Savage the west
of savage the west is a colloquial name for the areas of the USA, those in the pioneer time 19. Century, in the closer sense its second half not yet than Federal States were taken up in the union. In the course of the progressing colonization and Urbanisation becamethe area continuously smaller, until it came up perfectly approximately around 1890 in the continental US national territory. Symbolically stand the opening of the region Oklahoma for the settlement by Kolonisten with „the Oklahoma country run “ 1889 and the massacre of the US army at approximately 200 to 300 Lakota- Indians in Wounded Knee 1890 for the end of the time of the wild west. With these events the Indian wars did not apply likewise as final like the Kolonisation up to then of the areas not taken up yet formally to the United States through native settler.
Beginning with the outgoing19. Century is connected the conceptualness „savage the west “into the present with a sea protest in the sense „of the American Dream “: Penetrated of patriarchalen Männlichkeitsvorstellungen over liberty, right of the stronger one, fight um´s property and similar plates came it to a Mythologisierung and Trivialisierung of the US-American pioneer time, whereby the borders between historical facts, legend formation and freely invented stories often blur.
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historical characteristics of the wild west
outrider of the later settlement through forwardsall from Europe coming immigrant was discovery travelers such as Lewis and Clark, which found a continuous overland route between 1804 and 1806 as first by the North American continent to the Pacific, or hunters, falling plates and fur dealer, those into from the Kolonisten the still unexplored of different Indian trunksinhabited areas beyond the so-called more frontier (border to the Indian area) penetrated and into trade relations with the natives stepped. Under the experiences of these Trapper regarding local knowledge and a relative confidenceness with language and culture of individual Indian trunks led some from them - for example Jim Bridgeramong other things - later than Scouts (scout and/or. Pathfinder in the actual sense of word) different Siedlertrecks (covered wagon columns) to the west.
The “savage the west” was characterized by a departure tendency, from which many humans from that opened themselves increasingly the more closely settled east of the USA to the west, under ita large number of immigrants particularly from Europe. The reasons for the pioneers were different nature. For most a settlement was exorbitant in the states of the east. In the west there were far regions, in which the settlers expected cheap country, around itselfto establish as Farmer or climb ago. Again different looked for the fast wealth in hope to find gold or other precious metals. When 1848 were found in close proximity to San Francisco gold, this solved up to then largest gold fever with California gold fever in historythe USA out, which let the Trecks swell to the west clearly. The new religious community of the Mormonen established itself in Utah , in order to be able to live unimpaired after their faith.
The wild west was first strongly coined/shaped by the Zurückdrängung by force of the natives population, the Indians, and an appropriate subject and partial extermination politics them opposite (see.Indian wars and Indian politics of the USA). Accompanying with it and afterwards the infrastructural development of the country played an important role (building of railways, postal service among other things). By the width of the country became particularly into thatfruitful levels of the middle west, the prairie, beside the cultivation of grain the cattle breeding broadly put on in large regions an important restaurant factor. Accompanying with it the occupation of the cowboy attained a rank standing sense-figurativy for the wild west.
In particular after the end of the war of secession between thatNorth and Southern States (1861 - 1865) looked for many by the war failed, partly verrohte humans a new beginning in the west. Luck knights and adventurers often found a legal free space in the relatively unexplored areas of the USA, that the development one in some regionspronounced bandit nature favoured. Legendenumwobene names such as franc and Jesse James, which acquired themselves by bank and railway assaults a famous-notorious call, or „“stand for Billy the Kid representatively of the common lawlessness in the wild west, like it this of their Gegenpart, the partial corruptLaw guardian, often even as so-called gun heroes in the gray area between law and crimes well-known Sheriffs or US Mars neck present the case was, so for example Pat, Wyatt Earp, „game Bill Hickock “among other things.
already starting from late 19. Centurythe pioneer time was made a sea protest and romantisiert as a “savage the west”, whereby the former Bisonjäger William Frederick Cody (well-known as “Buffalo Bill “) with its game west show, which went also internationally on tour, played a role of the pioneer. In particular in the trivial literature and in the film industry, firstparticularly in the USA themselves, experienced the time of the wild west a boom. A high phase got the Western particularly as film category into the 1950er years. Untergenres of the Western were for example the Kavalleriewestern, Indianerwestern or in one not always with the wild west inSense of word coherent Bürgerkriegswestern
of examples of American classical authors of the Western (Western) are:
- Steam turbine and gas turbine systems Coach (direction: John Ford, Hauptdarsteller: John Wayne; 1939)
- High Noon (direction: Fred tin man, leading actor: Gary Cooper, 1952)
- with the wolf dances (direction/leading actor: Kevin Costner, 1990)
Also in Europe there were different forms of the fiktionalen occupation with the US-American pioneer time, approximately in the form of the adventure novels of Karl May already at the beginning 20. Century, later into the presence by booklet novels, Comics and cinematic by thoseso-called Eurowestern and Italowestern.
- Winnetou (Karl May, Erzählungen, Abenteuerromane)
- Lucky hatch (René Goscinny, Comic)
- play me the song of death (Sergio Leone, Italowestern)
- cowboy - gold fever - Well-known personalities of the wild west - list of famous Indians - Pony express - Trapper - would list Western - game west novel - borderland