Viennese of municipality districts
is divided politically into 23 municipality districts. From the Wienern the districts do not become usually with their name, but designates with their number („17. District” or also „seventeenth”). These numbers are on each strassenschild before the street name (e.g. „17.,Pezzlgasse”) and form also the 2. and 3. Place of the postal zip code („1010” for the 1. District until „1220” for the 22. District, in 23. For district exceptions apply). Sometimes colloquially in place of the designation „district is also used” „blow”.
the original city Vienna consisted only of the internal city. Starting from that 15. Century took place also before the Stadtmauer a more intensive settlement. The municipalities between Stadtmauer and that 1707 established line barrier (within the range of the today's belt) calledone „suburbs”. For the simplification of the administration 1849 one decided, these places in municipalities, which happened then 1850. They became into the districts 1. - 8. divided. From divisions later 10 districts resulted.
Outside of the line barrier were the suburbs in such a way specified. There the line barrier a tax borderwas, the life was there many cheaper. From this reason the negotiations pulled themselves for incorporation approx. 20 years there.1892 became then the suburbs as the districts 11. - 19. in in common December. 1900 became the 20. District of 2. separated. 1904 became on thateastern Danube side convenient greater Floridsdorf as 21. District part of Vienna.
Map of large vienna
(old borders dark-orange, new borders lightorange, today's borders centralorange)
after the connection in the year 1938 97 down-Austrian localities became after a regulation of the Viennese at that time of mayor Hermann Neubacher of the 1. October 1938 in in common December, whereby Vienna up to release was considered 1945 as „the surface-largest German city” it was designated, and still until 1954 as large vienna, since during this time 26 districts belonged to the city.
- 14. District: Penzing
- 22. District: Large Enzersdorf,
- 23. District: Schwechat,
- 24. District: Mödling,
- 25. District: Liesing,
- 26. District: Monastery new castle.
The places width ford, Laab in the forest, Perchtoldsdorf, Vösendorf and Hennersdorf remained not with the district Mödling, but for the district Liesing were slammed shut. These new districts were called land districts with the edge municipalities.
After the endthe Second World War was decided to cancel this but failed because of the resistance of the Soviet authorities in the control council. With the fact the situation developed that the citizens of these districts selected their authorized agents for the down-Austrian federal state parliament. These authorized agents had however there no right to vote. Turned aroundif the edge municipalities were administered by the Viennese local administration, had however no agency in the Viennese local council.
Only 1954 agreed also the Soviet authorities of the reseparating of the edge municipalities. At this time the citizens had often however already gotten accustomed to the affiliation to Vienna. The municipalityVienna recruited remaining in the greater. Even not-official populars vote took place, as in the city Mödling and monastery new castle. These had however no relevance for those already 1945 made decision. Only parts 22. (today Danube city) and 25. District (as 23.) And some municipalities at the outskirts of a town remain to district thus with Vienna. 46 municipalities came back to Lower Austria. Vienna lost thereby two thirds of its surface.
Consequences are today only more for example visible during the current and gas supply. Above all the current supply takes place to a large extent still via thosein Vienna resident vienna energy and not by the EVN.
districts & district parts
there the city in the course of the centuries by current incorporations of former suburbs, partly as Katastralgemeinden, regains one developed these names still into individual districts.
The districts 1 to 9 and 20 are considered as interior districts (also designated within the belt convenient, although for the 2. , 20. and parts of the 3. District does not tune), all different than outlying districts are designated.
Since Vienna up to the city center from numerous former eingemeindetenSuburbs and suburbs exists, which were blocked gradually to a whole, exist until today in some parts of the city still structurally as well as mentally definable neighbourhoods, and/or. Residential areas - so-called Grätzl or quarters.
Although it has the few inhabitants, the 1 counts. District also100.745 persons employed most employees. However this number stagnates, since 1991 approximately 1000 persons employed were more counted. Reason for this high job density is on the one hand the tourism, which the expensive shopping streets and - lanes animates, as well as the good accessibility in the center of the city, which for many companiesan important location factor represents. Danube city, the 22. District is the largest district after surface. It has 10.234 hectares surface and 136,444 inhabitants, with which it is also the second largest district after inhabitants. Due to the enormous surface the Danube city ranks most thinly however also amongsettled districts. Only the 13. District in the west of the city, Hietzing, exhibits a still smaller population density with 1.315 persons per km ². The smallest surface possesses the 8. District, Josefstadt. Since on only 1.08 km ² however 22,057 persons live, that results in the second largest inhabitant densitythe city. A still higher inhabitant density gives it only in 5. District, Margareten. On two square kilometers live there 49,111 persons, which exceeds all other districts of the city with 24.191 persons per km ².
The district data in the overview:
the head of the district is that District chief. It is always placed to one of its two deputies by the be correct-strongest party with the district agency elections, likewise. The second deputy normally belongs to the second-strongest party. The Greens place the district chief in 7. and 8. District, the ÖVP in the civil interior districts 1and 4, as well as the mansion quarters of 13, 18 and 19. In all other districts the district chief of the SPÖ is placed (all data due to the district agency elections 2005).
2002 became also the right to vote with the district elections also for non--European Union citizen, those at least five years in Viennatheir domicile, legally embodied. This law was again waived however 2004 by the constitutional court yard due to a complaint of the FPÖ and the ÖVP.
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