria Theresia in the life. 1815 became the technical University of Vienna as k.u.k. poly-technical Institut based; two years later the university for music and representing art Vienna, those followedfrom the Singschule of the Antonio Salieri followed. Likewise from the time of the empire the university for applied art ( 1867 based as college of arts and crafts), the university for soil culture, existing since 1872, Vienna and the 1898 originate as k.u.k. Export academy created school for economics Vienna. Beside these universities there are several private universities in Vienna still like the PEF private university for management and the Webster University Vienna as well as some professional schools. Film academy Vienna

see also: Educational system in Austria

economics

in Vienna were according to census employs 2001 821,458 persons in 87.691 enterprises. The district with most jobs is the 1. District.

Vienna enjoys internationally the good reputation of the high quality of life, low criminality rates and as „jump board into the east “, there the cityand their enterprises for a long time good relations with the MOEL maintain and therefore over plentifully experience order. This becomes visible in the fact that many international companies settle their Eastern Europe center in Vienna. Examples of it are among other things Heineken, the international building material company Lafarge and the HypoVereinsbank.

Enterprise admitted many beyond Austria like e.g. Casinos Austria, OMV, Wienerberger, BAWAG and first bank have their enterprise center in the Federal Capital.

With the Viennese stock exchange is also of Austria only stock exchange in Vienna.



Unemployment:

In the year 2005 on the average 92,864 Viennese were announced and Viennese inside unemployed. That corresponds to an unemployment ratio of 13,3% (Austria computation), 8.2% European Union computation. Compared with the other 9 Lands of the Federal Republic Vienna is because of the last place. Austria has at present approx.314,076 unemployed persons, corresponds to a ratio of 8,6% (Austria computation), to 5.3 (European Union computation).

media

Das ORF-Zentrum am Küniglberg im 13. Wiener Gemeindebezirk.
the ORF center at the Küniglberg in 13. Viennese municipality district.

Vienna is the head office of numerous media of any kind. The largest enterprise of this kind is the public Broadcasting corporation ORF - inclusive the sport and Wettersender TW1 - with seat at the Küniglberg in 13. Municipality district and its radio programs Ö1, CO2, Ö3 and FM4 with seat in the Argentinierstrasse in 4. Municipality district. Internationally over medium wave radio is radiated 1476, better admits than „Ö1 international “. The Filmstudios of the ORF, which is consulted occasionally also for television broadcasts (like for example the Reality show taxi orange), is at the rose hill in 23. Municipality district.

Further TV organizations alsoSeat in Vienna are the Austria-far private station ATVplus and that only since 2004 Austria far unencrypted receiptable alternative music transmitter gotv, which still achieves its largest range therefore in Vienna. Since June 2004 pulse TV is receiptable. The transmission areais however on Vienna limited, but produces in 7. Municipality district resident TV organization several Austria-specific transmissions, under it the newscast „Austria Top news “, for pro filters Austria. At the end of of 2005 started under the name Okto a not-commercial television station for Vienna.

Beside thatTo ORF Radiosendern still numerous private Radiosender, from which however only one part orders also outside of of Vienna over further Studios, exist or are receiptable. These almost exclusively on Pop or Oldies aligned transmitter are: „Radio Arabella “, „antenna Vienna “, „crown hit “, „radio Energy “, „88.6- We play which we want “, Hörfunksender of the Erzdiözese Vienna „radio step Hans cathedral “, and the not-commercial Radiosender „orange 94.0 “.

Logo of the ORF Jugendsenders FM4

also the most important Austria-far printed media have their head office beside the local newspapers inVienna. Which appearing weekly magazines concerns is the news group of publishing houses with seat in 2. Municipality district at the Danube channel, to that the weekly available magazines „news “, „profile “, „format “, „woman “, „E-media “and„TV-media “as well as the monthly magazine „belong to trend “, clear market leader. Edition-strongest weekly paper is own data to consequence however the maintenance magazine „the whole week “with 340.000 copies Austria far. Only print medium specialized in young people is the weekly available„Xpress “(before times „course express “).

Further monthly magazines with smaller edition, since on fields of activity concentrates, are car Touring, the riding car (motorcycle magazine), profit, industrial magazine, date - pages of the time and WCM.

Only in irregular distances those appearViennese printed media Malmoe (newspaper), deScripto and the European one round-look.

