William Griesinger

William Griesinger (* 29. July 1817 in Stuttgart, † 26. October 1868 in Berlin) was a German psychiatrist and internalist and is considered as one the founder of the modern, (nature) scientific psychiatry.

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lives

Wilhelm Griesinger (1817-1868)
William Griesinger (1817-1868)

son of Karoline Luise Griesinger, geb. Dryly and Gottfried Ferdinand Griesinger, donation manager of the hospital in Stuttgart. 1834, with 16 years, put Griesinger down its Abitur and were written in the same year as a medical student at that University of Tübingen . There it came into conflict with the professor shank and university administration by its political commitment in one at that time still progressive (forbidden later) Burschenschaften, there it publicly before university members for a free, some and republican Germany occurred, in addition, by its criticalExpressions in relation to the romantic medicine taught in Tübingen, which rejected Griesinger as „speculatively “. Together with Julius Robert Mayer it became thereupon for one year of the university referred. It continued its studies with Johann Lukas beautiful flax in Zurich and attained a doctorate finally 1838 with a thesis over Diphtheritis in Tübingen.

From there it turned to Paris, in order to extend its clinical knowledge. He became acquainted with François Magendie , the founder of the experimental physiology and author of the first modern text book of the physiology, its research beginning him stronglyaffected.it moved to 1839 as a practicing physician to Friedrichshafen at the Bodensee. Already in the year following on it it received the offer to work under director Ernst Albert von Zeller as a secondary physician on the mad mental hospital Winnenthal (Württemberg). In the next two years, thoseit was active there, collected Griesinger a large wealth at practical experiences, that the basis its 1845 published Hauptwerkes „the pathology and therapy of the psychological diseases “(Stuttgart: Crab) became. Griesinger undertook the attempt to justify the psychiatry from the medical physiology and pathology. Alreadyon the first side is Griesingers famous utterance, according to which it is necessary to understand each disease symptom to locate the phenomenon concerned and to recognize all psychological diseases as illnesses of the brain.

Vor der Veröffentlichung seines neuen, materialistischenAnsatzes in der Psychiatrie, der bald weiteSpreading in Germany experienced should, Griesinger 1842 further study trips to Paris and Vienna had undertaken, for short time than physician in Stuttgart had established themselves and soon thereafter, 1843, a call on the place of a Assistenzarztes to the medical hospital in Tübingen had accepted, where itin the same year habilitierte and its training activity as a private lecturer in pathology, Materia medica and medicine history took up. 1847 it was then appointed as the extraordinary professor.

1849 followed a call as a director of the university clinic Kiel, where he operated neuroanatomical research. 1850 married Griesinger Josephine of Rome,with that together it Germany for political reasons still in the same year left, in order to begin a place as a body physician of the Egyptian viceroy Abbas pasha, with which the tasks of the director of the medical school in Cairo as well as the president for the entire Medizinalwesen Egypt were connected. Inthis time collected Griesinger a majority of its material for its later papers over „clinical and anatomical observations over the diseases of Egypt. “(In: Archives for physiological medicine, Stuttgart, 1854, 13, S. 528-575.) and over „the Infectionskrankheiten “in Virchows manual of the speciellen pathology and therapy. Attain (;Enke, 1857.)

1852 turned Griesinger and its wife back to Stuttgart. 1854 became Griesinger full professor for clinical medicine at the University of Tübingen and successor of Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich as a director of the medical hospital. 1859 took over Griesinger the line of the 1847 created welfare and educational establishment Maria mountain with Gammertingen (Württemberg), one of the first mechanisms for children and young people with a mental handicap in Germany.

1860 left Griesinger Germany again and transferred the line of the hospital for internal medicine to Zurich. At the same time it developed in this time as a memberthe Medizinalkommission a plan for the building of a modern lunatic asylum in the canton Zurich, which was converted 1865 with the opening of the psychiatric university clinicBurghölzli “.

One year before had already accepted Griesinger the call on a Professur to the Charité in Berlin, whereit director of the psychiatric hospital became at the same time. It made numerous reform suggestions and ensured for the fact that the lunatic asylum of the Charité a nerve station was attached.1867 it created „the citizens of Berlin Medicinisch psychological society “, their presidency it took over and gave the first expenditure „of archives for psychiatry and nervous diseases “out.

Griesingers grave

in the summer 1868 got sick to Griesinger at a Perityphlitis, an abscess of the blind intestine. After operation of the abscess the wound infected itself with Diphtherie, that infection, over which Griesinger in its thesis had written. He deceased to 26. October 1868 inBerlin. Griesingers grave is on the old pc. - Matthäus Kirchhof in the Grossgörschenstrasse in Berlin beautiful mountain.

