William Petersen

William Petersen (* 15. March 1890 in Athens; † 18. December 1957 in Darmstadt) was a German composer.

Table of contents

lives

the dichterisch high-talented lived during its study (1908-1911) in Munich in the poet circle around Stefan George, Karl Wolfskehl and Alexander of Bernus. It studied composition with Friedrich Klose and Rudolf Louis, Dirigieren with Felix Mottl. 1911 married Petersen the former Mrs. von Alexander von Bernus, the authoress Adelheid of Sybel.

After the First World War Petersen in Munich dedicated itself first music-literary work, which he published into the realm, one the Anthroposophie intimate magazine of Bernus. Petersen wrote reviews over to residents of Munich the concert life and wrote essays with social and music-philosophical topic.

The premiere its I. Symphonie C-Moll OI. 3 with the clay/tone artist celebration of the ADMV 1921 in Nuremberg became large success. The premiere its II. expected with some tension. Symphonie E flat major OI. 4 with the ADMV 1923 in Kassel could not the success of 1921 repeat. 1923 settled Petersen again in Darmstadt. As a composer it turned the chamber music, the song and ACappeal-AChears itself too. Its works found acknowledgment in the regional framework. it received the George book he price of the hessian state to 1926.

1927 became Petersen lecturer at the urban academy in clay/tone art in Darmstadt. In the following years he dedicated himself one of its Hauptwerke, the large fair OI to the composition. 27. This work, 1930 in Darmstadt under Karl Böhm uraufgeführt, was played in Germany several marks with large success - so 1935 in the opera house in Dresden again under Böhm. Bruno walter became acquainted with the fair at the age and was the conviction, “that the originality and finally the meaningness of the musical language of the master [the works Petersens] will provide the place in the public, for them comes.” (Mechsner 1996, S. ) Petersen

received 351 to 1935 a Professur at the 1933 created college of music in Mannheim. Favorable publishing house negotiations with the publishing house Simrock, which considered the acquisition of the complete work Petersens, became by the circumstances of the 1935 in Berlin taking place performance the third Symphonie cis Moll OI. 30 destroyed made. While Petersens Symphonie of Nazi-faithful critics became to tear, others praised the work and pointed on the 1934 extremely successful premiere in Darmstadt. 1937 took place that prohibition of the performance of the fair in Mannheim.

Petersen was a decided opponent of the Nazi regime. One becomes it a pursued one of the regime does not call can; he was allowed to teach and its works was again and again specified. But it did not compromise itself. Thus there are also no works of it, which he had to conceal after 1945 shameful.

The last important event in Petersens life 1941 was the successful - considered in Germany far - premiere of the opera “the Goldne pot” after E.T.A. Hoffmann in Darmstadt, to which Petersen had written also the libretto. From 1940 to 1950 Petersen composed still chamber music, concerts and Orchestersuiten, in order to finally grow silent 1950 as a composer. Resignation and illness not possibly made a working for it. Thus it gave a again taken up activity by the hour at the college of music in Mannheim to 1951 also after 2 years. 1957 deceased to William Petersen in Darmstadt.

literature

  • Wolfgang Mechsner (1996): William Petersen. Life and work. Biography with thematischem list of works. ISBN of 3-9805244-1-8

works

vowel music

of choirs

  • confession (18. Century) for 4-8stimmigen ACappeal-AChear OI. posth. 11 (1924)
  • Urworte. Orphisch of J. W. Goethe for ACappeal-AChear OI. 21 (1927)
  • hymn for choir and orchestra (freely after the confession out boy miracle horn) OI. 25 (1927)
  • large ones fair for Soli, choir and orchestra OI. 27 (1929)
  • five singing after old seals for ACappeal-AChear OI. 14 (1930)
  • four ACappeal-AChear after poems of Spervogel (12. Century) OI. 15 (1930)
  • six ACappeal-AChear after poems of C. F. Meyer OI. 16 (1930)
  • four ACappeal-AChear after poems of morning star OI. 17 (1930)
  • four ACappeal-AChear after poems from way living of Albert Steffen OI. 18 (1930)
  • choir mixed by noble kind Kantate in old ways for and small orchestra OI. 34 (1933/34)
  • four of religious of singing after old melodies for mixed choir and small orchestra OI. 35 (1933/34)
  • to the youth of the world for 3stimmigen choir, piano and small orchestra (text of Maria Massa Georgi) OI. posth. 9 (not datable)