The daily papers referred to completely Austria „crowns newspaper “, „courier “, „the standard “and „the press “reside likewise in Vienna. Those locallymost important newspaper is the weekly paper „Falter “. A Austria-far characteristic is on Vienna limited, and only the underground available free newspapertoday “, which is noticeable particularly by high advertising portion and the highest edition in Vienna. Specializedspecificand Austria far available printed media with comparatively small edition are „the restaurant week “, the appearing daily „business paper “and „the furrow “. Besides still numerous printed media with minimum edition and thematischer specialization on topics exist such as religion orPolitics (above all party newspapers).

Formerly very important Viennese newspaper, from which some very successful journalists followed, was the 1889 created and 1991 an adjusted worker newspaper, which dedicated itself as the first medium in Vienna to also socialcritical topics. Likewise adjustedbecame, in the year 2000, in 21. Municipality district boulevard newspaper resideddaily everything “.

The most important road newspaper of Vienna is the Augustin. A further calls itself Uhudla. Both dedicate themselves - specific topics to homeless people and become also from suchsold.

Also different enterprises of the medium industry are very strongly concentrated on Vienna. Among them some advertising agencies and enterprises from the Filmbranche.

spare time

night life

Abendliches Vienna

into the 1980er - years developed first in the Grätzlapproximately around the Sweden place and the Ruprechtskirche an active Beislszene, which is called jokeful Bermudadreieck (because some verschollen there in such a way after a long night to be are). In the following years the restaurant scene on both banks of the Danube channel stretched out. Close one of the stop Scot ring, likewise on the Danube channel bank, is already since 1995 the Flex - one of the largest clubs in Vienna, in which daily evening meetings and appearances from local as well as internationally take place DJs and volume renowned. With well-known Acts- particularly from the Ragga/Reggae/thank-resound - scene - offers also the WUK near the Währinger belt . Particularly in the summer months the museum accomodation is a popular meeting place with several guest gardens.

For end of the 1990er-Jahre developed alsoin the former metropolitan railway elbows at the belt numerous scene restaurants as for instance the Chelsea or the Q/[kju:], which are meanwhile firmly established. These restaurants were created consciously there, in order to animate the quarter. The belt elbows have due to their centricLayer the advantage to represent for the Anreiner no additional noise disturbance.

In the umgewidmeten area of the former general hospital (old AKH) in recent time some institutes for university, business and restaurants with expanded free air enterprise settled. Into the 1990er years finallythe reorganization of the belt was tackled, so that some in restaurants on the former brothel mile settled.

The Copa Cagrana forms a further emphasis of the night life and/or in the summer. Sunken town center on the Danube island with the realm bridge with numerous open air restaurants.Likewise one since some years newly animated area is the free house quarter in the fourth district, which is well frequented not only in the evening, but, because of its proximity to the Naschmarkt, also under tags. Additionally numerous region discotheques developed since the end of the 90'sand Entertainment centers at the outskirts of a town, among other things in the Danube city (discotheque nightshift Deluxe).

Viennese park, forests and Auenlandschaften

Strauß-Denkmal im Wiener Stadtpark
bunch monument in the Viennese city park
the hay blame water in the Praterauen

Vienna possesses many different park plants and is world-wideone of the cities with the highest green area portion, which constitutes half of the city.

In the city center there are directly several parks, their history to in 16. Century goes back, which are richly at monuments and parking buildings equipped. For this the city park counts, that to the yard castle following castle garden, that of kinds of August, as well as the people garden of the baroque garden plant of the suburb palaces remained received the lock park from the lock Belvedere with the botanischen garden still nearly in originalgrösse. Beside the largeThere are parks numerous small Parkamlage in particular in the city center districts. These are called jokeful also Beserlparks. Also cemeteries were converted after the First World War into Parkalagen (for example the Währinger thrust ore park).

The largest park plant of Vienna the Viennese is Prater in the Leopoldstadt. With 600 hectares it is nearly twice as largely like the cent ral park in New York and three times as large as the citizen of Berlin zoo. The former imperial hunting ground, that this very day to large partsof Aulandschaften, became 1766 of Joseph II. consist. hand over to the people. Approximately around the green Prater Wurstelprater with its landmark the ferris wheel, as well as with that developed in the run the time the fairground, where the world exhibition found 1873 instead of, the entertainment parkSeriousness Happel stadium (formerly Praterstadion) the largest football stadium of Austria.

The 21,1km for a long time and 200m broad Danube island is likewise a popular local recreation area of the Viennese population. Originally it “was established” in the years 1972 to 1988 as flood protection. Here it gives among other thingsa large FKK Badebereich. In the area of the realm bridge besides a various restaurant scene developed.