1968, to Griesingers 100. Day of death, was renamed „the institute for Epilepti rooting garden with Biesdorf “ in William Griesinger hospital.

life data in the overview

  • 1817 - born to 29. July inStuttgart as a son of Karoline Luise Griesinger, geb. Dryly and Gottfried Ferdinand Griesinger
  • 1834 - Abitur; in the same year beginning of the study of the medicine in Tübingen
  • 1837 - reference of the University of Tübingen because of political activities and intermediate study in Zurich with Johann Lukas beautiful flax
  • 1838- Graduation in Tübingen; Study trip to Paris and acquaintance with François Magendie
  • 1839 - practicing physician in Friedrichshafen at the Bodensee
  • 1840 - secondary physician at the lunatic asylum Winnenthal (Württemberg)
  • 1842 - practicing physician in Stuttgart; Cooperation at „archives for physiological medicine “; further study trips to Paris andVienna
  • 1843 - Assistenzarzt at the medical hospital in Tübingen; Habilitation and Privatdozentur for pathology, Materia Medica and medicine history
  • 1845 - publication of the book „the pathology and therapy of the psychological diseases “(Stuttgart; Crab)
  • 1847 - appointment to the extraordinary professor; Editor „of archives for physiological medicine “
  • 1849 - Tidy professor and director of the university clinic Kiel; neuroanatomical brain research at there pathological Institut
  • 1850 - marriage with Josephine of Rome; Body physician of the Egyptian viceroy Abbas pasha, director of the medical school in Cairo and president of the entire Medizinalwesens in Egypt
  • 1852 - return ofEgypt to Stuttgart
  • 1854 - full professor for clinical medicine in Tübingen and successor of Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich (1815-1877) at the medical hospital
  • 1857 - publication of the book „Infectionskrankheiten: Malaria diseases, yellow fever, typhoid fever, plague, Cholera “attain (; Enke)
  • 1859 - line of the welfare and educational establishment Maria mountainwith Gammertingen (Württemberg)
  • 1860 - director of the hospital for internal medicine in Zurich; Professur for internal medicine; Member of the Medizinalkommission; Concept for the building of a modern lunatic asylum in the canton Zurich (1865 opened as clinical center „Burghölzli “)
  • 1864 - director of the psychiatric hospital of the Charité in Berlin center
  • 1867 - Establishment and presidency „of the citizens of Berlin Medicinisch psychological society “(since 1879 „citizen of Berlin society for psychiatry and nervous diseases “; since 1933 „citizen of Berlin society for psychiatry and neurology “); Publisher „of archives for psychiatry and nervous diseases “
  • 1868 - died to 26. October in Berlin

works

  • gentlemanRing ice and the nature-historical school. In:Archives for physiological medicine. 1. Jg (1842).
  • Theories and Thatsachen. In: Archives for physiological medicine, 1. Jg. (1842).
  • Over the pain and over hyperemia. In: Archives for physiological medicine, 1. Jg. (1842).
  • Over psychological reflex actions. Witha view of the nature of the psychological diseases. In:Archives for physiological medicine, 2. Jg. (1843), S. 76ff.
  • New contributions for the physiology and pathology of the brain. In: Archives for physiological medicine. Stuttgart 1844.
  • Pathology and therapy of the psychological diseases.Stuttgart (crab) 1845 (2. Aufl.Braunschweig 1861).
  • Over sulfur ether inhalations. In: Archives for physiological medicine, 6. Jg. (1847), 348-350.
  • Remarks over the mad nature in Württemberg. In: Württemb. Medic. Correspondenzblatt. Supplementband z. D. Jahrg. 1848 and. 49. No. 20.
  • Clinical and anatomical observations over the diseases of Egypt. In: Archives forphysiological medicine, 13. Jg. (1854), 528-575.
  • Infectionskrankheiten. (Virchow's manual of the speciellen pathology and therapy.) Attaining 1857.
  • To the knowledge of the today's psychiatry in Germany. A disputation against the brochure of the Samitätsrats Dr. Laehr in Zehlendorf: „Progress? - Backward step! “Leipzig (TIG and) 1868.
  • Over lunatic asylumsand their advancement in Germany. In:Archives for psychiatry and nervous diseases, Bd.1 (1868), H.1. II.
  • Collected papers. 2 Bde. Berlin (deer forest) 1872.

Web on the left of

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