songs

  • three deserts after Klopstock for Bassbariton and piano OI. 13 (1924)
  • seven songs from the seventh ring of Stefan George for middle voice and piano OI. 19 (1925)
  • five singing after Hölderlin and George for middle voice and piano OI. 20 (1926)
  • Chinese Germans times of day and yearly (Goethe) for middle voice and piano OI. 23 (1927)
  • three baroque songs of Christian way and Paul Fleming for singing and piano OI. 26 (1927)
  • five songs of Friedrich Hebbel OI. 31 (1931/32)
  • six songs (Eichendorff) OI. 32 (1931/32)
  • Goethe songs for high voice and piano OI. 40 (1939)
  • four songs (Christian morning star) for high voice and piano OI. 41 (1939)
  • the old garden 2. Consequence of the Eichendorff songs for singing and piano OI. 44 (1943-45)
  • six singing after texts of Claudius, Hölderlin, George, Lenau, Trakl for middle voice and piano OI. 45
  • miracle horn songs for Singstimme and piano OI. 12 (1943-45)
  • songs from Shakespeares dramas OI. 46 (1946-1950)
  • three songs for singing and piano after texts of Mombert, Hille and Mörike OI. posth. 10 (not datable)

stage works

  • stage music “the death of the Empedokles” (Hölderlin) OI. 24 (1926)
  • stage music “the trackhounds” (Sophokles) OI. 28 [lost] (1926)
  • music to Shakespeares Macbeth o. OI. 1 (1926)
  • stage music “the birds” (Aristophanes) OI. 29 (1928)
  • the Goldne pot. Opera in three elevators - free after E. T. A. Hoffmann o. OI. 2 (1938)

instrument valley works

of orchestra works and concerts

  • Symphoni Fantasie for large orchestra OI. 1 (1913)
  • a mourning music for large orchestra OI. 2 (1913)
  • I. Symphonie C-Moll OI. 3 (1916)
  • II. Symphonie E flat major (over the Choral Christian is purchased) Ostersymphonie OI. 4 (1922)
  • hymn after texts of new fact-read for Sopran and orchestra OI. 7 (1923) [lost]
  • variations for caper orchestra OI. Posth. 12 (1924)
  • III. Symphonie cis Moll OI. 30 (1931/32)
  • IV. Symphonie D major OI. 33 (1931/32)
  • Sinfonietta for caper orchestra G major OI. 5 (1933/34)
  • Symphoni variations for orchestra OI. 36 [lost] (1935)
  • topic, conversions and joint for large orchestra OI. 39 (1936)
  • music for orchestras in two sets of o. OI. 3 (1938)
  • V. Symphonie D-Moll OI. posth. 1 (1939)
  • metamorphosis for piano and orchestra OI. posth. 2 (1942)
  • concert for violin and orchestra D-Moll OI. posth. 4 (1943-45)
  • Suite in g-Moll for orchestra OI. posth. 5 (1946-1950)
  • Suite in C major for orchestra OI. posth. 6 (1946-1950)
  • Suite in A-Moll for orchestra OI. posth. 7 (1946-1950)
  • Suite in D-Moll for orchestra OI. posth. 8 (1946-1950)
  • concert for piano and orchestra C-Moll OI. posth. 3 (1946-1950)

chamber music

  • I. Caper quartet OI. 8 (1923
  • II. Caper quartet OI. 10 (1924)
  • Präludium and joint for violin and piano OI. 11 (1924)
  • II. Sonate for violin and piano h-Moll OI. 22 (1927)
  • four small pieces for violin and piano OI. 37 (1935)
  • four miniatures for violin and piano OI. 38 (1935)
  • piano quartet C-Moll OI. 42 (1942)
  • III. Sonate for violin and piano C-Moll OI. 43 (1943-45)
  • I. Sonate for violin and piano D-Moll OI. 6 (1946)
  • III. Caper quartet e-Moll OI. 49 (1946-1950)
  • I. Caper quartet OI. 8 (1923
  • II. Caper quartet OI. 10 (1924)
  • Präludium and joint for violin and piano OI. 11 (1924)
  • II. Sonate for violin and piano h-Moll OI. 22 (1927)
  • four small pieces for violin and piano OI. 37 (1935)
  • four miniatures for violin and piano OI. 38 (1935)
  • piano quartet C-Moll OI. 42 (1942)
  • III. Sonate for violin and piano C-Moll OI. 43 (1943-45)
  • I. Sonate for violin and piano D-Moll OI. 6 (1946)
  • III. Caper quartet e-Moll OI. 49 (1946-1950)

piano music

  • Präludium for piano o. OI. 4 (1924)
  • topic and variations for piano C-Moll OI. 9 (1932)
  • Suite for piano b-Moll OI. 47 (1946-1950)
  • variations over a song of the king Thibaut of Navarra (1201-1253) for piano OI. 50 (1946-1950)
  • Suite for piano D-Moll OI. 51 (1946-1950)
  • miniatures for piano OI. 52 (1946-1950)
  • Suite for piano C-Moll OI. 53 (1946-1950)
  • topic and variations for piano D-Moll OI. 48 (1946-1950)

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