In the west of the large city the Ausläufer of the Viennese forest extends partially far into the blocked ranges of the outlying districts inside. Here is among other things that Lainzer zoo, an extensive forest area (2,500 hectares) with rich game existence. In the former imperial hunting ground Hermesvilla to today the game are beside former hunting seat, whereby in particular the wild pigs are very popular in the Lainzer zoo. The forests in the westwill by the Viennese green belt in the south (Viennese mountain and Laaer mountain), the partial aufwändig again aufgeforstet was continued. North, beside the Danube park, in particular the Lobau serves the Danube as local recreation area. The Auengebietes of the Danube is even part of the National park Danube Auen.

Both worth seeing and green oases are the Viennese of cemeteries, which as Erholunsgsorte walk to apply and to invite. The central cemetery is not famous only for its honour graves. Are there also an Evangelist cemetery, the new andold Jewish cemetery, an Islamic department, an moslemisch Egyptian department, as well as numerous orthodox departments and burial places of anatomy. Also the pc. Marxer cemetery is a popular area for walks. It is not only the oldest cemetery of Vienna (conventional Meier cemetery, 18. ) Accommodated among other things also the graves of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Josef Madersperger separate century.

sport

Vienna is added in the Austrian sport happening a central role. Many new kinds of sport spread from hereto completely Austria. Favourite sport of the Viennese is swimming. Hiefür are available numerous swimming pools, like also natural waters. Much and is popular the Gänsehäufel , a sand island likes in the old person Danube. Scarcely behind swimming in thatPopularity statistics ranks the football haven. Today there are two strongly rivaling associations with the record master rapidly to Vienna and the Rekordcupsieger Austria Vienna. The rapidly stood so far two times in an European Cup final and could even German master and Cup winner become. ThoseAustria reached likewise once the Europacupfinale. Sport-historically valuable also the Vienna, of Austria oldest soccer club, is as well as the Viennese sport club, which could celebrate likewise large successes in the European Cup. The dominance of the Viennese of associations shows up alone by the fact that alsothe LASK only 1965 a crew from the Lands of the Federal Republic master will could. The largest football stadium of Vienna, the Happel stadium, is to the Austrian national team with its 53,000 places exclusively since 1931 at the disposal. It is one of the most important football stadiums of Europe, was in the recent past three times host championsleague - of the final and will be 2008 among other things the venue of the European championship final.

Beside the soccer associations there are numerous successful Viennese of associations in other kinds of sport. In the ice hockey 2005 became with the gentlemen those Vienna Capitals as well as EHV Sabres with the ladies of Austrian masters. Additional highlight in the Viennese ice hockey season was the world championship in the Viennese town hall. The Footballer of the Chrysler Vikings could win 2004 and 2005 the Eurobowl, the WBV Homerunnersbecame Austrian master in the baseball. The volleyballers aon hotVolleys as well as the Handballer of the Margareten Fivers had to give themselves in each case with the vice-master title contently.

Apart from the crew kinds of sport there is a variety for individual kinds of sport in Vienna likewise. As Laufstreckenthe ways are in the Prater or on the Danube island much like. Trainert can become also in the Ferry Dusika Hallenstadion. Once a year additionally the Vienna town center Marathon takes place . Are to cyclists beside Mountainbikestrecken numerous over 1.000 Fahradkilometern in the Viennese mountains at the disposal.At the old person Danube and at the Danube gives it for friends of the rudder haven altogether 11 different rudder associations. In Vienna there is 3 tidy and 4 extraordinary member clubs Austrian gulf of the federation, golf courses stands for instance at the Viennese mountain for the order. As Fencing club is above all the Viennese sport club well-known. Also for winter sports, which enjoys a high value in Austria, there are various offers. The city Vienna operates high wall meadow on the former FIS distance and on the Dollwiese two ski runways. Starting from oneSnow situation of 20 centimeters pulls the office for sport of the city Loipenspuren by the Prater, on the Danube island, on the Viennese mountain, on the stone yard reasons, in the Schwarzenberg park, on the Cobenzl and in the bricklayer forest. The route distances are enough from 2,5 km (at the Viennese mountain)up to 12 km (Danube island).

politics

Vienna are considered today as the center of the social-democracy in Austria. In memory to the years from 1918 to 1934 the surname becomes red Vienna in this connection sometimes alsotoday still uses. Since end of the Second World War is governed the city (with exception of very short periods) by the social-democratic party with absolute majority. Acting mayor is Michael Häupl. Before the world wars was still the Viennese politics ofthe Christian-social party coined/shaped, in particular by the mayor of many years Karl Lueger. Expression of the social-democratic policy are to today the buildings of municipalities erschaffenen in large number of the public hand.

