William Murr (* 16. December 1888 in Esslingen at the Neckar; † 14. May 1945 in Egg (Vorarlberg) by suicide with poison in French detention) was a National Socialist politician. By February 1928 up to its death he was gau leader of the NSDAP in Württemberg Hohenzollern, from March to May 1933 in addition president and then realm governors in Württemberg.
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Murr buildup in Esslingen in ärmlichen conditions and lost at the age of 14 years both parents. It visited the elementary school up to 7. Class. After commercial training and professional activity he completed the military service from 1908 to 1910 and worked then as commercial employees at engine works Esslingen. In the First World War it was assigned at all fronts, brought it up to the rank of a vice-sergeant and experienced the end of war 1918 hurt in the military hospital in Cottbus.
Murr engaged itself in the German national action assistant federation (DHV), a right-conservative and anti-Semitic employee trade union, which he had already joined before the war. There he came into contact with the writings of the Antisemiten Theodor Fritsch, whose opinions to a large extent too own he made himself. The NSDAP joined it in the summer 1923 and after the temporary prohibition of the party again in August 1925 . On its job, engine works Esslingen, he recruited eagerly new combat comrades. A worker newspaper criticized only task in September 1927, Murrs is it there to smuggle „Hakenkreuzler into the enterprise “. From this time also its acquaintance with smelling pool of broadcasting corporations agitates Drauz, the later NSDAP Kreisleiter Heilbronn, which Murr often promoted later.
After violent internal-party Querelen the Esslinger NSDAP Ortsgruppenleiter Murr, which was noticeable as also later here through rücksichts and scruplesless methods, could displace finally the acting NSDAP Gauleiter Eugen of mouths of power. In February 1928 Hitler appointed it the gau leader of the NSDAP in Württemberg Hohenzollern. One of its rivals, which he could debark thereby, was a later württembergische Prime Minister Christian Mergenthaler, which was subject to Murr again and again also later in struggles for power. By strict Hörigkeit opposite Hitler and opposite the party leadership it succeeded to Murr to strengthen its position in Württemberg. In October 1930 it gave its activity up in engine works Esslingen and became full-time active for the party. The numbers of members and the financial situation of the NSDAP in Württemberg improved. Starting from at the beginning of of 1931 Murr could bring its own propaganda sheet out, which LV courier, in he published to 1945 numerous editorials, which were not noticeable by mental brilliance, but showed getreulich the official party line.
With the elections in the autumn 1930 Murr was selected to the realm tag delegate of the NSDAP for the constituency 31 (Württemberg). After the seizure of power the Württembergi federal state parliament selected it to 15. March 1933 under National Socialist pressure to the württembergischen president and successor of its political enemy Eugen Bolz. Murr took over at the same time the interior and Ministry of Economic Affairs. To 6. May 1933 was appointed Murr into the again created position of the realm governor in Württemberg; the office of the württembergischen president was abolished, the federal state parliament of each function was robbed. Its rival Mergenthaler, for spring already 1932 federal state parliament president, became an Prime Minister, Minister of Justice and cult. Murrs obvious intellectual deficits were verbrämt as people proximity, the realm governor in propaganda as „a man from the people was spent “. Joseph Goebbels however designated Murr in a diary entry of 31. July 1933 as „Parvenü “.
When Murr experienced 1938 that the bishop von Rottenburg, Johannes Baptista Sproll, itself not at the popular vote over the affiliation of Austria of 10. April had taken part, produced it with newspaper articles and organized demonstrations a campaign against Sproll, which supplied the cause to the authorities with to refer and drive after Bavaria the bishop out of the country.
Beginning of war in September 1939 Murr was appointed the realm defense commissioner in the military district V, which gave an increase in power to him. Important ranges of the military and the civil administration been subordinate it now directly or had to arrange themselves in fact with it. Without agreement Murrs or its assigned one could happen in Württemberg practically nothing more. The murder at the Jews and at the spirit patients could go because of Murrs of unconditional execution of the instructions from leader and a party into Württemberg smoothly.
After increasing Fliegerangriffen on Stuttgart Murr had 1943 first Vorahnungen of a bad end. He prepared evacuation measures for Stuttgart, could however outwardly nothing be marked and remained in the public the faithful language pipe by Hitler and Goebbels. Also as itself at the end of January 1944 Murrs only son Winfried, with which weapon SS in Belgium assigned to forestall at the age of 21 years shot, in order a court martial because of rape did not question Murr his unconditional loyalty the leader opposite and Hitler at the 1 insured. March to stand further in its service.
before and after end of war
in December 1944 admits become evacuation plans, which planned, to lead and the city destroy the Stuttgart population in 20-kilometer days' marches after southeast, gave up Murr in March 1945. To 10. April it still called for the defense of the city up to the extreme one and forbade to 13. April under menace of Exekution and kinship detention destroying antitank barriers and were called from white flags. It however fled to 19. April among wrong name as well as its wife and further companions from Stuttgart. Over the former monastery Urspring with Schelklingen, Kisslegg, cheeks in the general-outer, Kressbronn at the Bodensee and further stations arrived the refugee unit train into the large Walsertal. Up to 12. May remained Murr, its wife and two aides on the Biberacher hut and change then into a Almhütte above Schröcken . There they became in the morning 13. May arrested by French soldiers, who opposite itself Murr spent as „a walter Mueller “. The arrested ones were brought first after Schoppernau, then after Egg, where first Murrs woman killed themselves and then Murr themselves by carried poison ampuls. Both were buried on the cemetery by Egg.
The American Besatzer had set and searched Murr on a ruse of potenzieller war criminals (cunning OF potential was Criminals of under Proposed US Policy Directives) for it. Already soon Americans and Franzosen drew the suspicion, Murr can be dead, and took up together with the württembergischen police determinations, which led her after Egg. To 16. April 1946 was opened the grave by „walter Mueller “and its wife. Its former dentist could identify Murr on the basis his dentures clearly.
- sour, Paul: William Murr. Hitler's governor in Württemberg. Silver castle publishing house, Tübingen 1998, ISBN 3-87407-282-7
- Scholtyseck, Joachim: „The man from the people “: William Murr, gau leader and realm governor in Württemberg Hohenzollern. In: The leaders of the province: LV biographies from bathing and Württemberg /hrsg. of Michael Kissener and Joachim Scholtyseck. – 2. Aufl., expenditure for study. - Konstanz: UVK, Univ. - Verl. Konstanz, 1999 (Karlsruher of contributions for the history of the national socialism; Bd. 2), S. 477-502, 878, ISBN 3-87940-679-0 [ISBN 3-87940-566-2 (1. Aufl.)]
Web on the left of
| | * Literature of and over William Murr in the catalog of the DDB
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of National Socialist politicians, realm governor von Württemberg|
|DATE OF BIRTH||16. December 1888|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Esslingen at the Neckar|
|DYING DATE||14. May 1945|
|DYING PLACE||Egg (Vorarlberg)|