Since the collection of Vienna to an own Land of the Federal Republic in the year1921 are simultaneous the Viennese mayor national captain. Viennese the city hall accommodates both the offices of the Viennese of mayor as well as the local council, who hold the rank of a federal state parliament. The city is administered by a multiplicity of municipal authorities departments (offices), which in each caseexactly specified fields are assigned.

Prozentueller voice portion of the parties and allocation of seats

with the local council choice of 23. October 2005 read the being correct and/or. the allocation of seats in the local council (100 seats are to assign) as follows:

Viennese the right to vote is majority-promoting there, has the SPÖ the absolute Majority at seats in the local council (55%), although it does not have the absolute majority of votes (49%) in Vienna.

With the parallel held district agency elections could become generally accepted the SPÖ in 16, the ÖVP in five and the Greens in two districts. The ÖVPattains the majority of votes traditionally in the bügerlichen residential areas in the city center as well as in the mansion areas at the western outskirts of a town. The Greens place the district chief in the small city center districts 7 and 8, however hardly received voices in the outlying districts. The FPÖcould above all there higher voice portions achieve.

The election turnout reached 60.81% (after 66,58% 2001) with the local council choice and 58.5 per cent with the district agency elections. For the first time 16 was enfranchised - and 17-Jährige.

See also: List of the Austrian national main people, elections in Austria

international organizations with seat in Vienna

Vienna the third UN city became to New York and Geneva in the year 1979. Vienna seat of numerous further international organizations is additional:

  • UNDCP - international drug supervisory routine

the name Vienna in overseas

in the United States and in Canada exist some settlements, which carry the German or English designation of Vienna in the name. This is in many casesto attribute probably to emigrants, who designated their new settlements after their place of origin. There is these:

  • Vienna (Georgia)
  • Vienna (Illinois)
  • Vienna (Louis IANA)
  • Vienna (Maine)
  • Vienna (Maryland)
  • Vienna (Missouri)
  • Vienna (New York)
  • Vienna (Ontario, Canada)
  • Vienna (South Dakota)
  • Vienna (Texas)
  • Vienna (Virginia)
  • Vienna (Wisconsin)
  • Vienna (west Virginia)
  • new Vienna (Iowa)
  • new Vienna (Ohio)
  • Vienna (Wisconsin)

twin cities

Vienna maintains partnerships between cities with the following cities:

in addition exist partnerships between individual Viennese districts and following Japanese cities/districts:

the Josefstadt (Vienna 8) forms together with the districts of the same name Józsefváros in Budapest and Timişoara the federation of the Josefstädte.

Further the following partnerships between Viennese districts and Chinese Lands of the Federal Republic (provinces) exist, citiesand districts.

literature

  • Wolfgang Börner, Sigrid Strohschneider Laue, archaeology makes school - school makes archaeology, Roman time. Materials to the historical didactics. Conference for historical didactics Austria 2/98, 18 - 37.
  • Discovery site Vienna. Reportsto the archaeology Bd. 1/98 FF.ISBN 3-9500492-2-3
  • Alexander luck, Marcello La Speranza, Peter Ryborz: Under Vienna - on the traces of the third man by channels, Grüfte and cheese mats, Christoph on the left of publishing house, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-86153-238-7
  • Sigrid Strohschneider Laue, stone-temporal Vienna.Laurel 2/1996, 2-3
  • Sigrid Strohschneider Laue, prehistory. Historical encyclopedia of the city Vienna (Hg. Felix Czeike), Bd. 5, Vienna 1997, 518-519.
  • Sigrid Strohschneider Laue, Steinzeit. Historical encyclopedia of the city Vienna (Hg. Felix Czeike), Bd. 5, Vienna 1997, 331.
  • Sigrid Strohschneider Laue, Eisenzeit. Historical encyclopediathe city Vienna (Hg. Felix Czeike), Bd. 5, Vienna 1997, 740-741.
  • Otto H. Urban, the Leopoldsberg - archaeological research on the Viennese house mountain (with several contributions), Viennese archaeological studies 2, Vienna 1999.

see also

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